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0. 1

COHERENT EDUCATION:
THE ST. JOHN'S WAY
Se Editorial Page

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WARMER
High-56
Low-36
April frost:
May is lost

Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXIII, No 157 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MAY 1, 1963 SEVEN CENTS

SIX PAGES

Board Certifies County
On State Constitution;

HAITIAN CRISIS:
U.s. To Stop Cuba
From Arms Moves
WASHINGTON (P)-United States officials said last night that
American armed forces patrolling the Caribbean Sea would block
any effort by the Castro regime in Cuba to establish military bases
or otherwise export arms to Haiti.
The Dominican Republic had charged earlier that Haitian Presi-
dent Francois Duvalier had offered military bases to Cuban Premier
Fidel Castro.
State department authorities said they were unable to confirm
the Dominican charge which was made by Foreign Minister Andres

Study Shows Districting Fails

Opposition

Organizes

Record Sets
7 ,82 Yeas
As Margin
Democrats Attempt
To Finance Recount
By WILLIAM BENOIT
The Board of State Canvassers
certified a 7,829 "yes" vote mar-
gin in tabulations from the April
constitutional vote yesterday.
The move put state Democrats
on a crash program to raise enough
money for a recount. Petitions for
a recount must be filed within 48
hours of certification and must be
accompanied by $5 in cash for
every precinct to be recounted.
Michigan has 5,209 precincts,
but Democratic State Central
Committee chairman Zolton Fer-
ency noted that party officers had
agreed on a minimum of 1000 pre-
cints.
Recount Chances
Ferency said that chances for a
recount of results from the regen-
tal election, in which Regent-elect
William Cudlip of Grosse Pointe
unseated incumbent Regent Don-
ald M. D. Thurber of Grosse Pointe
by 3400 votes, may be sharply
curtailed by a lack of funds.
Until yesterday, the Democratic'
party had raised $6000 but more
money is coming in daily from all
parts of the state. Ferency reports
that he received pledges for over
$3000 by telephone yesterday, but
pledges cannot be cashed at the
Thursday midnight deadline.
Certification came after the
Michigan Supreme Court rejected
a petition to declare the April 1
election invalid.
Defend Results
Republican State Central Com-
mittee chairman Arthur G. Elliott
noted that the GOP had joined
the Coordinating Committee on
the 'Constitution to defend results
of the constitutional vote.
Elliott said that "because the
election seems valid, there will be
no call for a recount on the part
of Republicans. However, we are
fully prepared to protect this
vote."
"We have selected 83 Republi-
can recount chairmen throughout
the state. These-people will watch
very carefully the procedures of
the recount,"%Elliott continued.
Offset Gain
If the Republicans do decide to
seek a recount of selected pre-
cincts to offset any gain the Dem-
ocrats may make in "no" votes.
they will have another 48 hours
to petition the board after the
Democrats make their recount ap-
plication.
"However, the Republican party
has sufficient funds to. call a re-
count in selected precincts if that
is the course the party wishes us
to take," Elliott said.
USNSA To File
Suit i* Alabam a
United States National Student
Association will bring a law suit
against the state of Alabama Sat-
urday on behalf of two Negroes
who were refused admission to
the University of Alabama. Ac-
cording to USNSA President W.
Dennis Shaul, the two federal de-
fense workers were refused access
to a university branch.

ZOLTON FERENCY
... recount funds
EDUCATION:
To Abandon
General Aid
WASHINGTON W)-Democratic
leaders of the House Education
Committee have given up all hope
this year for general federal aid
to schools legislation.
They are dropping it from the
administration's education bill.
Chairman Adam Clayton Powell
(D-NY) and other ranking Dem-
pcrats have decided it would be
futile to ask Congress now to pro-
vide aid for public elementary and.
high schools.
'Still Hope
They still hope, however, to keep
most of the rest of President John
F. Kennedy's comprehensive edu-
cation bill, in one piece, despite
pressure from committee Republi-
cans to concentrate on aid to col-
leges.
Abandonment of the proposal to
make federal funds available to
the states for public school con-
struction' and teachers' salaries
marks the third straight year Ken-
nedy has been unable to get a
vote in the House on what he has
called the heart of his education
program.
Religious ahd racial controver-
sies plus widespread opposition to
the concept of federal aid to edu-
cation have built up a formidable
opposition that makes the House
leadership reluctant to risk a floor
fight.
Reach Decision
The decision to dump the gen-
eral school aid provisions was
reached Monday.
The committee leaders voted to
try for an omnibus bill contain-
ing seven sections, most of which
expand or continue existing pro-
grams. They include a one-year
extension of aid to school districts
crowded because of federal instal-'
lations, expansion of vocational?
education, grants for education of
handicapped children, expansion
of aid to public libraries, grants
to improve the quality of teaching,?
strengthening of federal-state-lo-.
cal cooperative educational re-'
search programs and expansion of
student loan and other provisions?
of the National Defense Education?
Act.
A program to aid constructionl
of college academic facilities,
which Republicans say should getl
highest priority, is to be prepared
as a separate measure.1

Dean Views
NIH Policy,
Implicationt
The recurrent charges of ad-
ministrative neglect in the Na-
tional Institutes of Health stem
from one basic question: did Con-
gress really intend that the NIH
give out research grants? Dean
William N. Hubbard of the Med-
ical School explained recently.
Critics claim that the NIH, a
group of federal agencies spon-
soring medical research, gives out
its grants too loosely and does
not supervise their use closely
enough.
Dean Hubbard said that these
complaints would be valid if the
NIH were making contracts in-
stead of allocating grants-but the
law establishing the organization
empowers it to give grants.
Purpose Agreement
Grants are given to researchers
to carry out projects which they
initiated, Dean Hubbard said. The
NIH and the scientists reach
"agreement on the purpose" of
the project; the grant is a "con-
tingent gift" enabling him to carry
it out.
Contracts, on the other hand,
are initiated by the government;
their purpose is to achieve specif-
ic things the government wants
done.
"The contractor becomes an
agent of the government," and is
subject to the accounting and oth-
er procedures a government agency
must follow, Dean Hubbard ex-;
plained.
Congressional Intention
Thus the question is, "Did Con-
gress intend to give the kind of
freedom a grant provides?" he
said.
Dean Hubbard noted that such
independence is necessary in much
medical research.
FCC Decision
Causes Trouble,
At Observatory'
A Federal Communications Com-
mission decision to allot channel
37 to a nearby station, will "wipe1
out" much of the value' of the
University's Peach Mountain Ra-
dio Astronomy Observatory, Prof.
Fred T. Haddock, director of the{
observatory, said yesterday.
Prof. Haddock, who is consid-
ered one of the world's leading ra-
dio astronomers, said that the ex-
pected allocation to a Patterson,
N.J., television station would alsoc
interfere with all other such in-1
stallations in the eastern part ofc
the United States. He warned that<
if allocations of such frequenciesc
to commercial stations continue,
observatories from coast to coast
would become virtually useless. c
Radio astronomers throughoutI
the nation, backed by the Nationalc
Academy of Sciences, have been1
"fighting on non-public basis for
the preservation of radio astrono-
my" in the face of a threatenedt
take-over of a large portion of the1
airways by commercial television,i
he said.c
Prof. Haddock said that non-
public efforts had apparently fail-
ed, and that now "the people have
to decide."c

Freites to a special mission of
the Organization of American
States.
Sharp Tension
The mission was sent to the is-
land of Hispaniola after sharp
tension developed between the
Dominican Republic and Haiti,
the two Caribbean countries which
divide the island between them.
Officials here said there had
been many rumors in the last few
days about possible moves by Du-
valier. The Haitian chief faces
strong opposition and his country
is threatened with violence.
Some United States authorities
see Duvalier's position as extreme-
ly difficult and dangerous
Duvalier Effort
If such measures should in-
volve an effort by Duvalier to in-
troduce Cuban arms into Haiti, of-
ficials here said the Kennedy Ad-
ministration's policy of preventing
the export of Communist power
from Cuba to any other Latin
American country would certainly
be applied.
Administration spokesmen have
stressed repeatedly since last fall's
Cuban crisis that the United
States would not tolerate the ex-
port of Communist military power
from Cuba and authorities said
that with this clear position al-
ready developed this country
would be prepared to block any
effort to establish Cuban power in
Haiti.

By BURTON MICHAELS
The spring rush report of the
Inter-Fraternity Council rush
committee indicates that the
districting system has failed to
aid either small houses or
rushees, according to Lawrence
G. Lossing, '65, rush committee
chairman.
"The objectives of districting
were to help the small houses
who are having membership
problems and to make sure the
rushee sees enough houses to
select one that suits him," Los-
sing said.
But under districting the per-
centage of visitations to small
houses fell from 14.4 per cent
last year to 13.05 per cent this
year. While visits to large
houses increased 36.2 per cent,
visits to small houses rose only
15.58 per cent. Thus, small
houses, with fewer rushees, got
fewer pledges; similarly, larger
houses grew.
No Help
Districting didn't help . the
rushee either-or at least it did
not decrease the depledging
rate which went from 10.55 per
cent in the fall of '61 to 13.8
per cent last fall. This semester
13.8 per cent of all pledges have

already depledged. "This is not
to imply that the rushing pro-
gram caused this, but merely
that it did not help," the report
states.
The present districting is not
"fair," the report adds. Small
houses in one district had in-
creased visits of 29 per cent,
whereas those in another show-
ed only a seven per cent in-
crease.
Onthe basis of these findings
the rush study committee will
offer three alternative plans to
t h e IFC executive council,
which will submit a final rec-
ommendation to the Fraternity
Presidents Assembly meeting
May 9.
Three Alternatives
The three alternatives in-
clude redistricting, dropping
districting but retaining a min-
imum requirement of visits, or
reverting to the old, unstruc-
tured rush.
A new districting program
would have the same purpose
as the present one, but would
have to equalize the benefits to
each district, put competing,
houses in different districts and
consider both the size and lo-
cation of each house, Lossing
explained.

Dropping districts but retain-
ing a minimum requirement of
visits "is a modification of dis-
tricting, with the same ra-
tionale," he said.
AwesomeComplexity
That the "awesome complex-
ity" of structured rush may
deter potential rushees from
rushing could motivate a re-
turn to unstructured rush.
The rush report also showed
that while the number of
pledges has remained relatively
constant, the number of
rushees has decreased. Thus the
percentage of rushees w h o
pledge has risen from 41.2 per
cent in the fall of 1961 to 67.5
per cent this spring.
"It is not necessarily accurate
to say that fraternities are be-
coming less selective. It's more
correct that men may be select-
ing themselves-that those who
wouldn't pledge aren't rushing,"
Lossing added.
The committee a I s o will
recommend that the times and
days of rush remain the same,
although the date may be
moved back to Sept. 7 so as not
to 'interfere with five-week
examinations, L o s s i n g com-
mented,

NEW CONSTITUTION:
SStudents Hit Joint Judie Constitution

CECILs . CREAL
... council discussion

Councilmen
view Report
Most city administrators seemed
favorable to University President
Harlan Hatcher's report on the
proposed fair housing ordinance,
but insufficient time has elapsed
for its ramifications to be felt
throughout the community.
Mayor Cecil 0. Creal, noting
that the report would be discussed
at next week's City Council meet-
ing, said he believed University
thoughts on fair housing would
come under serious consideration
from council members.
The report, which points out
legal loopholes by which a land-
lord could evade the anti-bias
ordinance, was compiled under
President Hatcher's direction by
three University professors with
experience in the legal aspects of
discrimination.
Studied Provisions
Fourth ward Republican Coun-
cilman Wendell Hulcher pointed
out that "the Human Relations
Commission of the City Council
has already studied certain provi-
sions of the ordinance as passed
at first reading and has given
the council a report.
"However, President Hatcher's
report furnishes a necessary elab-
oration on the HRC's report," he
continued.
Portions of the University's re-
port are founded on the recom-
mendations of the HRC.
Close Cooperation
"The City Council is deeply
conscious of the interdependence of
the University and the community
of Ann Arbor. To rid the city of
discrimination requires close co-
operation between the University
and the city," he said.
A summary of the report indi-
cates the ordinance falls short of
being an effective deterrent to
discriminatory practices in Ann
Arbor.
The report notes that there is
a need for the University to pro-
tect its employes and students,
but that this must be done without
interfering with the private home
owner's power in disposing of his
property.
It also points out that there is
a need for the prevention of dis-
crimination in advertising.

By EDWARD HERSTEIN
Joint Judiciary Council's pro-
posed new constitution met with
numerous criticisms at an open
meeting held by the council last
night.
The purpose of the meeting was
to allow Joint Judic to hear cam-
pus views on the document, and
approximately 10 students appear-
ed.

Objections fell into two princi-
pal categories. The first group
centered on Joint Judic's concept
of itself as a peer group whose
basic role is to counsel students.
The second set of objections were
directed at specific articles and
phrases in the constitution.

Judicial Body
Student Government

Council

Savannah, State Students
Stage Protest Boycotts
SAVANNAH (R)-Students of Savannah State College for Negroes
boycotted classes in increasing numbers yesterday in protest against
the firing of a professor and the expulsion of two student leaders.
The demonstrators burned President W. K. Payne in effigy during
the second day of the controversy. On Monday they hanged him in
effigy.
Observers said they were unable to estimate the number of stu-
dents joining in the boycott but it was apparent that the number

member Howard Abrams,
claimed that Joint Judic is
sidered a judicial body by
campus; that this is what
since it punishes offenders;
this is what it should be. In

'63,
con-
the
it is
that
view

had grown since about 700 left
classes Monday.
The two expelled senior students,
James Brown and Robert Hill, are
leading the demonstrations. They
had a conference; with Payne yes-
terday, but there was no comment
on it afterward.
The administrative council of
the college gave Payne a unani-
mous vote of confidence.
The Savannah chapter of the
National Association for the Ad-
vancement of Colored People has
called a mass meeting last night
to support the students' demand
that Payne reconsider his decision
against renewing the contract of
Prof. C. A. Christophe, head of the
college's economics department.
W. W. Law, Georgia state pres-
ident of the NAACP and also pres-
ident of the Savannah chapter,
said he feels that pressure from
white persons influenced Payne's
decision not to keep Christophe on
the faculty. Payne and Christophe
are Negroes.
Brown and Hill were expelled
after refusing to retract critical
statements they made a b o u t
Payne's refusal to renew Chris-
tophe's contract.
Earlier, Hill told newsmen that
Brown attended a meeting of the
NAACP in New York last Friday.
Hill said the demonstrations at
the college were discussed at the
New York meeting.

SACUA To Set
Nominations
To Committee
The Senate Advisory Committee
on University Affairs will probably
set nominations for its recently
created Committee on Conditions
of Staff Excellence at its May 20
meeting, Prof. Wilbert J. Mc-
Keachie, chairman of both the psy-
chology department and SACUA,
said yesterday.
From the nine nominations made
by SACUA, Vice-President for Aca-
demic Affairs Roger W. Heyns will
select six members for the com-
mittee. According to the proposal
for the committee's creation, the
members will be "of demonstrated
excellence in teaching and re-
search." -
The committee's purpose will be
to serve in an advisory capacity
to Vice-President Heyns by re-
porting on "conditions essential to
the development and preservation
of an excellent staff."
The first six members will serve
for one-to three-year terms. Aft-
erwards, appointments will be for
three.-year terms. No member will
be allowed to succeed himself and
no member will serve full-time on
the committee.
Because of wide representation
on the committee, any member
would probably be automatically
disqualified from discussion of
problems concerning his depart-
ment or school.
Creation of the committee was
approved by the University Sen-
ate at its Monday meeting. An
earlier proposal for such a com-
mittee had been passed by the
Senate several years ago.
.deny Diplomat
Hotel Service
RALEIGH (R)-A Negro woman
diplomat and her party were re-

of this, he argued, Joint Judic
should maintain due process of
law.
SGC member Gary Gilbar, '64
A&D, agreed that Joint Judic
should use due process. He said
that a university education was a'
right and: that, therefore, a uni-
versity could not deprive an in-
dividual of his constitutional rights
while he was attending it.
Joint Judiecmembers replied that
they" believed that a university
education was a privilege, and cit-
ed several legal precedents for this
belief. They maintained that the
penalties levied by the council were
only a secondary function of the
body. Its primary purpose, they
said, was to attempt to show stu-
dents why their conduct was wrong
so they would behave in a more
socially acceptable manner in the
future.
Peer Group
Lawrence Schwartz, '63, chair-
man of Joint Judic, said that since
council is a peer group "a student
feels he is being treated more fair-
ly." It also makes a better disci-
plinary tool because of its infor-
mal atmosphere, he said.
Schwartz said that the purpose
of fines is "to make an impres-
sion," and that a statement on
the purpose of the council would
be forthcoming.
He further contended that the
new constitution would make
Joint Judic comply to the spirit of
due process and that "the right

to have counsel is not in keeping
with the purpose of Joint Judic."
Specific Regulations
Turning to more specific issues,
council members noted that Joint
Judic only concerns itself with
violations of specific University
regulations. They noted that the
council has not passed judgment
on someone for "conduct unbe-
coming a student" for over a year,
and that 'the phrase was specific-
ally excluded from the new con-
stitution.
Students at the hearing argued
that students are often unaware
of what specific regulations are.
Joint Judic members agreed, but
said that it was beyond their
ability to ensure that everyone
did know.
They also pointed out that one
desirable feature of the new con-
stitution was its creation of a re-
ferral committee, to which all
complaints would be sent. The
committee could then refer the
complaint to a lower council, such
as one in the residence halls, or to
a mental hygiene department of
the University, other counselling
agency or Joint Judic.
Covered Up
Such a procedure, council mem-
ber Patricia Golden, '63, explain-
ed, would help get cases away from
the administration where they are
often covered up and out to where
students could handle them.
Another new feature, which met
with praise from the students at-
tending the meeting, was that of
allowing open, hearings for stu-
dents desiring them. Schwartz not-
ed that an open hearing would be
held either, this Thursday or next,
and that it would enable students
to get a better idea of how the
council operates
A number of arguments were
made that Joint Judic should
adopt more features of due proc-
ess. People argued for rights of a
defendant to counsel and to al-
ways call witnesses. Council mem-
bers replied that these procedures
were not comensurate with Joint
Judic's role as a counselling body.

Cold Winter Has Passed?

Virginia Woolf' Presents Unparalleled Experiment

By JOHN BRYANT
Last night's performance of
"Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?"
represents part of an unparallelled
experiment in the theatre accord-
ing to Richard Barr, the play's
producer.
"Virginia Woolf" is the first
Broadway production ever to have
two separate casts of equal qual-.
ity; says Barr. This makes it pos-
siblesible for a production to send,
one of the casts to a town such
n.. Ann Arhnwhil n ta nu vis

ting out of New York for a while."
Miss Reid and the other three
performers in the four-character
play are members of the after-
noon company while Uta Hagen
and Arthur Hill head the evening
casts.

"Virginia Woolf," written by Ed-
ward Albee, won the Drama Critics
Award as the best play of 1962.
and captured all five "Tony"
awards for superiority in Broad-
way productions.
Marriage Trials

According to Barr there is a It is an intensely emotional por-
difference, in the casts. However, trayal of the trials of marriage,
the difference is one of inter- centering on the lives of a middle-
pretation rather than quality. aged couple and a newly married
"Kate plays her role as an animal couple. These four .occupy the
while Uta's performance is more stage for the entire production
humanized and intellectual in + sd th tennsinn hnils un amoe

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