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April 27, 1963 - Image 1

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C, I I r

Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom

ON -,.Wl a tly

Moderate temperatures
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See Editorial Page

VOL. LXXIII No. 154 -.a.13LNLN'S



C~iI~L~w f -~ rm

AT TT TU U W a -u T1 1



AAUP Censures Koch Firing


American Association of University
Professors censured the University
of Illinois yesterday for the man-
ner in which it fired biology Prof.
Leo F. Koch, who had condoned
pre-marital sex relations in a let-
ter to the campus newspaper.
The association also voted cen-
sure against Alcorn A. & M. Col-
lege, Lorman, Miss.; Arkansas
State Teachers College, Conway,


Ark.; Grove City College, Grove
City, Pa., and Sam Houston State
Teachers College, Huntsville, Tex..'
The association considered, but
rejected censure action against
George Washington University,
Washington, D.C., and Northwest-
ern University, Evanston, Ill.
Moral Pressure
Censure by the AAUP has no
legal weight, but carries consider-

Sakanishi Views Obhgation
OfWomen at Convocation
Women have the obligation to preserve life and raise it to the
highest standard, Prof. Shio Sakanishi told the 40th annual Honors
Convocation at the University yesterday.
Prof. Sakanishi, prominent Japanese social critic and main
speaker at the address, said that the only thing that is certain

... honors convocation
Joint Judie
Defends Plan,
For Changes
Joint Judiciary Council Chair-
man Lawrence H. Schwartz, '63,
last night defended the proposed
n e w Joint Judic constitution
1 against objections raised by Stu-
dent Government Council member
Howard Abrams, '63.
Abrams was objecting to the
omission of "due process" clauses
from the constitution such as the
right of the student "to obtain a
written record of the proceedings;
to call witnesses on his behalf; and
to cross-examine hostile testi-
Schwartz called the criticisms
"well taken," but argued that they
advocated the establishment of a
"formalized judicial body, inimical
to the concept of Joint Judiciary
Council." He noted that "in the
informal set-up of the meetings
you can see that formal elements
concerning 'due process of law'
have no place, although due pro-
cess rights are nonetheless ob-
Rights Granted
He pointed out that the rights
granted under the constitution and
procedural by-laws allow each stu-
dent brought before Joint' Judic
to be shown a written record of
the charges, including who isj
making them.
The student is then asked to ex-
plain his version of the facts
"which is usually taken as true,"
Schwartz said. "In some cases
witnessesbaredesirable," he con-
tinued, "but the student is given
the chance to informally cross-
examine them."
After his appearance, the stu-
dent is given a written summationl
of the Council's decision and fac-f
tors which influenced it, he ex-x
Not Double Jeopardyt
Schwartz also countered Ab-c
rams' contention that calling a
student before Joint Judic afteri
he has appeared before Ann Arborc
Municipal Court is a violation off
double jeopardy. I
"The University simply wantst
to make it clear that the students
is under two separate sovereign-
ties," he said. "We almost never
add a punitive measure or fine
when the student has received onec
Abrams had offered his criti-
cisms in a maotion which he sub-
mitted to SOC last Wednesday. Inc
it he asked Council to go on rec-
er,.a tnoy thennstittin " an t

" today is that "we are living, want
ing to live, and are surrounded b
life wanting to live."
"This is the very ground upo
which the women of the preser
age are standing," she said. "W
must stand firm and fulfill ou
Greater Role
Prof. Sakanishi noted that Jap
anese women will play a greate
role in the future of their countr
but still face man;problems stem
ming from apathy and prejudice
She recalled that she was un
able to complete her own forma
education in Japanese high school
because of her constant question
ing and rebellious attitude.
"Brought up in the traditiona
manner and overburdened wit]
cultural heritage, I was rebelliou
and was too young to realize tha
we would not be liberated withou
first going through the strict dis
cipline so that we know our fore
fathers' contributions."
Mere Tools
When she came to the Unite
States to continue her education
she said that she discovered tha
"questioning and doubt are mer
She said that she was deeply
grateful to her American profes-
sors who gave her faith in humar
capacities and a devotion to trut
and justice.
An advisor to the Japanese gov-
ernment, poet and critic, Prof
Sakanishi was presented with ar
honorary Doctor of Human Let-
ters degree at the convocation
The University citation cited he
services as an advisor to her gov-
ernment and as independeni
Prof. Sakanishi obtained both
her master's degree and her doc-
torate at the University.
AFT Protests
Teach der Firing
With Picketing
The Detroit Institute of Tech-
nologylocal of the American Fed-
eration of Teachers is protesting
the unexplained firing of five
teachers at that school.
Pickets including 500 students
plus several faculty members dem-
onstrated in front of the down-
town offices of DIT Thursday
afternoon. Legal action in the
form of a temporary injunction is
also being taken by the recently
formed union.
President Dewey F. Barich of
DIT has declared that the reasons
for the firings would not be re-
vealed until after a Circuit Court
hearing Monday.
Union Activity
The teachers fired are charter
members of the DIT local and
have protested that they are being
fired because of their union mem-
bership. They received their not-
ices of dismissal two weeks After
the local charter was publicly
"In the absence of reasons be-
inm given for the firing, one can
only conclude that they were fired
for their union activity," Prof.
Henry Hermann of Wayne State
University, the local's spokesman,
Other Teachers
There are 150 other teachers at
DIT who are not being fired, in-
cluding fiv~e other charter mem-
bers of the union local.
The organization of the imion
at DIT was in answer to poor
conditions at the school, such as
the lack of faculty tenure and the

able moral pressure. Among other
things, it often is difficult for the
censured institution to recruit top-
notch faculty members.
The action against the Univer-
sity of Illinois was approved over-
whelmingly. Just previously the
association had voted down a pro-
posal that would have postponed
action for one year.
The Koch case hit the headlines
in March 1960,rupon publication
of a letter he wrote to the student
newspaper, The Daily Illini.
The letter included this para-
"With modern contraceptives
and medical advice readily avail-i
able there is no valid reason why
sexual intercourse should not beo
condoned among those sufficiently
mature to engage in it without7
social consequences and withouti
violating their own codes of moral-i
ity and ethics."I
No one took the floor yesterday
to defend the propriety of Koch's
letter. The issues were only wheth-
er the letter constituted groundsf
for dismissal and furthermore
whether Koch was granted duel
academic process in the dismissal.
The association held that Uni-'
versity of Illinois President DavidI
Henry was in error for dismissingc
Koch without a formal hearing ont
the charges against him.1
The association also criticizedl
the University of Illinois adminis-
tration for failure to support theg
unanimous recommendation of the
university's senate committee that
Koch should be reprimanded, butd
not dismissed.a
J ournalist
View Idealis
Special To The Daily
PITTSBURGH-Both the "guid-t
ance" and independence theorieso
,f the student press were present-
ed to the regional convention ofc
Sigma Delta Chi, the national
ournalism professional society,u
Daily Editor Michael Olinick,i
63, Managing Editor Anthony May i
of the Kent State University Kent
Stater, and chief Detroit Freen
Press editorial writer Verne Ed-N
wards argued that the studenta
press should be free and inde-
Professors Paul Atkins of Westt
Virginia University and Lewis Cor-n
etti of Duquesne University de-
;lared that student newspaperc
perations should be a laboratoryi
Miss Deadlines
Prof. Corsetti noted that stu-
ents working on their own tend
o miss deadlines and fail to get a
heir newspaper out. t
Olinick argued that the student w
ewspaper should be a real exper- e
ence instead of merely a training b
:round for future journalists.
"Perhaps the most valuable d
'unction of a free student press is vc
hat it gives students the oppor-
unity to write about the issues at
time when they are most educa- p
Tonally prepared to do so, express- o
ng whatever they feel without
aving to bow to any publisher's VG
>ias," he declared. t
Student Press Restricted e
Revealing preliminary findings, w
6 national survey that shows a H
arge portion of the student press A
,estricted from commenting on s
ampus, national or internal poli-
ics, Edwards asserted that "stu- a
ents should learn to rebel against i
ommand authority. b
Restrictions on a college news- a
aper in general and dissent in b
articular are inconsistent with e
he aims of education, Olinick de- t
lared. a

To Study
Cold War
Special To The Daily
Federal Aid to Education Confer
ence prepared last night to con
sider a resolution attacking th
cold-war emphasis of federal ai
proposals after hearing Unite
States Commissioner of Education
Francis Keppel and conferring
with aid supporters.
The resolution, sponsored by
former Student Government Coun
cil Committee on the University
chairman Ralph Kaplan, '63, de-
clares that "the academic goals o
free inquiry are basically incom-
patible with any political system
that attempts to make all socia
institutions dependent for suppor
by agreement with current mili-
tary and foreign policies."
Kaplan explained that federa
aid proponents have been placing
education on the battle line of
Communism, distorting the pur-
poses of education.
Stands Chance of Passage
Higher education aid stands a
better chance of passage, than
other school aid, Kaplan said after
talking to its congressional sup-
porters, because it "appears to be
providing the specialized training
in areas useful in continuing the
government's military foreign pol-
icy in the Cold War." -
He also noted that aid is en-
dangered by the church and state
issue combined with a Republican
drive to cut federal spending.
There has been no great popular
outcry for federal aid to offset
these factors, Kaplan added.
"Twenty-five to 40 percent of
United States economic growth
can be ascribed to educational in-
vestments," Keppel told the con-
Fail To Show Urgency
Keppel said he was struck with
the feeling that the American
people "are not showing a sense
of urgency about eucgtion." He
called for a recognition of the
United States position in the world
community. "We have," he contin-
ued, "a long term job in develop-
ng talent of a high sophistication
n international affairs."
Quoting President John F. Ken-
nedy, Keppel said that the present
National Defense Education Act,
and land grant university pro-
grams prove that federal help does
not necessarily bring federal con-
rol or interference.
Keppel listed the Kennedy ad-
ministration's three goals for edu-
ation as higher institutional
luality, larger quantity of facihi-
ies and increased incentive for
eveloping talent.
Enter Fight
He will enter the fight for the
dministration's omnibus educa-
ion bill in the next few weeks
when a Senate sub-committee on
ducation opens hearings in the
Answering questions, Keppe
owngraded the importance of
socationaleducation, involving
'overspecializtion" in st u dy.
When the specialized job disap-
ears," he noted, "the man is out
n his ear again."
Next week's hearings, before Sen.
Wayne Morse's (D-Ore) educa-
ional sub-committee, the confer-
nce was told will begin Monday
1ith testimony by Secretary of
Iealth, Education and Welfare
nthony J. Celebrezze and three
General opinion here is fairly
greed that the Kennedy admin-
stration is pushing the education
ill hard. One source said that the

im of government witnesses will
e to convince the Senate that
ducation is highly important to
he national interests-as much so
s defense.

Education Appropriatio

-U' Faculty
IWages Rise
d 1e
- University faculty salaries in
f creased at a rate near the nationa
average of 5.8 percent last year
Executive Vice-President Marvir
t L. Niehuss reported yesterday.
While the national rate declined
from the 6.5 percent figure the
1 year before, the University rate
rose considerably because of the
f tuition boost, he explained.
The national figures were re-
vealed in the latest report by the
American Association of Univer-
sity Professors, surveying salaries
and fringe benefits.
Sizable Decline
Vice-President Niehuss predicted
a sizable decline in the rate of
increase next year, even though
most of the $1.5 million budget
rise from the state will be put
toward salaries.
The association's survey showed
that salaries were not increasing
at a rate high enough for them
to double within a decade at more
than two-thirds of the institutions
The study indicated that there
was a reduction in differentials
among different faculty levels in
many institutions suggesting that
"merit increases in pay may have
been relatively scarce and modest."
The University has announced
plans for salary rises on a merit
basis in alltareas, Vice-President
Niehuss noted.
Fringe Benefits
The survey also listed numer-
ous fringe benefits available to
faculty members at various in-
stitutions, ranging from the usual
-retirement, sabatical and medi-
cal, to the unique-membership in
country clubs, free hot breakfasts
and lunches, and discounts on
furniture and appliances. The
University only offers the former,
Vice-President Niehuss said.
The most frequent benefit not
offered here is free tuition for
children, he noted, explaining that
private institutions are the ones
commonly using it. The Univer-
sity's tuition level is low enough
for it to be an insignificant fac-
tor, he explained.
KD'fs, Phi Sigs
Win Weekend
Wagon Contest
Kappa Delta and Phi Sigma
Kappa won first place yesterday
in the Spring Weekend covered
wagon tableau competition at
Ferry Field for their tableau,
"Panty Raid."
Second place went to Alpha
Delta Pi and Sigma Alpha Epsilon
for "Blind Date," while Stockwell
and Pi Lambda Phi took third
with "Oil Derrick."
Spring Weekend competition re-
sumes at 11 a.m. today at River-
side Park with a canoe race down
the Huron River. A buckboard race
through an obstacle course will
start at 1 p.m., while a jousting
tournament, a bucking bronco
and an eating contest complete
the afternoon.

-Daily-James Keson
EXTRA SESSION-The floor of the House saw last-minute leg-
islative action yesterday. The legislators voted to hold a special
session today and to extend the deadlne on passing bills. Also, the.
MSU appropriations were approved.
Extend Legislative Term,
Deadline on Bill Passage
By The Associated Press
LANSING-The state Legislature has agreed to extend its dead-
line on passage of bills and hold an unusual Saturday session today.
The main stumbling block appears to be adoption of congressional
reapportionment plans to set up 19 districts with the Upper Penin-
sula in its own district. The Senate turned theproposal down thereby
throwing it into a joint conference conmittee for solution.
"We missed by three or four votes," reported Sen. Farrell Roberts
(R-Pontiac), following a Senate GOP caucus. 18 votes would have

To Present
State Budget
To Romney
End MSU Controversy
Over Power Plant,
Extension Service
LANSING - A joint Senate-
House conference committee report
on Michigan State University a-
propriations was finally accepted
by both houses last night, clear-
ing the way for the governor's'.F
approval of the $122.8 million state
education budget and $24.7 mil-
lion capital outlay bills.
Although funds for the Univer-
sity, totalling $38.2 million for
general operations and $4.9 mil-
lion for capital outlay, were not
generally considered in any dan-
ger, passage of the bill in which
they were contained was delayed
by discussion of allotments for
MSU's extension service and a new
power plant.
Gov. George Romney's "top
priority quick-action" outlay for
planning and. beginning constru-
tion of projects at 27 state inti-'
tutions was passed without change.
The University will receive about
$180,000 of this, destined for use
toward a new dental school build-
ing and the new ,Medical Science
II unit.
Jumbled Numbers
MSU's extension service and ag-
ricultural experimental statio n
budgets, which totalled $5.2 mil-
lion this year, underwent much
discussion before the Legislature
agreed to allot the same amoun
for next year, "except that the
figures are jumbled around a bit,"
according to MSU Secretary Jack
Breslin explained that the ex-
tension service budget has, been
cut by $800,000, while the budget
for MSU's agricultural experiment
station was increased by the same
amount, so that the total figure
remained the same.
Michigan State's total appropri-
ation was $32.2 million for general
operations and $3.6 million for
capital outlay.
Heated controversy also center-
ed around MSUs power plant pro-
ject. The problem began with a
Detroit engineering and architec-
tural firm's report that the exist-
ing plant was inadequate to pro-
vide for future needs, Breslin said.
Although the joint committee's
initial plan was merely to allot
funds for a new high-pressure
boiler for the university, a group
of MSU lobbyists, headed by Bres-
lin, finally managed to bring about
a long-term appropriation of be-
tween $5-7 million for a new plant.
Breslin explained that MSU will
receive an initial allotment of
$800,000 to start their power plant
expansion program, with the rest
to be doled out over a three-year
period. In addition, the committee
inserted in the appropriations bill
the proviso that there will be a
study of the feasibility over the
summer under the auspices of an
as yet unnamed engineering firm.
Reform Group
Finds Areas.

been needed to pass the plan asC
written by the House.
Sent to Romney
Senate acceptance of the plan
would have sent it to Gov. Rom-
ney without further ado.
It now faces further modifica-
tions in conference to make it
palatable to the Republican major-
ities of both chambers.
Romney, faced earlier with the
possibility that the House plan-
although not compatible with his
own wishes in every respect-
might gain Senate support for
passage, discussed it by phone
with some 11, GOP congressmen.
Drastic Revisions
Several protests were made by
congressmen whose own districts
faced drastic revision.
In other action, the Legislature
passed and sent to Romney the
so-called Ford-Canton bill modify-
ing a 1958 state Supreme Court
decision allowing workers to collect
unemployment benefits when laid-
off by a' strike in another state,
but in the same firm.
Democrats opposed the measure
in a strict party line vote after
repeating the oft-heard argumentss
that the bill-a key legislativei
item-did not accomplish Rom-
ney's intent in solving the prob-
The Legislature also has passedf
and sent to Romney the so-called
parochial school bus bill on a vote
of 65 to 15. The House agreed to
a joint conference committee re-
port which the Senate earlier had
approved by a 29 to 0 vote. r
The bill has raised charges that 1
the measure violates the separa-
tion of church and state.

The House Appropriations Com-
mittee recommended Wednesday
a two per cent cut in the National
Institutes of Health appropriation
requested by President John, F.
However, the reduction is not
expected to have "any significant
effect" on University projects fi-
nanced by NIH grants, nor on the
possibility of getting future sup-
port, Director of Research Ad-
ministration Robert E. Burroughs
said last night.
The committee recommended
$962 million for the NIH, $18 mil-
lion less than the White House
request but $70 million more than
this year's outlay.
Boosted Budgets
Noting that Congress has con-
sistently boosted NIH budgets
above the administration recom-
mendations in past years, Bur-
roughs said the only cause for
alarm over the recommended slash
is that it might indicate a trend
toward more radical cuts in the
In general, the University gets
all the NIH support it attempts to
get," he added.
The House committee's recom-
mendation followed a two-year
House investigation into the allo-
cation of NIH grants. Charges of
laxity in their administration re-
cently led to tightening of NIH
Slash Kennedy Request
The NIH appropriation was in-
cluded in the part of the health,
education and welfare depart-
ment's appropriation bill, which
the committee slashed by $266
million from the Kennedy request
to $5.035 billion-leaving HEW
witn 145 million less than last
The bills go to the House floor
next week.
Leaves Post
Ronald Keller, administrative

Poet Kennedy Recites at Wolgamot

Poet X. J. Kennedy read and'
sang selections of his poetry as well
as that of several other contem-
porary poets at a program spon-
sored by the Wesley Foundation
and the John Barton Wolgamot
Society last night.
Kennedy, a leader at the Wom-
ans' College of the University of
North Carolina, displays wit, sa-
tire, rhyme and lyricism in his

which has 48 consecutive lines
ending with the "ane" sound yet
does not sacrifice meaning for

Kennedy's "First Confession" re-
lates his first Catholic confession.
The main impression of the poem
is a satirical criticism of the Ro-
man church and a small boy's out-
look toward seemingly meaning-
less ritual.
Examines Lifej
"Last Testament" is an intro-
spective study examining the au-
thor's life. Admittedly derived
from John Heath Stubbs' "Obitu-

This work shows how modern
society might act if it accepted
space flight as it accepts other
things. For example, Beal's char-
red remains are mailed to Lizabeth
and she has to sign for the cof-
fin upon its arrival.
j Ballad Form
"In a Prominent Bar in Secau-
cus" is sung in ballad form to the
tune of "Sweet Betsy from Pike."
A run-down, alcoholic old woman
I nses hir r.cn n reality aac-h

For Savings
Gov. George Romney's commit-
tee on reforms in state spending
found no "flagrant" waste of
state funds, but delineated several
areas where savings in the "mil-
lions" are possible.
The committee of certified pub-
lic accountants, headed by John
McEachren, concluded that the
state would be wise in releasing
control of 90 retail liquor stores.
"Performance budgeting," a
yardstick measure of a depart-
ment's efficiency, was also recom-
mended, Most of the other reform
measuresMinvolveelimination of
wasted time and funds in clerical
Mark D. Littler, acting chair-

- mo S -

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