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16, 193 TfEA 11E1(Ur'tAlhT Wi~lux
Congress To Study Steel Industry]
WORLD NEWS ROUNDUP:
Boeing, Union Announce Pact
Military Crisis Deepens
As New Battles Break
Laos Cease-Fire Piedg
High Court To Review
Freedom Rider Case
WASHINGTON (A')-Ten freedom riders convicted of unlawful
assembly for trying to integrate an airport restaurant at Tallahassee
in 1961 won a Supreme Court hearing yesterday.
This opened up for legal decree another facet of the many-sided
question of whether Negroes may be barred from business establish-
ments reserved for whites.
However, the arguments are not likely to be heard until the
1963-64 term, which begins in October. But by then the Court may
ohave provided more clues to its
views in this field by acting on a
Hecker Reveals variety of cases it has heard this
term involving sit-in demonstra-
La~t Thr~ her on*"at lunch counters and other
Last' Thresher places.
The court refused yesterday to
Transm issions hear another racial question-this
one dealing with housing. Pro-
PORTSMOUTH, N. H. (A)-The gress Development Corp. said the
nuclear submarine Thresher, ex-village of Deerfield, Ill., had
periencing some undefined trouble blocked its housing development
farieneatgthe Atlnimettoub and condemned the site for use
r be h te Atlantic, sent two as a park because proposed homes
messages-bothgarbled-as she in the development were being of-
sought to regain the surface, a fered to the Negroes.
Navy court of inquiry learned yes- The freedom riders, both whites
A blast of air into her ballast and Negroes and most of them
tanks as she sought buoyancy clergymen, were arrested on June
drowned out a message transmit- 16, 1961, and sentenced to $500
ted by hydrophone, the skipper of each or 60 days in jail. The group
a surface escort vessel, the USS had made a tour of southern
Skylark, testified.,cities from here to Florida to test
Lt. Cmdr. Stanley W. Hecker segregation and, as they testified,
said that Thresher signaled she to further the cause of equal,
was going down for her deep dive rights.
The circuit court of Leon Coun-
tests.ty, Fla., in upholding the convic-
Then at 9:12 a.m. Wednesday 1 l. podigtecni-
Thenat 912 ~m. ednedaytions, said such demonstrations
morning came this message: "Ex- cause tensions and tempers to
periencing minor' problem " f' rise and threaten disorder.
(a pause) . . . have positive angle
.. . (another pause) ... attempt-..
ing to blow." Pacifists, Police
He said a half dozen men on
the bridge of the Sklark then Clash in Britain
heard the sound of air rushing into
Thresher's. ballast tanks. . The LONDON (M)-Britain's annual
sound completely obscured an- ban-the-bomb parade ended last7
other voice message from the sub- night in a furious fist-swinging
marine. climax with 74 arrested. Swarm-1
Then came another message, ing into London by thousands,
with two or three words garbled, the marchers clashed with police7
which ended," .."test depth." trying to prevent violence.
Efforts To Prevent
Civil War Continue
VIENTIA2NE (I)-Reports of new
fighting on the Plaine des Jarres
in violation of a cease-fire pledge
kept the Laotian military crisis at
the boiling point yesterday.
Laotian Premier Souvanna
Phouma, neutralist head of the
coalition government, obtained the
pledge after a meeting with neu-
tralist and pro-Communist mili-
tary leaders Sunday.
Fighting erupted on the Plaine
des Jarres on March 31 in which
the neutralists sustained losses.
Efforts have been under way ever
since to avert resumption of civil
war in Laos, in which the Com-
munists might win the upper hand.
Avtar Singh of India, chairman
of the International Control Com-
mission, returned from the area
late yesterday and told newsmen
"the situation continues to be
Neutralist forces of Gen. Kong
Le have been forced out of Xieng
Khouang, a strategic provincial
capital, but the road itself is con-
trolled by neutralists at some
points and by the pro-Communist
Pathet Lao at others.
Kong Le said fghting erupted
on the road after the effective
hour of the cease-fire agreement.
He claimed six of his men were
Kong Le has accused the Pathet
Lao of trying to replace him with
Col. Deuane, a leftist leader, and
thus destroy his neutralist forces.
Col. Deuane demanded -that
Kong Le rid his forces of alleged
rightwing forces and requested
the release of two dissident of-
ficers arrested by Kong Le and
now held in Vientiane.
Col. Deuane said Kong Le "must
meet with me to discuss the means1
to solve the crisis."
The continuing hostilities have'
held up convoys seeking to bring
food to Pathet Lao forces and
isolated neutralist garrisons.
Deputy Premier Prince Souvan-
aouvong, titular leader of the'
Pathet Lao and half-brother of
Prince Souvanna Phouma, re-
mained at Pathet Lao headquar-
ters at Khang Khay. '
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON -- The Senate-
House Economic Committee step-
ped' up plans for a broadside in-
quiry into the steel business yes-
terday while President John F.
Kennedy kept a wary eye on priceI
Meanwhile two more steel com-'
panies joined in announcing selec-
tive price increases.
Newest to go along with the
raises initiated last week were Re-
public Steel Corp., third-ranked
among the nation's steel producers,'
and 14th-ranked Pittsburgh Steel
Wheeling Steel Corp. started the
round of selective raises April 9'
and Lukens Steel Co. followed
Sen. Paul H. Douglas (D-Ill)
announced the Joint Economic
Committee which he heads will
start hearings early next week into
prices, profits and production
problems of the industry.
Douglas, who promised "an im-
partial and factual" study, said
he has no present plans of seek-
ing the type of production-cost
figures that Sen. Estes Kefauver
(D-Tenn) failed to get last year
in an inquiry by the Senate Anti-
Four of the major producers
balked at supplying detailed unit-
cost figures subpoenaed by the
antitrust group and Kefauver
sought unsuccessfully to have
them cited for contempt of Con-
The parent judiciary committee
upheld the steel executives' con-
tention that the figures demanded
by Kefauver were trade secrets
which might damage their firms
competitively if disclosed.
In Palm Beach, White House
Press Secretary Pierre Salinger
said he would have no comment
on the Republic and Pittsburgh
Douglas said the hearings start-
ing next week will go into the
issues of steel prices, profits, pro-
duction, unit labor costs, raw
material costs, and the effects of
OTTAWA () -- Liberal Party
Leader Lester B. Pearson said yes-
terday he expects his new govern-
ment to be sworn in Friday.
Reluctantly retiring Prime Min-
ister John Diefenbaker indicated
he would act today to get the
Pearson made his prediction to
newsmen shortly before he met
with Diefenbaker for the first time
since the Liberals trounced the
Conservatives but fell just short
of a majority in last week's Par-
Pearson was buoyant and con-
fident after the 20-minute meet-
ing, but there was no definitive
announcement on a schedule for
Diefenbaker to step down and
Pearson to take the prime min-
Diefenbaker conceded defeat
over the weekend after the armed
services' vote put two more seats
in the Liberal column. Now he said
he would make no further com-
ment until after he confers with
Gov. Gen. Georges P. Vanier. He
said he hopes to see Vanier today.
In this case, barring a last-
minute hitch, he will ask Pearson,
as leader of the largest party in
Parliament, to form a government.
It will be another minority gov-
ernment, such as Canada has had
to struggle along with since Dief-
enbaker's Conservatives lost their
big majority in last June's elec-
LESTER B. PEARSON
... to be inaugurated
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - The Boeing
Co., producer of the Minuteman
missile, reached a surprise agree-
ment with the AFL-CIO Machin-
ists Union yesterday which can-
celed a midnight strike threat.
The pact is subject to union mem-
bership approval at meetings
* * *
DETROIT - General Motors
Corp. and the United Auto Work-
ers union decided yesterday to set
up a joint pre-negotiations study
committee to smooth the way for
1964 contract bargaining. The
UAW and Ford Motor Co. take up
tomorrow the question of doing
the same thing.
* * *
EL PASO - Billie Sol Estes,
called by a federal judge, the "per-
petrator of one of the most gi-
gantic swindles in the nations
history," was sentenced yesterday
to 15 years in prison for mail
fraud and conspiracy.
* « «
ALBANY-Gov. Nelson A. Rock-
efeller demanded the resignation
of state court judge Melvin H
Osterman last night as an invest-
igation of alleged graft and cor-
ruption in the state liquor author-
ity struck again at the upper
levels of state government and
politics. Osterman had refused to
sign a general wavier of immunity
when called before a grand jury
probing SLA affairs.
S E O U L - The semi-official
South Korean newspaper Seoul
Shinmun reported yesterday that
Gen. Chung Hee Park, head of the
ruling junta, wants to strengthen
diplomatic ties with the United
States and will send former De-
fense Minister Kim Chung Yul,
head of the South Korean air
force, to the United States for
« « «
SAIGON-One of the sharpest
battles of the year was fought in
the jungles of South Viet Nam's
Tay Ninh province over the week-
end. The government toll was 18
paratroops killed and 27 wounded
and Communist guerrilla losses
included at least 15 dead.
WASHINGTON-A recent Civil
Service Commission ruling is de-
signed to keep students with po-
litical pull from getting summer
federal jobs on that basis. The rul-
ing withdraws federal agencies'
authority to make temporary ap-
pointments, and intends to give
nationwide competitive examina-
tions to dispense jobs in the sum-
mer of 1964.
WASHINGTON - The recently-
formed National Draft-Goldwater
Committtee has received acquie-
scence but little encouragement
from the object of its enthusiasm,
Sen. Barry Goldwater (R-Ariz).
"If they want to waste their time
and money, that's their business,"
Goldwater said of the group that
wants him to seek the 1964 Re-
publican presidential nomination.
cist J. Robert Oppenheimer, de-
nied a security clearance by the
Atomic Energy Commission nine
years ago, has been selected to re-
ceive the AEC's highest honor-
the $50,000 Fermi award.
MOSCOW-The Soviet Union's
Lunik IV flew past the moon last
week, maintaining radio commun-
ications all the way, according to
Tass news service. The sketchi-
ness of the Russian communique
gave rise to speculation that
something had gone wrong with
the moon probe.
* * *
MADISON - T h e Wisconsin
Assembly recently took the first
step toward giving 18-year-olds
the right to vote. The bill must
be approved by two sessions of the
legislature and then by the voters
before it goes into effect,
SALEM - Oregon may hold a
referendum next year on whether
or not to replace its 102-year-old
constitution with a new one writ-
ten by a commission set up by
the state's legislature. The deci-
sion on holding the referendum
rests with the legislature.
* * *
DETROIT-Arjay R. Miller, a
resident of Ann Arbor, was named
last week to succeed retiring Ford
Motor Co. PresiCent John Dykstra.
* * *
PALM BEACH - T h e White
House announced yestrday that
Mrs. Jacqueline Kennedy is ex-
pecting a baby in the last half of
" * s
NEW YORK -- The New York
Stock Exchange hit new 1963 nighs
yesterday amidst heavy trading.
The Dow-Jones averages saw 30
industrials up 2.93, 20 railroads up
1.06, 15 utilities up 0.02, and 65
stocks dip 0.95.
SPRING WEEKEND '63
APRIL 26, 27
FRIDAY, APRIL 26:
& Prizes Dropped
Old Western Movies
SATURDAY, APRIL 27:
Willis Urges Research
For Explosion Detection
(2:00 per and littlec
Tomorrow at 8 at H ILLEL
DR. DAVI D GOL DBE RG
Asst. Prof. of Sociology
"URBANISM AND JEWISH STYLES OF LIVING"
This is Lecture No. 4 in the current series of
WEDNESDAYS AT 8 entitled
"The Jew in Western Culture"
All Are Welcome
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation 1429 Hill St.
Wednesday, April 17
Architecture and Design Lobby
PAINTINGS, SCULPTURE, POTTERY
and ODDS & ENDS
By PHILIP SUTIN
A preliminary finding by the
Acoustics and Seismics Laboratory
that it can differentiate under-
ground nuclear explosions and
earthquakes should be viewed with
"caution," David E. Willis of the
Willis told the Seismological So-
ciety of America last week that
University scientists have detected
a difference between an under-
ground nuclear explosion in Ne-
vada and a 1959 earthquake that
occured in the region. The blast
and earthquake were measured
from approximately the same dis-
"I do not see how this evidence
could be used to eliminate on-site
inspection at the present time--we
need more research to verify it,"
He stressed the need for ad-
ditional field measurements, sug-
gesting that an underground nu-
clear explosion be set off in an
earthquake area. University seis-
mological teams would then mea-
sure the blast shock waves as well
as all earthquake waves that
should subsequently occur.
Willis noted IUniversity research-
ers were able to get this compar-
ison because they happened to be
in the area during an earthquake
and then returned to measure a
nuclear explosion set off in the
For future tests, the acoustics
and seisiic lab has six mobile
teams th~t could be sent out at
"If future tests verify the find-
ing, this information will be useful
in the development of "black box"
detection devices," he noted.
The Soviet Union has been
pressing for unmanned inspection
of a nuclear test ban, but the
West has insisted on bothnmanned
and unmanned inspection.
Western officials at the Geneva
disarmament conference, now in
recess, said that more conclusive
tests are needed before the Uni-
versity finding becomes significant.
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