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April 03, 1963 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-04-03

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Nhere opinions Are Tr"e STuouEx Pvsum rzows B . AND. AjAjoin., Macm., Pmowx No 24241
Truth Will Print)"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

12 : v


-- 7d

41 +"

Y, APRIL 3, 1963


A University Must Be,
A Co mmunity of Scholars

w ~~

UNIVERSITY lacks a systematic ap-
proach to its problems which would bring to-
ther students, faculty and administration
0d use their skills to improve the climate of
lucation on the campus. Attempts to create
group which would offer such a method have
let repeated failure, largely because students
re not accepted as equals outside or inside
ie classroom.
The most recent and most ambitious attempt
a forge a student-faculty group to discuss ma-
>r University issues and plan lobbying and ac-
on, procedures to bring about the solutions
greed upon came last spring with what was
kingly referred to as the Bund." A handful
' students originated the idea for such a
,oup of 30 persons, half students and half
rofessors, and called it into session last Febru-
ry. s
Faculty members seemed willing to discuss,
i general terms, the philosophy of a university
rid some even consented to work with stu-
ents in drafting a tentative statement of
hilosophy which could be used as a basis for
#rther work by the Bund. After four meetings
varyng degrees of success in the spring
emester, the advent of the Conference on the
niversity and final examinations put an end
n the Bund. The professors showed no initia-
ye in getting the group started again this fall
nd the students who hadn't graduated were so
Isappointed with the original set of meetings
fat they saw little value in trying again. The
uidents'got to know some of the professors
id have kept up informal contacts, but noth-
g of a concrete nature has emerged.
HE STUDENTS brought intelligent concerns
about the state of the education offered
em at the University to the initial meeting.
'Brian, Glick, one of the more articulate and
espected student leaders'of recent years, pre-
nted the students' case: we see a lot wrong
rith the uality of and approach to education
tthe University; we feel the faculty and the
tudents have aresponsibility to do something
bout this; why can't we work together to build
better climate for learning?
Response was cold. Some of the professors.
lt that the students were getting bothered by
roblems which they had no business consid-
ring. Others thought the students were upset,
bout relatively minor issues such as the exist-
roce of Michigras or the social emphasis of
reshman orientation. They saw the meeting as
time for students to bring complaints the
aculty would listen to and try to alleviate.
one seemed to see or to surge the forging of
student-instructor group working together for
ie implementation in the University of reforms
oth groups felt important. The meeting end-
i with the suggestion that perhaps the stu-
ents and the professors were speaking in dif-
erent' languages and that a statement of
hilosophy of the university might get at basic
.efinitions of terms and lead to more success-
il communication.,
A statement was forthcoming at the second
ieetng and it was discussed at some length.
he last meetings of the Bund degenerated to
iscussion about what could be done by the in-
ividual members to solve The'Daily Crisis of
ast April.
'ODAT, THE STUDENTS and the faculty
still remain in their relatively isolated worlds
_orlging to reform the University. Student Gov-
rnment Council passed a resolution pointing
o the need for student-faculty government and
ski.ng for student seats on some of the faculty's
orpmittees. This, too, appears headed for re-
MILITANCY of students today who try
to break the University's speaker ban is in
harp contrast with the way the ban was ac-
epted when it began.
The ban began in 1913 when Hill Auditorium
pened, applying then to partisanship. In 1914
en. Robert La Follette of Wisconsin was in-
ited to speak here. La Follette was a militant
'rogressive and was known as "Fighting Bob,"
ut he was not very "fightable" when confront-
d with the speaker ban.
According to the Daily of Dec. 8, 1914, the
an "seemed to bother him, and probably in-
uced him to alter his program." It certainly
nust have, for he devoted the first part of his

ecture to Shakespeare's "Hamlet.",
La F'ollette, though, did get in a pitch for
tudents to ally themselves with political move-
nents. Which goes to show that the spirit of
ivil disobedience newly revived today was not
ntirely dead in 1914.
Editorial Staff
Editorial Director City Editor
CAROLINE DOW ................Personnel Director

The Prod and the Lure
Of SpaceResearch

The three major component groups of the
University-faculty, students, administrators-
have their own mechanisms for achieving the
changes they desire on campus. Students,
through their governmental council and news-
paper, flay at the abuses they witness in their
educational environment. Faculty make use of
positions on influential policy committees or in
long-standing friendships with other important
professors, deans and vice-presidents. Adminis-
trators, who reside at the apex of the decision
making process, need no outside agency to se-
cure their ends.
Neither the faculty nor the administration
particularly wants to disrupt the present orga-
nization by restructuring power relationships to
include new decision-making groups (such as a
student-faculty government) or by informally
admitting students into the apparatus when
they cannot forsee the immediate or long range
the present setup. They have an absolute
minimum of formal power and only a very
little of the informal variety. They are not on
campus long enough to develop personal con-
tacts to the point where very many can be em-
ployed to institute major changes in University
policy. Yet these students are among those per-
sons on the campus most worried about the
University and most ready to devote energy to
solving its problems.
Faculty or administrative rejection of stu-
dent proposals to work together often rests on
the refusal to accept the idea of the University
as a "community of scholars." This view holds
that all members of an academic community
are engaged in a common aim of dispelling
man's ignorance of himself and his world and
that all members thus share a dignity in their
efforts and that each is accorded the necessary
freedom to discharge this responsibility. There
is also a duty to work to improve the process
by which education and research take place
and since everyone in the community is influ-
enced by the process,' all should have a say in
determining it.
.Too often, the faculty and administrators see
themselves as having a superior-subordinate re-
lationship with students. Not only are the stu-
dents lacking in knowledge and experience, but
they are also somehow the moral and intellec-
tual inferiors of the adults.
Fear has been expressed by several faculty
members that acceptance of students as equals
in a committee or governmental situation might
destroy the superior-subordinate relation they
find essential for the classroom.
A COMMUNITY of scholars exists for the fac-
ulty and administrators, but citizenship re-
quirements simply exclude the students.
This assumption is, I think, a false one. To
respect a man for his knowledge of and ability
to get across the ideas of classical literature is
enough of a factor to have students select his
course and to give him deference in the class-
room. To gain the maximum from a professor
and his course there is no need to respect him
also for his views on distribution requirements
or financing higher education. In these areas
the student may be able to contribute as much
or more than the professor. In situations where
the student can exercise equal or superior
judgment, he should be treated by the rest of
the University as an equal or even be accorded
some deference.
One of the principal problems of a univer-
sity as large as this one is the helter-skelter
approach it may take in facing the future
compartmentalization and lack of coordination
are all too easy faults for a large campus com-
munity to slip into. False barriers between stu-
dents and faculty or faculty and administra-
tion or administration and student should not
be allowed to spring up. Where they do exist,
they should be systematically erased. The Bund
was an attempt to do this, to create a joint
group from two disparate subgroups of the
community. It is too bad that it failed, but it
is even more disappointing that the students
involved and their successors have not tried
again. Continual hammering away at false
barriers is necessary.
We are not going to get very far, however,
until the various groups can agree upon an hon-
estly stated philosophy of the University whose
logical consequences and calls for action will
be accepted. The core of the philosophy must
contain an enunciation of the thesis that all

major groups in the University have a respon-
sibility for its welfare and that all can con-
tribute to this as individuals with individual
talents and without bias because of formal
academic status.'
POLITICAL PARTIES serve many functions;
they run candidates, they attempt to define
and defend issues, they practice patronage and
they conduct public information campaigns.
It is the last function which is often for-
gntten by nme narties or misused by others.


on record in favor of a cut of
$10 or $12 billion in the govern-
ment's authority to make con-
tracts which will be paid for as
the missiles and the ships and the
like are manufactured. While this
is unlikely to make any substan-
tial, reduction in this year's spend-
ing, pit would make a substantial
difference in later years. Gen.
Eisenhower does not himself spe-
dify what the cut should be, being,
as he says, out of touch with the
details. But he takes his figures
from his last two budget directors
--Messrs. Stans and Brundage.
Although it is not likely to hap-
pen, it would be most enlightening
if Messrs. Stans and Brundage
would present their recommenda-
tions in detail and erngage in a
bout of reciprocal questioning and
answering with Mr. Gordon, the
present Kennedy budget director.
Unless something of the, sort
can be arranged, the country will
be subject to conflicting assertions
which never meet head. on. This
will add to the befuddlement
which so far has been the out-
standing production of this ses-
sion of Congress.
BUT EVEN without such a con-
frontation of views, there are in
Gen. Eisenhower's letter to Rep.
Charles Halleck two very large
and very important statements of
policy. One is that the defense
budget can be reduced down to
something like the last Eisenhower
defense budget for fiscal 1962.
Gen. Eisenhower does not support,
as he thinks it unnecessary,
the Kennedy enlargement of our,
strategic and of our conventional
forces. It would be interesting to
hear him argue, not merely assert:
this very important proposition.
Gen. Eisenhower's second dif-
ference of, policy is on the pro-
gram to put a man on the moon
and get him back again before
1970. This is, as he says, a crash
program which is spectacular, but
too costly. Here, too, is an issue
which ought to be debated.
On the first question, that the
defense budget, should be cut from
the Kennedy level to the Eisen-
hower level, the general must
know that the prospects are poor.
For defense, this Congress wants
to spend 'more, not less, than do
President Kennedy and Secretary
McNamara. Congress would be
horrified at going back to the
Eisenhower level. Indeed, the, con-
troversies which are raging around
the "McNamara Monarchy" all
originate in his refusal to spend
money that certain officers, poli-
ticians and contractors want to
have spent.
Gen. Eisenhower knows that. He

learned it when he was President,
and his valedictory on television
will long be remembered for its
warning that "in the councils of
government, we must guard
against the acquisition of unwar-
ranted influence, whether sought
or unsought, by the military-in-
dustrial complex."
hower ought to take a long, close
look at the embattled secretary of
defense, and he should ask him-
self whether the root of Secretary
McNamara's troubles is not that
he has the will and the know-how
and the guts to bring military
spending under rational control.
If Mr. MaNamara is overwhelmed,
Gen. Eisenhower can give up for
lost any serious notion that mili-
tary spending will be cut back.
As to putting a man on the
moon, the real question, I believe,
is not whether it is too expensive.
The real question is whether the
country would support a gigantic
research and scientific explora-
tion in outer space if it were not
prodded by the fear that the Rus-
sians will get to the moon first
and lured by the prize of being
the first ourselves to get there.
What Gen. Eisenhower thinks, so
it seems, is that we should "dem-
onstrate common sense" about the
prod and the lure. We should
spend less and take more time and
let the Russians win the race to
the moon if they can afford it.
No doubt the winner in the race
will have great prestige, and, to
many people the world over, he
will look temporarily like a super-
man. But as the first man on the
moon is followed by the second
man on the moon, winning the
any nine day's wonder. Most em-
phatically, it will not decide the
course of history.
. . .
is that, since we have the tech-
nological rcapacity, we should pro-
mote the research and the ex-
ploration into the nature of the
universe. We do not know what
we shall learn when we can place
our laboratories and our instru-
ments out beyond the envelope of
the earth's atmosphere. But we
race will be not much more than
shall know more than we can
know now about the reality of
which we are a part. In physics,
chemistry and biologydwe may be
opening up a new world.
It is one of the melancholy facts
of political life that the good is
not often sought for goodness'
sake. Men are not easily moved to
serve so great a purpose as the
revolutionary increase of know-
ledge. So, we have to be prodded
by the fear of being second and
lured by the desire to be first.
(c) 1963, The Washington Post Co.


it ~ " Ghcat ~ K.

' ' K O OMErV.''t -t

Changes after The War

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the
second of three articles about
social change within universities.)
change is getting increased at-
tention from the field of educa-
tional research. Whereas once up-
on a time the University saw its
area of concern almost wholly
centered in the academic, today
it is obvious that there is more
to education than just the class-
This has been increasingly evi-
dent in' the years since the end
of World War II, as student at-
titudes within the specific context
of the University have fluctuated
widely to the tune of social
changes and trends.
** *
GI Bill of Rights after the war
the veterans flocked to the col-
lege campuses in large numbers.
And while in the main they were
mature, serious cosmopolitan
people who. brought joy to their
professors, they brought headaches
to the administrators, especially to
the student personnel workers.
In many schools student hous-
ing expanded and with it came
the inevitable growth of housing
regulations. Involvement in the
war had developed the students'
concern with important political
and social issues, as vocal political
groups made their appearances on
campus, so did numerous regula-
tions governing their conduct.
Guidance and medical services
were expanded. The atmosphere in
the non-academic areas of college
life was one of general expansion
as far as importance was concern-
* * *
THE EARLY 1950's saw a
change. The veterans were gradu-
ating and their places were being
filled by the high school graduates
who were not as mature or cos-
mopolitan as the vets. The Mc-
Carthy influence began to be felt
on the campus and the active
political groups, especially the lib-
eral and leftists ones, either closed
up shop or kept their activities
to a minimum.
Meanwhile society was beginning
to expect the University to assume
more responsibility for the stu-
dent. It wanted regulation and
guidance in addition to the im-
planting of knowledge. As more
and more people came to college
and the college degree was becom-
ing more important in later life,
demands on the college also grew.
The student body as a group was
growing younger and less mature.
Parents, aware of this and also
desirous of curbing expressions of
independence pressed for curbs
on student freedom. The univer-
sities felt themselves compelled to
accede to these wishes and thus
the terms "paternalism" and "in
loco parentis" became common.
Student governments were allowed
the minnum power needed to
keep them happy, and residence
hall regulations have been those
designed to placate parents and
Nineteen fifty-seven marked the
oeginning of another change whose
nf, nf- n + c+11 ,0., _, - 1U +-A _ ,

toward college admissions. In ad-
dition the high schools have gen-
erally been expanding their extra-
curricular activities to the point
where they almost ape the col-
Thus people interested in ac-
tivities come to college and say
"I had all this in high school, it's
nothing new and I'm tired of it."
They are more career oriented and
so view activities as a waste, of
time that could be put to better
It is a common thing for stu-
dent personnel workers to come
across student records which are
covered with notations on the stu-
dent's high school activities while
such involvement in college is con-
spicuous by its absence. The fact
that graduate schools and industry
have become grade-oriented and
do not take activities into account
as much as before also has some-
thing to do with their down-
* * *
IN PLACE of the large scale ac-
tivities, those working in the stu-
dent personnel field have noticed
a trend to the small apartment
group type activity. The fact that
the student can engage in this
when he wants, with whom he
MacL aine
CURRENTLY AT the Michigan
Theatre is "Two for the Sea
Saw," the most recent film in
the tradition of those that treat
of the linely characters that aim-
lessly stalk the streets of the big
In a couple of respects it re-
sembles the best of the lot, "The
Apartment." The photography, es-
pecially in the beginning, is quite
fine; the dialogue is frequently
fast, clever, and "up-to-date.'
It stars Shirley MacLaine who
turns in her, most mature and
poignant characterization yet. And
finally, it tells the story of the
good-guy who usually gets the
bad deal, except at the end.
BUT HERE the picture departs
from the sure formula and begins
to slide downhill. This time the
sap is not a guy, it's a gal, the
bad deal is permanent, and there
is no Jack Lemmon.
Instead, there's Hollywood's
dullest actor, Robert Mitchum, ad-
mirably type cast as an uninter-
esting and thoroughly unsympa-
thetic lover, a guy who cannot
break from his wife, divorce and
geographical separation notwith-
* *. *
IT IS NOT LONG before he is
more wretched than ever, and so
he turns in desperation to calling
up a girl that he met at a Green-
wich Village party, who mhe esti-
mates would be "easy" company.
While she falls for him, he is not
quite sure just what he does or
ought to do (for?) her. What en-
riia is o interminoh1Livaindn

wants and without University of-
ficials on his back makes this
very attractive.
The dying of the McCarthy in-
fluence in the late mid '50's and
the societal re-examination after
Sputnik have also led to a revived
interest in political and social con-
cerns. As a whole, University stu-
dents, especially those' whose
schools are located in small towns,
tend to be more liberal than the
local inhabitants, not only on poli-
tical'matters but also on religious
and moral issues.
Thus the university, although
generally committed to the value
of extra-curricular activities to
student development often finds
itself curtailing these in the in-
terest of local and state-wide pub-
lic relations. Restrictive regula-
tions take the form of the setting
of speaker restrictions, limiting
involvements in off-campus issues,
setting housing regulations to
please outside forces and keeping
control of the decision making
process out of student hands as
much as possible. (Including keep-
ing records on the non-academic
aspects of the student's life.)
* * *
a growing concern among those
working with students about the
general de-emphasis of organized
activities. As the nation's student
body has grown this downgrading
has been heightened by the growth
of the "red-brick" or commuting
colleges, usually located in cities,
where the students are just around
for classes.
Recently these schools have be-
gun to build dormitories in an at-
tempt to keep the student away
from distracting influences, and
nearer the educational atmosphere
of the school. This attitude stems
from the growing recognition that
the overall environment is prob-
ably more important than the
classroom in the educational pro-
While the directions non-
academic policy will take in the
future are uncertain, a few hope-
ful trends can be indicated. As
more and more students attend
college and the BA degree is rec-
ognized as a prerequisite for any
kind of advancement in life, edu-
cation will probably come to be
regarded as a right rather than
a privilege..
Once this happens the need for
the university to be paternalistic
in order to suit the parents and
legislature will diminish. If a par-
ent thinks a university is too
liberal with its social regulations
for his child to attend there will
be many others willing to take
his place. On the other hand,
there is the possibility that as a
college education becomes more
of a social necessity society will
decide to encroach on the relative
autonomy of the university and
demand, through the legislatures,
a stronger say in university policy.
THE DECLINE in the import-
ance of extra-curricular activities
will probably not take place until
the faculty realizes their value to
the educational process and takes
them into account where relevant
when teaching, encouraging stu-
A ran+c o 4. r+ i inota in thcm and

rWildlife and Men

To the Editor:
F ROM MICHIGAN'S persecuted
wildlife, from me, and, I'm
sure, from every sensitive person
now aware of the state-subsidized
slaughter called bounty hunting,
I congratulate and thank Steven
Haller for his fist-pounding and
conscience-probing editorial damn-
ing the despicable bounty system.
Michigan is suffering from un-
employment and in some areas,
from downright poverty. Why
then, does the state allow a few
greedy, heartless, and, in their'
own indelicate way animalistic,
Upper Peninsula residents to drain
away Michigan's money and re-
sources by making a profession of
killing its wildlife? There is no
doubt that the money could better
be spent elsewhere. And there is
no doubt that the wildlife being
thoughtlessly depleted is one of
Michigan's greatest treasurers,
which, when gone, will rob the
state of much of its attractiveness
to visitors, usefulness to residents,
and esthetic beauty to all.
THE "PULL" of these bounty
hunters,. who are exploiting the
state and nature alike in order to
add a few dollars to their incomes,
must be broken by more intelligent
,citizens and legislators who will
pull in the other direction: the
direction towards real conserva-
tion of natural resources, which
Michigan-and the entire nation
-so desperately needs.
Mark Twain once said that
"Man is the only animal that
blushes, or needs to." Man is also
the only animal that kills for
profit. With these thoughts in
mind, Michigan house members
who would vote down the bills to
outlay the bounty system should
be blushing profusely.
As for the hunters, they can be
disposed of by offering $5 a head
for each hunter one could drag
in to the nearest bounty office.
I'm sure that within a month,
they'd kill each other off quite
-Maxine A. Hochman, Grad
To the Editor:
A CERTATN Mason A. Wvzun Jr.

dum, the Homecoming display, the
distribution of literature at every
home football game? Is he un-
aware that not only did Governor
Romney praise the University's
YR club as outstanding, but that
our Young Republicans received
the trophy for the best college
club in the state in 1962? Does
Wyzun have any idea how many
hours our club members spent
canvasing' during and after the
Thirdly, he charges that we have
been apathetic to the cause. Has
he ever read our platform? As for
the YDs-perhaps they are begin-
ning to see the light and are con-
verting to Republicanism.
-Mark R. Hauser,
Past President
Young Republican Club
B ad" News
W HAT'S THAT, you say? "You've
got 90 cents and you don't
know how to spend it? Well, there
are some good movies in town: at
the Michigan Theatre and the
Campus. I've left one out? Right!
It's at the State, it's called "Follow
The Boys," it stars Connie Frances
and Richard Long, and don't
waste your money on it.
"Follow The Boys" has several
of the "performers" who gave of
their time and talent to do "Where
The Boys Are" (for example Con-
nie Frances and Paula Prentiss).
It begins just like the latter film,
with the wide-screen color pan-
orama of a city, the wretched re-
cording-studio nasal tones of Con-
nie Frances and the narrator.
In this case, he intones the
story of the "sea-gulls," or wives
and sweet-hearts of the -men of
the Sixth Fleet, who must follow
the boys from port to port.
I SHALL not go into the fine
details of the plot of this epic,
which composes itself mainly of
individual case-stories. Russ Tam-

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