3 A.M. VOTE
Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom
3 A.M. VOTE
VOL. LXXII, No 140 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, APRIL 2, 1963 SEVEN CENTS
Electoral confusion reigned early this morning as
tabulation discrepencies turned up in Wayne and Oak-
land counties on the balloting for the proposed con-
At 3 a.m. Associated Press unofficial, corrected totals
showed the proposed document in the lead with 773,188
'yes' votes and 757,197 'no' votes. There were 4,967 of the
5,209 precincts reporting.
The AP,. which had earlier reported that the con-
stitution was definitely defeated, did not commit itself
t6 the status of the situation in the midst of the con-
By WILLIAM BENOIT
Approximately a million and a half voters turned out, a
new record for spring elections, and threatened the document
championed by Gov. George Romney, leader in last fall's
Political observers say that Romney's prestige was on the
line with the constitution, and that the governor has suffered
* * * *
* * *
Creal Wins; Dry Line Stays
By KENNETH WINTER
Michigan's voters broke the 4-4
deadlock on the state Supreme
Court, yesterday by electing two
to the bench.
At 2 a.m., the nonpartisan bal-
loting gave incumbent Eugene F
Black 608,982 votes, and former
Regent and former supreme cour
'member Paul L. Adams 551810
votes. Each were named for eight-
-year terms. Republican-backed
candidates were well behind: Bay
County circuit judge Richard 0
Smith had 402,993 votes, while
Clare, Isabella and Midland Coun-
ties circuit judge Donald E. Hol-
brook, trailed with 394,210 votes-
with 4,151 of 5,209 precincts re-
The results give the Democrats
a,5-3 edge on the Court.
Bartlett Keeps Office
Democratic incumbent Lynn M
Bartlett retained his post as state
superintendent of public instruc-
tion, tallying 684,217 votes with
4,084 of 5,209 precincts reporting
His opponent, Prof. Raymond N
Hatch of Michigan State Univer-
sity, with 598,399 votes.
Democrats also took 'the open
seats on the MSU and Wayne
State University governing boards.
Woodcock Leads WSU
Democrat Leonard Woodcock is
leading the WSU Board of Gov-
ernors race with 664,909; his run-
ning mate Michael. Ference ran
second' with 644,257 votes. The
Republican totals were 612,16 for
Alfred H. Whittaker, 594,285 for
In the MSU Board of :Trustees
race, Don Stevens had 647,721
votes, and =Jan Vanderploeg tal-
lied 635,574, leading their Republi-
can opponents, Con-Con president
Stephen S. Nisbet, with 621,598
votes, and Arthur K. Rouse, with
At 2 a.m., Republican Board of
Education candidate James F.
O'Neil led Democrat Gerald Tu-
chow by 20,000 votes.
Seek To Build
BOGOTA, Colombia (:)-Repre-
sentatives of nine countries open-
ed discussions yesterday to set in
motion a Latin American free
trade area-three years after the
idea was born.'
The plan is the first step to-"
ward setting up a trading bloc
patterned after the European
Common Market, with members
giving each other special conces-
The week-long discussions will
be devoted to studying proposals
for assuring equal competition,
facilitating economic integration,
establishing methods of financing
exports and operations problems
of monetary policy.
Only two South American coun-
tries - Bolivia and Venezuela -
have not joined the trading bloc.
But they, as well as the United
" a serious setback. The strong-
est opposition c a m e from
Democrats and state labor leaders,
and the proposed document failed
to gain enough votes in outstate
industrial and rural areas.
With 4,725 precincts reporting
out of 5,209, 'yes' votes numbered
733,167 and 'no' votes 752,367.
The defeated constitution fared
well in traditionally Democratic
a n d labor - dominated Wayne
County but failed to gain expect-
ed strength in outstate industrial
"and rural areas and in most parts
of the Upper Peninsula.
s Former Gov. John B. Swainson
campaigned long and hard with
other Democratic leaders against
Swainson called for Romney's
1 "nonpartisan" support in a revi-
sonal program thatwould amend
the present constitution in needed
"It is very gratifying that the
people of Michigan have not been
overwhelmed by the deluge of
propaganda .on the constitution.
This reaffirms my faith in democ-
racy," Swainson -said early this
Zolton F e r enc y, Democratic
State Central Committee chair-
man, noted that "Romney has suf-
fered defeat at the poPs. His self-
ordained leadership has been re-
jected; he asked for a mandate
from the people but did not get
Newly-re-elected Regent Eu-
gene B. Power of Ann Arbor com-
mented that "the defeat is the
evidence of the common sense of
the Michigan voter and shows the
voter's desire to consider issues
separately, which is what the
Democrats proposed and stand
Power echoed the sentiments of
eother Democrats who wish to in-
prove Michigan's present constitu-
tional setup through amendment
of the existing document.
"Seventy-five per cent of the
proposed constitution could be
submitted right now, as there is
no debate over that much of the
rejected document," Regent Power
Romney had charged the con-
stitution's opponents resorted to
"a despicable campaign of lies
Sen. Stanley Thayer (R-Ann
Arbor), Senate majority floor
leader and a key moderate force
in the upper house, said "too bad,
but tomorrow is another day.
"The rejection of the document
does not constitute a rejection of
the governor's leadership, but a
rejection of his views in one area
which he felt was very important."
The new constitution would have
made changes in many major
areas, including extending the gov-
ernor's term to four years and
changing the provisions for fi-
nancing local government.
By MICHAEL SATTINGER
Republican Mayor Cecil O. Creal
was re-elected and the dry line
was retained in yesterday's city
Except for the first ward, Re-
publicans made a clean sweep in
Ann Arbor City Council seat elec-
Creal received 9,617 votes and
Dr. Albert F. Schneider, the Dem-
ocratic challenger, picked up 6,-
687. The dry line charter amend-
ment received only 7,641 as oppos-
ed to a sobering 8,233 against it.
The "no" margin came mostly
from the third ward.
Voters also decided for the an-
nexation of some developed Pitts-
field area. The vote was 11,566 for
and 3,032 against. In the affected
area, the vote was 113 for the an-
nexation and 110 against.
In the first ward, Democratic
candidate John Teachout won the
council seat with a vote of 1,207.
Republican candidate Travis Cash
Incumbent Republican council-
man William E. Bandemer won the
British Cabinet Assembles
To View African Demands
LONDON W-)-The cabinet met in emergency session last night to
considerwhite-ruled Southern Rhodesia's demands for early inde-
The signs were that the British will try to stall.
Earlier, Deputy Prime Minister R. A. Butler tried to cool off the
imperial crisis arising from the
Federation of Northern a n d<
Southern Rhodesia and Nyasaland.
While Britain last week con-
ceded Negro-ruled Northern Rho-
desia's right to secede, Butler told'
the House of Commons the gov-
ernment aim in the three terri-
torities is "evolution of an effec-
tive relationship between the ter-
ritories which is acceptable to
each of them."
The white Southern Rhodesians
have insisted that independence
must come to them no later than
to Northern Rhodesia and Negro-
Butler stressed that new consti-
tutions for all three territorities
should await new talks to work
out orderly arrangements to wind
up the federation.
Butler's statements came under
fire from some of his own right-
wing conservative followers who
stand squarely behind the white
The opposition Labor Party and
the Liberals, however, strongly
In Southern Rhodesia, mean-
while, black-white tensions seem-
ed to be rising.
Joshua Nkomo, leader of the
country's three million Africans.
was sentenced to six months hard
labor on a charge of obstructing
police during a fight at a political
Sir Roy Welensky, prime min-
ister of the 10-year-old federation,
accused the British government of
stabbing the 300,000 Southern
Rhodesian whites in the back by
conceding secession to Nyasaland
and Northern Rhodesia.
Welensky has always contended
-as once did the British govern-
ment-that the federation was the
best way of achieving multi-racial
rule in central Africa.
the Central African
JERUSALEM, Israel Sector (W)
-Three- opposition parties assail-
ed Prime Minister David Ben
Gurion last night for what was
termed his pro-German attitude.
They demanded a special par-
liament session to deal with
mounting furor over German
scientists working for the United
A special session was considered
likely. The three parties-the Na-
tionalist Herut, the Liberals and
leftwing Mapam-hold 43 seats,
or 13 more than necessary to
force parliament to be recalled
from the current Passover recess.
Spokesmen forkthe parties said
they want to take up what they
called West Germany's reluctance
to take steps to prevent German
scientists from helping UAR arms
production. They said they were
agreed that Ben Gurion's explana-
tion for the resignation of, Israel's
long-time security chief was un-
A government spokesman said
the security chief quit Sunday
after Ben Gurion objected to his
political evaluation of the German
West Germany and Israel have
no diplomatic relations, but deal
with each other in trade and
other matters. The whole affair
has set back West German-Israel
German Chancellor Konrad Ade-
nauer contends his government
cannot call back the German ex-
perts in the UAR because they are
private citizens. Israel feels, how-
ever, that the Bonn government is
not doing what it could to discour-
second ward seat with 1,364 votes
versus 786 votes for Democratic
challenger Mrs. Fay Kincaid.
Third Ward Results
Third ward winner was Repub-
lican Paul Johnson with 2,756
votes. Democratic candidate Dal-
las R. Hodgins received 1,721
Inethe fourth ward, incumbent
Republican councilman Richard G.
Walterhouse won with 2,095 votes,
beating Democratic candidate Mrs.
Francis West's 1,121 votes.
Fifth ward incumbent Republi-
can councilmanBent F. Nielsen
was returned to his seat with a to-
tal of 2,095. Democratic challenger
LeRoy A. Cappaert registered a
1,575 losing total.
Teachout, Johnson Win
Teachout and Johnson replace
first ward Democratic councilman
Lynn Eley and third ward Repub-
lican councilman Henry V. Aquin-
to, respectively, on the Ann Arbor
In statewide elections, the city
gave the new constitution a to-
tal of 11,946 votes versus 4,378
Republican regental candidate
William B. Cudlip and Ink White
chalked up 9,572 and 9,995 votes,
respectively. Democratic incum-
bents Eugene B. Power and Donald
M. B. Thurber registered 8,030 and
6,774 votes in the city, respective-
Final county returns gave the
new constitution 24,163 votes for
adoption as opposed to 12,071 votes
for its rejection.
In the same voting unit, Cudlip
.and White got 21,677 and 21,915
votes, respectively, versus 17,291
and 15,591 for Power and Thurber,
County returns for the election
of two supreme court justices were:
Adams, Black Ahead
Paul L. Adams, 15,384 votes.
Incumbent Eugene F. Black, 16,-
Donald E. Holbrook, 11,361 votes.
Richard G. Smith, 12,144 votes.
County returns for state super-
intendent of public instruction re-
vealed Democratic incumbent Lynn
M. Bartlett had 16,351 votes ver-
sus Raymond Hatch's 22,636 votes.
More votes were cast - in city
elections this year than in 1961, al-
though registration for this elec-
tion is lower.
By BARBARA LrAZARUS
The ivory tower concept of a'
university does not characterize
universities today, since in reality
there is a close inter-relationship
between the university and society,
U n i v e r s i t y President Harlan
Hatcher said last night.
Speaking to business leaders at-
tending the President's Confer-
ence on Business and Industry,
President Hatcher pointed to the
whole area of modern research
which is opening up all the time,
a "relentless quest and adventure,,
which is seeking knowledge and
pouring it back into society."
President Hatcher noted that
the University has not slackened
its effort in cultural areas such
as literature, music and drama,
but also recognizes society's de-
mands for training and other pro-
cesses, which help form a useful
disposal of knowledge for the in-
dustrial and commercial parts of
"Part of the response to these
needs of our state and nation de-
pend on the development of re-
search. Lofty, high-priority pure
research moves hand in hand with
this, and the University hopes to
step this up to see that these new
areas are opened up to general'
knowledge, explored and made
useful for -the economy."
The University has a greater
role to play than it had in the
past, and it is here that produc-
tion of numerous new things for
the economy are made, President
Tracing the development of the
modern university from the col-
lege, President Hatcher said that
"the little traditional centers of
subject matter split off, enlarged
and expanded. Research was plow-
ed back, and we have what you
have here: 17 schools and col-
leges." This is only one example
of what has happened at the Uni-
The University must continue
training young people and enlarg-
ing the field of knowledge,
WIn Board Posts
Victors Pledge Continued Effort
To Maintain High 'U' Standards
By GAIL EVANS
Incumbent Regents Eugene B. Power of Ann Arbor and
Donald M. D. Thurber of Grosse Pointe, both Democrats,
seemed to easily retain their positions on the University's
Regent Power placed first with 669,786 votes; Thurber was
second with 654,910. The two Republican candidates, William
B. Cudlip of Grosse Pointe Shores and Ink White of St. Johns,
were defeated having 615,731 and 589,139 votes respectively,
with 4,151 of 5,209 precincts"
reporting at 2 a.m.
The victorious incumbents issu-
ed this joint statement:
"The voters have decisively re-
affirmed their long-standing com-
mitment to the welfare of the Un-
versity of Michigan. We are pleas-
ed with the confidence expressed'
in our service as Regents and we
pledge our best efforts during the
next eight years in continuing to
strengthen and advance the Uni-
versity in the interests of the great
state it serves."'
Regent Thurber opposed pass-
age of the proposed state consti-
tution which was ahead this morn-
ing, arguing vigorously against the
education article and the provi-
sion which would mandate the
governor to intervene during the
fiscal if the anticipated revenue
income conflicted with appropria-
tions. rr ti
Plan To Install Centrex
For Modern Telephones
By CARL COHEN
The University announced plans to modernize the campus phone
service by installing a new system, known as -Centrex.
The telephone system, which will be ready for use by 1964, will
permit direct dialing to stations which are now only available through
the University operator. 10,400 on-campus phones will be involved.
The plan will also permit direct dialing to and from dormitory
rooms and the Medical Center. Medical Center patients and dormi-
tory residents wil enjoy 24 hour service.- The consolidated service
<, includes the first installation of
I ~ iL~ U+nw ry viua+e car~±vingv fnr
He charged that this interven-
tion would have "extremely un-
settling effect on faculty, student
and the reputation of the Uni-
His Democratic partner won on
a program which considered edu-
cation as the "birthright of every
child." He did not take a stand
on the constitution.
Both he and Thurber supported
the lowering of tuition but not at
the expense of the quality of the
University. They endorsed the con-
cept of high faculty salaries.
The two Republicans campaign-
ed on a strong support for the
adoption of the proposed state
During the campaign Thurber
viewed the role of the Regent as
that of any public servant-to be
responsible to his constituency and
to provide leadership. The Regent
is more expert on educational mat-
ters than the general public. Re-
gents would not be elected to eight
year terms if the public did not
expect them to initiate policy on
In discussing the role of the
Regent, Power maintained that the
Regent should not enter into the
day-to-day affairs of the Univer-
sity. They should get an over-all
picture of what the University is
doing and where it is going. The
Regents appoint administrators to
handle the daily problems, and if
they are not satisfied with the re-
sults, replacement is in order.
Regent Power, the president of
University Microfilms, Inc., has
served as chairman of the Board
since 1960 and has been a mem-
ber since 1955.
He campaigned on his record as
a Regent and on a six-point pro-
gram for improved statewide high-
Regent Thurber, the president
of Public Relations Counselors,
Inc., supported "orderly expan-
sion of facilities" to meet the en-
rollment crisis. He maintained that
expansion not just coordination
would prepare the state for the
large number of qualified high
school graduates seeking a college
EUGENE B. OWER
DONALD M. B. THURBER
Skiles Names Groth League President
By THOMAS CREECYT
a university medical center.
The new system will include ap-
proximately 4400 telephones in
campus offices, 1800 in the Medi-
cal Center and 4200 in resident
halls. Numbers such as the Union
and The Daily, which are not
handled through the Universityl
will remain separate.
According to Nicholas J. Prak-
ken; Ann Arbor manager for Mich-
igan Bell Telephone Company
which is handling the installation,
the new system would provide the
University with a much greater
"flexibility" to meet its anticipated
enrollment growth. He explained
By The Associated Press
BUENOS AIRES-New unrest
is feare. in Argentina as armed
forces units were placed on
alert last night.
The navy was first placed on
alert, followed by the air force
and army units.
The armed forces are oppos-
ed to President Jose M. Guido's
plan to hold elections this June
with all political factions-in-
eluding the Peronists-compet-
ing. They fear any action that
would lead to a return of a
This action followed the re-
cent resignation of the interior
and economics ministers.
Minister Quinim Pholsena was
reported assassinated in his
home last night.
He was killed when an un-
known group of assailants ma-
chinegunned his home.
Pholsena helped lead his
Gretchen Groth, '64, was named president of the Women's League
last night at the Annual Women's Recognition night.
New members of the women's honorary societies and other new
officers of women's organizations were also announced and honored
by a near capacity crowd at Rackham auditorium.
Other new Women's League officers include Judy Hurst, executive
vice-president; Joan Gusten, '64, administrative vice-president;
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