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March 26, 1963 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-03-26

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See Editorial Page


Butr A

:43 it

Occasional rain,
cooler tonight

Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom


Registration Records
Saved From Flames
Negro leaders in Greenwood,
Miss., have called the fire that
broke out in the Student Nonvio-
lent Coordinating Committee of-
fices late Sunday night an at-
tempt to burn out the voter regis-
tration drive headquahters.
The Federal Bureau of Investi-
gation joined state and city offi-
cials yesterday in an attempt to
determine the cause of the fire.
SNCC field secretary William Pea-
cock said neighbors saw two white
men running away from the blaze.
Fire Chief J. C. Evans has de-
clared, however, that as yet no
evidence supporting the charge of
arson has been uncovered.
Local Reaction
In response to the burning,
Voice political party and the
Friends of SNCC have sent tele-
grams to President John F. Ken-
nedy and Attorney General Rob-
ert Kennedy urging that the fed-
eral government provide protec-
tion for the voter registration proj-
They have also asked United
States Attorney Lawrence Gubow
in Detroit that his office demand
the Justice Department provide
such protection, Voice Chairman
Joseph Chabot, '64, said.
Voice and Friends of SNCC will
protest what they have termed
"the reign of terror in the South"
by staging a sit-in at the Detroit
justice department office this Sat-
Protests Elsewhere
Similar protest demonstrations
will be arranged through local
SNCC offices in Chicago, New
York, Berkeley and other cities at
the same time.
In Atlanta, James Forman,
SNCC executive secretary, called
for the government to put troops
in Greenwood "to protect local
citizens from shootings and arson
According to Peacock, all the
voter registration material was
saved, but nearly the entire store
of office supplies was lost in the
Police Surveillance
The building in which the fire
took place is presently under po-
lice surveillance, but Peacock did
not feel the police would discover
the persons responsible for the fire.
He said that the owner of the
building had asked SNCC to move
out several weeks ago but it had
been unable to find other head-
At present SNCC is operating
from the Greenwood Methodist
Church. A mass meeting was held
there last night to determine fu-
ture operating procedure, but "so
many things have happened re-
cently that this is not going to be
able to stop our work," Peacock

Decline To Act on Ordinance








No City Council special session
for passage of fair housing legis-
lation was called at last night's
work session despite a demon-
stration outside City Hall and an
attempt by first ward Democratic
councilman Lynn Eley to call the
council to a vote before next
Monday's city elections.
But council did hear. recom-
mendations by the Human Rela-
tions Commission for changes in
the ordinance and designated April
3 as the date for the second public
hearing on the proposed ordinance.
"I see no reason why we cannot
vote on the fair housing ordinance
before the city elections," Eley
Had Time
"Both political parties lave
pledged enactment of fair housing
legislation this year. Also, I feel
that as a council we've had a :great
deal of time opportunity to study
the provisions for such legisla-
tion," Eley explained.
However, Republican Mayor Ce-
cil O. Creal felt that no date
should be set at this time for final
passage of the ordinance. "We
have guaranteed that there will
be more public hearings," he said.
Creal also cited a letter from
Rev. Lyman S. Parks of the Bethel
A M E church which called for
unrushed deliberation and more



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Scientists Unlock DNA

AT ODDS-Mayor Cecil O. Creal (left) and First Ward Democrat
Councilman Lynn Eley disagree on when a fair housing ordinance
should be passed. Creal favors more council deliberation while
Eley pushed for passage of an ordinance at last night's meeting.

NEW YORK OP)-One key to
the great mystery of how the
genetic code of life goes into
action has been found, Rocke-
feller Institute scientists have
reported. I
Whether the code is called
into play depends upon the
presence of absence of basic
proteins known as histones,
they said.
The genetic code is.contain-
ed in deoxyribonucleic acid in
the nucleus of every living cell.
Part of this code is copied by
messenger, or ribonucleic acid,
which then "tells" the cell what
chemicals to make, such as cer-
tain proteins or enzymes, in or-
der to do it special job.
Each Has DNA
But each of billions of body
cells contains the entire genetic
code of DNA. Each has the
starting knowledge to do all the
thousands of- tasks performed
by all the different varieties of
Obviously a nerve or gland
or skin cell uses only part of
the entire code in order to be

what it is and do what it does.
How this comes about has been
one of the deep mysteries.
The histones apparently act
as controlling agents over parts
of the DNA code in each cell,
Professors Vincent G. Allfrey,
Virginia C. Littau and Alfred
E. Mirsky report in proceedings
of the National Academy of
Might Cancel Errors
An understanding of the con-
trol mechanism might make it
possible artificially to tell liv-
ing cells what to do. Genetic
errors in cells might be cor-
rected, oh the wild growth of
cancer cells slowed or stopped.
The Rockefeller scientists
find that histones rich in ar-
ginine, one kind of amino acid,
inhibit or block the making of
RNA. Others rich in lysine, an-
other amino acid or constituent
of proteins, are only weak in-
They said this suggests that
most of the DNA in each cell is
usually repressed or inactive,

with the rest being active in
making the RNA carry instruc-
tions to the cell machinery.
In a cell of the thymus gland,
for example, certain parts or
genes of the DNA are active,
with other parts being active
only in a liver or kidney cell.
Laboratory evidence indicates
most of the DNA is bound to
histones of the arginine type.
When researchers removed
these histones from cells, the
cells then made more messen-
ger RNA and could make new
proteins. The histones were re-
moved from thymus cells with a
digesting enzyme, trypsin.
Histones Crucial
The histones apparently are
able to control the activity and
the physical appearance and
coiling of chromosomes or por-
tions of the DNA, the scientists
The amounts of histones that
can block the making of RNA
seem to play a key role in how
the genetic code becomes ex-

study of the ordinance by council
in spite of pressure for quick pas-
Dowson Objects
Second ward Republican coun-
cilman John Dowson objected to
the idea of being maneuvered into
voting on the measure before Eley
leaves the council.

Study Indicates Spacemen
To Face Radiation Hazard
Associated Press Science Writer
LOS ANGELES-A recently completed computer study indicates
proposed manned space stations will face critical radiation hazards
regardless of past or future high-altitude nuclear tests.
The study, by Robert E. Fortney of Northrop Space Laboratories,
predicts it would be extremely dangerous for a man to remain more.
-than two days in a space station


Sunday Selling
Law .App'roved
By Local Board
Washtenaw County's Board of
Supervisors voted yesterday to let
the state's Sunday closing law go
into effect in the county.
The law prohibits certain retail
merchants from selling specified
articles on more than one of two
weekend days.
However, due to a circuit court
restraining order granted to a
group of merchants in the county
who claim that the law is uncon-
stitutional, the law will not go
into effect until April 5, the ex-
piration date of the order.
A hearing has been scheduled for
next Tuesday for state officials to
show cause why the restraining
order should not be made per-

circling the equator at a height of
2000 miles-unless he has better'
shielding than is now available.
Fortney, a nuclear scientist, used
a computer to figure the likely
dosage of just one kind of radia-
tion at that altitude-the most
dangerous part of the Van Allen
Trapped Radiation
The Van Allen belts are sheaths
of radiation-electrons and pro-
tons from the sun and other sourc-
es-trapped in the earth's mag-
netic field.
Fortney's calculations dealt only
with protons, not electrons.
"In the lower Van Allen belt,
protons are more dangerous than
electrons," Fortney said in an in-
terview. "Most manned orbiting
stations will be in the lower belt.
I did not include electrons be-
cause the danger from increased
electron radiation such as that
loosed in the lower belt by the July
9, 1962 detonation has not been
fully assessed."
Shielding Effect
Fortney said his calculations in-
cluded the shielding effect of a
half inch of aluminum, the mna-
terial most likely to be used in
spacecraft in the near future.
"Other materials or methods of
shielding would improve the pic-
ture, but they would increase the
weight, and weight is a critical
factor in placing large vehicles in
orbit," he said.
Using data from radiation-sam-
pling space probes, Fortney's com-
puter spewed out figures showing
that a man in a 2000-mile-high
station woudd receive in one day
a dose of 103 Roentgens, more
than half the 200-Roentgen emer-
gency tolerance limit set by the
National Aeronauticsuand Space
"This radiation would be in the
form of high-energy protons cap-
able of penetrating the body to a
depth of two or more inches and
damanging blood-forming organs,"
he said.
"In the same period he would
receive 200 Roentgens in low-ener-
gy protons which are stopped by
his skin. This is about half the
emergensy skin-tolerance limits.
Fortney said he picked an orbit
of 2000 miles for his study be-
cause high-energy proton radia-
tion is strongest at that level.
"The hazard could be reduced
by orbiting at other altitudes," he
said, "but it is possible there might
be certain military missions which
would make that level desirable.
"The point is that, because ra-
diation is cumulative, there will
be a very serious problem in or-
biting manned spacecraft in the1
lower Van Allen belt for any con-
siderable length of time."



Fourth ward Republican council-
man Wendell Hulcher added that
fair housing action shoud culmin-
ate before the April 4 council
meeting, after which Eley and
third ward Republican councilman
Henry Aquinto, who are not run-
ning for re-election, will no longer
sit on the council.
Referring to the demonstration
outside and the packed council
room inside, Creal said that it was
impossible to work on the ordi-
nance in a situation like last
According to Eugene Feingold,
secretary of the. Committee for
Housing Legislation, approximately
445 persons demonstrated outside
city hall before the work session
began. The demonstration, a silent
vigil, urged "enactment of an
effective fair housing ordinance
without delay."
In its report to the council, HRC
recommended that multiple hous-
ing as covered by the proposed or-
diance be defined as four housing
units under the control of one
owner or four lots offered for sale
or rent by one owner.
The ordinance as approved on
first reading defined multiple
housing accommodation as five
contiguous units. But a large nun-
ber of local organizations and an
amendment by Eley had called for
a change to three units.
Lending Change
With regard to financial institu-
tions. HRC would change the def-
inition of such an institution from
inition of an association or cor-
poration engaged in lending mon-
ey or guaranteeing loans to a "per-
son" who performs such functions.
HRC added a clause exempting
housing containing less than six
rooming units in which the owner
resides from the provisions of the
Concluding its report, the com-
mission called for a ban on ad-
vertising relating to the sale of
real estate on the basis of race
creed, color or national origin.

NEW YORK W)-New York City
Mayor Robert F. Wagner last
night proposed his own formula
for settlement of a photoengravers
If accepted, the settlement would
end the city's 108-day newspaper
The mayor's proposal, drawn up
within the framework of the $12.63
a week settlement over two years
accepted by the International
Typographical Union in ending
their strike, was under considera-
tion by negotiators for the photo-
engravers and publishers shortly
before midnight.
Wagner called it a "fair and
reasonable" settlement.
Weekly Increase
The mayor's proposal provides
for a weekly wage increase of
$5.50 in the first year of a two-
year contract and a contribution
to the union's welfare fund of
one dollar per week for each of
the 320 men involved.
In the second year, the proposal
provides for a $2.22 wage increase,
plus a fourth week of vacation
after one year.

The ITU printers voted Sunday
to end their walkout, effective
whenever members of AFL-CIO
New York Photoengravers Local 1
withdraws its pickets.
On all sides there were high
hopes that the eight closed news-
papers would be back on the
streets within hours, or at most ;
a few days. The newspapers will
need several hours to get back in
operation, once they get a union
Chief issue with the photoen-
gravers was the work week. They
sought a reduction of the 36%/
hour week to 35 hours, in line
with settlement terms in the
printers strike.
Publishers estimate the known
over-all losses caused by the city's
15-week-old newspaper shutdown
total over $178 million.
Retail Sales Losses
But the newspaper publishers
pointed out Sunday, in releasing
figures from a survey of leading
business organizations, that there
are no accurate figures on total
retail sales losses thatnresulted
from lack of advertising to at-
tract customers.
Because of this, the known loss
figure would be quite a bit lower
than the actual loss, which various
sources say could be safely es-
timated in excess of $200 million.
Of the known loss, the publish-
ers association of New York City
said, the city's economy alone suf-
fered in the amount of over $139
Canadian Loss
Added to this, the association
said, was a $28.7 million loss by
the Canadian newsprint industry,
which supplies much of the paper

on which the New York dailies are
The Canadian newsprint indus-
try estimated it lost the sale of
214,000 tons of newsprint at $134
a ton, due to the blackout here,
the association said.
Also figuring in the known loss,
according to an association spokes-
man, was $11 million in state and
federal taxes.
The city loss, combined with the
Canadian loss and the tax loss,
gave the association its $178.8 mil-
lion over-all known loss figure.
Of the total newspaper loss, the
spokesman said, it is "important
to remember that this is $101,-
250,000 that has gone down the
drain and cannot be recovered
by either side."

NewspaperStrike Nears End

Must Prove
White Says Action
To Aid Communists
In Illegal Activities
preme Court ruled yesterday that
Communist - hunting legislators
cannot dig freely into the affairs
of groups not clearly linked with
"subversive or other illegal or im-
proper activities."
The court split 5-4 on the ques-
tion, with Justice Arthur J. Gold-
berg declaring for the majority.
"Nothing we say here impairs or
denies the existence of the under-
lying legislative right to investi-
gate or legislate with respect to
subversive activities by Commu-
nists or anyone else," Goldberg
Legal Question
"Our decision deals only with
the manner in which such power
may be exercised and we hold sim-
ply that groups which themselves
are neither engaged in subversive
or other illegal or improper activi-
ties, nor demonstrated to have any
substantial connection with such
activities, are to be protected in
their rights of free and private
The dissenters were Justices
John M. Harlan, Byron R. White,
Tom C. Clark and Potter Stewart.
White, in addition to joining in a
sharply worded dissent by Harlan,
wrote an even stronger one of his
"The net effect of the court's
decision is, of course, to insulate
from effective legislation the time-
proved skills of the Communist
party in subverting and eventually
controlling legitimate organiza-
tions," White declared.
Gibson Case
Specifically, the high tribunal
reversed the contempt conviction
of Theodore R. Gibson for refus-
ing to produce a membership list
of the Miami branch of the Na-
tional Association for the Ad-
vancement of Colored People.
Gibson was president of the
chapter when a Florida legislative
investigating committee demand-
ed, in 1959, that he bring the list
to its inquiry into possible Com-
munist infiltration of the NAACP.
For his refusal, he was convicted
of contempt and sentenced to six
months' imprisonment and fined
Goldberg said, "The constitu-
tionality protected free trade in
ideas and beliefs may not be sub-
stantially infringed upon such a
slender showing.d
The Florida committee, he said,
-had failed "to demonstrate the
compelling and subordinating gov-
ernment interest essential to sup-
port direct inquiry" in to NAACP
membership records.
Black said that "the constiu-
tional right of association includes
the privilege of any person to
associate with Communists or
anti-Communists, with people of
all kinds of beliefs, popular or un-

U.S. Claims Military Junta
Blocks Progress in Korea
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-The United States broke its silence on the South
Korean situation yesterday.
It blamed the ruling military junta for blocking progress toward
democratic government and put it on notice to alter its course.
In effect the statement from the State Department called on
Chairman Park Chung-Hee to reverse his stand for a four-year ex-
tension of military rule and re-'
turn to his pledge of transferring
power by Aug. 15 to a civilian
government chosen by free elec-

...settlement proposal

r Looks at Literature

REHEARSAL-Avra Petrides and Bill Berger of the "Virginia
Woolf" cast play they roles as a young faculty couple in Edward
Albee's drama of savage irony.
Orlignal'Woolf' Cast Ready
For Ann Arbor Production
The players in Edward Albee's drama "Who's Afraid of Virginia
Woolf?" coming here April 30, are an original cast and not a road
company tour, Prof. Robert C. Schnitzer, executive director of the
Professional Theatre Program, reports.
The company, which will return to New York for a matinee

Opposition Lessens
Meanwhile, Korean opposition
to Park seemed to be weakening. Urges Men To 'Live in Danger Extracts Americ
Proponents of a civilian govern-Dr>
ment had talked of fighting to By MARJORIE BRAHMS By THOMAS HUNTER
the death, but they started con- ByMROIEBAM ably stop talking to one another
centrating on collectingtsignatures Last night before his lecture, after Baldwin reads an article soon Columnist and sometime novel-
to a declaration "for saving the writer Norman Mailer explained to be published in Esquire, in ist Norman Mailer constructed
nation and upholding democracy." the essence of his philosophy when which Mailer criticizes "Another what he called "American exist-
The military government ruled he gave his "pet theory" about Century" as poorly written. Mail- entialism" from a series of his own
out any negotiations with the civil- boxing while discussing the death er said he thought Baldwin a fin readings and comment last night
ian group, although the State De- of prizefighter Davey Moore. essayist but not a very good novel- as part of the Creative Arts Fes-
partment is encouraging such I would likeo s '.bo i r BestWstks tival.
meetings. turn to the bare fists," Mailer Best Works He sought to give voice to an
United States officials had been! said. In that way it would be an Malser expressed considerable eI sout tive veroan
sitting tight since March 6, when; art, not a death instrument, pleasure with the present state of "eiteni at it eradein
Park first announced that he was People need boxing because it American literature, citing as Americanelf ad literature in
reimposing a lid on civilian politi- satisfies certain needs. It provides among the best worksd "Naked recent years," different from but
cal activity and would conduct a a catharsis which allows a man to Lunch," "The Thin Red Line" and at an advantage to the French
referendum next month on the watch an exhibition of violence "Catch 22." dermesioh ."
government's plan to retain power and to partake in it. After his present speaking tour, formed as a philosophy."
for four more years. Live in Danger Mailer hopes to continue work on Under the French existentialism
Three Choices Later last night, in his lecture, a newnovel. He would not say by Sartre, action springs from a
The South Korean military rul- Mailer explained this statement what it is about but mentioned deep sense of inner necessity. Life
T~rca in-+h+m~ hml lv in that it will contain "bits and pieces is a "situation utterly without

an Existentialism
character with readings from se-
lected Esquire articles, describing
the loss and re-emergence of a
national myth, the new need for a
national hero and its fulfillment
in the mass-hero President John
F. Kennedy,
This reflects the fall of the in-
dividual man. Mailer said that men
become commodities though "they
might benefit for the first time
by having enough to eat."
Loss of Heroes
He cited the lively generation of
the war years, their myth explod-
ed by the H-bomb, the subsequent
search for security under the
strong, victorious, bland father-
image of Dwight Eisenhower, the



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