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March 17, 1963 - Image 3

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-03-17

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RDAY. MARCH 17. 1983

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

U.S. Sights Red Planes
Fly ing Above Alaska;
Complains to- Moscow

i

CONTROL DEFICIT:
Boggs Cites Possibility
Of Further Tax Slash
WASHINGTON MP-A House Democratic leader said yesterday it
may be possible to cut taxes this year by more than President John
F. Kennedy proposed and still keep the deficit within the bounds the
President set.
Rep. Hale Boggs (D-La) based his estimate on what he said are
indications that the official forecast of an $11.9-billion deficit may
prove over-pessimistic.
Budget Cuts
Boggs, who is House majority whip and a member of the tax-writ-
ing ways and means committee, at the same time accused Republicans
of conducting "an exercise in hy- >

Hourani Sees Arab Gains

* *
-4
'p. as a g.'f t. y t '" s 'w x
*}
RUSSIAN OVERYLIGHT--The United States has charged that
two Russian reconnaisance planes invaded American airspace,
flying over Alaska at the point shown on the map The admin
istration has sent a formal protest to' Moscow concerning the
alleged violation..
GEN. PAXRK:
South Koreans To Vote
On Election Referendum
By The Associated Press
SEOULr-Gen. Chung Hee Park announced yesterday he will
ask for a referendum before deciding whether to permit free elections
this summer, as he had promised, or to hold power for the next
four years.
Park Is the junta head of thi South Korean governmerit.
His announcement was an att empt to avert what he warned was
Impending chaos and perhaps another revolution In South Korea.
4ark set no date for the referen-
dum, but said it will be held as
Magazine Cites soon as possible. Junta spokesman
Lee said it will be con-
Smnall Increase ducted some time in April.
RSINH T Pkprolaime annd oli-
In Prou uction Korean parties and imposed severe
restrictions on freedom of speech,
MOSCOW rP)--A Soviet eco- saying such things "might hinder
isag hazinsad yeserayproper judgment of the people."
oea Korean rulers have done the
that despite repeated reorganiza- same thing in the past. .
duction cnnues to Irease o n ly differnc e
slowly. In the past two months, South
Koreanshave beenpermittedpoli-
The magazine, Ekonomika Vo- tical freedom
prost (Eonomic Qehadp, re- Also five new ministers were ap-
ported that the annual rate of in- pointed In a cabinet change-over
crease per acre of land had been yesterday. New foreign, construc-
only/% per cent since 1958,cor- tion, defense, education and gen-
pared to a substantially larger in- al iste w e
crease in the years from 1953 to e t pt, r ern t
1958.ar prseteoalarmed ron to -
Despite this record, Premier Ni- wards its stated revolutionary
kita S. Khrushchev this week or- goals of anti-Communism and op-
dered still one more reorganiza- position to corruption.
Lion of the agricultural depart-ent Some of the early revolutionary
in an effort to get enough wheat, moves indicated a better economic
meat and milk to maks the living break might be in store for the 25
easy In this Communist country. million persons of this poor land.
Ivan Volovchenko, a farmer, Recently, however, junta mem-
was chosen in midweek to head bers have shown they are as in-
the agricultural department, suc- terested as anone in personal pow-
ceeding Konstantin Pysin who er.
lasted little more than a year -
after a previous reorganization Td.nellstn
made him head of the farm pro- seraliniatr ege
gram. Fas
IasI tyerstaruks gA ccusaione

Bartlett Calls
Air Defense
Inadequate
Fighters Scramble
To Radar Detection
WASHINGTON (P)-Two Soviet
reconnaissance planes flew over
the southwestern corner of Alaska
Thursday night, penetrating Unit-
ed States air space about 30 miles,
the government announced yester-
day
American fighters scrambled
and intercepted the intruders by
radar but did not fire
In Moscow United States Am-
bassador Foy D. Kohler made a
formal protest to the Soviet f or-
eign office yesterday on instruc-
tion from Washington. The Unit-
ed States note demanded that Rus-
sia "take all necessary measures
to prevent any repetition" of vio-
lations of United States territory.
This is the first "clearly es-
tablished incident of a Soviet
overflight of the United States,"
a State Department spokesman
said.
Need Defenses
Alaska's Gov. William Egan
and Sen." E. L. Bartlett, both
Democrats, said the incident points
up what they termed a need for
better air defenses in their state.
"We have been screaming for
protection along the northwest
coast, but we don't seem to get
any placei withthe Pentagon,"
Egan said in Juneau.
Bartlett told a reporter here
that "we have in Alaska a very
effective detection system, but
the evidence is pretty conclusive
that we are very ill equipped in
Alaska from the defense stand-
point."
NoHostile Intent
The United States fighters did
not fire, officials said, because the
intruders displayed no hostile in-
tent and because'they were clear-
ly on a course leading away from
Alaska by the time of interception.
The flights of the two Soviet
information-gathering planes oc-
curred between 9 and 10 p.m
Thursday night, Alaskan time,
The aircraft flew across the
Bering Sea from the southwest
entering Alaskan territory over
Kuskokwim Bay and departing in
the vicinity of Hooper Bay. One
of the planes on a westerly course
flew over Nunibak Island. The
other on a more northwesterly
bearing flew over Nelson Island.
Reconnaissance
The Pentagon said there was no
doubt that the two were recon-
naissance aircraft and they were
so referred to in the note delivered
in Moscow.
The incident occurred against a
background of a worsening trend
in United States-Soviet relations.
Signs of the trend are disappoint-
ment of United States officials
with the slow pace of Soviet troop
withdrawals from Cuba, the break-
down of nuclear test-ban talks,
and the more angry tone in Soviet
propoganda against the United
States, particularly in Latin Amer-
ica.
Officials said that they would
not initially attach great serious-
ness to the precedent-breaking
Soviet reconnaissance flights over1
Alaksa.
Russia has complained for years1
about United States overflights of
Soviet ships or territory.,

pocrisy" by calling for budget cuts
and then voting for a bill contain-
ing an increase of nearly one-half
billion dollars over Kennedy's rec-
ommendations for spending on
planes, missiles and ships.
During the past 10 days spokes-
men for a wide variety of interests
have contended that Kennedy's
proposed first-stage tax cut, $3 bil-
lion effective this year, is inade-
quate for the economy-boosting job
he wants done. It might only in-
crease the deficit' without any
compensating benefit, the argu-
ment runs.
Immediate cuts ranging from $6
billion to more than $10 billion
were advocated by such diverse
groups as the AFL-CIO, National
Association of Manufacturers, the
Business-Financed Committee for
Economic Development, the Demo-
cratic majority and Republican
minority of the Joint Senate-
House EconomicCommittee-and
by Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller of
New York, a prospect for the 1964
Republican presidential nomina-
tion.
Kennedy Plan
Kennedy proposed an ultimate
net tax cut, of $10.2 billion a year,
but he would reach this level in
three stages.
"The indications are that busi-
ness conditions will be better than
anticipated, even without the
stimulus of a tax cut," Boggs said
in an interview.
Ir ' r

Advise Cuts,
In Spending
WASHINGTON (M-The United
States Chamber of Commerce rec-
ommended yesterday cuts of 8.4
per cent in President John F.
Kennedy's request for new spend-
ing authority and of 4.5 per cent
in the spending he proposes for
1963-64 alone.
Disputing Kennedy and high ad-
ministration officials, the cham-
ber's board of directors contended
these cutbacks wouldrnot provoke
a recession.
In a detailed budget analysis,
the agency said $9.1 billion could
be trimmed from the $107.9 billion
Kennedy sought in spending au-
thorityfor the fiscalyear start-
ing July 1; and later years. It
specified cuts in 117 separate
items.
Attacking 1963-64 expenditures
-those making up the generally
recognized $98.8-billion record
budget proposal-the unit report
suggested a reduction of $4.5 bil-
lion. A spokesman said this total
would be broken down.
Lad Plumley, agency president,
urged Congress to "bring about
these reductions and to search for
other areas where prudent judg-
ment dictates economies."

By ROBERT 'ELWA
The United States should wel-
come the new Arab federation,
according to Prof. George Hou-
rani of the ,Near Eastern studies
department, because the federa-
tion will promote stability and
economic progress in the Middle
East.
The new federation consists of
Egypt, Syria and Iraq. Each will
retain its identity, a recent an-
nouncementrsaid, butunder some
form of central government with
one chief executive. Prof. Hourani
is waiting to see the constitution
of the federation, but offered some
preliminary ideas.
The federation will promote,
stability because there has been
a restless desire for unity in the
countries, he commented. It will
promote economic progressbe-
cause of the varied resources of
the countries. Iraq has oil which'
her two partners lack; Egypt and.
Syria have educated personnel
that Iraq lacks, Prof. Hourani
noted.
Syria To Gain
"Syria will gain most of all be-
cause it is a little country that
has always wanted to become part
of a larger unit," he commented.
He predicted that Jordan, Sau-
di Arabia and Yemen will event-
ually join the federation because
of its advantages-"and that will
make a really good-sized state."
By creating a larger stae, the
Arabs have,.improved their! politi-

cal position in the world, he said. Common Market, he pointed out.
He cautioned, though, that the This federation is more prom-
Jordan monarchy is not accept- ising than the original United
able to the three states now in Arab Republic of Egypt and Syria
the federation. And since the new because it includes Iraq and thus
federation may arouse alarm in joins three of the most advanced
Israel, Jordan may be squeezed countries in the Near East, Prof.
between the two forces, he also Hourani suggested.
noted. "The Arabs are more ready to
Federation Advantages accept a federation than an amal-
Prof. Hourani included among gamation," he declared. "Syrians
the advantages of the federation and Iraqians still have a national
the probable establishment of a feeling and still want to preserve
customs union-and maybe a cur- some local autonomy."
rency union too. Another Arab country, Lebanon,
It is quite natural for the Arabs also wants some autonomy. Many
to federate, Prof. Hourani went citizens of Lebanon would like to
on. "After all they have few dif- maintain an independence in the
ferences; they can easily join to- Middle East like that of Switzer-
gether because of their common land in Europe, the historian con-
background, language and in- tinued. Lebanon might join out-
terests." right or may choose association
Another cause of the federation with the federation. "We will have
is that some nations find it hard to wait and see the terms of the
to exist in a world of large na- constitution," Prof. Hourani re-
tions and of associations like the peated.
MONT E CARLO BALL'
MARCH 30...9:00 to 1:00
League Ballroom
GAMBLING, DANCING,
INTERNATIONAL ENTERTAINMENT!1 0
I< !{,{0

H
THE PROFESSIONAL THEATRE PROGRAMI

of
THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

U

presents

I

in its
Distinguished
Lecture Series

I

World News Roundu
By The Associated Press
OXFORD, Miss.-University of Mississippi Registrar Robert Ellis
said yesterday that Dewey Greene Jr., a Negro, had filed with the
Committee on Admissions a petition to enter the university. Ellis re-
jected Greene's first application to gain admission. But the 9-member
admissions committee is a higher authority which could overrule
the rejection and admit Greene.
* * * *
NEW YORK-The city's 99-day newspaper strike started a series
of meetings yesterday which will determine whether eight closed
newspapers will resume publication Tuesday. The key likely will be
the outcome of newspaper guild meetings today and Monday con-
cerningtcontract changes, one of them essential to settlement of
the printers strike.
* s a a

1I

HAROLD CLURMAN

One of Broadway's most important directors,
who has staged such notable artistic successes as:
'Awake &Sing" "A Member of the Wedding"
"Golden Boy" "The Autumn Garden"
"Tiger at the Gates" "Bus Stop"
"Touch of a Poet" "Desire Under the Elms"
TOPIC
THE StOPE OF THE THEATR E

';
r
f
i
i
3

GENEVA-Eight
signed to revive the

neutral delegations have- approved a plan de-
deadlocked negotiations for a treaty banning

TODAY at 3:00 P.M.
Adm. $1.00; APA Members: Reg.

MENDELSSOHN THEATRE
Discounts; Box Office opens 1 P.M. Sun.

nuclear weapons tests. After a 2%/-
hour session in Geneva yesterday,
the eight sent the plan to their
governments for endorsement.
Delegates said it will be kept sec-
ret until it wins the approval of
their governments.
* * *
WASHINGTON - Sen. Hubert
H. Humphrey (D-Minn) yesterday
supported "massive assistance to
Brazil" and said the United States
should back the Alliance for Pro-
gress "with the same sense of
urgency that motivates our think-
ing about 'Cuba." Hurriphrey also
advocated a $50-million credit by
the United States to the Central
American Bank for economic in-
tegration to help that region speed
its plaps for removing tariff bar-
riers, improving trade, and foster-
ing economic and social develop-
ment.
L O o e .,
LONDON-Lord Beveridge, who I

...

'

Pay Cazi
50 CASH AWARDS A MONTH. ENTER NOW. HERE'S HOW:
First, think of an answer. Any answer. Then come up with
a nutty, surprising question for it, and you've done as
"Crazy Question." It's the easy new way for students to
make loot. Study the examples below; then do your own.
Send them, with your name, address, college and class,
to GET LUCKY, Box 64F, Mt. Vernon 10, N. Y. Winning
entries will be awarded $25.00. Winning entries sub-
mitted on the inside of a Lucky Strike wrapper will get a
$25.00 bonus. Enter as often as you like. Start right now!

-under the plow in the Soviet Un-
ion has increased well over a third,
the economics magazine indicated,
and production has gone up pro-
portionately, but the increase per
acre, which jumped sharply after
1953-a low production. year-has
now slowed down..
Soviet statistics are a confusing
tangle even to Soviet economists
but Western agricultural special-
ists have expressed the view re-
peatedly that constant reorganiza-
tions have been applied as a rem-
edy for tope farm situation when
actually more capital is needed.

NEW DELHI (JP)-India rejected
yesterday a Chinese charge of
recent provocations by Indian
troops along the disputed Himal-
ayan frontier. An Indian note
said that Indian troops did not
make intrusions near Spanggur
Lake in Ladakh as charged by
China.

RULES: The Reuben H. Donnelley Corp. will judge entries on the basis of
humor (up to %/), clarity and freshness(up to y3), and appropriateness (Up
to 1). and their decisions will be final. Duplicate prizes will be awarded
in the event of ties. Entries must be-the original works of the entrants and
must be submitted in the-entrant's own name. There will be 50 awards
every month, October through. April. Entries received during each'month
will be considered for that month's awards. Any entry received after April
30. 1963, will not be eligible, and all become the property of The American
Tobacco Company. Any college student may enter the contest, except em.
ployees of The American Tobacco company, its advertising agencies and
Reuben H. Donnelley, and relatives of the said employees. Winners will be
notified by mail. Contest subject to all federal, state, and local regulations.

laid the foundations for Britain's
welfare state, died at his Oxford
home last night. He was 84. He
was the author of the "Beveridge
plan."

t

,.

* - - - - r ~ r i ! l ~ i l r V l r r.r

- - M~w

10

THE MICH IGAN UNION
CREATIVE ARTS FESTIVAL C
Presents on.Sunday,
March 17
RECITALS: Ann Arbor Piano Students'.Recital
Lane Hall .. . 3:30 p.r.
LECTURES: Jewish Life through the Arts Series-
RAYMOND KATZ will lecture on "Symbolism in
Synagogue Art"
Hillel Foundation ... 8:30 p.m.
HAROLD CLURMAN (Director, Critic and Author) Speaks
on "Scope of The Theater." Professional Theatre

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