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March 13, 1963 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1963-03-13

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S nwy-Thbird Y ear
TWhere Opinions *e STUDENT PUBLicATboNS BLDG., ANN ARBOR, Micx., PHONE NO 2-3241
Truth Wil Prevai"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must by noted in all reprints.

Susskind, Fischer Run
Full Range of Moods
AST NIGHT Walter Susskind conducted the Toronto Symphony
orchestra in a varied program, and demonstrated an ability to
portray vividly the most extreme moods musically, without a sacrifice
Deserving special mention are the first flautist, who received a
considerable workout, and handled his frequent solos with great

Should SGC Consist
Only of Elected Members?

Vote Yes

U NIVERSITY STUDENTS will have their
first opportunity today to cast a vote for
a democratic and representative Student Gov-
ernment Council.
On the referendum will be the question:
should all members of SGC be elected by the
student body? A strong yes vote is necessary
- to attain a student government which can
and will deal effectively and represenatively
with the issues of real concern to students.
THE PRESENT makeup of SGC is 40 per
cent ex-officio, members who serve with a
vote because they earned a top position in some
other campus organization. These members are
selected in a variety of ways, but none of
them is chosen by the student body nor is
any one of them responsible in any sense to
the students. Most are not even responsible
to their own organizations for stands they take
as members of SOC. In fact, the original ra-
tionale for seating ex-officios included a stipu-
lation that they should not be considered as
representatives of their organizations, but only
as single individuals with much knowledge and
leadership abilities.
There is no means by which the average
students can affect the vote of an ex-officio:
, they have no power to recall an ex-officio or
keep him from re-election. The ex-officio votes
the way he wants on any question and never
has to consider anyone else's interest but his
Ex-officios have not been this cutthroat. But
they do act to guard certain vested interests
around the campus and serve to guarantee
double and triple representation to many
students. The quadrangle resident, for example,
has a double vote: one in the regular Council
election and another, in an indirect way, for
IQC president.
given power by the Regents to act as the
official representative voice of the students of
the University. Resolutions are passed every
Wednesday night which are interpreted to be
the opinion of the University student body.
Many things can be and are done in the name
of the students. The faculty and administra-
tion receive many letters stating that "this
is the official voice of the students" on issues
such as the speaker bylaw, the Office of Stu-
dent Affairs reorganization, a student rights
committee, perhaps even who should be the
next two Regents.
Behind every one of the these "expressions of
student opinion" lies a vote on the Council
table. The outcome of that vote is dependent
on the decision of seven members who have
absolutely no right to speak in the name of
the student body.
The votes of the ex-officios have had a pro-
found effect on Council legislation-a pro-
foundly negative one. The ex-officios do not
have a University-wide perspective. They have
been trained and experienced in the issues of
student organization, and tend to regard the
OSA as the vital center of all campus life.
This is reflected in the kind of problems which
are discussed at the Council table.
A NY INVOLVEMENT of Student Government
Council in issues affecting the student's
academic life at the University has resulted
from action of a handful of Voice members
on SGC or, as in the case of student-faculty
government, from someone outside SGC.
Besides narrowing the range of issues con-
sidered, the ex-officios as a whole have tended
to obstruct proposals for University reform.
They have split along progressive-reactionary
lines by as much as 6-1. This year the split has
usually been 4-3 with occasionally 5-2. On
every close vote of SGC, the ex-officios have
-decided the difference. Many motions which
would have improved the student's lot by ask-
ing for a better educational climate have been
defeated or amended to the death because the
ex-officios split reversed the decision which
would have been made if only the elected
members had voted. The 11 elect members,
supposedly representative of the student body,
cannot reflect the opinions of the students. The
outcome of Council deliberations of the ideal
speaker ban would have been different if the
ex-officios had no vote. Kenneth Miller would
have been elected president if only the repre-
sentative SGC members could vote.

THE DEVELOPMENT of strong elected mem-
bers of SGC is hindered, in large part, by
the very presence of ex-officio members with
votes. The campus political structure ranks
the ex-officio as more important than the
elected member: not only does he vote on SOC,
he is also the head of a major student or-
ganization. With the exception of the SGC
president, an elected member of SGC is in the
second rank of "campus leaders." Few capable
students strive to be in the second rank.
The argument based on democracy would be
enough to outweigh all arguments of effective-
ness and leadership. The combination of the

Vote No
THE ATTEMPT of the liberal faction of this
campus to take ex-officios off the Student
Government Council indicates poor thinking.
It is an indication of the sterility of the
campaign by its very nature. Any time that
a structural change can be the major issue,
student government is not thinking too hard
about the welfare of the students.
It indicates poor thinking on the part of the
liberals because they are becoming extremists
at a time when moderation is most important
and the reasons cited against ex-officios are
either misleading or reveal a lack of foresight.
THE LIBERAL faction is attempting, on the
eve of a legitimate victory at the polls,
to sweep all conservatism off the Council. In
doing this they are weakening their own vic-
tory by eliminating needed background, qual-
ity, prestige and representation. If ex-officios
are taken off it will be done under the false
guise of "more democracy" on student govern-
ment. Direct election often does not bring
better representation or even more direct con-
trols of the people on their legislators. In
this case it would weaken the representation
of various factions on the campus. It would
also, by weakening the influence and quality
of the Council, lessen the chances of effective
representation of any student on University
Directly elected candidates are, in general,
responsible to no one group. They are theoreti-
cally elected by the campus at large and,
once elected, their actions reflect on no one
but themselves. This often leads to slackness
in responsibility and the loss of any student
sense of participation. The ex-officios do rep-
resent certain interest groups and, in most
cases, feel a sense of responsibility to these
groups. In neither case, of directly elected
candidates, or of ex-officios, is there any
sense of responsibility to any group. As "demo-
cracy" is generally defined as an electorate
electing a representative who is responsible to
them, I cannot see where the liberals can
legitimately claim that a "yes" vote on this
referendum is in any way a vote for "more
,F AN ANALOGY to the federal system of
government is needed, the Senate, respon-
sible to and elected by the people at large,
might be analogous to the directly elected can-
didates while the House of Representatives, ap-
portioned as to population and generally elect-
ed by factions of interest groups, could be
analogous to the ex-officios. This balance of
interests and types of election has not brought
tyranny, it could not be called "undemocratic"
and it has tempered the extremist edges of
American politics since their inception.
Can this balance do the same for student
government, or a student-faculty government?
It can if it is recognized as a system of bal-
ances and if all Council members can see
their way clear to compromises.
Ex-officios, with their greater experience and
generally conservative outlooks, can be more
of a service to, a Council that has a liberal
majority. It can, if it is willing to compromise,
offer a conscientious check on the Council
actions. This will be the first time that
ideologically prepared liberals will be in power.
The services of a loyal opposition to strengthen
the thinking of the flood of legislation to come
would be quite welcome.
INSTITUTIONALLY, are ex-officios good for
Council? Yes. At the University where only
fringe minorities feel an obligation to be really
active in campus politics, ex-officios fill out
the ranks of student government with proven
leadership, experience and background in ad-
ministration. They are the leaders of basically
"service" oriented organizations and are a
less emotionally involved and- representatives
of legitimate interest groups.
In addition they offer greater quality and
prestige to the Council and indicate some
degree of campus support for student govern-
Taking the ex-officios off is of dubious
value as the Council is already scrounging for

quality. Nor would it necessarily eliminate a
conservative sinecure.
The final question is whether the referendum
is the way to effect any reform on Council. As
written, it offers no alternative reform, such
as requiring all ex-officios to be placed auto-
matically on the ballot. As it stands now, the
efforts of the liberals to reform the Council
have not been thought out. The proposal is not
even constructive. The original Council plans
were carefully considered and debated and any
changes deserve the same treatment.
Vote no on the referendum.
Personnel Director

agility; and the piano soloist,
Annie Fischer.
Opening the concert was Beet-
hoven's Leonore Overture No. 3.
The orchestra artfully built up
suspense, until the famous off-
stagetrumpet sounds its clarion
call, and the lively allegro ensues.
In several instances the horn solos
were mangled with flat or wrong
notes, but Susskind makes the
listener forget these technical mis-
cues with a sonorous and almost
overbearing ending.
THE SECOND number, "Trip-
tych," is an abstract work com-
posed in 1959 by Canadian Pierre
Mercure. It works around novel
percussion combinations, and car-
ries little melody,
Definitely the high point was
reached in the performance of
Bartok's Piano Concerto No. 3.
Bartok was gravely ill while writ-
ing this, his very last work, and
toward the end he worked fever-
ishly to complete it. Dying in
1945, he finished all but the final
seventeen bars, which were filled
in by a colleague.
This work is quite unlike the
"typical" Bartok, drawing in part
on Baroque and Classical forms.
The tunes are definitely suggestive
of the Hungarian Gypsy; however,
the second movement contains a
Bach-like choral, and a two-part-
invention simulation in the piano.
The rondo finale contains as trio
a fugue of high polyphonic com-
plexity, while the coda is an ex-
tremely demanding Stretto nas-
sage, which was handled brilliantly
- by Miss Fischer, whose entire per-
formance is to be commended.
CONCLUDING the program was
the Symphony No. 4 in G, by
Antonin Dvorak. Where its great
successor is termed the "New
World," this might be called the
"Old World," for especially in the
adagio this "programmatic" work
depicts beautifully an old Bo-
hemian village with its band, fes-
tival, and ceremonies.
The orchestra was most effective
musically in the second and fourth
The ending is loud and pompous,
and these qualities were further
educed by Susskind. A single en-
core, Dvorak's Eighth Slavonic
Dance, concluded the program in
the same spirit.
-Henry A. Shevitz

Art Still
In Cinema
MOVIES SELDOM attempt to
do anything today except de-
rive a profit and provide an es-
"The Lovers of Teruel" satis-
fies neither of these requirements.
It will never make much money
and rather than an escape it will
haunt and bother the viewer. As
for audience interest, in the sense
that most American films provide
interest Oie. sex, violence and ab-
normalty) "The Lovers of Teruel"
will be a great disappointment.
But to that steadfast little
minority that still cling to the
cherished belief that the Cinema
is primarily an Art Form, a sur-
prisingly effective ally has ap-
"THE LOVERS of Teruel" is a
brilliant attempt at fusing all the
elements of reality, fantasy and
illusion without becoming sensa-
tional or trite. The photography
is among the most interesting and
effective yet accomplished.
The use of color, played with a
surrealistic touch, and the com-
binations of all forms of dance
tie. Modern Jazz, Classical Bal-
let, Oriental Expression) arrive at
new form. Sets, costumes, scenery
and makeup heighten each move-
ment and enforce each image.
* * *
" "THE LOVERS of Teruel" is a
work of art. More importantly it
is an important work of art cre-
ated with thought and care to
examine Love and Life. If you
like your fare to be both stimu-
lating and disturbing, if you go
to a movie as you would an ex-
hibit or a symphony then don't
miss 'Lovers.'
If you enjoy "Diamondhead,"
avoid the Campus until Friday
when another of the assembly
line English comedies rolls your
But don't expect to be satisfied
with "Lovers of Teruel," expect to
be awed.
-Hugh Holland

Proceed with Caution

ANN ARBOR should proceed
with caution in considering the
hotel-carport proposal before City
Council and should consider al-
ternatives in parking. A better pro-
ject might be to make Washington
street a parking facility instead of
a thoroughfare.
The proposal before Council is
the building of a large new hotel
at Fourth Street and Huron where
the old Allenel Hotel is now, and
the building of a carport next
door at Fourth and Washington.
The carport would be three or
four stories high and would have
150 parking spaces-5O for the
hotel, 20 for a nearby bank, and
the rest for downtown shopers.
The hotel-parking lot complex re-
placing antiquated buildings in a
central location, says City Ad-
ministrator Guy Larcom, would
spur downtown redevelopment.
would build the hotel but the city
would have to build the carport,
and this is where the problems
begin. To buy the property would
cost the city $368,500 and to lease
it would cost $28,510a year, in-
cluding $5,000 in taxes. Since the
city would intend to own the pro-
perty eventually anyway, it would
have to pay the full $368,500 in
addition to the yearly leaseholds.
The property would cost the city
many times what it is worth if
the leaseholds ran for many years.
The city might not be able to
lease all the property but might
have to buy the Anderson property
on Washington at an estimated
price of $60,000. This would cut
down on the yearly lease by about
$3,600 but would add an initial
cost of $60,000. This is a great
deal considering the limited funds
the city has for parking.
Buying and leasing the property
would be just the beginning. The
city would have to demolish the
buildings now on the property and
this would cost $15,000. Then the
city would have to construct the
carport, and at the high price of
$2,000 a parking space, this cost
would come to $300,000. The car-
port would bring in $26,000 a year
in revenues but would cost $44,010
a year to operate. Thus the car-
port would have an operating def-
icit of $18,010 a year. And this
does not include the cost of in-
terest and principal on the rev-
enue bonds to finance the con-
IN SHORT, the carport would
be expensive to lease, expensive to
build, and expensive to run. It
would almost exhaust the city's
parking fund (bonding capacity)
of $500,000. The ,city does not
have the money in the parking
fund to buy the property, so it
must lease it. With leasing and
later building the carport, the
city would have at most $185,000
for developing other parking fa-
cilities. Subtract the purchase
price of the Anderson property,
which the city might have to do,
and all that is left is $125,000.
Meanwhile the State Street mer-
chants are asking for a new off-
street parking facility in their
area-but there would be only
$125,000 or at most $185,000 for

ington street from Division to
Ashley a series of parking lots.
area is a one-way (westward)
thoroughfare. This one-way policy
could be continued, but traffic
on it would be limited to people
who want to park. Washington
currently has parallel parking on
both sides of the street. The park-
ing could be converted to perpen-
dicular or slanted on one side and,
if there is room, on both sides.
This would result in many more
parking spaces. All the city would.
have to do would be paint new
parking lines, put up more meters,
and put up 10-mile speed limit
Entrances to the on-street paik-
ling lots would be at Division,
Fifth, Fourth and Main. Exits
would be at Fifth, Fourth, Main
and Ashley. The traffic along Di-
vision, Fifth, Fourth, Main and
Ashley would not be impaired. In-
deed it would be smoother because
traffic lights would be replaced
by stop signs on Wasnington, and
cross traffic could go right
through. There would still oe East-
West avenues on the streets par-
allel to Washington: Huron and
The merchants along Washing-
ton woud benefit because cars
would be parking right in front of
their stores instead of at a car-
port. The city would benefit be-
cause, while off-street parking re-
sults in financial losses, on-street
parking results in gains. The city
parking fund would be built up
instead of depleted, and parking
facilities could then be improved
throughout the city instead of just
at this one area.
Perhaps with the gains from
making Washington a series of on-
street parking lots, the city even-
tually could get the carport at
Fourth anyway, in one swoop,
thereby saving the money that
would be wasted in leasing the
property over many years.
Shoppers, would benefit because
they could park right in front of
the stores. And redevelopment
would be spurred.
* ,. *
THE ALLENEL Hotel has 60
rooms and suggests to its patrons
that they use the parking garage
that is already constructed and
in operation a block away. This
garage holds about 30 cars. The
new, 176-room hotel could con-
tinue the recommendation of the

use of this garage, and the ad-
ditional parking spaces that would
be needed would be suppiied by
the series of on-street parking lots
on Washington.
The hotel patrons need parking
facilities from 4 p.m. to 9 a.m. and
downtown shoppers need them
from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. There would
be little overlap and there would
be maximum use of the Washing-
ton parking lots-whereas there
would not be maximum use at all
times of the proposed hotel-car-
port. Most of the parking units ini
the carport would be wasted at
night, but Washington street,
would be used all the time.
Altogether it would be much
more economical to develop Wash-
ington street as a facility exclu-
sively for parking than it would
be to carry out the carport pro-
posal. And if the Washington
street proposal is carried out, it
not only would still be possible
to finance the carport but it also
would be much easier.
The city could do both-but
first it should do Washington.
CORRUPTION in elections is the
great enemy of freedom.
-J. Adams
** *
To promise not to do a thing is
the surest way in the world to
make a body want to go and do
that very thing.
-Mark Twain
I TELL YOU folk all politics is
Will Rogers
He cast his vote-distrusting all
the elected but not the law.
-Karl J. Shapiro
* * *
THEY HAVE such refined and
delicate palates
That they can discover no one
worthy of their ballots,
And then when someone terrible
gets elected
They say, There, that's just what
I expected!
-Ogden Nash
* * *
More important than winning
the election is governing the na-
tion. That is the test of a politi-
cal party-the acid, final test.
-Adlai Stevenson

Ex-Officios Must Go

To the Editor:
TN ORDER honestly and effec-
tively to represent the interests
of the students of the University,
all members of Student Govern-
ment Council must be democrati-
cally elected by the student body..
Under the present structure of
SGC, seven of Council's 18 mem-
bers do not represent the students
at large. We recognize the con-
tributions that these ex-officios
sometimes make to SGC. We feel,
however, for the following reasons,
that those contributions do not
warrant the voting rights ex-
officios receive:
1) Most importantly, ex-officio
votes on SGC afford double or
even triple representation to the
members of certain special in-
terest groups while denying it to
members of other groups of equal
or greater importance. Daily staf-
fers, residents of quadrangles, wo-
men's dormitories, fraternities and
sororities all have guaranteed
votes on SGC, while international
students and residents of coopera-
tive and private housing do not.
2) Most ex-officios are elected
by only a handful of persons, some
of whom may not be students. For
example, both the editor of The
Daily and the president of the
Union are chosen by small bodies
composed of students, faculty, ad-
ministration and alumni. In nearly
all cases, the representative link
of the ex-officio with his con-

stituency is tenuous; his tie with
the student body is even more ob-
3) Moreover, ex-officio members
are limited in time by the burden
of work imposed upon them by the
organizations they lead. They. are
too often unable to accept the
full responsibilities of Council
4) Although an ex-officio has
knowledge of his own organization
and ability to succeed in it, the
assumption that he will conse-
quently have a wide knowledge
of student affairs has not always
been found valid in practice. Ex-
officio members represent paro-
chial interests which often limit
their involvement in the issues
before SGC to those which directly
affect their own organizations.
They are often unwilling, as well
as unable, to contribute to debate
and legislation on other important
matters. As individual students
whose interest in student govern-
ment is great, we urge wholeheart-
edly a strong "yes" vote in the
referendum today. We firmly be-
lieve that student government will
be strengthened and interest in
SGC be augmented by the re-
moval of undemocratic procedures
in the choice of its members.
-Edwin F. Sasaki, Grad
-Thomas L. Smithson, '65
-Ken Miller, '64
-Mary Beth Norton, '64
-Mal Warwick, '64

Two Campus Parties Should Emerge

A STUDENT Government Coun-
cil with a "new look" is a cer-
tain result of today's elections, but
other more long range effects may
come out of the voting.
Seven of 12 candidates vying for
seats on SOC will be elected, with
the probable return of three in-
cumbents-Kenneth Miller, Mary
Beth Norton, and Howard Abrams,
giving liberals three seats on
Council. Four other seats are up
for grabs with liberal or conser-

tion, with only two assured liberal
votes. Other organizations are in
transition, and new officers, yet
unelected, will be sitting on Coun-
cil in its first meeting after elec-
Both liberals and moderates
have been speculating on a liberal
majority on Council for the first
time in recent history, and liberal
chances of election of a Council
president appear favorable.
However, a campus whose poli-
tical alliances become more clearly
delineated with each election may

posals for district election of can-
didates, came out in favor of a
conservative political party at the
Panhellenic forum Monday night.
Since its inception, the liberal
Voice political party has urged
and eventually begged conserva-
tives to run candidates on a slate,
and to formulate platform state-
ments. "We've taken up the gaunt-
let, and now we've put it down
for the conservatives" said Ken-
neth Miller recently.
* * i
UNTIL THIS election, conserva.-

ment. A liberal victory may force,
conservatives into facing political
realities. The formation of a sec-
ond party would be a most wel-
come development. The apathy of
voters who are confused on can-
didates and issues could in great
part be overcome by two groups
working to inform the electorate.
Parties in formulation of platform
statements, encourage informed
At the same time, those parties
need to be cognizant of the wishes
of the electorate, and thus pro-

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