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March 02, 1963 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1963-03-02

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ubtle Distinctions ar ollege ating

othoc

BY DAVID MARCUS
Rating colleges and universities is a spurious business.
Everybody has his own way of doing it. When a rating is com-
pleted, nobody is quite sure what it means. The distinction between
institutions, departments and programs is often based on nuances
of reputation so subtle that nobody can say what concrete mean-
ing.there is in them.
Throughout the year and vagaries of various systems, the
University has rated a fairly consistent fourth to sixth. In 1935,
the Atlantic Monthly published an article rating all universities
on the basis of "distinguished departments"; the University rated
sixth overall.
Rated Fifth
In 1944 a similar article rating universities on the basis of
the number of scientists gaining distinction in the past decade;
the University rated fifth. Finally, a 1953 study by -the University
of Pittsburgh rating graduate departments showed the University
in fifth place.
All these rating systems-although their results are roughly

the same-measure different aspects of the University. The 1953
Pittsburgh study, which appears to be the most highly regarded,
is also the last definitive rating done. It was gathered by asking
individuals in a given field to name the 15 most distingushed
departments for graduate study in ther field, University Executive
Vice-President Marvin L. Niehuss noted.
Its major value is "that it gives us a picture of what our col-
leagues at other institutions think of us," Vice-President Niehuss
added.
No Firsts
The University, in the individual department ratings, cap-
tured no firsts, a second place in psychology and a fourteenth in
chemistry, being the highest and lowest, with the overall com-
pilation giving the University a fifth place.
But as the report noted in its publication, "these listings sim-
ply indicate the general reputation of graduate schools. Often
reputation is slow to catch up with a change in quality."
Vice-President Niehuss and other University administrators
have also expressed skepticism qver some of the more popular
ratings put out by newspapers land other mass media. These

rarely provide any yardstick other than a second-hand gathering
of opinions, they said.
Outflank 'U'
As a rule, Harvard University, the University of California
at Berkeley, Columbia University and sometimes Yale University
have outflanked the University in the ratings race, depending on
the standards used.
One of the most often used standards is to count the number
of alumni or faculty members in Who's Who, the starred names in
American Men of Science or some other similar publication. An-
other yardstick sometimes used is to count the number of Merit
Scholarship winners, Woodrow Wilson Fellowship winners or win-
ners of other fellowships and scholarships who have chosen a
particular university.
In the period 1955-60, for example, a study showed that the
University was first among the Big Ten schools in the number of
Fulbright scholars produced and third among the United States'
leading institutions. In 1958, the University was eighth in the
number of Wilson winners who came here to study.

More recently,,it was found that of 171 foreign language fel-
lowships issued in 1959 under the National Defense Education Act,
27 - the highest number for any institution - went to the
University.
But more important in terms of academic prestige are the
ratings made of faculty and alumni quality. Usually the raters
attempt to find some objective standard such as Who's Who or the
starred names in American Men of Science.
One such study, done in 1945 and quite outdated by now,
gave the University such faculty members.
Medical Schools
Another area where extensive work has been done on rating
systems is in the field of medical schools. One indicator, the place
of residency of full-time faculty members in medical school, show-
ed University Hospital third in the nation after Johns Hopkins
and Presbyterian. A 1956 list trying to rate the 10 best medical
schools in the country placed the University fourth.
The major problem with all systems of ratings is to determine
what they mean. Clearly, studies which are based on raw numbers
See RATING, Page 2

CENSORSHIP
AND U.S. NEWS
See Editorial Page

Sevent o Yda
Seventy-T reo Years of Editorial Freedom

.A4&V
:43 a t

FAIR
High-34
Low-12
Chance of light snow
toward evening

VOL. LXXIII, No. 114 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, MARCH 2, 1963 SEVEN CENTS

SIX PAGES

ROW OVER PROJECT X':
MSU Professors To Leave

McMillan

Sees

Rush

Next

Fall

" I

By EDWARD HERSTEIN
Michigan State University's Ed-
ucational Development Project has
triggered strong criticism from
four members of MSU's faculty
who plan to resign from the uni-
versity.
The project, known as Project
X, is a massive document outlin-
ing proposals for the operation of
the university in light of its ever-
increasing enrollment.
One of those resigning, Prof.
Bernard Duffey, a faculty member
for 15 years, said he believed "that
much faculty frustration is due
to the fear of increasing concen-
tration of the problems of huge

enrollment and mass education
as opposed to a higher quality of
education," and he hinted at more
resignations.
Motivated by Project
He said his own decision to
leave the university was "immedi-
ately motivated by Project X."
He explained that Project X has
been represented in "three docu-
ments which are contradictory in
many details, and this is the most
disturbing part."
He further pointed out that
"none of us knew anything about
Project X until a story on it ap-
peared in the local newspaper. It
is obvious that the administration

fisarmament Negotiations
Headed Toward Collapse
GENEVA VP)-Negotiations to ban nuclear weapons tests seemed
headed yesterday toward collapse despite recent hopes that the Cuban
settlement could point the way to a breakthrough.
Less than three weeks after the new round of talks opened Feb.
12, the Soviet Union slammed the door on any detailed negotiations
for a treaty as long as the West rejects the Soviet offer of two
. I or three annual on-site inspec-

GOP Seeks
Fair Housing
The new Ann Arbor city Repub-
lican platform calls for fair hous-
ing legislation this year.
The city Republicans "commend
the City Council, the Human Re-
lations Commission and other city
groups and citizens for progress
that has been made in the recent
past, and believes that other steps
are necessary.
"We support the enactment of
fair housing legislation this year,
because all citizens of Ann Arbor
should enjoy equal protection of
the law, and no person should be
deprived of his civil rights, his
individual freedom, or his prop-
erty rights."
Recently, the Human Relations
Commission submitted a fair
housing ordinance to the City
Council. The first reading of the
law is set for Marchf it
The platform advocates "ag-
gressive action by the City Coun-
cil, the Human Relations Com-
mission, all city organizations and
all private citizens to abolish seg-
regation and discrimination.
The Republican platform says
that no major revisions are need-
ed in the city charter. "While the
City Council will not and should
not consider alterations to the
basic structure of our city govern-
ment, the council should prompt-
ly study all specific proposals in-
tendedtotimprove the charter,
including those submitted by the
Municipal Charter Review Com-
mittee. Then, at the spring elec-
tion in 1964, voters should decide
on those changes which are
recommended by the council."
Court Discards
Suit by Clamor
A federal court in Flint has
thrown out the suit brought by
the staff of- the Flint Junior Col-
lege newspaper, The College Cla-
mor, on the grounds that it lacks
jurisdiction in the case.
The suit was brought to court
ofm ie.Aisn nfe a imor

tions.
Soviet Ambassador Semyon K.
Tsarapkin's statement and the
departure of the top-ranking
American and Russian negotiators
appeared to bring the four and a
half year old talks to the verge
of collapse. A neutral delegate
told newsmen the talks "are at
zero point."
Want to Negotiate
Willaim C. Foster, the Ameri-
can negotiator, said "we want to
negotiate, but unfortunately, we
have found that thus far the So-
viet Union does not."
Foster returns to Washington
today, but will be ready to come
back to Geneva if there is any
evidence of a change in the at-
mosphere.
"At the moment, he can accom-
plish more in Washington than in
Geneva," an American, source
sad.
Back to Moscow
Foster's counterpart, Soviet
First Deputy Minister Vassily V.
Kuznetsov, flew back to Moscow
Saturday.
Tsarapkin told the conference
that detailed discussions of ad-
ministrative, technical or finan-
cial questions could result "in
nothing but harm" as long as
there is no agreement on the
main question of inspection.

faces a great problem in view of
expanding enrollment, but it is
frustrating for faculty members to
feel that they aren't consulted
about a major change in organiza-
tion and curriculum."
Prof. Duffey believes that there
is a "definite rift" between the
faculty and administration at
MSU due to a "frequent lack of
candor on the part of the admin-
istration."
"It is undeniable that many of
the ideas of Project X have merit,"
he added. "However, they should
be tested and studied before they
are presented as accomplished
facts necessary to educational de-
velopment." I
Not Academic Atmosphere
Prof. David Dickson said that he
decided to leave MSU before Proj-
ect X was announced, but that1
he might have stayed "had I felt
the academic atmosphere around
here was all it should be."
"Faculty members who are in-
timately concerned with the very
problems outlined in Project X
weren't consulted," he said.
"This leads to dissatisfaction on
the part of independent spirits in
the faculty who feel that decisions
will be enforced from above wheth-
er they like them or not.."
Norman S. Grabo and James
Calderwood both emphasized that
their decisions to leave MSU had
no connection with Project X, but,
in Grabo's words, "Project X is ty-
pical of what I would call aca-
demic instability."
MSU's Dean of the College of
Arts and Letters Paul A. Varg was
quoted by the Michigan State News
as saying that faculty members
are often "too busy with their
own concerns to take kindly to
Project X."
College Issues
Edict to Press
ROCK HILL () - Winthrop
College announced yesterday that
in the future any statements to
the press from its 1800 students
must pass through the college
public relations office.
The edict came after a story
in the Rock Hill Evening Herald
last week quoted many women
students that the student body
was "ready to accept a Negro
student."
The college is South Carolina's
college for women.

As
VOTES N4

00s~

-

Staebler Raps HUAC Actions

By WILLIAM BENOIT

Rep. Neil Staebler (D-Mich) of
Ann Arbor said yesterday that
the House Un-American Activities
Committee was growing less re-
sponsive to the civil rights of the
individual.
"The committee's too frequent
infringement upon the citizen's
cvil rights is evidenced by the fact
that a mere subpoena from the
committee is enough to brand a
witness suspect," Staebler noted.
Staebler joined three other
Michigan Democrats last Tuesday,
in voting against funds for
H U A C 's continued operation.
There were 20 such votes.
Gain of 15
The 20 "no" votes represent a
gain of 15 over an attempt two
years ago to eliminate HUAC
funds. Sponsored by Rep. James
Roosevelt (D-Calif), the move
garnered only four other support-
ers. This year's effort was also led
by Roosevelt.
Romney Asks
Moss To Quit
By The Associated Press
LANSING - The Detroit Free
Press reported that Gov. George
Romney demanded Friday the
immediate resignation of State
Board of Pharmacy Director
David M. Moss.
Romney acted on the basis of
a determination by Creighton
Coleman, Calhoun County Circuit
judge, that the board "abused its
discretion" in denying a drugstore
license to a subsidiary of the
Kroger Co.
"I hope you will agree with me
that it would be wise for you to
submit your immediate resigna-
tion as director of drugs and drug-
stores," Romney told Moss.

In the past year HUAC has per-
sued alleged Communist influenc-
es on the West Coast, in Cleveland
And in Washington where they
tangled with, the Womnens' Strike
for Peace.
"I don't minimize the danger
of communism, either internally
or externally," Staebler said, "but
we can't afford to drift into total-
itarian methods under the guise of
fighting communism. This is the

danger inherent in continuing the
runaway operations of HUAC."
Curb Power
During the fall election cam-
paign Staebler had said he did
not favor abolition of HUACbut
would support any action taken
to curb the power of that com-
mittee.
The Ann Arbor Democrat said.
that he had noted a growing dis-
taste for methods the committee
had employed in the past. "How-
ever," he added, "if the commit-
tee changes its procedures, this
could reverse a dangerous trend
and people might tend to look on
its work more favorably."
Staebler said that there had
been a move in the House to give
HUAC a subsidiary role to the
House Judiciary Committee.
Move Blocked
"If the vote had been on that
question," Staebler continued,
"there might well have been 75
or more votes in favor of the
action. However, the House rules
committee blocked that move."
The judiciary commttee is very
responsible with a set of rules
conforming closely to the general
practices of the House, Staebler
said. .
As an organization separate
from w other House committees
HUAC has not always been in
accord with these recognized
general practices, he asserted.

NEIL STAEBLER
...committee actions

Impsil

VOICE MEETING:
Wilkinson Hits Violation of Ci

To

Administrate

Guzowski Claims Red 'Line'
Aided by College 'Paper Ads
By GERALD STORCH
The Daily and the Wayne State University Daily Collegian,"have
been promoting the Communist Party line through advertisements,"
Rep. Richard A. Guzowski (D-Detroit) believes.
In elaborating last night on charges he made earlier this week
on the House floor, Guzowski cited three such ads which have ap-
peared in the last year and a half: 1) A "Student Peace Essay
"Contest," sponsored by National
Guardian, a publication he says
is on the attorney general's list
of Communist-dominated organ-
viL R it h ts In Seeger Advertisements
2) Advertisements listing sing-
-ingengagements of folk-singer
Speaker refused to recognize them. Pete Seeger, who once was jailed
The issue then went to the for contempt of Congress after
rules committee. Members of refusing to answer questions posed
HUAC strongly requested the is- by the House Committee on Un-
sue be shelved, which it was. "The American Activities;
Representatives have also been - 3) Ads by Global Book Store,
able to overturn Supreme Court whose owners in October 1960
decisions concerning un-American were prohibited by Wayne State
cases by a unanimous vote of the University from sponsoring talks
House. by Communists on the campus.
Green Decision Guzowski voiced his criticisms
"The famous case involving this of the newspaper advertisements
was the Green decision of 1959. in particular and university speak-
The court held that the govern- er policies in general Monday
ment practice of discharging led- night, when he was voted down
eral employes without their know- 75-7 in an attempt to discharge
ing why, who accused them, or a committee from tabling his pro-
the right of confrontation (cross- posed constitutional amendment
examining) their accusor (s) had to ban "subversive" speakers from
not received congressional sane-{campuses.
tion and was illegal. cAmps s e4PP

DEAN JAMES H. ROBERTSON
... Union-League board
To Request
Joint Board
Continuing its discussions on
the feasibility of a merger between
the Michigan Union and Michigan
League organizations, the Union-
League Study Committee yester-
day concurred that it is prepared
to recommend that a joint overall
supervisory board should take over
the operation, management and
supervision of both the Union and
League.
"How fast we move towards this
objective is another question," As-
sociate Dean Robertson of the
literary school and chairman of
the study committee commented.
Two Alternatives
Dean Robertsonaoutlined two
alternatives the committee could
recommend for the implementa-
tion of the supervisory board:
1) The board could be establish-
ed right away, and the proposed
merger would be effected imme-
diately; or
2) The present governing boards
of the Union and League could
continue operations while con-
sulting with an interim board
(composed of members of both
the existing boards) which would
work towards the implementation
of a joint, co-educational board.
Not Established
The exact composition and man-
date of such a governing board
have not yet been established.
Members of the committee agreed
that students, faculty and alumni
should be represented and that a
member of the Office of Business
and Finance should be present but
have not determined if delegates
from the Board of Regents and
Office of Student Affairs should
necessarily be included in its com-
position.
The function and role *of the
combined board have not been
established, the issue in question
being whether the group should
control activities, facilities or a
broader area including all services
to the community, faculty alumni
and students.
Also undecided is the location
of the proposed organization, the
alternatives being the Union, the
League or both.
IT .a. .. 1L -. r

Believes Plan'
More Likely
For 1964
Expect Final Decisions
To Come in Meeting
After Panhel Report
By LOUISE LIND
"At the present time it appears
that it will be administratively
impossible to initiate a major rush
program next fall," President of
Panhellenic Association Ann Me
Millan, '63, commented last night.
"While some kind of a fall rush
or duel rush program will prob-
ably be worked out as an optimum
plan' the year after next, it seems
unlikely that such a plan can be
undertaken by next year."
Miss McMillan explained that
the final decision on such a pro-
gram rests with the Panhellenic
Presidents' Council. Its decision,
she related, canot be expected
before the end of April, since it
will not have the necessary re-
ports before that time.
Committee Meeting
These reports will come out of
a committee scheduled to meet
in the next two weeks to discuss
and recommend the most feasible
rush program for next year and
an optimum rush pla The mem-
bers of this committee have .not
yet been selected, but will prob-
ably be old and new Panhel pres-
idents, rush chairmen and rush
counselors.
Mrs. Elizabeth A. Leslie, Panhel
advisor and associate director of
student activities and organiza-
tions, and Miss Mary B. Burk-
man, advisor to special projects
and assistant program director of
the Office of Student Affairs, will
also be on the committee.
The recommendations of this
group will require approval of the
Panhel executive council, rush
chairmen, rush counselors, As-
sembly Assocation and Student
Government Council as well as
the Presidents Council, Miss Mc-
Millan explained.
Unstructured Rush
In the meantime, several sor-
orities who were significantly un-
able to fill their quotas of pledges
in February (and thus stand to,!
benefit most from a fall rush
program) have undertaken an
unstructured rush program for
the remainder of this semester.
The houses involved have set up
individual rush programs apart
from the formal Panhel struc-
ture.
"The houses who have under-
taken independent rush programs
are financially stable, but hope to
reinforce their rushing force for
next year by adding a few more
pledges," Miss McMillan noted.
Pickup Pledges
"Whereas it would hardly be
possible for the houses to fill
their quotas, they would hope-
fully be able to pick up a few
more girls in the next few weeks."
Commenting on the effect the
proposed fall rush program would
have on such houses. Mrs. Leslie

By BARBARA PASH
"The question under discussion
is the basic issue of the first
amendment and the other rights
we feel are being violated," Frank
Wilkinson, executive director of
the Committee to Abolish the
House Un-American Activities
Committee, declared last night.
Speaking on HUAC in a Voice-
sponsored and Socialist Club-
sponsored meeting, he noted that
the real way to achieve security
in society is to allow free flow of
ideas. But the average man-on-
the-street is afraid to express his
views openly or to be incriminated
by association.
This fear has been precipitated
by the "investigations" of HUAC.
Established in 1938, and made a

however, are difficult to define.
Propaganda refers specifically to
something spoken, written or a
peaceful gathering to discuss
ideas," Wilkinson declared.
First Amendment
But these rights of free speech
and peaceful gathering are em-
phatically provided in the first
amendment. Thus the committee's
mandate allows it to investigate
an area forbidden by the amend-f
ment.
"The conclusion is that HUAC
should be abolished. We don't be-
lieve that the committee can be
reformed. The first amendment in
a political sense must be absolute,"
he declared.
Wilkinson noted that he would
fully uphold a committee legiti-

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