By GAIL EVANS and DEBORAH BEATTIE
The responsibility of decision-making in the selection of textbooks
is the concern of each autonomous University department.
In general, within the various departments the choice of texts
for advanced and intermediate courses is left to the discretion of the
n However, in introductory courses selection is usually guided by a
departmental committee, a recent survey revealed. Sophistication, con-
tent and currency are factors most often taken into account.
No Definite Policy
Departments have no definite policy about the use of texts writ-
ten by the instructor. The fact that a book has been published by a
University. professor does not influence text choice except when it
has been written specifically, for a University course. Obtaining the
best text is the primary consideration.
Due to variations in course content and methods of presenta-
tion, the decision-making process differs somewhat in each depart-
A unique problem which textbooks present for the Slavic language
and literature department is that of propaganda. In an attempt to
find a book with a usable vocabulary for introductory courses, the
department is using a Soviet published book. The text contains usable
words and clear explanations but is not objective..
Not Serious Drawback
The propaganda is not considered a serious drawback, however, for
the department believes that college students should be able to rec-
ognize it, Howard R. Dwelley of the department said.
He feels that the discussion of the propoganda makes the course
particularly interesting for the students.
Texts for study of Russian are changed as infrequently as possi-
ble. This enables the instructor to know the material thoroughly and
eliminates the need for changing language lab tapes, Dwelley said.
The factor of cost and the value of books which can be sold for
re-use are also considered by the department when texts are reviewed.
In contrast with policy on Russian texts, the head of the German
department, Prof. Clarence R. Pott, said that in language courses it semester, are independent of the ones sponsored by the Literary Col-
is important to change the text rather frequently because of transla-
tions written between the lines in many used books.
Also, course appeal depends on the instructor's enthusiasm which
dwindles after teaching the same text over and over again, he said.
With the new emphasis on an oral presentation in introductory
language courses, the number of texts to choose from has been lim-
Ears on Ground
Although the department doesn't use special evaluations, Prof.
Pott said, "we keep both ears 'to the ground." He feels that the in-
structors usually know when the students don't like the texts.
A selection of a text which can be used by ten or twenty different
instructors to give students in the introductory courses a uniform
background is the goal of the supervisory committee of the Romance
Language Department, James C. O'Neill, chairman said.
Student evaluations of texts play an important part in book
selection for the introductory courses in the Botany Department,
Prof. Kenneth L. Jones, chairman, said. These evaluations, made each
The criteria used by the instructors emphasize that the book be
up-to-date and written by someone recognized nationally as an au-
thority in the field, Prof. Jones added.
The longest a textbook is ever used is five years; however, the
department usually keeps the books for more than one year to provide
easy familiarity with the text on the part of the instructors, he said.
For the elementary mathematics courses a committee of instruc-
tors reviews the available texts, Prof. George E. Hay, chairman, said.
There are more changes in calculus and analytic geometry because
of the rapid development in these areas, he said. Many other areas
are more static.
The department neither encourages nor discourages a professor
from using his own text. However, an author of an introductory text
is not allowed on the selection committee, Prof. Hay commented.
See PROFESSOR, Page 8
See Page 4
More rain and drizzle, possibly
mixed with snow
Seventy-One Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXII, No. 69 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, DECEMER 10, 1961 SEVEN CENTS
Claims Rebel Cause
Accepted by French
By RONALD WILTON
"Today France herself acknowledges that our cause is justified and
that our independence is not only possible but constitutes the clear and
deserved solution to the conflict," Nordine Ait-Laoussine, Spec., said
Speaking on "Algeria: Let There Be Peace," at a meeting of the
Political Issues Club, Ait-Laoussine, who comes from Algiers, explained
that in September, 1959, French President Charles de-Gaulle and the
Provincial Government of the Algerian Republic adopted the principle
of-self-determination as the means of settling the conflict.
"Today, two years later, the war is still going on because we in-
sisted upon the necessity of a sincere application of this settlement and
France refused to accept this," he said.
Recalling the Franco-Algerian negotiations in June, 1960, Ait-
Laoussine gave the conditions laid down by France. Any discussion of
the terms fixed by the French was excluded, the Algerian delegation
was forbidden to contact anyone on the outside, and the arrival of the
Algerians in France would imply Algerian acceptance of all the condi-
"These obstacles raised by the French removed the possibility of
any positive results from such talks."
Following the breakdown of these talks the Algerian Provincial
Government called for a referendum of the Algerian people under
United Nations supervision. France refused to go along with this,
claiming that Algeria was a French internal problem.
A year later, in May 1961, negotiations were resumed. The French
put forth a "so-called" decolonization plan which called for an Algeria
reduced to one-fifth of its territory, a legal community of the Euro-
peans, grouped together as a privileged minority, a special status of
~certain cities and a partitioning
East Germ ans In a counter-proposal the Provi-
sional AlgeriancGovernment re-
} A " jected the concept of a divided
Shoot Austrian Algeria. It refuted as "undemo-
cratic" the idea of granting any
BERLIN (R') - East German ethnic group special privileges.
guards last night shot down a 20- Equal Algerian citizenship to any
yer-odAustr student a European who wanted it would be
year-old Atrian st t granted and the French would not
group of three youths and three be allowed to have military en-
girls who had crossed the border claves in Algeria.
and were cutting a hole in the "The incompatibility of the
barbed wire behind it. West Ber- French requests with the Algerian
notion of territorial integrity and
ln police said they believed he the principle of self-determination
was killed. is obvious."
Katanga Rallies Forces
UN Bombers Blast
Eisabeth villeBu lding
SILENT NIGHT-One University student, apparently unaware of all of the troubles the weather
has caused, walks home with his mind probably on homework and his wet feet or even perhaps the
beauty of the whitened campus.
Thesnow drifted to the ground,
and the comment at the University
was "how beautiful."
The highways were clogged with
ice and slowly creeping cars, and
the comment was "how awful."
Two inches of snow fell over
most of Michigan yesterday as a
part of the general low pressure
The West, receiving the storm
early yesterday, reported snowfalls
of up to 40 inches. The hardest hit
area was southern New Mexico.
Thirteen deaths across the na-
tion were attributed to the inclem-
ent weather, 11 of them due to
At the University, students took
advantage of the weather to create
snow sculpture and have snowball
fights. In the courtyard of Alice
Lloyd Hall, women were busily
creating snow people.
At the entrance to the Engineer-
ing Arch creations were also being
GOP Group Sees Increase
In Higher Education Funds
By PHILIP SUTIN
Higher education may get an additional $4 million in appropria-
tions next year, a meeting of three GOP legislative moderates and
three party leaders determined last week.
The Republicans, at a session held in Canada, decided that
at least $30 million more would be needed to keep state services at
current level, House Asst. Floor Leader Rep. Wilfred G. Bassett (R-
"There should be more money appropriated as the number of
students increased, but I do not know if the formula will be en-
riched," he added.
The meeting was held to discuss issues which will be debated
at the Republican pre-legislative caucus to be held Dec. 16.
"A legislative program is developed in stages: First, policy
must be set, then a program established, bills introduced and laws
"The meeting was held to explore alternative solutions to state
problems," Bassett explained.
He declared that an income tax "does not have a chance"
of acceptance by the caucus, but that new nuisance taxes may be
accepted. Bassett did not expect any new sources to be suggested
by the caucus.
Terms UN Effort
'Operation for War'
BRUSSELS (IP-Foreign Minis-
ter Paul-Henri Spaak urged Acting
United Nations Secretary-General
U Thant yesterday to make public
the alleged Katangan attack plan
which the United Nations says
justified its current action in
Spaak called the UN action "a
Spaak was answering Thant's
reply to two cables he sent Friday.
In those he asked Thant to define
the judicial principles on which
the UN action was based and
charged the UN with failing to
protect the civilian population of
Thant rejected Spaak's claims
and charged the big Union Miniere
Mining Company in Elisabethville
with making bombs and armored
cars for the Katangese troops. The
company denied this yesterday,
and Spaak said in his new cable:
"If you have evidence supporting
your accusations it seems to me
that it is your duty to give them to
me and I am surprised you didn't
do it when we met in New York.
"As to incidents which preceded
the start of the fighting in Katan-
ga, they were extensively published
in Belgium and Belgian public
opinion deeply regretted them. But
whatever their seriousness, they
don't seem to excuse the military
measures employed by the UN
which are out of proportion with
mentioned incidents and are be-
yond the use of legitimate defense.
"I would like to know if you
deny that several times civilians
could not be evacuated from spots
where military operations were
being carried on and that, namely,
pressing demands. by the Interna-
tional Red Cross delegate to obtain
evacuation of persons blocked in
the new hospital were left unan-
"That hospitals were hit not by
scattered shells but by real shelling
which seemed to be aimed directly
Union Sponsors Student-Faculty Conference
... receives plea
By BARBARA LAZARUS
The proportion of high school
graduates who enter the nation's
colleges and universities is esti-
mated at approximately one out
of three students, but only 60 per
cent entering college will eventu-
ally receive a degree.
Recently the Cooperative Re-
search Program of the Department
of Health, Education, and Welfare
studied the many factors related
to college attendance.
The program consisted of three
The findings of all the studies
showed that 35-40 per cent of the
high school graduates continue
their education at' the college lev-
Class rank and mental ability
are two of the most important
determiners of whether a student
continues his education. In a sep-
arate Kansas study it was found
that a person in the upper per-
centile will enroll in college some
66 per cent of the time. The lower
percentile will only go about 13
The motives of college-bound
students were estimated through
an opinion rating. Students who
check reasons such as "need a de-
gree," "enjoy studying," or "ex-
See DEPARTMENT, Page 8
For 'Warlike Aims'
ELISABETHVILLE (I) - Two
United Nations jet planes attacked
the post office in the middle of
Elisabethville with incendiary
shells and rockets yesterday as
Katangan troops 'assembled there
for a new attack on United Nations
There was serious damage, but
no casualties were reported.
The strafing followed other at-
tack runs by United Nations jets
which hit the Katanga radio sta-
tion and swept over Elisabethville
University and police camp in the
northern outskirts Friday.
(A joint communique issued in
Leopoldville by the Congo central
government and the United Na-
tions renounced any design of
military conquest of Katanga or
other "warlike aims." It said 'the
two sides agreed that "after res-
toration of law and order and
elimination of the dangerous influ-
ence of mercenaries" in Katanga
the Congo government would seek
a political solution. The communi-
que was issued after a conference
between Sture Linner, head of the
United Nations Congo mission, and
top Congo leaders.)
The attack on the post office was
the first inside Elisabethlville and
was intended to scatter a mass
assembly of Katangan gendarmes
who were being harangued to at-
tack United Nations headquarters,
United Nationsssources said.
The jets, Indian Canberra bomb-
ers, circled for 20 minutes, then
streaked for the post office. Their
attack caused practically every
Katangan soldier in town to open
fire with mortars, machineguns
and rifles, and one Canberra was
reported slightly damaged.
(A UN spokesman in New York
reported: "Diplomatic representa-
tives in1 Elisabethville confirmed
that there were no civilian casual-
ties and that the post office was
empty at the time of the attack."
He said the UN has agreed to let
a 10-car train run from Rhodesia
to Elisabethville to withdraw non-
A Swedish jet last night knocked
out the radio station for several
hours, practically cutting Elisa-
bethville off from the world, and
destroyed the transmission build-
ing with four rockets and with
cannon shells. Two engineers in
the building ran for their lives.
Later a new power line restored
Two Indian Canberras made five
runs each over the university and
police camp in the northern sub-
urbs yesterday but university offi-
cials said the students were in
their hostels at the time and no.
Of Student Life
By MICHAEL OLINICK
The extent to which students
should be able to govern their
non-academic activities and help
formulate University policy was
one of three topics of the annual
Student - Faculty - Administrator
Conference sponsored by the
In the first half of the morning
session, conference participants
tried unsuccessfully to develop a
consensus on the meaning of re-
sponsibility and what the Univer-
sity's proper . attitude to students
Student Government Council
Administrative Vice - President
Robert Ross, '63, said that the
alternatives posed by the univer-
sity for students to govern their
own lives were barren ones.
Out of Place
"We can't ask value-laden ques-
tions in the classroom because
they are considered out of place,
and the questioning and evaluative
processes outside the classroom
require an internal fortitude which
our parents and our society fail
to give us."
The University must answer to
individual and social needs, he
"There is no secret device by
which you can automatically have
good public relations," Director of
University Relations Michael Rad-
ock said yesterday at the Student-
ence sponsored by the Michigan
"The best public relations de-
vice is the product which is pro-
duced, and an effort to explain
why this is so."
Radock laid the groundwork for
a general discussion on the public
image of the University, saying
that the guiding factor for the
University was an effort to tell
the people of Michigan what the
University is doing.
Discussion covered a wide range
but it was generally agreed that
a clear picture of the University
fades as the distance from the
University becomes greater. In
other words, the interest and con-
cern of the public in Iowa is less
than that of the public in Michi-
Radock said the University is
currently undertaking a program
to acquaint the public with its
needs and objectives. Called
'lnantin ,ihian_ it a been
On Changing 'U'
By MICHAEL HARRAH
"I was sitting in my dining room
earlier this morning, thinking how
President (James B.) Angell must
have sat there so many years
"He was running the University
on $104,000 and he was thinking
that wasn't quite enough. When he
left in 1909, that amount had in-
creased a thousand fold, and since
then it has increased a hundred
fold again" (to $100 million plus).
University President Harlan
Hatcher thus yesterday reflected
on future of education at the
He also cited the changing char-
acteristics of education: "What
was for over 700 years a private
affair has in the last' 20 years
become overwhelmingly public."
He said this was just a part of
the general trend from "private to
public," but he cautioned that this
trend includes a responsibility for
planning on the part of the state-
planning for future public needs
in keeping with individuals' free-
dom of choice.
"At Moscow University, there is
no doubt about how many students
will take a course," he said. "They
ha.e alrar hpn ACfiT1C _fi
Objectives of 'U'
By HELENE SCHIFF
The many educational objectives
of the University are and should
be both inner directed toward the
education of the student and outer
directed toward the society.
This was the general consensus
in the discussion on the Univer-
sity's educational objectives at the
annual Student-Faculty Adminis-
trator Conference sponsored by the
The University must provide
training for professional skills as
well as enlighten students to be
perceptive in society.
The emphasis of research as an
educational objective was also dis-
cussed. Some people believe that
research supports these objectives
because research is essential to
teaching. The student wouldn't
learn much if the faculty were
here only for teaching and were
not engaged in research. By deal-
ing with studentsawho have the
capacity for scholarship and re-
search the faculty is, in fact, edu-
cating because the students are
benefiting from their knowledge.
Students respect the professors
who are working in research, one
member noted. Also, the projects
injuring medical per-
M' Comes from Behind
To Squelch Toronto, 4-2
... goals of education
By JIM BERGER
A fired-up Toronto team almost
pulled one of the biggest upsets
of the young hockey season last
night as Michigan had to come
from behind to defeat the Varsity
Blues 4-2 at the Coliseum.
Thirsting for revenge after los-
ing to the Wolverines 8-3 on Fri-
day, Toronto took the ice last
night with a fire not believed pos-
sihl hv witnesses of the Cobo Hall