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December 08, 1961 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-12-08

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K atanans ire on Plane;
1 ff XD10eS
Halt Airlift of u pies
UN Explodes
. In Retaliation

Plans Emergency Bond Issue

U.S. Flights
Cars, Guns,

To Lift

-AP Wirephoto
FIRE AT KATANGA TROOPS-Indian United Nations troops in their mortar positions near the air-
port road fire at Katanga soldiers during Tuesday's battling near Elisabethville.
Common Market Strengthens Europe.

Associated Press Newsfeatures Writer
Ever since midsummer, when
Great Britain ;announced her in-
tention to apply for membership
in the Common Market, the tempo
of tribute to Europe's economic
rebirth has steadily increased.
Some examples:
1) A 20th Century Fund study
recently underlined the progress
economic unity already has made
FTC Controls
Bomb Shelter
Advertisem ent
al Trade Commission issued rules
yesterday to prohibit exaggera-
tion, false claims and the use of
scare tactics in advertising to sell
fallout shelters.
The FTC published its 15-point
advertising guides after, consul-
tation with the Office of Civil
Defense, the Federal Housing Ad-
ministration and the Association'
of Better Business Bureaus.

in the Old World, showing that
Western Europe's' gross national
product has risen some 70 per cent
since the last prewar year and now
is increasing at a rate of more
than 4 per cent a year, well over
the United States figure.
2) With its new-found vitality
and a prosperity far outstripping
its Communist neighbors, Western
Europe now is being hailed as the
latest example -of capitalism's su-
periority torcommunism-which is
long on 'promises but. short on
3) The burgeoning Common
Market also is being cited as a
principal reason for overhauling
United States tariff laws. Critics
of the present law say the govern-
mient needs new bargaining flexi-
bility in the face of the new situa-
tion under which European tariff'
negotiators, speaking for a strong
continental coalition rather than
individual countries, are in a far
stronger position than ever before.
New Europe
While the emergence of a new
Europe may have come as a sur-
prise to part of the American pub-
lic, it is old stuff to a substantial
segment of the American business
community. The stiaws in the wind

-Fire from the residence of Ka-
tanga President Moise Tshombe
at a United States Globemaster
temporarily cut off an airlift of
UN men and supplies to this se-
cessionist capital - yesterday as
fighting continued heavy around
the outskirts.
The UN jet air force, striking
its own blow at enemy supplies,
blasted a Katanga ammunition
dump six miles outside Elisabeth-
ville and the resulting Explosions
shook the heart of the city.
American sources said small
arms fire from Tshombe's resi-
dence as a big C-124 Globemaster
was coming in for a landing at
Elisabethville airport hit the fuse-
lage but caused no serious dam-
The Globemaster was one of six
which began an airlift Wednesday
of armored cars, antiaircraft guns
and their crews to the 3,000-man
UN force in Elisabethville.
American sources said further
flights were suspended or divert-
ed to Kamina, 245 miles to the
northwest, pending consultations
in Washington on security for the
big expensive planes.
The. United States undertook
the airlift on condition that UN
jets gave air cover, but fighters
were of little protection against
ground fire.
Aside from the attack on the
ammunition dump, UN sources
said two Swedish jets knocked out
an antiaircraft installation on the
Until the Globemaster mission
was undertaken at the request of
the UN, the United States had
not been involved in' internal oper-
ations because the UN wished to
keep the big, powers out of the
The United States has flown
troops and supplies to the country,

Secretary-General U Thant re-
ceived strong support yesterday
for his plan to float an emergency
$200 million bond issue to keep the
United Nations solvent while it
struggles with the Congo crisis.
This was reported by informed
sources who said also that Thant
is determined to press the current
UN military action in Katanga to
a successful conclusion.
They said Thant was insisting
that order be restored before any
negotiations take place aimed at
bringing President Moise Tshom-
be's secessionist Katanga province
back into the central Congo gov-
Thant summoned key Asian-Af-
rican delegates to his UN head-
quarters in a series of private con-
ferences aimed primarily at dis-
cussng his plan to issue $200 mil-
lion in bonds for 25 years at 2 per
cent interest. They would be sold
to governments or central, banks.
This would enable the United
Nations to meet anticipated defi-
cits up to September, 1962. They
Liberal Trade
Policy Needed,
BAL HARBOUR, Fla. (P)-Pres-
ident John F. Kennedy warned
American workers yesterday they
face loss of jobs unless they sup-
port his program for more liberal
foreign trade policies.
Kennedy announced that along
with his proposals to Congress in
January for broader powers to
promote foreign trade expansion
he will also submit a program to
aid communities, industries and
workers that may be hurt by in-
creased import competition.
"Such a program," he said, "will
supplement and coordinate, not
duplicate, what we are already
doing or proposing to do for de-
pressed areas, for small business,
for investment incentives, and for
the retraining' and compensation
of our unemployed workers."
Kennedy said workers and em-
ployers must exercise restraint in
setting wages and prices in order
to keep the nation economically
sound and competitive with in-
creasingly efficient foreign pro-
"If we cannot obtain new bar-
gaining power to open up over-
seas markets," he said, "our ex-
port industries will wither."

are caused by failure of many na-
tions to pay for either the UN
Congo operation or the peace-
keeping UN force in the Middle
The Soviet bloc, France and
South Africa, among others, re-
fuse to pay anything for the Con-
go operation. The Soviet bloc and
the Arab countries refuse also ;to
pay for the UN Emergency Force
(UNEF) entrusted with keeping
peace along the Israeli-United
Arab Republic frontier.
A resolution proposing the bond
Nehru Takes
NEW DELHI (A')-Prime Minis-
ter Jawaharlal Nehru, famous for
his nonviolent approach to the
solution of other nations' disputes,
found himself accused of making
war talk on two Asian fronts yes-
terday while his troops were fight-
ing in the Congo as part of the
United Nations force.
He told parliament the situation
in Goa, the Portuguese enclave on
India's west coast, can not be tol-
erated and there is "no solution
except for the Portuguese, to
Earlier this week,' in summariz-
ing a Red China note complaining
of Indian military activities along
the Himalayan border to the
north, Nehru said the Chinese
hinted that "if our military ac-
tivities are not, stopped, they may
have to take action."
Nehru said if an invasion came
"we shall resist and repel it.'
Red China's official Peiping
People's Daily accused Nehru of
being a liar and said he made
hysterical, fabricated and ficti-
tious charges of Red Chinese ag-
At Lisbon the Portuguese for-
eign ministry pictured Nehru as
operating a war propaganda ma-
Unit Reaches
West Berlin,,
BERLIN (RP)-A new American
battle group began rolling into
West Berlin yesterday.
Despite Communist threats,
there was no interference with its
motor march across Red-ruled
East Germany.
The unit that arrived was Com-
pany E, First Battle Group, 19th
Infantry. Its 25 jeeps and trucks
took six hours and 20 minutes to
do the 110 miles from Helmstedt,
in West Germany, to West Ber-
Nearly half the time was spent
going through Soviet checkpoints
at either end of the highway. This
is about normal for the meticu-
lous examination given to offi-
cial papers by Soviet troops.


were noted long ago. United States
firms have 'been maneuvering for
an advantageous position in Eu-
rope for several years.
According to a study by the
Chase Manhattan Bank, the value
of United States direct private in-
vestment more than tripled be-
tween 1950 and 1960 - swelling
from under $2 billion to more than
$6 billion. In the 1958-61 period,
U.S. firms started more than 800
new operations in Western Europe
by building their own plants there,
entering into joint ventures with
European partners, or licensing a
European manufacturer to pro-
duce their product.
The siren call of this promising
new market has been heeded most
frequently by firms in machinery
and electronics, who account for
230 of the new operations, accord-
ing to the Chase Manhattan's tab-
ulation. Closebehind are petrole-
um companies, which can count
143 new European enterprises.
Eighty Companies
Eighty United States companies
in office machinery or instruments
and watches have set up shop in
one form or another across the
Atlantic, as have 79 companies
engaged in the production of
transportation, construction and
agricultural equipment.
Other enterprises in the migra-
tion include firms in household
appliances, basic metals and metal
products; research and engineer-
ing; petroleum; rubber, glass;
paper; textiles and clothing; food,
beverages and tobacco; and service
France has proven the most pop-
ular European base for American
firms. In the 1958-61 span, 145
companies located their new, oper-
ations there. Italy is second on this
industrial hit parade, with 135.
followed by Germany, 126; the
Unitel Kingdom. 120; and Bel-
gium, 110.
Falls This Month
WASHINGTON (RP)-Joblessness
dropped dramatically in November
from 6.8 per cent of the nation's
labor force to 6.1 per cent, the
Labor Department announced yes-
The usual increase of about
500,000 ih November because of
seasonal factors did not occur.

World News Roundup

B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation
At this evening's SABBATH 'SERVICES at 7:30
a HANUKA Message
Temple Beth EI, Detroit
Zwerdling-Cohn Chapel 1429 Hill St.
Speaker:: Nordine Ait-Laoussine from Algiers, Algeria
Sat., Dec. 9, 2:15, Union 3 KLMN Open to the public

By The Associated Press
SALISBURY, Southern Rhodes-
ia-Africans and white police
clashed in wild rioting yesterday
as Southern Rhodesia's new con-
stitution went into effect.
OSLO-Former Zulu chief Al-
bert Luthuli arrived in Norway in
biting cold last night to receive
the Nobel Peace Prize for 1960. It
was given him for advocating non-
violent methods to break down
South Africa's racial barriers.
* * *
NEW YORK-A reported thieat
by a pro-Castro Cuban against
the life of President John F. Ken-
nedy was under investigation yes-
ST. LOUIS-The National As-
sociation for the Advancement of
Colored People charged yesterday
Negroes are being denied the pro-
tection of the law.
* * *

a number of bloe chips sent the
stock market into an irregular de-
cline yesterday.
Dow Jones stock averages fell
1.26, while their bonds dropped on


in celebration of HILLEL'S 35th Anniversary
"Moses Mendelssohn"l
by Morton Wishengrod
directed by JERRY SAN DLER
in a Reader's Theatre Version
Director, B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation
at the University of Chicago
speaks on
Admission is free to all 1429 Hill St.
Zwerdling-Cohn Auditorium



Invites You to Attend
Last Day

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