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December 03, 1961 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-12-03

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

LITTLE ROCK (P)-Sen. J. Strom Thurmond (D-SC)
said last night that he has learned that the State De-
partment "has prepared a paper for the turning over of
our nuclear weapons to the United Nations.
He did not give any source for the report, but said
such a step "would be a terrible blunder and under no
circumstances should the people of this country ever
submit to it.
Thurmond made the remarks in a speech at a meet-
ing of the Arkansas Department of the American Legion.
He lashed at the State Department and said it should
be "cleaned out." He called for the enforcement of the
Monroe Doctrine and said President John F. Kennedy
should tell the governments of Cuba and British Guiana
that they must cut their ties with Moscow or "we re going
to come down there and cut you loose."
The State Department reply read:
"In the words of the President, the United States
plans would achieve under the eye of an international
disarmament organization a steady reduction in forces
of both nuclear and conventional, until it has abolished
all armies and all weapons except those needed for in-
ternal order and a new United Nations peace force."
1ST Resignation

C, 411C

5k, 4 6


Seventy-One Years of Editorial Freedom

... resigns IST
Castro Goes
HAVANA (P) Declaring he s a
Marxist-Leninist opposed to the
personality cult, Fidel Castro said
yesterday "the world is on the
road toward Communism" and he
is taking Cuba down. that path.'
To that end, the prime minister,
announced, he was forming the
"United Party of Cvba's Socialist
Revolution." It will be monolithic,
like the Soviet Communist Party,
with restricted membership. Only
true revolutionaries will be chosen.
Never before had Castro so.
frankly placed his island nation
in the Communist camp, nor given
his own political views so strongly
on Marxism.
Gave Hint
"I am a Marxist-Leninist and
will be one until the day I die,"
Castro declared in a nationwide
TV speech.
Rejecting neutralism, Castro
said "there is no half way be-
tween socialist and imperialism.-
Anyone maintaining a third (neu-
tralist) position is, in fact, help-
ing imperialism."
The Cuban revolution has taken
"the only honest road, the road of
a socialist and anti-imperialist
Honest Road
At one point, ,Castro seemed to
be talking to anti-Communists
who actively backed his revolu-
tion, saying jestingly:'
"If there is an anti-Communist'
listening he does not need to wor-
ry because there will be no Com-
munism (in Cuba) before 30

Prof. Joseph A. Boyd, director of
the Institute of Science and Tech-
nology, has announced his resigna-
A member of the electrical en-
gineering department, Prof. Boyd
will leave the University to become
vice-president and assistant to the
president of Radiation, Inc., in
Melbourne, Fla.
"This was a professional oppor-
tunity which I couldn't afford to
turn down," he said.
Second Director
Prof. Boyd has been a member
of the faculty since 1949 and be-
came the second director of the
Institute on Oct. 1, 1960. Prof.
Robert R. White, the first institute
director, also resigned ,to accept
the vice-presidency , of a large
Many research men get their
technical training in colleges and
universities and go from there into
business, he noted. "A certain
number will always be leaving,
although it is true that we are
losing more men than is good for
the University."
"We have always lost some to
private industry," Vice-President
for Research Ralph Sawyer said
in commenting on Prof. Boyd's
resignation. "At the same time we
get people back from industry."
'U' Can't Compete
The University, of course, can-
not offer the salaries that industry
does, he indicated.
"Some like the University way of
life, and some don't," he said.
"Those who ilke our life here are
willing to accept other rewards in
place of financial gains."
Speaking about losing leading
faculty members to industry, Vice-
President and Dean of Faculties
Marvin L. Niehuss noted such
losses were among the problems
the University faces when its re-
searchers demonstrate good ad-
ministrative qualities.
Ihidustry Short
"Industry is short of good and
qualified administrators," he said.
"Naturally they would offer posi-
tions to universiyt men who dem-
onstrate their administrative qual-
Prof. Boyd's resignation will be-
come effective Feb. 1.

-Daily-Ed Langs
MICHIGAN'S BALL--Wolverine forward, Tom Cole, snags a Ball
State miss in yesterday's tilt with the Cardinals. Cole battles
with Ed Butler, while John Oosterbaan finishes a close third.
'M' backcourt stars, Jon Hall (42) and Doug Herner (40) wait
for the play to develop. Michigan won the game, their first of
the season, 74-60.
Cagyers Balanced Attack
Whips Bfall State, 74=60
The Michigan cagers traveled a mile on the long road back to
basketball respectability yesterday with an impressive 74-60 opening-
game triumph over Ball State College.
A balanced scoring attack and a strong defense turned the tide
for the Wolverines, but it took a late spurt to do it.
Aside from occasional lapses, the Wolverine offense was a thing
of beauty. Passing meticulously until they got a man in the open,
the Wolverines scored first and were never headed, although the
score was close for much of the game.
Scored First
The, first Michigan goal was typical of many the team got.
After each team had lost the ball once, the Wolverines weaved until

By Scholle
AFL - CIO President August
Scholle yesterday defended his
proposal for a coordinating coun-
cil over all Michigan's colleges and
"Education has been groping for
a solution to their problem" (of
diminishing finances), he said.
"But they have been particularly
reluctant to relinquish any auton-
omy. That's understandable, but
it's time to recognize the need
for an agency of this sort."
Scholle said that the individual
institutions "are somewhat pro-
vincial," but the state must take
action in spite of their loyalty.
Criticized SCCP
lIe criticized the present State
Council of College Presidents as
"meaningless as far as the con-
stitution and the Legislature are
concerned. It's nothing but an
honor system whose members are
committed to serve good old a-
ma mater to the death."
Scholle's proposed council would
coordinate planning, programs,
finances, and construction for all
the colleges and universities. Pres-
ently this is the function of the
SCCP, but only on a voluntary
Educators on the other hand
took a rather dim view of the idea.
"We believe that voluntary co-
ordination is the most effective
method," Vice-President and Dean
of Faculties Marvin L. Niehuss
said. "It is very difficult to get
effective coordination unless the
participants really want to coop-
Authorities Agree
"Most authorities wouldagree
that the most effective alliances
of this type have those which are
He added that most educators
feel that a reasonable amount of
competition between institutions
is good. "There must be institu-
tional pride."
He said the several boards pres-
ently maintain a close enough re-
lationship to cooperate.
The proposal also ran into some
opposition from the Legislature.
"I'm unalterably opposed to this,"
Sen. Harry R. Litowich (R-Ben-
ton Harbor) said.
Not Compatible
"Many of the colleges are not
wholly compatible. You can't just
lump them all together. Mining
simply requires a different ap-
proach than philosophy."
He said that each college should
have its own board and a reason-
able amount of autonomy, for
each was the best judge of its
Hannah Opposes
Michigan State University Pres-
ident John A. Hannah (R-East
Lansing), a delegate to the con-
stitutional convention and a mem-
berof the con-con education com-
mittee was also opposed.
He said the proposal was es-
sentially the same as the one pro-
posed by Gov. John B. Swainson
last January, but he indicated that
it found only scattered support.
Con-con education committeee
chairman Alvin M. Bentley (R-
Owosso) was non-committal on
the plan, saying that "the com-
mittee was interested to receive
Scholle's views," but that it was
not ready to determnei any offi-
cial position as yet.
He said that Scholle's plan was
"novel," and represented a sincere
concern for Michigan's education


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Prejudice Static
A recent survey entitled "Education and Attitude Change
reports that the common attitude that teaching liberates theĀ«
mind and therefore helps in the elimination of prejudice is
a fallacy.
The newly published book, by Prof. Charles Stember of
Rutgers University, says that formal education does not sub-
stantially reduce racial and religious prejudice.
The poll shows that among college students, those from
lower occupation groups tend to be less prejudiced than those
in higher strata.
No Difference
Further, fraternities are more apt to select students who
initially are more prejudiced. The effect of college to reduce
prejudice is, however, just as great in sororities and fraternities
as among independent students.
The survey noted that social-science students are most
likely and business students least likely to shed their prejudices
"It would thus appear that the impact of education is
limited. Its chief effect is to reduce traditional provincialism-a
to counteract the noton that members of minorities are strange
creatures with exotic ways and to diminish fear of casual
personal contact," Prof. Stember said.
Education Helps
Although the more educated show less prejudiced positions'
on formal and legal segregation, they are likely to hold highly.
charged and derogatory stereotypes, favor informal discrimina-
tion and reject intimate contacts with minority group members,'
the survey noted.
The study also rejects a commonly held opinion that
educated people show less prejudice because of a high socios
economic status. In fact, only when education differentiates ii
the individual sharply from his previous environment do at-
titudes toward minorities diminish.
Less prejudiced attitudes against Negroes and Jews were
found among the better informed and the urbanized people.
Education for the eradication of prejudice was found to be
most effective where sub-cultural differences between the
education and the uneducated are greatest.
Not Reduced
Although prejudice is not greatly reduced by education, the
i report did find that the tendency of the better schooled was
to seem less hospitable than others to primitive misconceptions
such as anthropological differences between the races.
Prof. Stember found the positive effects of education
strongest among persons of lower economic status. The lowest
degree of prejudice was found among the highly educatedj
who came from lower-class beginnings.
o Prof. Stember offers three hypotheses as to why the force
of education is not as great on reduction of prejudice as had
been supposed.
He states that the "pen mind" philosophy allows the
educated to be subject to certain kinds of propaganda. The
educated are the first to sense changes in opinion and respond
to the various theories about minority groups which circulate
Also, the better educated adhere to certain patterns of
behavior because they consider them social requirements. '
.::.": :". ";X . ... S..... . 5 '.'..SS. *."u..... . . . . . .
M' IcersSweep Tech 5=3
Berenson Scores Hat T rick
Michigan hockey captain Red Berenson broke a streak of two
goal-less games with a hat trick last night to lead the Wolverines to
a 5-3 victory and series sweep over Michigan Tech.
It was the Wolverines third straight win of the season and the
Huskies second straight loss.
Michigan opened up the scoring early in the first period as Ber-
enson, after getting a pass from center Gordon Wilkie, smashed in on
the left wing and 'beat Tech goalie, Phil McVittie with a quick wrist
shot to the near side of the goal ,

Ease Burden
On Lansing,
Pears Asks
Predicts Rejection
Of Swainson Plea
For Added Funds
Top Republican legislators are
discussing a plan to let Michigan
cities levy income taxes in return
for lower state aid monies.
House Speaker Don R. Pears (R-
Buchanan) yesterday said the pro-
posed idea was aimed at taking the
financial pressure off a state gov-
ernment with a $71.5 million deft!,
cit. He predicted that the Legis-
lature would not impose a state-
wide income tax next year.
Without such a tax, he and
other GOP leaders said, the only
solution to Michigan's money
shortage is to grant taxing auton-
omy to the cities, and cut the
amount of aid they are now get-
ting from Lansing.
Pears Doubts
Pears-whose party will hold a
majority when the Legislature
convenes next month-doubted
that Governor John Swainson
would win his appeal to get add-
ed funds for higher education,
mental health and public welfare.
"Republicans are more inclined to
believe,- at least for another year,
that the agencies will have to get
along on existing revenues."
The new plan may be a reac-
tion to the threat that Detroit
will take unilateral action anad
adopt its own city "icome tax,
Rep. Gilbert Bursley (R-Ann Ar-
bor) said last night. He pointed out
that the state's largest city had
adopted, then rejected sucha tax,
but that recently elected Mayor
Jerome Cavanaugh favored it dur-
ing his campaign.
"If Detroit levies an income tax,
the suburban cities around it will
take similar action and there will
be a slow chain reaction across
the state."
This would result in a "hodge-
podge" of diverse taxes that would
be less logical than a low level,
flat rate state income tax, Bursley
said. He noted agrowing accept-
ance on the part of legislators to
give "serious thought" to the lat-
ter possibility.
Last year, when such municipal
taxes were originally discussed,
legislators felt the cities would use
them as a means of reducing prop-
erty taxes to keep industry from
leaving the state.
Bursley said the other major
sources of revenue that could be
tapped include reviving the "nui-
sance' taxes or dropping some of
the present exemptions on the
four per cent states sales tax.
These moves would bring in $50
million and $75-100 million, re-
spectively, he estimated.
He did see a "good chance" for
a statewide income tax clearing
the House and Senate "in the for-
seeable future."

Legislators May


Cities To Tax Incomes
Would Lower State Ai(

Thirteen pilots resigned from
the Dominican Air Force yes-
terday and declared themselves
in revolt against the armed
forces chief, Gen. Pedro Rodri-
guez Echavarria. They charged
that the general was heading
the nation toward another dic-
Lt. Col. Raymundo Polanco
Alegria said the actual leader
of the counterplot was air force
Gen. Andres Rodriguez Men-
dez, commander at the Bara-
hona Air Base west of here.

Leach Sees Possible Re-vote
On Wright School Contract
"There is a chance of another vote on the Wilbur Wright survey,"
Kent W. Leach, director of the Bureau of School Services, said last
Earlier in the week the Detroit Board of Education had turned
down an attempt by Supt. of Schools Samuel M. Brownell to have
the University group look at the Wilbur Wright High School.
During the discussion on the $5,462 contract, D. Merrifield, a
member of the board, opposed the contract and at one point said that
4there was no need to bring in the

they sprung Tom Cole loose under
the boards, and he dropped it in.
Captain Jon Hall added another
lay up and Michigan was on its
With John Harris cleaning the'
boards and pumping in two jump
shots, plus a free throw, Michigan
snapped ahead 11-4 to put the
Cardinals into an early hole. Ball
State came back within four
points, 13-9, with 12:26 left, but
that was as close as it got in
the first half. Michigan's lead
reached 12 points at one time, but
Ball State whittled it back to
eight points at the buzzer.
Nets Nine
Mike Reanour, Cardinals high
point scorer last year, broke
through John Oosterbaan's tight
guarding to score three lay ups
and keep Ball State within hailing
Ball State came out strong in
the second half and started to
chip away at the Michigan lead.
With 3:38 gone, Jim Johns, Read-
nour, and John Lee hit on con-
secutive baskets to cut the Wol-
verine lead to one point, 43-42.
Haris put in a jumper and a
free throw, but Readnour scored
a lay up and John Kunze a free
throw to keep the margin at one
point. Cole then tossed in nine
clutch points and Hall two, to
keep the margin at two points.
Iced the Cake
Then, with 6:55 left and the
score 57-55, the Wolverines hit for

Disarmament Advisor Calls
For More Initiative by U.S.
The United State must take the initiative for nuclear disarma-
ment negotiations considering the future of mankind, not just
American National advantage, Harold Stassen, advisor to former
President Dwight D. Eisenhower on disarmament, said to Challenge
Stassen emphasized the need for agreements with inspection
as Communist doctrine almost forces the Soviet leaders to take
advantage of a one-sided agreement," he said.
"I feel that there is a better than even chance in reaching an
agreement with the Soviet Union in the years immediately ahead
on the limitation and inspection of nuclear armaments," Stassen
Hard To Negotiate
Although it is difficult to negotiate with the USSR, it is not
impossible. "The Soviet leaders do have a responsible attitude to
their country' and people," he commented.
They realize, just as the American leaders, that war has, by

University experts for consultation
on a problem which was "essen-
tially work oriented."
Leach said that the proposal had
the approval of the superintendent
and hopes eventually to have a
part in the survey. "I hope that
Tuesday's vote was not the final
decisioA of the Board," he said.
"The request from the superin-
tendent's office asked us to look
at the facilities, program and or-
ganization of the Wright school,
and see where improvements could
be made," Ray Kehoe, associate
director of the Bureau, said.
Kehoe also explained the unique
program at Wright which is a ter-
minal school for students going in-
td business and industry. "It has a
unique work study program for
High School junior and seniors
who spend two weeks on the job
and two weeks at classes. The
main terminal trainin courses ~P~in-

Stassen Says Shelters
Give Little Protection
"A national program to construct fallout shelters would probably
not increase amenability to nuclear warfare."
"Everyone knows that only a small percentage of the population
could be protected," Harold Stassen, former Minnesota governor and
cabinet advisor to former President Dwight Eisenhower said in an
interview yesterday.
"But it is basic to our national philosophy that every individual
life should be preserved and protected whenever possible, and human
individuals must never be treated as statistics," he added.
No Shelter
"There is no shelter from the explosion of a bomb," Stassen
stressed. "Shelters should be considered only as fallout protection,
which could have some meaning in areas outlying the focus of direct

at 3:16. Third line center Gerry
Kosb made it 2-0 Michigan when
he shot a loose puck into the net
in front of the Tech goal two min-
utes and 40 seconds later at 5:56.
The Huskies roared back at 5:14
in the second period whendefense-
man Bob Pallante took a driving
slapshot from 50 feet that Michi-
gap goalie Dave Butts had no
chance to stop. But Berenson came
back for the Wolverines to put
them again two goals ahead.
Berenson took a perfect face
off from center Wilkie and slam-
med it home at 7:03. McVittie
never saw it untl it was in the
The Huskies came right back
to put themselves a goal behind
See 'M,' Page 6
T-0 iveRoats~

Bargman Views Difference
In Arms Control Methods
Arms control and cqmplete disarmament differ in that the
former represents a set of "military equation answers" in a limited
political context, whereas the latter encourages the full consideration
of disarmament and peace problems.
Abraham Bargman, UN Political Affairs officer working with
the UN Disarmament affairs group spoke to Challenge yesterday in
an individual capacity. He traced the changes in disarmament
negotiations since 1955 and discussed major current developments in
this field.
He noted the dominance of the objective of partial measures
such as measures against surprise attack, between the period 1955-
1957. During the same period arms control literature put much
emphasis on this, he said.
Reaction Evident

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