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November 07, 1961 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-11-07

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1 7. 1961


UN Asks 1Moratorium

On A-Weapons

OAS Scores
Bomb Tests
By Russians
Hemisphere Nations
Support U.S. Stand,
ern Hemisphere nations rallied in
support of the United States po-
sition on nuclear testing yester-
day, and censured the Soviet Un-
ion for exploding a 50-megaton
The action came in a unani-
mous vote by the Organization of
American States Council.
Cuba abstained and rebuked the
council for unilaterally condemn-
ing the Soviet Union while ignor-
ing United States nuclear tests in
the past. .
The OAS acted in a resolution
Jointly presented by Uruguay,,
Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela. The
document called on the United
'Nations ,to continue and expand
its search for an effective system
of control as a prerequisite for
nuclear disarmament.
The United States and Great
Britain have repeatedly taken the
same stand. The Soviet Union in-
sists that a nuclear test ban must
be part of a general disarmament
agreement. Cuba echoed the Soviet
stand in an alternate resolution
which never came to a vote be-
fore the council.
The approved resolution ex-
pressed the "deep concern" of the
hemisphere with the Soviet nu-
clear test series. It criticized Mos-
cow for "brazenly ignoring" an al-
most unanimous United Nations
resolution asking the Russians to
desist from their announced plan
to explode the giant 50-megaton
May Continue
To .Test Arms
WASHINGTON (JP)-Hints from
the Russians that they will pro-
long their testing of nuclear
weapons in the atmosphere, if the
United States begins such testing,
were described by a State Depart-
ment spokesman yesterday as more
of Moscow's efforts to scare the
Tass, the Soviet news agency,
warned that the Soviets may be
"compelled" to extend their tests.

PresidentMeets Nehru

U.S., Soviets
Fail To Back
India Motion
Political Committee
Urges Negotiations
United Nations General Assembly
and its political committee yes-
terday approved resolutions aimed
at ending tests of nuclear weap-
Big power differences appeared
to doom both in advance.
The Assembly adopted a pro-
posal by India and five nonaligned
nations urging a voluntary mora-
torium on testing. It was reject-
ed by the United States, Britain,
France and the Soviet Union.
Earlier the Assembly's political
committee approved a United
States-British resolution calling
for new East-West negotiations on
a test ban treaty providing effec-
tive international controls.
Criticizes Proposal
The Soviet Union called it a
stillborn proposal and said flatly
there never will be such negotia-
The vote in the Assembly was
71 to 20 with 8 abstentions. The
United States and the Soviet bloc
joined in the negative votes. Am'
stainers were Afghanistan, Bel-
gium, Cuba, Haiti, Netherlands,
New Zealand, Spain and Tunisia.
"I appeal to the nuclear powers
once more not to turn a deaf ear
to the pleas of humanity," India's
B. N. Chakravarty said just be-
fore the Assembly voted.
Cites Charter Duty
He said their attitude is not
compatible with ther special ob-
ligations under the UN charter to
work for peace. I
But both United States delegate
Arthur Dean and British delegate
J. B.Godber rejected the mora-
torium on the, grounds that it
failed to provide for controls. And
Semyon K. Tsarapkin, the, Soviet
delegate, said a moratorium would
only result in Soviet inferiority
in nuclear arms might.
The Assembly's committee ap-
proved a United States-British res-
olution urging a renewal of the
test ban talks.

Soldiers Use Tanks
In Ecuador Riots
Antigovernment Demonstrators
Attack City Hall in Guayaquil
GUAYAQUIL, Ecuador (R)-Troops backed by tanks and armored
ears battled thousands of antigovernment rioters in this largest Ecua-
dorean city yesterday.
Seven persons were reported killed in an attack on the city hall
and scores wounded before order was restored.
The number of rioters was estimated at 4,000. Disorders also
were reported in the capital city, Quito, where the cabinet of Presi-
dent Jose Maria Velasco Ibarra of-
fered its resignation.aPac
Reflect Protests
The student-led outbursts re-
flected growing protests against
the alleged failure of the govern-
metW t ohl eaiiaetecountry's poverty stricken areas. W t o p
ment to help rehabilitate the
Observers said the cabinet ac- IBADAN, Nigeria (P)-Nigerian
tion apparently was designed to students at Ibadan University Col-
-give Velasco Ibarra a free hand lege, where the row started over
to deal with the situation. the Margery Michelmore postcard,
The government radio station have now resumed friendly rela-
in Quito charged the demonstra- tions with United States Peace
tions were led by leftist students Corps members.
and Communist agitators. Miss Michelmore left Nigeria
Police Shoot Students Oct. 18 to return to the United
States after dropping a -postcard
Informants said at least three she had written home containing
of the persons killed here were comments about living conditions
students shot down by police in this country.
guarding city hall. Abidoye Babalola, the new pres-
The informants said that when ident of the student body, said
one of the students fell dead, sev- yesterday: "The students have re-
eral companions dipped their sumed friendly and cordial rela-
hands in his blood and wrote on tions with the Peace Corps. This
the sidewalk: "The Murderer is is good and I hope it will con-
Velasco Ibarra." tinue."
The students began the demon- Babalola said he hoped the
strations to protest the govern- Peace Corps members had learn-
ment's use of force to smash riots ed from the postcard incident "an1
Slast week in Cuenca, provincial important lesson about how Ni-
capital of Azuay province, in gerians react to insult and ridicule.
which 25 persons were injured.
March on Home
The youths marched on a resi- Tax Department
dence where Velasco Ibarra usual-
ly stays when visiting Guayaquil. To Use Computer
The president flew here after a
trip to Cuenca. MARTINSBURG, W. Va. (M) -
Told by soldiers guarding the The Internal Revenue Service said
residence that Velasco Ibarra had yesterday a newelectronic com-
returned to Quito, the demonstra- puter center here will be checking
tors converged on city hall, hurling automatically the tax returns of
stones, gasoline bottle bombs and all Americans by 1966. The com-
other missiles. puter system will work only witlh
Police retaliated with gunfire numbers, so every taxpayer will
and tear gas. Before being scat- be known by a set of digits.
tered the crowd set fire to several
cars and damaged a number of
store fronts.


-AP Wirephoto
LEADERS CONFER --Prime Minister Jawahlal Nehru of India
acknowledges a salute as he stands with President John F.
Kennedy yesterday. The two met to discuss world problems, with
particular emphasis on nuclear disarmament.
Nkrumah To Give Foes
Chance for Assassination


ACCRA (A)-President Kwame
Nkrumah will expose himself to
his political foes today with a trial
run over the route Queen Elizabeth
II will take on her state visit
If Nkrumah's enemies make no
attempt on his life and there are
no other serious disturbances, the
royal tour will go on as scheduled,
reliable sources said yesterday.
The dictatorial president, whose
foes set off two bombs in this
capital Saturday, himself propos-
ed the trial run in an obvious ef-
fort to assure nervous Britain that
the queen will be safe, informants
The bombing sent new waves of
uneasiness through London and
brought Commonwealth Relations
Secretary Duncan Sandys flying
here for a last-minute check. San-
dys will accompany Nkrumah on
the ride.

The queen is extremely popular
in Ghana and there is little risk
that she will be the target of any
attack during his 11-day tour. But
the British government feared
some attempt might be made
against Nkrumah while he was
with the queen.





Parliament To Vote on Adenauer Today,

Department of Speech
8:00 P.M.

By The Associated Press
BONN - Chancellor Konrad
Adenauer is expected to be elected
to a fourth term by parliament
today, ending a long political con-
flict that has worried West Ger-
many's allies.
President Heinrich Luebke nom-
inated the 85-year-old chancellor
yesterday and the lower house of
parliament votes this afternoon.
Despite continued difficulties
within his Christian Democratic
Party, Adenauer will ride down his
opposition, informed quarters pre-
4 * *
TOKYO - Communist China
called on Premier Nikita Khrush-
chev early today to strengthen the
unity of the Communist camp, in-
cluding Albania, which has been
made a target by the Soviet lead-
er for clinging to Stalinism.

WASHINGTON-A fire aboard meeting yesterday on the eve of
the new carrier Constellation yes- the 44th anniversary of the Bol-
terday killed three men, injured shevik Revolution.
four, and resulted in one missing,
the Navy said last night. And for the first time in the
The fire, the second which has history of the Soviet state, no
occurred on the big 77,000 ton high-ranking, leader made a line-
flat-top, occurred as the Constel- setting speech to the assemblage
lation was heading for New York of the Communist party's elite.
after sailing from Norfolk Satur-
NEW YORK-The stock market
chalked up another advance yes-
terday in heavy trading. Closing
Dow-Jones averages showed 65
stocks up 1.40 at 245.76. Gains of
most key stocks went from frac-
tions to about a point.
* * *
MOSCOW --Premier Nikita
Khrushchev and his top aides pre-
sided listlessly over a Kremlin



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