ussian Party Gathers;
hrushchev To State
Plans To Outdo
Chou En Lai Draws
MOSCOW (a) - With slogans
calling for friendship with the
West, the Soviet Communist Par-
ty assembles today to endorse a
anew program designed to make the
Soviet Union the greatest power
Premier Nikita Khrushchev will
open the 22nd Congress of the
party With a speech presenting the
program, which represents his
blueprint ,for beating capitalism
Khrushchev's plan foresees great
strides in industrial and agricul-
tural production, and a better life
for the Russian people, with more
food and clothing and, more free
The session is expected to last
about 10 days and has brought
top-ranking Communists from all.
over the -world to Moscow. .
Premier Chou En-Lai represents
Red China and is the main focus
of diplomatic attention. Khrush-
chev himself met Chou at the air-
port, the only delegate so far he
has turned out to greet.
Many diplomats believe Chou
will try to get his Rlussian allies
to tone down those sections of
the program calling for peaceful
coexistence and for supportof all
independence movements, whether
they are Communist or not.
Only members of the Soviet
Communist Party have a vote,
however, and it is doubtful wheth-
er Chou will influence them.
Delegations from non-Commu-
nist countries are on hand from
Western -Europe, the U n I t e d
States, Cuba and various parts of
4.frica, Asia and Latin America.
school Aid Bill
$y The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - A new ap-
proach to federal aid to education
designed to- lessen the emotional
impact and clear the way for con-
gressional action next year was
The plan, offered by Rep. Cleve-
land M. Bailey (D-W Va), a sen-
ior member of the House Educa-
tion and Labor Committee, would
grant each state a sum equal to
two per cent of its expenditures
on public education. The funds
would be distributed by the state
as local school authorities decide.
Bailey said .his plan would
eliminate the controversial issues
of local vs. Federal contoiol and
public vs. private school aid.
Bailey would also give poorer
states a bonus payment based on
the percentage , their per capita
income falls below the national
Ballis Labels Congress
By MARK BLUCHER
Theoretically a plenary body of the Communist Party, the 22nd
Congress of the Communist Party will be the rubber stamp for
Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev's policies, Prof. William Ballis of
the political science department said last night.
The Congress-which begins in Moscow today-"represents the
dual program of the Communist block-the extension of Communism
throughout the world along with the policy of peaceful coexistence,"
Prof. Balis said. He claimed, however; that these two programs are
inconsistent in the long run. al--
though they serve the purpose of
the Communists in the short run. atlons Study
The Congress "demonstrates theT r
unity of the _Communist world. o l T le
Since it is held in Russia it does V 01'-''
not express diversity in the Com-
munist block." C (O
He said the Party Congresses
are of great value to Western WASHINGTON (-) - Delegates
Kremlinologists because "they from 19r nations met here yester-
give very interestingrstatements as day to pan ways for the free world
to the future course' of Soviet a opa asfrtefe ol
policy." to meet the challenge of Russia's
The Congress may also decide rapid expansion of education and
upon, an outline of the Soviet scientific'research.
position on the German and Ber- The weeklong conference is de-
lin issues. Although there, have signed to study means of expand-
been splits in the past between ing education both within the na-
the Soviet and Chinese Com- tions of the Organization for Eco-
munists no dispute is forseen on nomic Cooperation and Develop-
these important issues. The Com- ment and the developing nations
munist Chinese highly approve the of Asia, Africa and Latin America.
toughest elements in Khrushbhev's Secretary of State Dean Rusk
stand on Berlin and Germany. as.... n n . .i ,f
By The Associated Press
CAIRO-President Gamal Nas-
ser in a nationwide radio address
last night blamed the Syrian revolt
on the same forces that launched
the 4'56 Suez invasion and said he
would continue to press forward
with his revolution.
ELISABETHVILL,1 - An ex-
change of United Nations and
Katanga prisoners under a new
cease-fire .failed to come off yes-
terday and tension rose once more
in the Katanga capital.
ANKARA, Turkey-Unofficial re-
turns yesterday showed two major
parties running almost neck and
neck for control, of parliament in
the. general election intended to
produce a civilian government to
succeed Turkey's military junta.
NEW YORK -Declining valves
in the Big Three motors, tobaccos
and steels featured a failing mar-
ket Monday. Trading was the
lightest in about two weeks.
The closing Dow-Jones averages
saw 65 stocks down .45 at 142.70.
* * *
LONDON-George Brown, dep-
uty leader of the opposition Labor
party, asserted yesterday recent
Rhine army exercises prove Brit-
ian's defense policy has broken
down in ruins.
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