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October 07, 1961 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-10-07

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U.S. Expects Agreement


On Interim

UN Leader


United States was reported high-
ly optimistic yesterday that it
could reach agreement with the
Soviet Union for the naming of
an interim UN secretary-general.
U Thant, veteran Burmese dele-
gate, was said to be acceptable $o
both countries, and available for
the post provided they could
agree on the terms of service.
One American source expressed
"all the highest optimism" that
a solution would be found to fill
the gap left by Secretary-General

Dag Hammarskjold's death Sept.
18 in a plane crash in Northern
A neutralist diplomat in a posi-
tion to know about negotiations
on the subject that have,been go-
ing on here stated his belief that
United States-Soviet agreement
was 90 per cent complete.
Delegates generally said those
negotiations had been suspended
almost entirely during the day to
see whether President John F.
Kennedy and Soviet Foreign Min-

Miller hits Administration
For Censorship, Favoritism
WASHINGTON (P)-Republican ;National Chairman William E.
Miller said yesterday the Kennedy Administration has attempted to
use newsmen as propaganda pipelines.
In an article in Editor and Publisher, a trade magazine for the
newspaper business, Miller (R-NY) said the Administration is guilty
of censorship and favoritism.
At the White House, Press Secretary Pierre Salinger said "I
would think Miller and the Republican Party would be the last people
in the world to talk about the

To Get Reply
Of Walker.

! ,

Edwin A. Walker said yesterday,
he has been invited to submit his
views in writing to a Senate sub-
committee investigating charges
that the Pentagon muzzled mili-
tary critics of Communism.
Walker said the subcommittee
-has not invited him to testify in
person, and when reporters asked.
if this was satisfactory to him he
replied: "I have, nothing to say."
The general declined to go be-
yond a written statement in which
he said he was considering the
subcommittee's inyitation to file a
statement. A friend told reporters
he =was sure Walker would submit
a statement to the subcommittee.
Walker demanded an opportun-
ity to reply to statements bySee-
retary of Defense Robert S. Mc-
Namara that. Wallker tried to in-
fluence the. votes of troops under
his command in the 1960 election.
McNamara made the statement
while being questioned by the
Senate Armed Services- Commit-
tee as to the Army's action in re-'
lieving Walker of command of the
24th Infantry Division in Germany
and, reprimanding him last spring.
The Army's explanation was that
Walker had pictured former Pres-
ident Harry S. Truman and other
prominent Americans as soft on

subject .of freedom of informa-
Miller said the American peo-
ple's right to know is being "cruel-
ly eroded and will continue to be
until this administration comes to
regard information as a public
trust rather than a political puff
"Perhaps the ,administration's
crassest attempt to use newsmen
as propaganda pipelines came in
mid-September when a group of
some 30 Washington correspond-
ents met secretly at the home of
a reporter for a favored Kennedy
paper. They were to receive an
off-the-record briefing from the
White House," he'said.
He said the Chicago Sun-Times
was "slapped down" in March by
Arthur Sylvester, an assistant sec-
retary of defense, for reporting
that Gen. Lyman Lemnitzer,
chairman of the Joint Chiefs of
Staff, had complained in writing
that Kennedy's Pentagon appoin-
tees were skirting the chiefs
US. Opera Group
Banned b Soviets
AMSTERDAM () i-The Santa
Fe, N.M., opera gi up cut short
a European tour le , by Russian-
born American c. mposer Igor
Stravinsky and flew homeward
last night after reported Soviet
interference canceled its schedul-
ed performances in Poland.
Stravinsky, now 79 and a resi-
dent of California, was reported,
planning to go home later after
stopping in Switzerland, and was
not availablefor comment imme-

ister Andrei A. Gromyko would
complete the agreement in their
White House talks yesterday.
With the avowed aim of getting
"public reports back into focus,"
an American delegation spokes-
man restated his government's re-
corded position on the whole mat-
ter in these five points:
"1) The new secretary-general
should have a clear mandate to
carry out the full functions of
his office.
"2) The Troika concept of di-
viding the world into three blocs
is contrary to the -spirit of the
UN charter and damages the in-
tegrity of the secretariat.
"3) There should be no politi-
cal representation in the secre-
"4) The General Assembly has
full authority to appoint an in-
terim secretary-general.
"5) The new man should be ap-
pointed promptly." A
He added that "the United
States and the USSR have not
agreed either on appointing an
interim secretary-general with
full powers or on the man..
there is no lack of qualified per-
sons, but we have no candidate."
M cCracken
Views Need
For Growth
Prof. Paul W. McCracken of the
business administration school
said in a paper presented befor
the National Consumer Finance
Association yesterday that failure
to keep the present economic ex-
pansion in the United States on
an orderly and vigorous basis be-
yond the next few months could
result in another recession.
Prof. McCracken, a member of
the President's Council of Eco-
nomic' Advisers from 1956-1959,
said that three inter-related prob-
lems need immediate attention to
change the present recovery cycle
into an orderly, sustained expan-
sion of the economy. These prob-
lems are:
1) Basic strengthening of our
international balance of pay-
2) The problem of finding the
proper ratio between government
spending and our national income
should be faced squarely-with
budgeting procedures set-up as
guideposts to head the economy in
the direction that, in the longer
run, we want it to go.
3) Be alert for a resumption of
price inflation. Prof. McCracken
said that the United States has
been unable to achieve a treasury
surplus large enough to offset the
unfavorable export-import trade
balance. This must be corrected
by a decrease in foreign aid and
military operations and an expan-
sion of foreign tourist travel.
Unless measures are taken to
reverse the balance of payments,
further uneasiness among over-
seas dollar holders and possibly
another international dollar crisis
could result.
Majority Lost
In Irish Vote
DUBLIN (P) - Prime Minister
Seam Lemass and his Fianna Fail
(Soldiers of Destiny) Party suf-
fered a sharp setback yesterday
in Ireland's election.
Final returns showed Fianna
Fail has lost its former majority
and captured only 70 of the 144
seats' in the 'Dail (Parliament).
Fine Gael, the principal oppo-
sition party, increased its strength

from 41 to 47 seats, but not enough
to control parliament.

defense costs

A rms Co sts
Could Near
$50 Billion'
WASHINGTON (P)-Secretary
of Defense Robert S. McNamara
has given the armed services
guidelines for a new military budg-=
et that could reach about $50 bil-
It would top this year's by about
$3.5 billion which was boosted
about $6 billion from last year as
President John F. Kennedy sought
to build up United States conven-
tional power to meet the Berlin
Pentagon sources stressed that
any over-all figure at this stage
must be regarded as highly ten-
tative because the process of dis-
tilling and shaping a military
budget for the 1963 fiscal year is
only now getting underway in
earnest. Firmer figures may not
be settled on until mid-Novem-
ber, if that early.
Kennedy will send to Congress
in January his new military budg-
et for the fiscal year starting next
The Army-Navy-Air Force Jour-
nal reported yesterday that Mc-
Namara has told the services to
plan. for a $53.71-billion budget
and a cut of 147,720 men from the
Army, Navy and Air Force. The
Journal is a nonofficial publica-
tion which is close to the services.
Informed sources said the $53.71
billion figure is high of the mark
by a substantial margin.
Charles J. Hitch, the Defense
Department's comptroller, said in
a speech last month that "not-
withstanding all of our efforts to
effect economies in the execution
of the defense program, defense
expenditures are likely to continue
their upward trend in fiscal year
Kennedy Asks
Rapid Action
In CD Work
WASHINGTON (R) - President
John F. Kennedy urged Civil De-
fense workers yesterday to strive
toward a goal of fallout protec-
tion for every American as rap-
idly as possible.
"Protection against a thermo-
nuclear attack is within reach of
an informed America willing to
face the facts and act," he said.
The Federal Government is
working on fallout shelter space
for large groups of people under
very austere conditions, the Pres-
ident said.

Soviet Dleat Pot
tomAenc's lecth
U.S. UrgesPeace' Tea PartyUnt L
Top Billing''CalLL
On Test Ban
UN Group Supports After Blafe
Hearing on Radiation
UNITED NATIONS (1) - The delegate to the
United States urged the United Ato'mic Energy. A
Nation's main political committee walkout yesterda
yesterday to give urgent top bill- against swearing
ing to a treaty, ban oan nuclear lund of Swedene
weapons testsl.. new director-gene
It ran into immediate opposi- Vasily Emelyan
tion from the Soviet Union, now m ened Thursday ti
engaged in a series of such tests. may quit the orga
No Decision of what he termed
No .decision was reached con- j ~nation, stalked ou
cerning the treaty by the 100-na- !attack on Eklund
tion committee which met to or- The rest of the
ganize its work program for the -AP Wirephoto tion, including V
current session of the General PEACE MARCHERS SOCIALIZE-Mrs. Nikita S. Khrushchev tov, remained in t
Assembly. But the committee (center) was hostess at a tea party given for western peace In a statement
brushed aside Soviet opposition marchers. The peace marchers arrived in Moscow this week and inauguration Eme
and supported a Canadian request were permitted to picket but not to make speeches in Red Square. Eklund's election
to take up immediately the latest __position Tuesday v
UN reports on possible dangers to negative consequ
mankind involved in atomic ra- 11 AT agency" and wa
diation stemming, from tests. to rId Ni/iRuSwedish nuclear s
United States delegate Arthur enjoy the support
Dean, who headed the American countries as... d
team at the collapsed Geneva test Emelyanov repe
talks, told the main political com- By The Associated Press ful Central Labor Confederation. tions that the Wes
mittee the question of a test ban DETROIT-George Roxburgh,. It was the nation's third general the elections to j
treaty should not. be buried in business agent of Teamster Pres- strike this, year. didate on the S
over-all debate on disarmament. ident James R. Hoffa's home lo- Walkouts by railroad, city tran- African and Asian
Different Problem cal, was indicted yesterday on sit workers and longshoremen contended earlier
"The United States believes it charges of taking illegal payments paralyzed nearly all of the nation-' man should have
very important and in all our in- from a Grand Rapids trucking al transportation system. of these countries
terests that the question of nu- firm for employment. * * *. ganization's first t
clear tests must be considered The six charges violating the. WASHINGTON-The presiden- W. Sterling Cole,
separately from disarmament. Taft-Hartley Act, included taking tial disarmament adviser, John J. succeeds, was an .
"The problems of each are -dif- retainers from the trucking con- McCloy, turned in a thick report "Do the Weste
ferent and the results to be ex- cern. . on his work yesterday and then believe that they
pected are different," he said.* * gave up his job solutions upon the
Valerian A. Zorin, Soviet depu- PARIS-The Soviet Union ex- The White House said McCloy's tries?" asked E
ty foreign minister, objected that plocjed at dawn yesterday the 18th advice in the disarmament field the United States
no progress could be made unless and biggest nuclear test device in will continue to be available forgotten that thi
'the nuclear 'test issue is merged its current series, French govern- * . * holding company
in debate on general and complete ment detection services reported. WASHINGTON-President John United States ho
disarmament. . A similar report came from Ja- F. Kennedy and President Ferik Afskar
"We are deeply convinced that pan's C e n t r a 1 Meteorological Ibrahim Abboud of neutral Su- ase hsgernir
to isolate this question will not Agency in Tokyo, but hours later dan agreed yesterday on the im- fromadvise his gen
yield any good results in the work Washington remained silent on portance of a nuclear 'test bn yrme agency
of our committee," he said, the report. agreement based on an effective confereny, Emecy
C di Pla * *, *conference. I c
Canadian Plan * sstem of inspection and control, thatqeto o
Paul Tremblay, Canadian dele- BUENOS AIRES - Argentina - question now
gate, recalled to the special poli- slowed to a crawl yesterday as
tical committee a report that ra- thousands of workers heeded a
dioactive fallout over Toronto had general strike call by the power- "Bsautiful, vivid, strkang.N.Y. Times
increased 1,000-fold due to re- T- remendous presente
sumption of Soviet tests in the impact" INDIA STU
atmosphere. ' We are now " ASS0CA-I
He said the issue is "a matter
of common and urgent concern to Debiverng
us all." However, he did not press vvednesdaya
the matter to a formal vote, and Pwith erancers Ann Arbor H.S.
the committee chairman, Yordan andMusicians ',AN
Tchbanov of Bulgaria, declared N TEMPLE RHYTHMS OF INDIA Tickets: $1.5(
that atomic radiation would be II ItKSsr AscoNENTA.Y 1R at I nteatonc
taken up at the first item of busi- NO 2-5414 PREENTSYDVASIA SC/1Y PERFORMI ARTSPROGRAD y8


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