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September 30, 1961 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 1961-09-30

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1 3Q, 1961

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

L 30, 1961 TUE MICflIGi~N DAIlY

rr ur, i

UAR

Bows

to

Rebels

As Syria Forms Stat~e

Arab Revolution Produces
Power Strugg e in Mi- East
YU g
LONDON (M)-Syria's bid to break away from the United Arab
Republic yesterday plunged the quarreling Arab world into even
greater turmoil.
It also signaled a bitter new power struggle between President
Gamal Abdel Nasser and other Mideastern leaders who may defy
any moves to fulfill his battered dream of a United Arab empire fed
by Cairo.
These were the conclusions of Western authorities here after two,
major developments came in the wake of the clash between Damascus
and Cairo:
No Bargain
1. Nasser proclaimed he would make no bargain with the Syrian
"rebels, but would not enforce un-

New Regime
Inauguarted
Ino Damascus
Observers Cite Loss
Of Nasser's Prestige

I
i

FRENCH PACT:
Agreement,
In Bizerte
BIZERTE (OP) - France signed
an agreement with Tunisia last
night providing for a return to
conditions that prevailed in the,
Bizerte area before bloody fight-
ing broke out between forces of,
the two nations last July.
The agreement stipulates that
French soldiers will be pulled back
from 'sectors they have been oc-
cupying in Bizerte city and the
surrounding countryside. French
officials emphasized that France
will retain full access to roads
linking the big French military
base with the city.
, The preliminary agreement
opens the way for renewal of dip-
lomatic relations between the two
countries. This would permit ne-
gotiations 'on a ' timetable ,for
evacuation of the Bizerte naval
base by the French.
French President Charles de
Gaulle has said France cannot give
up the base immediately in view
of the tensel international situa-
tion. Tunisian President Habib
Bourguiba has in turn said he will
not .insist on immediate evacua-
tion as long as the world situa-
tion is dangerous.
Violence flared when Tunisia
sought to set up roadblocks along
the road from Bizerte to the base.
Tunisian officials claim about 1,-
300 Tunisians were killed when
French forces, backed with air,
and sea support, fought their way
into the city.

ion, with military power.
2. King Hussein of Jordan rec-
ognized the anti-Nasser regime
set up by Syrian army men.
Britain, meantime, made it pub-
licly plain the major Western
powers are likely to wait for the
dust to settle before determining
their attitude toward the Syrian
breakaway regime.
Premature
"It is premature for us to con-
sider recognition of the Syrian
rebel .authorities. The facts on
which we should have to base our
recognition are not available to
us," the Foreign Office said.
This means the British are not
yet sure if the rebels are in ef-
fectivercontrol of the country, if
they are in a position to fulfill
Syria's international commitments
-and indeed if they want to be
recognized now.
The Foreign Office statement
was made in the knowledge that
King Hussein had rushed forward
to give his small country's politi-
cal backing-in the form. of rec-
ognition-to the rebels.
Puppet
This suggested that Hussein--
often accused by Nasser as a
British puppet-had acted on his
own and on the assumption that
the Syrian rebels will win out in
the end. For Hussein would not
lightly risk the wrath of Nasser,
who has campaigned in the past
for the downfall of the young
king and the absorption of Jor-
dan into the UAR. .
Now the big question is wheth-
er other of Nasser's antagonists
in the Middle East-and there are
several-will dare to copy Hus-
sein.

GAMAL ABDEL NASSER'
. .. lost 'battle'

CONGO:I
Ask Reds
To Leave
LEOPOLDVILLE UP)--The Con-
golese government yesterday gave
newly arrived East German diplo-
mats notice to get out.
A foreign ministry communique
said they had not been invited
and added that the government
"does not consider it useful now
to establish diplomatic relations
with East Germany."
The East Germansrformerly
were accredited to the rebel left-
ist regime in Stanleyville and came
to Leopoldville with other Com-
munist bloc diplomats after An-
toine Gizenga joined Premier
Cyrille Adoula's central govern-
ment here.
According to government sourc-
es, official acceptance of Soviet
diplomats who came to Leopold-
ville from Stanleyville also is be-
ing delayed. They have been ad-
vised it would be preferable if
they first returned to Moscow and
applied for accreditation through
normal diplomatic channels.
So far, only the Yugoslav mis-
sion has been officially accredit-
ed, of the diplomats formerly rep-
resented in Stanleyville.

BEIRUT (A)-Syria won inde-
pendence by force of arms from
President Gamal Abdel Nasser's
United Arab Republic Thursday
as a new conservative Syrian re-
gime promised elections and con-
stitutional rule.
Nasser, in Cairo, yielded with a
decision not to fight. It was a
tremendous blow to his dreams of
an "Arab nation" that would en-
compass all the Arabic-Moslem
world.
The foundation from which
Nasser launched his Arab unity
goal-the merger of Syria and
Egypt in the United Arab Repub-
lic-fell apart in less than four
years.
Kuzbari Proclaims Independence
The new Syrian premier, Dr.
Mamoun Kuzbari, a scholarly,
conservative lawyer and law pro-
fessor, proclaimed Syria inde-
dependent and declared the gov-
ernment emerging from a two-
day Syrian officers' revolt has the
Syrian people's full support.
In a 15-minute broadcast over
Damascus radio Kuzbari said the
revolutionary command in Da-
mascus has "finished its mission
at this point and has returned
to the normal functions of de-
fending the country."
Kuzbari promised that his all-
civilian government will "prove
itself true to the aims and support
of the people"-apparently mean-
ing elections. He also promised "a
true and democratic life" for
Syria.
Constitutional Stage
He pledged to "lead the coun-
try within four months to a con-
stitutional stage," but. did not
elaborate.
Speaking in a strong voice, Kuz-
bari said:
"Syria again affirms to the
Arabs that she is the bastion of
Arabism."
He claimed that Egypt had
dominated the UAR and had "li-
quidated loyal (Syrian) national-
ist elements, especially in the ar-
my."
See.Diplomatic Corps
Before making his speech, Kuz-
bar received members of the for-
eign consular corps in Damascus
and told the diplomats Syria
wants to establish diplomatic re-
lations with all friendly countries.
Nasser yesterday called back
Egyptian army, air and naval
forces that had been dispatched to
crush the revolt. He admitted
temporary defeat of his principles
of Arab unity.
Turkey and Jordan, long sus-
picious of Nasser's plans for un-
ion of Arab-Moslem countries,
quickly recognized the Kuzbari
government.
But another Arab world leader,
Tunisia's Habib Bourguiba, sent
Nasser a telegram expressing re-
gret over the rebellion and hope
that differences can be settled
peacefully.
The United States government
took a go-slow approachyester-
day toward any formal recogni-
tion of the new Syrian revolution.
ary regime.
Instead, official Washington
hewed to a strict hands-off policy
while watching for the next devel-
opments in the unpredictable
Middle East situation.
r -".

U AW Wins
Shop Rights
In Reversal
WASHINGTON (W) - The Na-,
tional Labor Relations Board ruledI
yesterday that the agency shop is
"a lawful form of union security
contract" under the Taft-Hartley
Act.
Under the agency shop, non-
union workers are required as a
condition of employment to pay
the union sums usually equal to
the fees 'and dues paid by union
members.
The board's 4-1 decision re-
versed a 3-2 ruling it handed down
last February in an Indiana case
involving General Motors Corp.
and the United Auto Workers.
If GM chooses to carry the case
further, the decision may be ap-
pealed to the United States Court
of Appeals..
Yesterday's majority opinion
was signed by two new members
appointed by President John F.
Kennedy-Chairman Frank W.
McCullough and Gerald A. Brown
-and by the two members who
were in the minority last- Febru-
ary, Philip Ray Rodgers and John
,. Fanning. Former chairman
Boyd Leedom dissented.
Leedom, Fanning and Rodgers
were appointed by former Presi-
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Under the new ruling result-
ing from the board's reconsidera-
tion of thecase, GeneralnMotors
is ordered to bargain with the
UAW on an agency shop arrange-
ment to cover 14,000 non-union
GM workers in nine plants in
Indiana.
Indiana is one of 19 states hav-
ing right-to-work laws which for-
bid collective bargaining contracts
requiring union membership as a
condition of employment.
A board spokesman said the de-
cision does not create a binding
precedent in the 18 other states
with such laws, although it ob-
viously would carry weight. The
decision in similar cases arising
in the other states, he said, would
depend on the circumstances and
the phrasing of the state law.
About 6 per cent of all wage
contracts in the country now con-
tain an agency shop arrangement.
The device has been pushed by
labor unions in recent years as a
substitute for compulsory mem-
bership in states that bar such
requirements in their right-to-'
work laws.
Fail To Settle
Skip Dispute
SAN FRANCISCO (P) - Ship-
owners and striking deck offi-
cers met at the government's re-
quest yesterday, but did nothing
toward settling the two-day-old
West Coast maritime strike.
The masters, mates and pilots
told the Pacific Maritime Associa-
tion in the hourylong meeting that
the union would resume negotia-
tions if assured that progress
could be made toward solving its
problems.
Acting Secretary of Labor W.
Willard Wirtz asked for and set
up rthe meeting, but no federal
representative was present.

RETURNS FROM BERLIN:
Pollock Lauds Western Stand
By HARRY PERLSTADT
directly to the President and gain ion, Adenauer's party, lost its
Prof. James K. Pollock, former quick approval on actions which solute majority in the Bunde
chairman of the political science otherwise would need overall al- and suffered a substantial dei
department, said yesterday that lied clearance which is quite cum- In addition, the election left
the West should negotiate on the bersome. Prof. Pollock speculated, three parties in the- Bundesta
'Berlin question but that to yield that if he had been in Berlin in Double Ballot
Berlin would be the worst possi- early August, "Old Chief General (West Germany has two sir
ble thing since the war. Clay would have ordered a tank taneous ballots, one for id]
Prof. Pollock has just returned through the first wall built and uals, and one for parties. Tc
from West Germany where he nothing would have happened." seated in the Bundestag, or
talked to Allied leaders and ob- He stressed the need to deal er house, a representative's p
served the recent general elec- quickly with the Russians and act must have won over five per
tions. He lauded the appointment within 24 hours or not act at all. of the vote. Prof. Pollock indic
of Gen. Lucius D. Clay as Presi- Could Resign that the West German citi
dent John F. Kennedy's personal After observing the West Ger- had judicially split their vote
envoy, predicted that Chancellor man election, Prof. Pollock pre- tween the individual men and
Konrad Adenauer would form a dicted that Konrad Adenauer parties.)
government but resign after a would be asked to form a govern- With only three parties in
year, and called East Germany a ment, but that Adenauer himself Bundestag and considering
complete police state. would resign after a year. He ex- gravity of the Berlin crisis, T
Prof. Pollock, a Republican, plained that Adenauer "was an Pollock said it was probable,
said that he was not going to old man who has lost his touch." though unlikely, that an all p
campaign for the presidency of By this Prof. Pollock meant that coalition cquld be, formed. Bu
the constitutional convention and the German Chancellor did not did not think that a two p
deplored the use of the con-con act decisively when the Berlin sit- system would result from the e
presidency as a political lever for uation arose during the summer tion. .
the governorship. and has had several unnecessary Prof. Pollock also called
Undeserved Gains arguments with other party of- Germany an "utter and comi
Prof. Pollock saw nothing but ficials. police state." He said that it
undesrve.dgaiksawforth ngmbu- The Christian Democratic Un- Hitler all over again,
undeserved gains for the Commu -____________________________
nists if the Allies pulled out of,_ __ _
Berlin. "Our entire position in re-
gard to Germany and the rest
of Europe would deteriorate," he
said.
The contrast between East and,
West Berlin is striking and strong.
which the Soviets would go to
prevent something they could not
stand, migration to West Ger-r
Plokexplainedfyo d n t
Among those to whom Prof.
Pollock spoke was Gen. Lucius D.
Clay, Kennedy's personal envoy to
Berlin. Prof. Pollock, who advised
Clay on the problems of integrat-
ing the Marshall Plan with the
applauded the appointment.
He said that Clay could report

final Rites
For UN Chief
UPPSALA W)-Dag Hammersk-
jold, secretary-general of the
United Nations, was buried at his
boyhood home yesterday with
honors heretofore given in Sweden
only to royalty.
Regal simplicity marked the last
journey of the aloof and dedicat-
ed diplomat who traveled so many
miles in the cause of world peace
and the United Nations.
Wrapped in the blue and gold
flag of his native Sweden, his cof-
fin at the end held but a single
wreath. It was that of his king,
Gustaf VI Adolf.
An order went out from the gov-
ernment for a nationwide moment
of silence at sunset. Everything
-cars, trains, factories, ships and
people-came to a halt.
As the coffin was' lowered the
archbishop said "Rest in peace,
Dag Hammarskjold."
A m o n g the hundreds of
wreaths, one stood out. Sent by
Dag's brother, Sten, and Sten's
daughter, Marlene, it was a wreath
of red dafodils and two red roses.
On a ribbon was the single
word:
"Why?"

WORLD NEWS ROUND-UP:
Russia Wants Committee To Head UN

By The Associated Press
UNITED NATIONS - The So-
viet Union, which once insisted on
a troika at the top of the United
Nation's, then a four-man setup,
was reported yesterday proposing
a temporary five-man executive
to head. the secretariat.
Diplomatic sources said Soviet
Deputy Foreign Minister Valerian
A. Zorin presented the latest plan
yesterday to United States Am-
bassador Adlai E. Stevenson and
the latter told him the United
States could not accept it.
NEW YORK-There were re-
ports in United Nations circles
yesterday that Soviet Russia has
a commitment to Morocco to veto
Mauritanian membership regard-
less. of what other nations might

be preparing with regard to Outer
Mongolia.
The Soviet decision is reported
to have been made when it be-
came apparent that Nationalist
China would veto Mongolia
* * ,*
DETROIT-Ford and the Unit-
ed Auto Workers Union continued
discussions on a new, three-year
labor contract yesterday with
neither side willing to tip its hand
on prospects of any immediate
settlement.
Both company and union agreed
earlier this week to avoid public
discussion of bargaining progress.
By yesterday this blackout rule
had extended even to speculation
on whether night or weekend ses-
sions would be necessary.:
LOS ANGELES-Richard Nixon
yesterday termed "false and lib-
elous" former Gov. Goodwin J.
Knight's charge that a Nixon
friend had offered Knight any
state job he wanted to stay out
of the race for governor.

"No person (representing me or
authorized by me has made such a
promise," said the former Vice-
President, who announced Wed-
nesday he'll run for governor of
California.
MIAMI, Fla.-With a denand
for hemispheric action against Fi-
del Castro, an exile Cuban orga-
nization yesterday showed news-
men authentic-looking documents
purporting to outline Cuban gov-
ernment plans to foment subver-
sion in Argentina.
The Democratic Revolutionary
Front, a major anti-Castro exile
group, coupled presentation of the
documents with its demand for
action against Cuba by the Or-
ganization of American Staaes.
SUN VALLEY, Idaho-Republi-
cans set their sights yesterday on
gaining at least 50 House seats in
the 1962 elections, enough to up-
set the present Democratic con-
trol.
* *
LONDON-Buckingham Palace
announced last night at Princess
Margaret's baby-expected at the
end of October or early in Novem-
ber-will be born in Clarence
House.
NEW YORK - A late buying
wave developed in an otherwise
dull and irregular stock market
session yesterday, putting the list
ahead at the close. Dow-Jones
averages in industrials, rails, utili-
ties, and 65 stocks were up slight
fractions.

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