SAFE FOR DEMOCRACY?
See Page 4
Little change in temperature
Seventy-One Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXII, No. 4 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1961 SEVEN CENTS
West Officials Fear
NDOLA Northern Rhodesia ()-'
President Moise Tshombe of
Katanga announced last night a
provisional cease-fire effective at
12:01 a.m. today between his
troops and UN forces battling in
the secessionist Congo province.
It came two days after the death
of Secretary-General Dag Ham-
marskjold in a plane crash near
this Katanga-UN peace negotia-
tion site left the United Nations
leaderless and in deep crisis.
In Leopoldville, the announce-
ment of a provisional cease-fire
between Katanga troops and UN
forces came as Congolese Prime
Minister Cyrille Adoula was alert-
ing his people for war to end the
mineral-rich province's secession.
'Spare No Effort'
Adoula said the Congo central
government has decided "to spare
no effort to end Katanga's seces-
sion" and "will reply to force with
Adoula's declarations were made
before Tshombe announced the
provisional cease fire. Many west-
ern diplomats here believe the
central Congolese government is
in no mood to accept it.
Cease Fire Terms
Tshombe said the agreement
signed by himself and UN repre-
sentative Mahmoud Khiari of
Tunisia set forth six points:
1. An immediate cease-fire.
2. It is to start at one minute
past midnight in all territories ofI
3. A mixed commission of four
men is to be set up without delay
with full powers to control the
ceasefire agreement and to seek.
means of settling relations be-
tween the United Nations and the
Katanga authorities. This includes
an agreement on the location of
United Nations troops in Katanga.
No Troop Movements
4. No troop movements are to
be permitted for reinforcing garri-
sons or positions. This includes the
movement of ammunition and
weapons of all kinds including
aircraft and tanks.
5. Both sides retain their free-
dom, to make their own arrange-
ments for their supplies of food.
6. An exchange of prisoners un-
der control of the four-man com-
mission appointed under point 3.
Lull in Fighting
When the cease-fire announce-
ment came, UN reports indicated;
a general lull in the Katanga war.]
The garrison at Kamina, main UN
base in Katanga, repdrted all quiet
and said reports the base had been
overrun were grossly exaggerated.
In eight days of sometimes furi-1
ous fighting the United Nations
failed to take over Katanga and
return it to the Leopoldville re-
gime. Adoula hinted the central
government may try it alone.
He said the Congo army has9
been put on a state of alert "and1
from today every citizen must be
ready to answer a government call1
to serve in Katanga. No sacrifice
will be considered too great."
To Seize Planes
Congolese sources reported the
Adoula government was ready to
requisition planes belonging to the
Belgian-owned Air Congo to fly
troops to Katanga if necessary.
Powerful Lumumbist elements inl
Adoula's government are pressur-+
ing him to use every means to1
crush Katanga's resistance.
UAW Executive Board Denies
Requested Strike Permission
m .. : .
VETOES STRIKE CALL - UAW President Walter P. Reuther
(left) said last night that the UAW International Executive Board
refused a GM Council's request to strike on local issues. An earlier
settlement was negotiated by Reuther and GM Vice-President
Lewis G. Seaton (right).
Predict Nuisance Taxes
To Meet Greater Deficit
By HARRY PERLSTADT
Nuisance taxes may be on the way back as a result of a revenue
lag in the state sales tax which could upset the now balanced budget.
The House Taxation Committee meeting yesterday in Lansing
heard in testimony that sales tax revenues for the months of July and
August were running about $4 million behind the same period last
year and that the accumulated deficit had risen from $64 to $71
million. Rep. Gilbert E. Bursley (R-Ann Arbor). a member of the 11-
man committee, said that in view
of the revenue lag the forthcoming
Senate E nds legislative session may have to
seriously consider the possibility
*@ * of obtaining new funds. But he
Investu atton did not see an immediate threat
to the state's cash reserve.
en er Increase Necessary
"More revenue is going to be
DETROIT (P) - The United
Auto Workers International Exe-
cutive Board said last night it
would not authorize a general
strike against General Motors
Corp. in support of unresolved
Less than two hours earlier the
General Motors Council-a union
advisory panel-had voted to ask
the UAW International Executive
Board for authority to strike.
Walter P. Reuther, UAW presi-
dent, said the council's action was
an "action by members demon-
strating some bitterness toward
some local practices. This was
culmination of resentment overl
local problems and the locals' way:
* - Had Power
Reuther told newsmen the exe-
cutive board had the authority to
call the strike in support of the
unresolved local issues. However,
he said, that more than 106 of
GM's 129 plants had settled and
that these settlements represented
more than 80 per cent of GM's'
350,000 hourly paid employes.
He said such a srike "cannot
in good conscience be justified,
therefore, it will not be authoriz-
"The international executive
board has responsibility to the
total membership of the United!
Auto Workers union and to the
nation and it intends to meet
'Stay on Job'
"All General Motors workers
employed in plants where local
issues are resolved are instructed
to stay on the job ...
"The International Executive
Board and the General Motors
Department have developed a new
approach to expedite the settle-
ments of unresolved local issues
which we are confident will meet
with aproval of GM Council dele-
Reuther said the council will
meet atr10 a.m. to discuss the
matter. He declined to go into
the new approach.
The General Motors' Council
surprise action last last night
came after a day in which GM
and the UAW apparently reached
agreement on national contract
demands and made substantial
progress on various local demands.
Agree on Economic Pact
Two weeks ago they agreed on
wages and extra benefits, but
UAW President Walter P. Reu-
ther balked at making a complete
settlement and pushed union de-
mands for concessions in both
national and local agreements on
' Petitioning for the two Student
'Government Council vacancies left
by Mary Wheeler and Philip Power
'will open tomorrow morning, SGC
President Richard Nohl announced
Petition forms, now being
tprinted, will be obtainable in the
SGC offices in the Student Activi-
WORLD IN DANGER:
Boulding Cites Similarity
Between 1914, Present
By MICHAEL HARRAH
"The Berlin crisis is just an excuse for something much more
serious, and the tension is beginning to feel like 1914 all over again,"
Prof. Kenneth Boulding of the economics department, co-director of
the Center for Conflict Resolution, told the Washtenaw County Dem-
ocratic Committee in Saline last night.
"The whole world, and the United States in puarticular, is in
terrible danger. Things are just like a large box of white balls with
one black ball somewhere in the
pile. Every morning the hand of
fate draws out a ball. As long as
it's a white ball, we live another
day, but some morning the black b i rntss
ball will turn up and that's It. 1~g ~ V R -
That's the kind of world we may
leave for our children."
He said that this was the first
time ever that this planet has
been in danger of absolutely ir-
He pointed to the Democratic
Party as "the only party with the
guts to face up to this crisis. The
Republicans are too lazy."
Prof. Boulding called for a
"radical, revolutionary revision of
our foreign policy. It will mean
the end of national defense, which
up to now has gotten us by, but
no longer will work."
He stressed negotiation as the'
prime objective, saying that the
Kennedy administration was "way
ahead of the people in the matter
of keeping peace for our nation.
"We need to make a contract
with the Russians. I would far
rather have some of Reuther's
boys working on this Berlin mat-
ter than all the diplomats in
He pointed to the "great dif-
ferences" between the United
States and Russia, saying that the
United States established itself as
a result of successful aggression,
whereas the Russians have con-
stantly been on the defensive,
pushing everyone out of their
country from the Tartars to the
"The Russians are just plain
war-weary," he concluded. "They
know what it is to be fighting all
"And this is why we must re-
assure them about the Germans.
We must convince them that they
can be controlled. The Russians
have a mortal terror of them."
He called the re-arming of the
West Germans "a tragic mistake,"
saying that Nazism is far from
dead in that country. "They are
still bitter about their defeat, and
they long for the day they'll re-
take the Eastern sector."
He called the resumption of nu-
clear testing "an awful tragedy."
Washtenaw County Democrats
last night surveyed the wreckage
of their constitutional convention
Five explanations were advanced
for the Sept. 12 Democratic de-
1) Voter apathy.
2) Local issues of concern to
3) Outstate Democrats voting
with the Republicans to avoid re-
apportionment of the state senate.
4) Republican fear of a Demo-
5) Lack of work on the part of
local Democratic organizations.
The county committee learned
that their percentage of the total
vote dipped 13 per cent in Ann
Arbor alone, as 45 per cent fewer
people voted. This meant that
58 per cent fewer Democrats voted
than did in the April general
Defeated candidate for the
county-wide con-con seat Allan
Grossman asserted however that
"the Republicans did not win this
election; the Democrats lost it.
We defeated ourselves."
He cited the July primary elec-
tion in Northfield Township, say-
ing that he polled 235 votes to
253 for his Republican opponent,
former Regent Roscoe I. Bonisteel.
In the September election, he
dropped 173 votes to a total of 63,
while Bonisteel lost only 98 votes
for a total of 155.
He said this was "typical of the
voting throughout the county. The
Democrats simply didn't vote."
Defeated first district candidate
Robert Carr urged the group to.
"watch the con-con very closely.
The Republicans have taken their
99-seat total as a mandate, and
we must make our voice heard
to get the things we want out of
Carr attributed his defeat
largely to voter apathy.
Eastern Michigan University
has submitted a budget to. the
State Department of Public Edu-
cation of more than $3 million.
The total also includes $894,444
for remodeling and additions and
$57,020 for special maintenance
jobs. But the need for funds for
the construction of a new physi-
cal education building and a new
fine and industrial arts building
is most acute, EMU President Eu-
gene B. Elliott said.
The state board intends to ask
the Legislature, when it recon-
venes, for funds to complete
building plans for a new physi-
cal education structure replacing
the structure recently closed by
the State Board of Education.
Until then, the now closed facili-
ties may be temporarily reopened
for limited use. Spectators would
be barred from the building; the
second and third floors wouldre-
main unused; the basement ceil-
ing would be covered with fire re-
sistant material; and additional
emergency.exits would be installed
in the main gymnasium, swim
ming pool and locker rooms.
Elliott said that local funds Will
be used to make these Instala-
tions in order to reopen the build-
ings as soon as possible for class-
es. It was predicted that the
EMU's physical education pro-
gram would be "phased' out" in
two years if they do not have a
new building by then.
Noting the need for the new
arts building. Elliott said that the
proposed $1.5 million facility is
needed for the university's pres-
ent enrollment and does not even
include expansion problems. A
supplementary capital outlay had
been sought by EMU last spring,
but had not been received. It had
been hoped that the arts building
would be available for use this
Thus far, $60,000 has been ap-
propriated for construction of the
fine arts building, with another
$950,000 in the current 'request.
The physical education building
has already received $16,000 and is
requesting an additional $664,000.
The budget capital outlay re-
quest also includes funds to be-
gin work on a major library addi-
tion expected to ultimately cost
$1.9 million and an appropriation
toward construction of a class-.
room unit for the Strong Physi-
cal Science Building.
Other construction finances re-
quested are $2.4 million for a new
teacher education building and
$125,000 for a bridge to cross the
New York Central Railroad tracks
which divide the campus.
Funds requested for remodeling
will be used on the present Fine
Arts Building, the Rackhan
School of Special Education, Pease
Auditorium and Roosevelt School.
The money requested for work
on the present Fine Arts Building
is to be used to convert it into
a combination classroom and ad-
NEW YORK (A) - Hurricane
Esther, ugly and skittish, sent
heavy fringe winds into the popu-
lous northeast last night and
threatened to lash the Boston area
Group Studying OSA
By The Associated Press 1
LANSING - A special Senate,
Investigating Committee wound
up three days of hearings here
yesterday on whether there is a
pro-labor bias at Michigan State
University's Labor and Industrial
The last of 21 witnesses,1
Charles A. Rodgers, stated that he.
had been relieved of his duties
as associate director in charge of
management at the center last
June after accusing the center of
The Center is somewhat like
the University's Bureau of Indus-
MSU President John A. Hannah
testified that the university as a
whole served management more
than labor and it was difficult for
the center to offer a balanced
program without duplicating ef-
The committee had proceeded
with their investigation in spite of
protest on the grounds of aca-
demic freedom and constitutional
rights that the Senate should not
interfere with the university.
necessary and the obvious solu-
tion is to bring back the $55 mil-
lionein nuisance taxes. All indica-
tions show that the entire revenue
from renewed nuisance taxes could
be readily utilized for current
needs in higher education, mental
health and deficit retirement,"
The sales tax revenue lag was
Set Number at Two;
One Man, Woman
By JUDITH OPPENHEIM
Student Government Council
early this morning unanimously
adopted a motion stating that. it
desires to appoint four members
to voting posts on the Study Com-
mittee on the Structure of the
Office of Student Affairs.
The motion, originally propos-
ed by Brian Glick, '62, and Daily
Editor John Roberts, '62, was
amended by Arthur 1 osenbaum,
'62. The amended version appear-
ed as the final motion.
SGC's action was in response to
a letter from Vice-President for
Student Affairs James A. Lewis,
who wrote that the' study com-
mittee had decided at its latest
meeting to invite twotstudents, a
man and a woman, to Join the
committee, "with the understand-
ing that SGC would decide as to
any other arrangements it may
wish to make in its role 'as adviser
to the' vice-pside t for student
II Flexible Terms
SGC President Richard Nohl,
'62BAd, told the Council that Lew-
is had indicated that the ar-
rangements (such as the number
of students) were not inflexible,
and that changes' might be made
to follow SGC's wishes.
Rosenbaum's amendment pro-
vides that two of the members
shall be from the Council at large
and the other two shall be SGC
members selected from Its Com-
mittee on the University, one of
three permanent committees set
up in the Council's plan for reor-
ganization of its administrative
Both sexes are to be represented
in the delegation to the -study
committee. The motion further
recommends that one member of
the student group which compiled
the original study of the dean of
women's office and OSA be ap-
pointed to the Study Committee as
a non-voting member.
The motion states that SGC
"does not by this action imply
endorsement of the present ar-
rangement in which the study
committee functions outside the
normal channels of the Univer-
"SGC, in fact, questions the
advisability of this arrangement.
By appointing members to serve
on the committee the Council does
not commit itself to support the
committee's final recommenda-
Lewis is also requested to make
available to the Council members
the full report of the Student
Relations Committee on the Office
of Student Affairs which prompted
formation of the study committee.
The Council also asked:
That its Committee on the Uni-
versity compile information re-
lating to OSA and to transmit it
And that the minutes of the
Study Committee be transferred
in confidence to the SGC Com-
mittee on the University.
The motion as originally pro-
posed by Glick and Roberts had
called for two members of the
Committee on the University and
two others (neither group neces-
sarily SGC members) to be select-
ed by the SGC Interviewing and
Soviet Union Tests
Stevenson Proposes UN Site
For Hammarskj old Burial
UNITED NATIONS ) - United States Ambassador Adlai E.
Stevenson proposed yesterday that Dag Hammarskjold be buried on
the site of the United Nations in New York, "here by the river at the
headquarters of the o.ganization to which he gave his life."
Hammarskjold's relatives have decided on burial in the family
plot at Uppsala, Sweden, after a state funeral.
Stevenson's dramatic idea capped an afternoon of moving eulo-
gies as delegates one by one strode up to the green-carpeted dais of
' the UN General Assembly to praise
the secretary-general who was
Sallade Ends killed Monday in a plane crash in
Law Studies Only Russia appeared to qual-
reported to'the committee in testi-
mony given by Clarence W. Lock,
state revenue commissioner and
Ira Polley, state comptroller. They
told the committee that the deficit
increase of $7 million could be
directly accounted for by the drop
in revenue from sales, use and
The committee asked the state
comptroller, Polley, for a complete
analyses of the $71 million deficit.
The breakdown will not be ready
until late next month but is ex-
pected to show most of the deficit
is due to unfinished construction,
credits due to local government
within the state, and unpaid serv-
ice and purchase obligations.
Drop Means Rise
Bursley explained that a drop
in the sales tax meant that ex-
penditures could rise, further up-
setting the budget. Money for the
primary school fund normally
comes from the sales tax and helps
fulfill the state's dollar per stu-
dent formula, he said. In addi-
tion, the Legislature appropriated
an additional $44 million for the
school fund, but if the sales tax
revenue continues to fall, the sup-
plementary appropriation may be
drained and lead to additional
tapping of the general fund.
"This will not affect the appro-
priations for the state colleges and
Universities," Bursley said.
Bursley also indicated that as
soon as the automotive industry
begins producing, the economy
could take a long awaited upswing
which, in the next nine months,
could make up the lag in revenues.
Beat the Rush, Join the Daily
Soberly pondering the pressing
issues of the day, The Michigan
Daily puts out six issues a week
and still has time to beat the
Union in football games.
You too can see your stuff in
print or help make money for
this auspicious publication, re-
puted to be the best rag east of
Organizational meetings for
members of all classes (social,
economic and academic) will be
held at 7:15 p.m. today in the
Student Publications Bldg., 420
It's better than a trip to the
MNITTO. 'nkpr i1r . nnyr, five ,.anifc
. . ... .. . .