TUESDAY, MAY 81, 1962
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
TUESDAYakaAYL8-s962--<?.f -.JEA- DAI 1
KILL SETTLEMENT HOPE:
Refuse Route Control
France Explodes Fifth
Nuclear Weapons Test;
MOSCOW (R) - East Germany
Communist leader Walter Ulbricht
yesterday dashed cold water on
hopes for- an early Berlin settle-
tie said in a Pravda interview
that East Germany never will ac-
cept international control of the
access routes to Communist-sur-
rounded West Berlin.
Establishment of such control is
a key feature-in reports of current
United States-Soviet contacts on
the future of the divided city 110
miles inside East Germany.
"It is out of the question," Ul1-
bricht asserted, "that access to the
NATO military base in West Berlin
could be insured."
The interview invited specula-
tion here that the Soviet govern-
ment wanted all its old positions
restated publicly once again.
In a summary of the interview,
WASHINGTON (R) - Senate
leaders filed a petition yesterday
to cut off the two-week-old talk-
fest on the literacy test bill-and
they said the showdown on Wed-
nesday could result in a tougher
rule against filibusters in 1963.
Senate Democratic Leader Mike
Mansfield of Montana said that a
series of votes Wednesday may
show that a majority favor the
bill even though it is not possible
to obtain the two-thirds majority
needed to stop debate and bring
the measure up for a vote.
In such a situation the duty of
the leadership would be clear,
Mansfield said. "It must, perforce,
propose to the Senate, once again,
early in the'next session, that the
rule for closing debate be altered
to reduce the present requirement
'of a two-thirds majority for' in-
voking closure," he said.
The literacy test bill would pro-
vide that a state cannot prevent a
person from voting in a federal
election by means of a literacy
test if he has received a sixth
grade education. Sponsors contend
that some Southern states have
used literacy tests to keep Negroes
A score of Southern senators, led
by Sen. Richard Russell (D-Ga)
contend the measure would invade
a state's constitutional right to set
up requirements for voting.
the official news agency Tass call-
ed Ulbricht's views "realistic."
The tenor of the interview clear-
ly tended to offset claims by some
Western spokesmen that the So-
viet Union is eager for a Berlin
settlement and is prepared to make
concessions to get one.
Room for Discussion
Ulbricht indicated there was
room for discussion on the status
of Berlin and access routes to the
city. But the limits he set raised
the question of just what the West
would gain from negotiations.
Meanwhile in Berlin, Chancel-
lor Konrad Adenauer said East-
West exchanges over Berlin could
go on fruitlessly for two or three
years and the West must be very
careful to remain united.
The West German leader flew to
Berlin in a United States Air Force
plane with a warning against any
steps in current American-Soviet
contacts that could lead to diplo-
matic recognition of Communist
"Nobody in the world believes in
the sovereignty of the East zone,"
Adenauer told a news conference.
Later he had a two-hour private
talk with Gen. Lucius D. Clay,
who leaves today after nearly
eight months as President John
F. Kennedy's personal ambassador
Little seeped out on what was
said between them. But there was
no doubt that both were closely
concerned about two leading ques-
-Keeping the, troops of the
United States, Britain and France
WASHINGTON ()-The United
States conducted an underground
nuclear test yesterday at its Ne-
vada test site.
The Atomic Energy Commission
said the shot was of low yield, but
gave no details.
The description of it at low yield
means it probably had a force
about the equivalent of an explo-
sion of 20,000 tons of TNT. This
was the thirty-first shot in the se-
ries of underground tests. The last
previous one was April 27. /
in West Berlin, despite
pressure to get them out.
--The extent to which the Unit-
ed States and its allies, including
Adenauer's Federal Republic, will
have dealings with the East Ger-
Agree on Troops
From theirapublic statements,
the two men are known to agree
that the troops must stay and the
East German regime must get as
little attention as possible.
In his news conference, Ade-
nauer insisted that the West has
never contemplated full recogni-
tion of East Germany as a nation.
The Communists want such rec-
Adenauer praised the unity
achieved by the North Atlantic na-
tions in the Athens conference that
ended Sunday. The fate of Berlin
and the future of East Germany
depend on unity, he said, and he
warned against Communist ef-
forts to break it.
Points to Stock
WASHINGTON M'-The lack of
government control over individual
securities salesmen and their tac-
tics was pointed up yesterday as
the first broad inquiry into the
securities business since 1934 got
"We have practically no power
over salesmen" of mutual funds,
said Allan F. Conwell, director of
corporate regulation for the Se-
curities and Exchange Commis-
Philip A. Loomis Jr., director of
the SEC's division of trading and
exchanges, said the agency is pow-
erless to deal with some brokerage
abuses because it can bar only
salesmen found violating securities
The SEC investigation ordered
by Congress last year, which is ex-
pected to run two weeks, focused
first on mutual funds although
sales tactics of brokerage firms
were touched on by Loomis. These
will be taken up later.
- Where an individual salesman
makes false claims in selling mu-
tual funds, Conwell said, all the
SEC can do is act against his par-
ent firm. But this, he said, is an
impractical way of getting at an
Beer, Wine, Champagne
: !;,:! i
Prior Blasts Concede Nam TI
PARIS OP) -- France confirmed
yesterday that she has conducted
her fifth nuclear test in efforts to
build an. independent atomic strik-
The underground explosion of a
nuclear device took place May 1
in the Algerian Sahara, presum-
ably at France's proving ground at
Confirmation came after author-
itative sources in Washington re-
ported France had detonated a nu-
clear device last week. The United
States presumably picked up the
test on its detection equipment.
' There was no obvious reason for
the government's reluctance to re-
veal, the latest test. President de
Gaulle and other officials have
said repeatedly that France is de-
termined to continue the test pro-
gram until a portable bomb or mis-
sile warhead is realized.
The previous four French nu-
clear tests-the first one was Feb.
13. 1960-were followed within a
few hours by official announce-
ments and disclosure of consider-
This time, confirmation of the
test came a week after it was ac-
complished and no details were
disclosed, except that the shot was
underground. The four other tests
were conducted on or slightly
above the surface on towers.
The moderate newspa er "Le
Monde" said it understood the May
Day device was of "weak average
The fact the United States re-
fuses to give France nuclear weap-
ons or know-how has seemingly
firmed the determination of
France to go it alone.
France is boycotting the cur-
rent- disarmament conference in
To Laos Rebel Forces
VIENTIANE ()-The royal Laotian government yesterday con-
ceded loss of strategic Nam Tha to a pro-Communist rebel offensive
-with an I told-you-so aside to the United States.
It charged the Red aim is to set Laos ablaze with civil war.
"Everybody should now realize that good faith of the Communists
is illusory," said Information Min-
ister Bouavan Norasing.
Diplomats wondered whether
there would be a reappraisal of ef-
forts by the United States to force
Premier Prince Boun Oum's pro- PET
Western regime to step down in
favor of a unity coalition of Com-
munists, conservatives and neu-FRIDAY
The pressure has included sus-
pension of $3 million in monthly
economic aid and acting Foreign
Minister Sisouk Na Champassak
asserted the government received CO M M I
indications the United States de-
cided last Monday to curtail mill-
tary aid as well. I - -
"If the United States cuts mili-
tary aid, Laos would be thrown in
the other camp and we would be
going toward suicide," Sisouk said.
. Meanwhile in Washington, the
United States sought an Interna-
tional Control Commission inves-
tigation of what it termed a viola-
tion of the cease-fire by Commu-
nist rebels in Laos.
At the same time, United States
officials said they have no evi-
dence to support Laotian govern-
ment charges that Chinese Com- Call Steve Sto
munists took part in the assault
on Nam Tha, the royal government
stronghold 20 miles from the Chi-
The American policy continued
to be to push for a political settle-
ment in the tiny Southeast Asian _
kingdom based on a compromise
with neutralist and Communist
factions which Washington hopes
will create a neutral, independent
government removed from the cold
112 S. University
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INTERVIEWS BEGIN MAY 14
World News Roundup
By The Associated Press
MADRID-Police used clubs yesterday to disperse crowds of
students demonstrating in support of 80,000 workers in Northern Spain
who are striking for higher wages.
WASHINGTON-Secretary of Agriculture Orville L. Freeman
said yesterday his department may have "dragged a bit" in its han-
dling of the Billie Sol Estes case, but he denied any favoritism had
" been shown the Texas financier.
"The government hasn't lost a
U Thant A sks dime-not a single dime to Estes,"
Freeman said, adding, "this cannot
UN Revisions e said for some of the big finance
companies which apparently have
lost millions to Estes."
STOCKHOLM (P) -U .Thant,
United Nations acting secretary-
general, urged yesterday a revision DETROIT-Although the Inter-
of the UN Charter to increase the national Typographical Union has,
strength of the organization, settled with the Detroit Newspaper
Tnhhe UngedaNation. onlyasPublishers' Association, the two
"The United Nations is only as Detroit dailies were unable to pub-'
strong or as weak as its member fish yesterday as the Paper and
states want it to be," Thant told a Plate Handlers Union remained on
news conference. strike.
The Burmese diplomat suggested . * *
that all member nations pledge to WASHINGTON - The White
abide by UN resolutions as a first House announced yesterday the se-
step to strengthen the world body. lection of William P. Mahoney, Jr.,
He said the United Nations today a Phoenix attorney, to be ambas-
is politically weak. sador to Ghana.
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