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May 05, 1962 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-05-05

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See Page 4


Seventy-One Years of Editorial Freedom


Thunderstorms in afternoon,
cooler tomorrow



Franco Withdraws
Rights in Provinces
Spain Acts Againist Labor Strikes;
Three Areas in Critical Condition
MADRID (P)-The official Spanish radio said last night the
government has decreed a state of emergency in three of Spain's
northernmost provinces, obviously to curb a wave of labor strikes.
The radio said the state of emergency will be announced in
today's Official Gazette. It gave no further details.
The declaration of emergency in the provinces of Asturias,
Vizcaya and Guipuzcoa will empower the government to order
workers in the coal fields of Asturias, naval shipyards in Bilbao and
a railway factory near San Sebastian back to work.
Official circles said the decree suspended various provisions
of the Spanish Bill of' Rights. The decree followed a meeting of the
- government's Council on Economy

Venezuela Loyalists Mass
To Crush Military Revolt


... still alive

Of Nasser's
CAIRO VP) - President Gamul
Nasser is sound and well, an in-
formed source says, and spent his
day off yesterday playing tennis.
Published reports that the Unit-
ed Arab Republic's chief executive
was wounded by a gunshot last
weekend in an assassination at-
tempt were denounced as lies.
The informant said Nasser's
tennis game was interrupted
briefly as the reports were given
to him but that he smiled and
resumed the game.
"False assassination reports did
not disturb the president's usual
daily life," the informant added.
"Such reports-like all other re-
ports on the United Arab Republic
by Radio Israel or pro-Israel news-
papers-are baseless and devoid of
truth," the informant said. The
semi-official Middle East News
Agency also issued a denial.
The London Daily Telegraph
printed an account Thursday of
the rumored shooting, attributing
the bulk of its information to
Israel's government-controlled ra-
dio station, Kol Israel.
It said the Israeli radio on Mon-
day "quoted strong reports of an
assassination attempt, following
this with strong reports that Pres-
ident Nasser had succumbed."
In Jerusalem, Kol Israel denied
it originated the rumors.
U' Sponsors
The Big Ten Student Body
Presidents' Conference will assem-
ble today in the SAB.
The Presidents' Conference will
meet in Rm. 3540 to discuss "in
loco parentis"; the relation be-
tween s t u d e n t government and
political and social action; athle-
tic grants-in-aid; and the rela-
tion between the National Stu-
dent Association and the B i g
Ten schools.
There will also be three satel-
lite conferences. The first, in Rm.
1548, will discuss campus judici-
ary systems; the second, on cam-
pus elections, will meet in r m.
3545; and the third, in Rm. 3003,!
will be concerned with speaker
The Presidents' Conference and
the satellite conferences will be-
gin at 9 a.m. They are all open
to the public.

Spurr Views
A report of the University's plan
for year-round operation was giv-
en yesterday by Prof. Stephen H.
Spurr of the natural resources
school to the final session of the
Community College Conference.
The two requisites for this
scheduleutoebe put into, effect are
an adequate number of qualified
students willing to attend a third
session in the summer and suffi-
cient funds to permit the Univer-
sity to operate throughout the
year, he explained.
Prof. Spurr noted that the pres-
ent plans call for an eight-week
summer session to be initiated in
1963, and expanded to a 15-week
semester the following year.
But he advised that "we must
be careful not to commit ourselves
to programs which would overtax
our staff and facilities. And we
must not prematurely initiate a
large summer operation before' the
social pressures brought on by
population pressures make the
requisite number of students avail-

over which Generalissimo Fran-
cisco Franco presumably presided.
The strike of an estimated 20,-
000 miners in Asturias began
nearly a month ago over demands
for wage increases.
Earlier in the day an informa-
tion ministry communique blamed
what it called outside agitators
for continuance of Asturias'
strike and said the Spanish cab-
inet had on April 13 passed de-
crees to improve the situation of
the miners in that province.
But normal negotiations for a
settlement were brusquely inter-
rupted by the agitators there,"
the ministry said.
Strikes have become common
in recent months because of dis-
parities between wages paid work-
ers in large companies where
plant-wide contracts have been
negotiated, and others where syn-
dicate minimum wage rules are
still in force.
Meanwhile, reports from Bilbao
said 5,000 naval shipyard workers
who struck last week had returned
to work.
Still striking were 3,000 employes
of a railroad supply factory at
Beasain, near San Sebastian.

... highest award
Gives Annual
Russel Talk
Prof. Herbert C. Youtie of the
Papyrology Department presented
the annual Henry Russel Lecture
Thursday, the highest honor be-
stowed on a senior member of the
faculty in recognition of academic
and scholarly competence.
The lectureship carries with it
an honorarium of$1,250,
Papyrologists are "creating a
language out of refractory ma-
terial, to be putting order into a
world without form," Youtie de-
clared. He defined his field as the
study of literary and documen-
tary records written on papyrus
primarily during the Greek and
Roman periods.
Describing transcription as "the
tough part of the papyrologist's
undertaking," Y o u t i e explained
that its requires insight and imagi-
nation, knowledge of the ancient
world and its forms of handwrit-
ing and the ability to know an
ancient author's style well enough
to be able to supply missing let-
ters, words and even whole sen-
"Continuing experience with a
diversity of hands and expand-
ing knowledge of the language
complement each other. Both are
indispensible to a n y o n e who
wants to develop skill in trans-
scription," he said.
"The papyrologist should al-
ways be aware that facts are un-
changing. He faces a world of
constant reconstruction.

Ask Probe
LANSING (P)--An angry Gov.
John B. Swainsonsannounced last
night that he has ordered a full
scale attorney general's investiga-
tion of lobbying activities this
year against the Legislature's at-
tempts to revise the state tax
Swainson, in a speech over seven
television stations and more than
a dozen radio stations, directed
Attorney General Frank Kelley to
determine whether lobbyists broke
any state laws.
The governor also asked for in-
formation on all lobbying activities
that have taken place in connec-
tion with the legislative battle over
taxes in which, in his view, were
Ill and Fatigued
"The people of Michigan are
sick and tired of obstruction, of
rule by invisible government," he;
said "We want fiscal reform."
"If we are to have a private
government of non-electedroffi-
cials, responsible only to a group
of secret overlords, let us at least
see their faces."
Swainson's ire was aroused after
the failure of a drive by a bi-
partisan coalition in the Senate
for a tax program keyed to per-
sonal and corporate income tax.
Tax Struggles
'Never, in my years at Lansing,
have I seen lobbying as intense,
as frantic, as desperate as the
lobbying everyone witnessed dur-
ing that period following Senate
approval of the coalition fiscal
reform measure," the governor
But he said he was not "making
any pre-determination of the facts.
Nor am I casting any suspicions
on the honesty, integrity or dedi-
cation of a single member of the
Senate of either party, those who
remained firm or those who, at
the moment of truth, switched
their vote."

I-lu bloomSea s
M13 10Ii

TROUBLE--Venezuela President Romulo Betancourt finds him-
self with another revolt on his hands this morning, this time
an uprising in Carupano (see map).
SNATO Alliance Agrees
To Continue Berlin Talks
ATHENS W) - The Atlantic Allies agreed yesterday to continue
negotiations with Russia on Berlin but served notice they would not
be lulled into a dangerous sleep by Soviet soft talk on the Commun-
ist-encircled city.
Having approved a unified posture toward Russia, however thel
foreign and defense ministers of the North Atlantic Treaty Organiza-

Henderson Lauds Proposal
To Aid Technical Institutes
A bill recently introduced into the House of Representatives
asking that the federal government give the states funds to assist
technical institute education was described as a step forward by
Prof. Algo Henderson, Director of the Center for the Study of
Higher Education.
"This is an important area of work today," he said, and then
went on to explain that with the increased amount of knowledge
needed in most occupational fields,f

tion witnessed these sharp dif-
ferences among themselves:
--The Netherlands criticized
United States efforts to settle the
Dutch - Indonesia dispute over
Dutch-ruled West New Guinea,
calling Washington's policy vacil-
lating, informants said.
Italians Withdraw
-The Italian delegation with-
drew support of a broadening
NATO nuclear policy after Italy's'
failure to elect a president in re-
newed parliamentary balloting
yesterday. Italy had helped frame
the so-called nuclear guidelines
policy on tactical use of weapons
now primarily in United States
-The French made no secret
of their dislike of nuclear policy
proposals coming up today at the
NATO meeting.
-Portugal's Foreign Minister
A. Franco Nogueira made known
his government's dissatisfaction
with United States policy toward
Portuguese Angola in a private
meeting with Secretary of State
Dean Rusk.
Endorsement During Review
The 15-nation alliance's en-
dorsement for continued diplo-
matic probing of Soviet intentions
ov'er Berlin came during a full-
scale cold war review.
None of the ministers voiced op-
position to continuing the talks
with Russia.

Rusk Reports
On U.S. Troops
In Viet Nam
ATHENS (IP)-Secretary of State
Dean Rusktold the Atlantic Al-
liance yesterday that American
soldiers sometimes find themselves
in "combat situations" in South
Viet Nam.
Reporting to the 15-nation al-
liance on the situation in the
Far East, Rusk said that because
of the nature of the conflict with
the Communists in Viet Nam,
America must expect more casual-
An official source said Rusk told
the North Atlantic Treaty Organ-
ization foreign and defense min-
isters that the United States is
extending technical and material
aid to Viet Nam as well as train-
ing Vietnamese troops and spe-
* tus said the American casual-
ties were attributable to the guer-
rilla character of the Communist
threat there and to the "for-
ward nature" of United States as-

Army Rebels
At Carupano
Forces Close In;
Betancourt Demands
Surrender by Dawn
CARACAS (P) - Government
warplanes bombed and strafed re-
bellious marines and military po-
licemen at Carupano and massed
on the edge of the coastal city
early this morning for a dawn at-
Carupano's 400-man marine
garrison and 50 military policemen
launched a rebellion early yester-
day and reportedly passed out
arms to Communist and left sup-
porters to battle loyalist forces
moving in from three directions.
Two government destroyers
steamed into Carupano's harbor
to block sea escape.
President Romulo Betancourt
accused the rebels of trying to set
up a Cuba-Castro regime in Vene-
zuela and gave them until dawn
to surrender or be crushed.
'Many' Casualties
The first skirmish was reported
last night on a road leading into
Carupano. There was' no official
estimate of casualties, but a radio
broadcast from the nearby city of
Cumana said there were many.
Government air force planes
earlier bombed the Carupano Air-
port in an effort to make it use-
less to the rebels and strafed the
marine garrison. The marines re-
portedly holed up in a high school
in the center of the city.
Troops loyal to Betancourt halt-
ed their march at the edge of
Carupano because of darkness and
to give the insurgents time to ac-
cep this ultimatum to surrender
by dawn or be destroyed.
Death Penalty
The rebel radio announced a
curfew in the besieged city and
said violators faced the death pen-
Officials at Mirafiores presiden-
tial palace in Caracas said earlier
reports that lovalist forces had
crushed the revolt were premature.
But, they said, army and marine
forces were moving in on Caru
Pano - about 300 miles east of
Caracas - from the north, south
and west. Naval units were report-
ed moving in from the sea and an
air force plane had bombed tn
airstrip,, cutting off aid to the
rebels by air.
'Leftist' Movement
Palace officials said the revolt
was part of a movement by the
Communist party and other left-
ists to overthrow the government
of Betancourt, a backer of the
United States Alliance for Prog-
ress program, who has taken a
strong stand against the Cbhn
regime of Prime Minister Fidel
A presidential palace source
said the air force abandoned plans
to bomb the rebels in the barracks
areas because they had taken un
positions in a midcity high school.
The pro-Castro MIR and Com
munists have been taksing part in
guerrilla and terrorist activity in
the mountains and hamlets of
Venezuela for the past few months.
Loyalist Forces
The presidential source 'said
loyalist forces were approaching
Carupano by three roads from
Cumana, Ciudad Bolivar and Ma-
turin. Marines flown in air force
planes from Caracas' Maiquetia
Airport were advancing from Cu-
mana while army forces moved
from the other two points, the
source said.
The palace version contradicted
radio reports from Cumana that
loyalist forces and rebels were
fighting in Carupano with many

~Of Science &

the technical institution serves a
purpose that the high schools are
no longer able to fulfill.
The bill, introduced by Rep.
James G. O'Hara (D-Mich) pro-
vides for $2 billion in federal funds
to be distributed over a five year
It stemmed from a report by a
special advisory group which
found "an alarming shortage of
semi - professional technicians in
engineering and space technology."
In order to qualify for this as-
sistance, a state must provide for
the construction of equipment,
acquisition of facilities, or the
strengthening of faculty in areas
important to the national security
or economy.
Prof. Henderson suggested that
this program should be directed
toward the development of public
community colleges, because they
have been educating the students
who want college training, but
are unable to attend a senior uni-
The requirements set by the
federal government directing the
schools receiving this aid to de-
velop their program in a specific
direction would not take away any
autonomy from the technical in-

Mull Two Defense Cutbacks


By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - Reports cir-
culated yesterday that the admin-
istration is considering bringing
home more than 40,000 non-
combat troops from Europe and
trimming the production of nu-
clear weapons.
There was no confirmation nor
Sen. John Stennis (D-Miss) told
the Senate of the proposal, which
EMU State Board
May Review Fees
The State Board of Education
may discuss 1962-63 student tui-
tions at Eastern Michigan Univer-
sity in Ypsilanti at its meeting
next Friday. The board, which
also controls Western and Central
Michigan Universities and North-
ern Michigan College, is expected
to maintain the hold-the-line po-
sition of the last several years.

would hire civilians in the troops' An eas
place. He said the move would could inc
help stem the flow of dollars for the bi
overseas and would improve the bombs a
combat ratio of America's armed very sma
forces.veys l
Fall Buildup warheads
Last fall during the Berlin fighter-bo
buildup, the Army made a special tillery.
effort to bring the Seventh Army
up to its full strength of nearly
180,000 men and to have military
support units take over tasks that
civilians were performing. This
was reported to have involved
about 40,000 non-combat troops to
Pentagon sources said the Army Econ
can be expected to oppose the East an
move, feeling that these military unanimi
men are needed especially in view belief t
of requirements raised by new lems of
weapons and super mechanization -. solved'
of the European forces. It's pos- countri
sible, the sources said, that there provem
may be some sort of compromise and so
on a smaller figure.
And in recent months, Penta- A re(
gon officials have made it plain Nation
that the numbers of nuclear weap- commi
ons already produced and in sto- reo.16
age, or in position for immediate resolut
use, is enormous. politica
Thousands of Warheads "heavy
Deputy Secretary of Defense i"burden"
Roswell Gilpatric said in a speech on mos
last October that the vehicles for that th
delivering nuclear warheads were :? military
counted in the tens of thousands used fo
and that, of course, more than in both
one warhead existed for each de- loped c
livery device. Ther
Set Measures20 mill
et CR~reS Edollars
An Omilitary
Against direct
::: dusries

sing off in production
lude megaton warheads
ig strategic missiles and
s well as smaller and
all tactical size fission
for battlefield use by
mbers, missiles and ar-

.. .~.*.*.*.*.*.

Economics of Di~

Phillies Score: 24

omists of the West, the
and neutral nations have
nously expressed t h e i r
hat the economic prob-
disarament can be re-
"to the benefit of all
es and lead to the im-
ent of world economic
cial conditions".
cently released United
s study, by a 10-man
tee commissioned by a
, 1960, General Assembly
on, pointed out "grave
1 danger" and the
economic and s o c i a l
' arms expenditures put
t countries and declared
he expenditure used for
y purposes could well be
r social welfare purposes
developed and undeve'
report, given to the UN
iic and Social Council,
ed that approximately
ion men and $120 billion
are spent annually for
-y purposes. Including in-
employment for military
es usch as in supplier in-
*the nimh rises to 50

stock of the various resources
that disarmament would re-
lease for peaceful uses," the
report warned.
The UN report cited four
civilian purposes for freed re-
Possible Goals
1) Raising the level of per-
sonal consumtpion of goods and
2) Expanding modernized
productivity capacity through
investment in new plant and
3) Promoting housing c o n-
struction, urban renewal, slum
clearance and rural develop-
4) Improving and expanding
facilities for education, health,
welfare, social security, cultural
development, scientific research
and similar projects.
Public Interest
Declaring that social invest-
ment was as important as pri-
vate consumption, the report
said that industrial and agricul-
tural growth is dependant on
educational, health and other
social development.
"There are so many compet-
in' claims for iiefiilv emnlv-

tions and the Soviet Union, the
report said that the disarma-
ment's reallocation of produc-
tive resources is in many re-
spects a special case of econo-
mic growth.
Economic Policies
For developed nations, fiscal
and monetary policies designed
to control demand were sug-
gested by the report. Underde-s
veloped nations should be con-
cerned with exports, and the
"centrally planned" economies
would n e e d efficient plan->
ning to convert to peacetime
Problems of adjustment were
noted in the report. Retraining
for defense work e rs of de-
veloped nations, expanded use
of released f o r e i g n exchange
for grow of underdeveloped na-
tions and speedy conversion of
war facilities to peaceful use.
in "centrally planned" econo-
mies were courses of action re-
commended by the report.
The Report forecast an in-
creasing growth of i n t e r n a-
tional trade as the result of the
disarmament. "The relaxation
of international tensions would

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