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April 27, 1962 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-04-27

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Seventy-Second Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
"Where Opinions Are Free STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

FRIDAY, APRIL 27, 1962

NIGHT EDITOR: HARRY PERLSTADT

Students Must Choose
Between Politics, Ideals

"If Theah's Anythin' Ah Like, It's A Good Joke"
FAc
M-- - A C

POLITICS IS the art of the possible. This is
always a difficult adage for students, largely
involved in one sort of political idealism or
another, to accept. The "student movement"
has lost sight of it. But if students expect to
exert influence of any kind 'in the society,
they must accept it and realize that if what
they want is the "impossible," they must find
means outside the established political order
to implement it.
This is why much student political action
has had no substantive effect. The San Fran-
cisco demonstrations of 1960, for all their
violence and wide spread publicity, have not
halted the work of HUAC. The demonstrations
taking place now against the committee in
Los Angeles probably won't do any more good.
The peace demonstrations in Washington last
February did not influence opinions in govern-
ment circles as the subsequent decision to
resume nuclear testing has shown.
THE FAULT of these actions is that they are
overtly political. Students have no role in
the political system of American society. They
do not even have the role, as in some South
American countires, of being the "pace-
setters" of political ideas among the masses.
In short, from a practical political point of
view, students are incapable of influencing the
major streams of political thought and action.
Direct action, like picketing the White House,
while expressive in nature, cannot come to
very much. In a society devoted to the politics
of moderation, radicalism cannot expect to
be heard in circles representing the status quo.
If students expect to influence the course
of society, they must direct their energies to-
ward goals where there are possibilities of some
concrete progress. A demonstration in itself
is nothing. Even though student leaders claim
that something like the Washington demon-
strations attracted 7,000, and was a great
show of strength, the demonstrations might
have been really effective only if they had
attracted 100,000 or more., The student move-
ment does not have that kind of support.
But, in matters like Southern integration and
freedom rides, students are able to extend their
influence.

SIDELINE ON SGC:
Council Fails To Act
On Three Major Issues

A4

.1

Here they have used two immediate and
effective weapons. First is economic pressure.
Bus boycotts arid not eating at segregated
lunch counters is very effective in the South
if the whole Negro population of an area can
be convinced to do it. A small diner or a
medium-sized city bus line depends very much
on the good will of the working class population
and cannot afford extended periods of heavy
losses.
INTEGRATIONISTS of the student variety
have also used the technique of non-violent
resistance. When violence is threatened, the
federal or state government is usually forced
to step in. Usually, sit-ins are carried on so
that police action against the demonstrators
would be ludicrous.
Certainly these actions do have political
implications, but only indirectly. Even voter
registration drives are still one step removed
from the political process itself. At the moment,
it is the only means the student can use to
assert himself in social affairs.
Of course it does not mean that students
ought to forget about politics completely. But
before they can participate meaningfully, much
groundwork has to be laid. The ideal of stu-
dents acting because nobody else is doing
anything to correct the evils of a corrupt
society is follish; some grounds must be es-
tablished for their participation.
BUT EVEN if there were such a ground
established, it would lead to: a paradox.
Politics must be accepted for what it is-
amoral. Students would either have to com-
promise their ideals in order to participate or
forget about participation. There is no reason
to assume that student participation in the
governmental processes would substantially
alter the character of the American govern-
ment.
Students are double-damned. If they par-
ticipate in politics, idealism of necessity goes
out the window. If they do not enter the
larger political sphere, they find that large
and vital areas of concern, such as the future
of the human race are outside their scope.
They must choose.
-DAVID MARCUS

By GAIL EVANS
Daily Staff Writer
WITH THREE MAJOR issues
before Student Government
Council Wednesday night the body
failed to follow through on any
one of them.
At the meeting the Council was
to have filled the vacant seat left
open by the disqualification of
Larry Monberg. SGC interviewed
four petitioners during the meeting
and decided to make the appoint-
ment in executive session after
other business on the agenda was
completed.
When the Council finally went
into executive session, in the early
morning hours after prolonged
haggling over The Daily motion,
they were unable to make a de-
cision.'
* * ,,
ACCORDING TO a statment
issued yesterday, a new mem-
ber was not chosen because of the
"lack of information and know-
ledge of Council's operations dis-
played by the petitioners."
Actually from the line-up of
votes asking that Council not fill
the vacancy, it would appear that
this decision was reached because
of internal political motivation.
It is true from the interview
dialogue that candidates Gorden
Elicker, Mark Hauser, Herbert
Heidenreich and Robert Rhodes
were not extraordinarily informed.
However, it is really questionable
that if the seat had been filled
by an all campus vote, the victor
would have been the more in-
formed.
* *' *
IN THE INTERVIEWS, at least
two of the candidates displayed a
fairly adequate knowledge of
Council issues and one petitioner
had extensive experience on an
SGC related board. Perhaps Coun-
cil placed too much stress on in-
formation and not enough on abil-
ity.
President Steven Stockmeyer in-
dicated that it is the, Council's
present intention to leave the
seat unfilled.
Council's failure to choose a
new }member merely makes the
body less representative of the
campus. It also points up the
seriousness of SOC polarization.
Perhaps, SGC was unable to
reach a decision on appointments
because of ruffled feathers, and,
strained emotions over the mo-
tion concerning The Daily.
COUNCIL OPENED discussion
on a bland, completely noncom-
mittal motion introduced by Katy
Ford and proceeded to scrap it
for a more stringent statement in-
troduced by'Robert Ross.
The Ford motion stated that
SGC was not interested in becom-
ing involved in the present con-
troversy between the Board and
The Daily, but that it would en-
courage continued negotiation with
the Board in Control of Student
Publications.,
It asked that the Board and the
Senior Editors base appointment

decisions on an established set of
criteria.
The Ross motion asked that
the Council take a firm stand in
favor of freedom of the press.
It called upon the Board to main-
tain principles allowing students
to have "as much control over the
policies of their newspaper as is
possible."
The motion went further. It
recommended that "as a general
rule, the Council feels the Board
in Control should make appoint-
ments for staff positions as they
are recommended by the Senior
Editors."
THE SUBSTITUTE motion con-
tinued that the Board "may seek
to change the recommendations if
it feels they are grossly irrespon-
sible ones."
The motion's plea for freedom of
the press is completely laudable
because, as The Daily's motto in-
dicates, "where opinions are free,
truth will prevail."
Some people question whether
Council's proposed recommenda-
tions to the Board on appoint-
ments will assist The Daily in its
negotiations with the Board, or
merely drive a deeper wedge be-
tween the two. However, it would
be unfortunate for SGC to side-
step this important issue because
of fear for the Board's reaction.
Council could not have taken
action on either motion Wednes-
day night since the motions are
considered student opinion which
requires that the vote be taken
one week after introduction.
The untimely tabling of the
motion yesterday morning merely
,means that the brunt of the work
and' the voting will have to be
done next week. Out of respect for
the exigency of the issue involved,
Council might well have given a,
clearer indication of its stand.
And, of course, there is the chance
that the motion will be left to
die on the- table.
THE THIRD Council blunder
was the loss of the letters to
sororities and fraternities concern-
ing their adequacy statements.
The letteis mailed in campus mail
on March 28 never left the Ad-
ministration Bldg. and were not
discovered until Tuesday.
With the 60-day deadline fast
aproaching May 18, how could
SGC have been unaware that fra-
ternal organizations had not re-
ceived them? When were the
membership committee and the
Council going to wake up to the
fact that few replies had been
received? Why was no spot check
made to 'check the progress on
the statements?
Council must now postpone ad-
tion on membership at least until
June 23 and probably until fall.
The present Council has big
issues before it. Its actions may
assist or help destroy major stu-
dent groups. Hopefully Council
will make judicious decisions In
the coming weeks.

I
A

HUAC ANALYSIS:
Meaning of Mandate
Open to Interpretation

Kidd Plan Unworkable Here

PROF. JOHN KIDD'S proposals for residence
hall operation are intriguing but seem
fairly unworkable at the University.
Prof. Kidd proposes that residence hall as-
sistants be chosen on the basis of leadership
in their own peer group. Residents in the hall
are to complete auestionnaires indicating who
they think would be the best residence hall
assistant, and who they think would not.
With these confidential reports, the ad-
ministration can ascertain who the leaders of
informal peer groups are and therefore attempt
to hire such people for residence assistants.
The assumption is that if a student is a
leader in a peer group he will be more readily
accepted as a leader when the position be-
comes formalized.
AT THE U7NIVERSITY, however, many fac-
tors present themselves that Prof. Kidd
does not consider, and which stand in the way
of developing a system such as he describes.
In the first place, many leaders of peer
groups within the quads are often those people
who will be moving out. Many men transfer
to fraternity houses after their required year
of residency in a quad. Others find that quad
living does not suit them and they move to
private apartments. Both group have in them
leaders of groups active in the residence halls,
leaders who are lost when they move.
Another consideration is that when asked
who the leaders of their peer groups are, men
tend to list those who instigate activities aimed
at frustrating the administration of the quad.
Since quad living is often unappealing, men

choose as their leaders, in the quads those who
throw the most light bulbs, those who drink
secretly and those who generally antagonize
staff. Such men are not desirable as staff for
the quads.
A THIRD CONSIDERATION is that of
money. Prof. Kidd assumes that residence
assistants will be paid for their work by re-
ceiving room and board and assistant residence
assistants by board only. Such is not the case
at the University.
Without an opportunity for reimbursement
for the time spent, leaders will not apply for
staff positions. In fact, the real leader would
possess enough initiative to secure another
job that would bring in more money.
i Prof. Kidd's assumption, that leaders in a
peer group will be accepted as staff, is based
on another assumption that men knew the
new staff as leaders in the peer group the
previous year. With moving around, such is
not the case. With the variations in the
quads, ranging from modern South Quad to
older, traditional East Quad, many men wish
to change residences during their careers.
Men cannot accept a staff member in a new
quad as a leader if he did not know him in
a group situation previously.
Prof. Kidd's proposals were formed in order
to create an ideal residence hall. It is not as
easy substituting a new method of selecting
staff men. The University must find another,
more far-reaching solution to its problems.
-ELLEN SILVERMAN

(Editor's note: This is the first of
two articles analyzing the mandate
of the House Committee on Un-
American Activities to investigate
propaganda.)
By ROBERT SELWA
Daily Staff Writer
IT IS EASY to argue that the
House Committee on Un-Ameri-
can Activities needs to be re-
formed. Even some conservatives
take this position. It is much
harder to present an adequate sub-
stantiation for the argument that
the Committee should be abol-
ished.
Yet this is the judgment that
results from careful study of the
mandate of the Committee, and
this is the course of action most in
line with the American heritage
of liberty.
The mandate of the Committee
is listed in rule 18a of the House
of Representatives. This mandate
is: "The Committee on Un-Ameri-
can Activities, as a whole or by
subcommittee, is authorized to
make from time to time investi-
gations of:
--1The extent, character, and
objects of un-American propa-
ganda activities in the United
States;
-2 The diffusion within the
United States of subversive and
un-American propaganda that is
instigated from foreign countries
or of a domestic origin and attacks
the principle of the form of gov-
ernment as guaranteed by our
Constitution, and
-3 All other questions in rela-
Survival
THE STRUGGLE for peace is
is really a struggle for human
survival. The issue before human-
ity is no longer war or peace but
life or death. Every sane person
in the world agrees that a major
war would mean the end of the
human race. Therefore, peace is
of as great value as survival it-
self to the human race.
I am one of those who believe
that it is a matter of deep regret
that the future of humanity should
be entirely in the hands of only
the governments of the world. It
seems to me that in the very
nature of things government would
be unable really to achieve peace.
It is necessary for the people of
the world to take their future out
of the hands of their governments
and solve them by their own
direct action.
* * *
TO THE EXTENT to which the
peoples are enabled to come to-
gether, to that extent peace is
brought nearer. In that connec-
tion, the campaign for a million
signatures in India in favour of
the immediate stopping of atomic
tests is a significant development.
I think the common people 'all
over the world should raise their
voices in unison against not only
atomic tests but the very manu-
facture of these monstrous weap-

tion thereto that would aid Con-
gress in any necessary remedial
legislation."
THE KEY POINT of this man-
date, the key point pertaining to
the argument that the Committee
should be abolished, is that the
Committee shall investigate "sub-
versive and un-American propa-
ganda."
How a person reacts to this
point will depend on the touch-
stones he assumes in making Judg-
ments about issues of this sort.
This is why the Supreme Court
has been so sharply divided during
the past decade on cases revolving
around the Committee and the
First Article of the Bill of Rights.
An essential question to the res-
olution of this issue is the rela-
tionship of the Committee's man-
date thata"Congress shall make no
law . .. abridging the freedom of
speech . . .' 'The Supreme Court
has varied in its answers.
* * *
IN THE CASE of Watkins v.
United States, 354 U.S. 178 (1957)
the Court, by a margin of six to
one, ruled that a witness appear-
ing before the Committee must be
sufficiently informed about the
purpose and scope of the investi-
gation so that he can gauge in-
telligently the question's perti-
nence.
The Court said that the Com-
mittee's mandate (cited above) is
too vague and sweeping to convey
the necessary information.
Chief Justice Earl Warren, writ-
ing for the 6-1 majority, said, "It
would be difficult to imagine a
less explicit authorizing resolu-
tion. Who can define the meaning
of 'un-American'? .. .
"The Government contends that
the public interest at the core of
the in'vestigations . . . is the need
by Congress to be informed of ef-
forts to overthrow the Government
by force and violence so that ade-
quate legislative safeguards can
be erected. From this core, how-
ever, the Committee can radiate
outward infinitely. The outer
reaches of this domain are known
only by the content of 'un-Ameri-

cEn activities.' Remoteness of sub-
ject can be aggravated by a probe
for a depth of detail ever farther
removed from any basis of legis-
lative action."
* * * .
THIS IS pertinent. "Un-Ameri-
can" has no specific meaning. The
Committee applies it indiscrimin-
ately to the left wing of the po-
litical spectrum and, once in a
while, to the right wing.
With the rationale being the
mandate to investigate un-Ameri-
can propaganda, the Committee
taps a potentially bottomless well
from which flows its power, power
which then can be used immorally
to thrust into the privacy andrdig-
nity of the individual.
While this is a significant point,
it does not by itself invalidate the
Comymittee's investigative authori-
ty, although some federal judges
did construe it as such.
* * *
THE POINT CAME under sur-
veillance of the Supreme Court in
its 1959 decisions in the cases of
Lloyd Barenblatt, who had taught
at the University, and Willare Up-
haus.
The court was split, 5-4, in these
decisions. Writing for the major-
ity, Justice William Brennan ruled
that vague though the authorizing
resolution might be, it was plainly
intended to be very broad in the
field of Communism, because Com-
munism aims at the overthrow of
the government,
These are the court decisions
that apply to the mandate. Future
decisions will be affected by how
Justice Byron White, who has just
been appointed to replace the con-
servative Justice Charles Whittak-
er, will vote,
If Justice White votes with the
court libertarians (Justices Hugo
Black, William 0. Douglas, Earl
Warren and Felix Frankfurter)
the Committee's mandate may be
completely invalidated. We shall
see.
(Tomorrow: an examination of
the libertarian philosophy as it
pertains to the Committee's man-
date.)

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Tito Similar to HUAC

Testing Hurts U.S. Position

To the Editor:
I THINK that a calm review of
the Djilas case will reveal that
H. Neil Berkson has been irrespon-
sible in his reasoning.
We must realize that Marshall
Tito was acting in the best in-
terests of the established form of
government when he imprisoned
the subversive Djilas. And let us
not be fooled for Djilas is part of
the international conspiracy which
is seeking the truth and a better
society of man. He is part of that
group of intellectuals which is
constantly questioning and criti-
cising the society in which they
live and trying to improve it.
THE POINT IS that whereas
under ideal conditions Djilas
should be able to say whatever he
pleases, certain practical consid-
erations, such as the cold war
and the threat, both internal and
external, of democracy, have ne-
cessitated that . his freedom of
speech be abridged.
The distribution of Djilas' book
and his unrestricted travel through
the country would have been a
direct threat to the Yugoslav gov-
ernment. The changes he was ad-
vocating can be correctly charac-
terized as radical and not in ac-
cord with those of the existing
government. At this crucial point
in history the Yugoslav people
must present a united front. They
must eliminate subversives such
as Djilas. ;
THERE IS EVEN a greater point
to be made. That is that if you
substitute the House Committee on
Un-American Activities for Mar-
shall Tito, American for Yugoslav,
and Barenblatt (a former social
psychology teaching fellow at the
University who was called before
HUAC) for Djilas in the preceding

Debate.. .
To the Editor:
IMPLIED, in statements made by
officers and members of Young
Americans for Freedom, is the
allegation that I withdrew from
a ,debate on the House Un-Ameri-
can Activities Committee. In order
to clarify a confused picture, I
would like to note the following
points, which were not published
in The Daily because of under-
standable space and time limita-
tions:
1) I accepted, as early as Tues-
day night, a proposal made by a
Michigan Union representative to
postpone the proposed Union-
sponsored debate to a later time.
2) No one backed out of de-
bate: Prof. Feingold did not feel
it appropriate for him to debate
a student without a faculty mem-
ber present who would also speak
for the Committee; I then, was
left to debate William Madden.
3) I expressed reluctance but
willingness to debate Madden on
Wednesday evening, but felt that
since I had been awake for two
and one-half days, had spent all
that time organizing the rally for
Wednesday afternoon, and had
academic responsibilities for both
Wednesday and Thursday, that I
would- be better prepared, intel-
lectually and physically, to de-
bate at a later date.
4) Understanding this, the Union
postponed its panel, but did not
cancel the debate. I am informed
by them that it will be held in the
near future.
I AM DISTURBED that rumors
have alleged that I, or any mem-
ber of what the YAP officers call-
ed "the liberal group on campus,"
should supposedly be reluctant
to debate publicly the issue of the
existence of HUAC.
The YAF's, ready to defend the
am vi4 4+ad tnisifins.

RESIDENT KENNEDY'S decision to test
nuclear weapons and the subsequent first
explosion Wednesday is an unfortunate gesture.
It serves no useful end and only hinders Amer-
ican foreign policy at a time when prospects
for relaxed international tension looked bright.
The bomb increased the already high level
of fallout threatening the Earth. Only Wed-
nesday, Willard Libby, a former member of
the Atomic Energy Commission, reported that
last fall's Russian series of tests were the
dirtiest yet. The new United States series will
add to that total although the administration
promises a minimal amount.
BOTH SCIENTIFIC EXPERTS and laymen
recognize fallout as a genetic and cancer
danger the extent of which is still unknown.
The new tests will add to world fears for
its health and the health of future generations.
- Whether hypocritical, as in the case of the
Soviet Union, or ,honest, as in the case of
neaove ounm e mont nf the wnrld's reaction will

distrust for the United States as could negate
worthwhile international programs like the
Peace Corps and the Alliance for Progress.
THE TESTS WILL cause more tensions be-
tween the United States and the Soviet
Union at a time when exploratory Berlin talks
were going well and when the two nations are
meeting in disarmament talks. Fortunately, the
Russians are not walking out of the Geneva
talks. Dogmatic American insistance on iron-
clad control of a test ban has thrown away
a good opportunity to get a nuclear test treaty.
Hopefully the United States test series will not
scuttle it.
Thus the world is paying for American un-
flexibility and pride.
The administration has, since the Russian
series, maintained a juvenile "I can do any-
thing better than you can" attitude toward
the nuclear arms question. The reflection of
the general tone of American-Soviet relations
seems a needless one considering the Pentagon's

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3564 Administration Building
before 2 p.m., two days preceding
publication.
FRIDAY, APRIL 27
General Notices
The following student sponsored so-
cial events are approved for the corn-
ing weekend. Social chairmen are re-
minded that requests for approval for
social events are due in the Office of
Student Affairs not later than 12
o'clock noon on the Tuesday prior to
the event.
April 27 - Acacia, Party; Alpha Delta
Phi, Michigras party; Alpha Tau Ome-

Phi Delta Phi, Dance; Phi Kappa Psi,
House party; Phi Delta Theta, House
party; Phi Kappa Sigma, Theme party;
Pi Lambda Phi, Band Party; Psi Ome-
ga. Formal Dance; Psi Upsilon, Dance;
Reeves, Open open house; Scott, Open
open and lounge party; Sigma Alpha
Epsilon, Party; Sigma Nu, Party; Sig-
ma Phi, Pledge formal; Sigma Phi Ep-
silon, Michigras House Party; Strauss,
Open open house; Theta Chi, Casual
Party; Theta Delta Chi, Dance; Trigon
Frat., Dance; Van Tyne, Open open
house; Zeta Psi, Band Dance.
April 29 - Cooley House, Open open
house; Stockwell, Open open house.
Events
Seminar on the Structure and Sym-
metry of Crystals, Fri., April 27, 12:10
p.m. Mrs. Viola Sandvordenker speak-
ing on "Symmetry Relations in Ferro-
electric and Ferromagnetic Phase Trans-

I4

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