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April 22, 1962 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-04-22

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See ?'age 4 '


Seventy-One Years of Editorial Freedom


Warm, windy
with chance of showers






Kennedy Seeks Unity
Over Berlin Crisis
WASHINGTON (AP)-Kennedy Administration offlicials are plan-
ning a quiet but determined effort next week to heal the split in the
Atlantic Alliance over terms of a possible Berlin settlement with
The division beween the United States and Britain on one side
and West Germany and France on the other is considered to be
mainly troublesome to allied relations. It could become dangerous if


An Editorial.


Soviets Eiid
China Visits
MOSCOW (P)--Top level Soviet
government figures yesterday
ended simultaneous visits to the
openly hostile Communist capitals
of Yugoslavia and China.
Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei
Gromyko returned to Moscow from
five days of talks in Belgrade with
top Yugoslav officials, including
President Josef Tito.
Soviet Foreign Trade Minister
Nikolai Patolichev left Peiping
after signing a Soviet - Chinese
trade protocol for 1962.
Tass reported Patolichev took
time out during the six days' trade
talks to meet Chinese Premier
Chou En-Lai. The Official news
agenc's reports emphasized the
friendly atmosphere of the visits,
but gave little information on the
substance of the high level con-
The dispatches indicated that
both Soviet officials had discussed
a wide range of subjects not
strictly connected with their visits.
Some Western observers specu-
lated that Gromyko and Patolichev
may have probed the sharply di-
vided ideological positions of the
two camps that have caused a
serious split in the Communist
The Russian delegation to Pei-
ping and their hosts exchanged
repeated avowals of friendship and
The Chinese yesterday pro-
fessed satisfaction with the trade
pact. Both sides called it. "a new
contribution to the cause of
strengthening the great eternal
and unbreakable friendship be-
tween the peoples of the two coun-
But Western observers here
noted that the Tass report of the
trade protocol made no mention
of Soviet credits needed by the
Chinese since the near collapse of
their economy.
The pact provided for a straight
exchange of Soviet heavy indus-
trial goods for Chinese raw ma-
terials and light industrial goods.
Figures Missing
Figures for the total trade turn-
over were not given by Tass, and
the usual percentage figure for
the increase over the last year was
also missing.
Western experts noted that the
final communique from the trade
talks said they "also discussed
questions of the further develop-
ment of Soviet Chinese economic

}permitted to go unchecked too
long, particularly if East - West
agreement on Berlin seemed likely.
Meanwhile in the city itself
hundreds of Berliners and tourists
watched a brief battle of auto-
matic weapons and tear gas be-
tween East and West Berlin police.
The trouble began when an East
German policeman lobbed a tear
gas grenade at tourists in the West
sector who ventured close for a
look at the wall the Communists
built across the divided old Ger-
man city.
A new Soviet turn to antagon-
istic policies would eliminate the
whole Western problem of unity
because when the Russians get
tough Allied disputes disappear in
a common determination.
New Twist
The possibility of some such new
twist in Premier Khrushchev's line
has been under study in Washing-
ton since he wrote a tough letter
to Prime Minister Harold Mac-
millan 10 days ago, indignantly
rejecting an appeal for a nuclear
weapons test ban treaty . ,
Khrushchev is due to make a
policy speech to the Supreme
Soviet within a few day. The posi-
tion he takes may have a crucial
bearing on the future course of
Berlin negotiations.
Unpredictable Impact
Another development which will
have unpredictable impact on
East-West relations generally is
the scheduled United States re-
sumption within the next week or
so of nuclear weapons tests in the
. Secretary of State Dean Rusk is
known to believe that the chief
basis for hope about a Berlin
settlement is that Khrushchev is
becoming convinced that the
United States and its allies will
never withdraw from West Berlin
and will never accept Communist
interference with access to the
Negotiable Issues
On the other hand, Rusk has
indicated to the Soviet government
that many other Berlin-related is-
sues are negotiable. It is on this
point that he has gotten into dif-
ferences with the West German
government of Chancellor Konrad
Adenauer's former foreign min-
ister, Heinrich von - Brentano, is
due here Wednesday. Informants
said today a number of United
States officials expect to talk with
Brentano, who is still the top
Adenauer associate through his
leadership of the Chancellor's
party in the Bundestag.
United States officials are not
sure how much the whole matter
may be caught up in political
rivalries in Bonn. They speculate
about the relationship between
Brentano as former foreign minis-
ter and Gerhard Schroeder, his

SAFE AT THIRD-Wolverine catcher Joe Merullo slides safely
into third under the tag of Purdue third sacker Richard Lui.
The hot corner saw plenty of Michigan baserunners yesterday,
as no less than 20 of them passed in their way to the plate.
Productive M' Iatsmen,
Smash Purdue Twice
Acting Sports Editor
The Michigan batsmen busted loose for their most productive
day of the infant season yesterday and the result was a double drub-
bing of the Purdue Boilermakers, 12-4 and 8-2.
The Wolverines blistered five pitchers for 26 hits in the double-
header, nine of them for extra bases. Sophomore Ron Tate contribut-

ed the first homer of the season


Views Need
For Growth
In Economy
Emphasizing that "economic
growth is the most important
problem facing Michigan," Rep.
Gilbert E. Bursley will present to
the Legislature this week an ex-
tensive report covering 21 aspects
of the state's economy.
The report, compiled by the
Joint Legislative Committee on
Economic Growth, a committee
that Bursley chaired, outlines the
economic needs of Michigan and
makes specific recommendations
which include the following:
" Establishment of a space
science institute at the University
to complement in a secialized
field "the highly important work"
of the Institute of Science and
* Preparation and implementa-
tion of an orderly program of
long-term growth capital outlay
for higher education and mental
" Strong support by the ap-
propriations committees of both
houses for the research programs
at the state's colleges and univer-
* Legislative study of the Ke-
weenaw Peninsula as a launching
site and range for North polar
orbital shots and high altitude

at Ferry Field, a two-run blast late
-in the first game. Coach Don Lund
also received two route-going per-
formances from Dave Roebuck and
John Kerr to brighten the over-
cast day.
The losses were Purdue's second
and third against no wins, while
Michigan upped its Big Ten mark
to 2-l.
The Wolverines' lone loss came
at the hands of Illinois, 1-0, on
Friday afternoon.
Big Fifth
Michigan blew the first game
wide open in the fifth inning with
a five-run outburst. The flurry
broke up a 2-2 tie and gave Roe-
buck the margin he needed. A
walk and two singles chased Pur-
due starter Creighton Burns and
brought on Joe Caggiano who far-
ed no better.
The Wolverines picked up their
remaining five runs in the seventh
and 'ighth innings off Caggiano
and a successor.
Harvey Chapman, who started
at third, led the attack with three
hits, while Joe Jones, Dick Honig
and Joe Merullo each added a
pair. Jim Newman, Dennis Spal-
la, Merullo, Honig and Roebuck
all contributed doubles to the 13-
hit attack.
This was Roebuck's second im-
pressive victory in less than a.
week. On Tuesday, he allowed only
one run and three hits in five
innings of relief. This time out the
big right-hander showed xcellenct
control in walking only two.
Honig Stars
Chapman was rewarded by being
moved up to the cleanup spot in
the second game, but Honig was
the big man in the seven-inning
See 'MI, Page 6

SEVEN OF THE EIGHT Daily staff members who peti.
tioned for senior staff positions refuse to accept the appoint.
ments made by the Board in Control of Student Publications;
the eighth joins in our protest of the Board's decision.
The central issue of concern in our dispute with the Board
goes much deeper than the irresponsibility and injustice dis-
played by the Board's members when they overturned the rec-
ommendations for staff positions from the outgoing seniors.
We believe that the 15 minute interviews, scrapbooks and 250
word petitions which are the prime basis on which the Board
judges the fitness of applicants constitute insufficient grounds
on which to assess the work of three years. We affirm the
principle that the Senior Staff-who intimately know the abili.
ties and capacities of the staff and the demands of the various
staff positions-can make the best decisions. Above all, the
fundamental principle under which The Daily operates, that
students can and will produce a great newspaper, requires that
the board accept the senior recommendations except in cases
where gross irresponsibility is displayed.
WHAT HAPPENED Friday night at the Student Publica..
tions Bldg. demonstrates emphatically that the senior edi.
tors had not presented such a slate. Their recommendations,
based on intensive discussions and long probing interviews,
would have yielded a fine, workable staff which we were ready
to accent.
The Board in Control, however, chose to exercise its long
dormant power with respect to editorial staff appointments.
Its members unanimously chose to slap down the seniors' rec-
ommendations in a crude attempt to mold the tone and range
of Daily editorials.
The Board's decision to create an unprecedented posi-
tion of cb-editorial director was an expression of a feeling that
Daily staff members were using this newspaper for "political
pamphleteering" and were fast becoming an elitist group of stu-
dents perpetuating negativism and arrogance. The Board has
received criticisms like these over the past several years with
a growing frequency. Apparently, the Board members felt
these charges were true descriptions of The Daily and that
the Board had to act to correct them.
IN TAKING ACTION, the Board violated fundamental
principles of the freedom of the press and instituted, in one
of the subtlest and vilest forms, pre-censorship of The Daily's
editorial page. We believe that the Board has no right to de-
cide which channels editorials should be steered into or to
shuffle appointments to guarantee that a certain balance of
interest and orientation will be represented.
Had we accepted the Board's appointments, we would
have acknowledged its ethical right to step in and control the
paper's internal policies, something which is incompatible with
either the tradition of The Daily or our conception of its na-
We believe that the basic policy underlying the editorial
page of The Daily is to keep it open for "freedom of expres-
sion grounded on fact."
This is the phrase which appears in The Daily's Code of
Ethics. The Board asked us in our interviews to accept that
code and each of us agreed. The Board apparently does not
believe in its own code, since it attempted to force its own view
of what editorial policy should prevail in the pages of The
WE FEEL that the Board appointments contain an implicit
attempt to curb the freedom of this newspaper, a restric-
tion we will not accept.
Our commitment to a newspaper to serve the University
community, however, is a very great one. We do not want to
create a vacuum by walking out of The Daily and totally
silencing the one effective voice the members of this commu-
nity share. For this reason, we will continue to publish The
Daily as an informal "task force." It is our intent to direct
the production of the very best and very freest newspaper we
However, we sincerely hope that we can reach an under-
standing with the Board as we recognize their legal obligations
and their distinguished record of service to the ideals of a free
press. We will continue to make efforts to attain concordance
with the Board.
We protest the Board's appointments. We cannot accept
its attempt to deny us the freedom that would make us great.
But we cannot turn our back on The Daily.
Lauds .Free Choice

Would Continue
o Publi'sh Daily
Harrah Accepts Senior Position;
Lower Staffs To Remain on Paper
Seven of the eight petitioners for senior positions on the
Daily Editorial Staff announced last night that they would
not accept the appointments made Friday by the Board in
Control of Student Publications.
After more than 24 hours of deliberation, Judith Bleier,
Caroline Dow, Fred Russell Kramer, Cynthia Neu, Michael
Olinick, Judith Oppenheim and Harry Perlstadt decided to
remain night editors but continue putting out The Michigan
The eighth petitioner, Michael Harrah, has accepted his
post as city editor.
The seven felt that the Board had attempted to disturb
the workings of a free editorial policy "by an attempt to
mold the tone and range of Daily editorials" through the ap-
pointment of co-editorial directors.
Explain Influence
The petitioners explained that the editorial director had
no real influence on the editorials that appear in The Daily
as they are individual, signed opinions of staff members. Thus
the appointment of co-editorial directors, which ignored the
recommendation of the former;:

senior staff, was uncalled for.
They condemned it as an "im-
moral" attempt to influence
the editorial freedom of The
The Board has the legal right
to make Daily appointments.
The seven petitioners will return
as individuals to put out The
Michigan Daily as a "task force"
of night editors until new editors
can be appointed or until an un-
derstanding can be reached with
the Board.
"We believe that we owe the
campus the best newspaper we
can put out," Olinick said.
This decision was a change
from that announced by the seven
at 5:30 a.m. Saturday after the
senior staff had submitted a pro-
test resignation to the Board. The
senior staff had been protesting
the alteration of their appoint-
ment recommendations to the
Morning Decision
The morning decision of the
seven was to resign their positions,
after publishing one protest issue.
They were joined in this projected
act by the majority of the sopho-
mores and freshmen on the edi-
torial staff. The understaff has
now indicated that members will
remain on in their present posi-
tions awaiting further develop-f
This decision was reached byI
the seven after a series of com-
promises proposed to the board
proved unsuccessful. "We still be-t
lieve that we can reach some un-
derstanding with the board. In
the meantime, we are ready to
serve, in our present capacities,
both the campus and the board,"
Olinick said.
Pay Up!.
Collection of the $50 continu-
ing enrollment deposit from all
undergraduates began Thurs-
Students whose last names
fall within the A-Bot category
should have paid their deposits
Thursday, Peter A. Ostafin, as-
sistant to the vice-president for
student affairs, said, but any-
one who misses payment on his
due day may turn in the money
any time before May 4.
Deposits should be paid in the
lobby of the SAB according to
the following alphabetical
Monday: Crp-Fz
Tuesday: Ga-How
Wednesday: Hox-Lami
Thursday: Lami-Mere
Friday: Merf -Pick
May 1: Picl-Send
May 2 Sene-Tup
May 3: Tug-Z
Student identification cards
will be required for imprinting
the receipt at the time the de-
posits are collected.

... leads dissent

Start Project
On Housing-
The Human Relations Board's
"Project Welcome," which is at-
tempting to eliminate discrimina-
tory rental practices in Ann Ar-
bor, is * getting started along a
number of fronts.
The project has gotten the sup-
port of Voice Political Party, East
Quadrangle and Student Govern-
ment Council. Inter-Quadrangle
Council has recommended that the
individual quads let the HRB
circulate their petitions within the
residences. Panhellenic Association
and Assembly Association are also
being approached for support.
Tomorrow night the HRB will
hold an organizational meeting
for people interested in working
on the project. They will be ad-
dressed by Donald Pelz who is for-
mer consultant- to the Council
of Churches Life and Work Com-
mittee and familiar with racial
problems in Ann Arbor.
From Tuesday through Friday
they will have a booth in the Fish-
bowl with petitions, material and
personnel who will discuss the
problem with people and answer
The purpose of the project is
twofold. The first reason is to
make sctudents aware of the prob-
lem of discrimination in renting
and to commit them to welcoming
people into their residences on
the basis of their merits. The sec-
ond is to indicate to landlords that
they will have the support of stu-
dents if they rent on an open
occupancy basis without regard
to race, religion or nationality.
Walker Asks
Guard Control
HOUSTON (P)-Former General

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Harry Burns Hutchins, 1909-1920


(EDITOR'S. NOTE: This is the
fifth in a series of biographies of
University presidents. The sixth
part, covering the regime of Mar-
lon LeRoy Burton, was mistak-
enly printed before vacation.
President Burton assumed his
duties after the retirement of
President Hutchins.)
doubt about who would suc-
ceed James B. Angell; Harry
Burns Hutchins, dean of the
Law School, was the logical
The law dean had served as
president while Angell was act-
ing as minister to Turkey; he
had virtually run the Univer-
sity in Angell's name just be-
fore the New Englander's re-
tirement. And everyone liked
Triy rit N1,eins was clean-

years, the executive duties had
devolved to this person and
that person, and they weren't
too easily rounded up again.
Secondly, the new president
launched an ambitious cam-
paign to boost alumni support,
which was already high. He
went on long tours, speaking
of the "new" University, be-
lieving that the people of Mich-
igan shouldn't have to bear the
full burden of financing a
truly national university. In
short, he was drumming up pri-
vate gifts-an endowment.
THIS WAS the day of great
fortunes. Bequests to the Uni-
versity were non-taxable, and
President Hutchins made the
most of it. The first result was
Hill Auditorium, a gift in the
will of Rege~nt Arthur H~ill.

The Wolverines took to the
road for long trips, and Field-
ing H. Yost had so little to do
that he took out his dusty law
degree and got a profitable
practice going on the side.
In 1907, .Michigan's Wolver-
ines quit the Big Ten. In 1912,
Yost' Field House was erected.
And until the war, the Univer-
sity tried to prove that it didn't
need the Big Ten. But it did.
War I found the University
somewhat isolationist. The Re-
gents refused to authorize stu-
dent military training, but a
poll taken by The Daily showed
that the students favored it
and right away too. They didn't
want to wait until America was
dumped into the war.

President Woodrow Wilson
drove to the Capitol to urge a
joint session of Congress to
declare war on Germany, the
entire campus packed Hill Aud.
to hear former Secretary of
War Henry L. Stimson. At that
meeting, Prof. William H.
Hobbs was ready to defy the
Regents, whose policy it was
to ignore the war, hoping it
would go away.
As the crowd was worked to
a fevered pitch by Stimson's
speech, Hobbs finally rose. "Re-
solved!" he cried. "That the
University encourage and sup-
port the training of its stu-
dents for service to the nation
-through the medium of com-
pulsory military training! s!"
According to a University
biographer, Kent Sagandorph,
the noise almost tore the roof

: :ti

"Free choice is the key to a
system of higher education."
With this, Merritt Chambers,
executive secretary of both the'
Michigan Council of State College
Presidents and the Michigan Co-
ordinating Council for Public
Higher Education, summed up his
views at a recent interview.
The principle explains his opin-
ion of a super board which would

a great deal of individuality with-
in the institutions."
"The super board is dead,"
Chambers said. No state has creat-
ed one in the last seventeen years.
"This shows that people see the
disadvantages in the highly cen-
tralized system."
The super board represents one
type of coordinating system now in
use today. A second is compulsary
coordination of state institutions


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