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April 04, 1962 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1962-04-04

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Hearing To
By CYNTHIA NEU
The opening of the Student Government Council hearings on the
Sigma Nu case at 8:30 p.m. today in the Council room will mark
another link in a chain of events concerning discrimination in mem-
bership selection at the University.
On May 3, 1949 the Committee on Student Affairs under the
Student Legislature, predecessor to SGC, passed the regulation which
operated through the time of the Sigma Kappa case.
It provided that "Recognition will not be granted -any organization
which prohibits membership in the organization because of race,
religion or color." Another provision at the same time required every
student organization to file a copy of its constitution with the Office
of Student Affairs.
Removal of Restrictive Clauses
Two efforts were made by SL to secure enforcement of the regula-
tion by requiring the removal of restrictive membership clauses from
the constitutions of student groups, and both were vetoed by the re-
spective presidents of the University.
In March of 1951 the Student Affairs Committee adopted a reso-
lution submitted by the SL setting an October 15, 1956, deadline for
elimination of clauses, at which time recognition would be withdrawn
if the groups did not comply.
It also provided that any group with a restrictive clause present a

Further Noi
motion to remove the clause on the floor of the national convention,
and work for a passage of such a measure.
Then University President Alexander Ruthven vetoed the action
on the grounds that although the University desired to eliminate dis-
crimination, "We do not believe that the University could withdraw
recogniion and thus jeopardize vested property interests merely be-
cause the organization was unwilling or unable to waive its legal right
to define in its construction the qualification of its members."
A modified version of the motion was again passed in March 1952.

n Discrimination

Polic

In May the action was vetoed by President Harlan Hatcher, His
statement in part read:
"The University brings harmoniously together in a common pur-
suit all nations, races and creeds. On its campus all are equal. . .. The
fraternities and sororities have responded to this changing atmosphere.
". ..Difference of opinion arises on the question of methods and
time sequence. We believe that the processes of education and personal
and group convictions will bring us forward faster and on a sounder
basis, than the proposed methods of coercion."

".t' :.:L:V * 't.:: ':R:" .* ...:. 4.::ii:! r"":: l::1 '41.1.'4' ::.: :r.. V4.
Would Court Reinstate Fraternity ecognition.?

In June of 1952 Trigon fraternity requested permission to affiliate
nationally with a fraternity which had a provision restricting mem-
bership to "white" members only. The national had agreed to waive the
provision and an affidavit was signed by the local that there would be
no written, oral or other agreement concerning membership. SL would
have accepted these terms, but the fraternity decided not to affiliate.
Phi Kappa Restriction
In 1954 Phi Kappa fraternity, whose membership was limited to
practicing Catholics, asked to reactivate, maintaining that since any-
one could become a Catholic the regulation did not apply to them.
SL ruled that it did apply, and since the national would not grant
a local option, the request was denied.
When the Student Legislature was revamped into the present SGC
in 1954 there were a number of precedents already set: the student
government had control over recognition; discriminatory clauses were
contrary to University policy; and waivers by nationals would be ac-
cepted as valid proof of local autonomy.
Extended Jurisdiction
The 1949 regulation, however, applied only to groups recognized
after 1949, and it was not until 1960 that the ruling was expanded to
have across-the-board jurisdiction.
Since Sigma Kappa sorority had been recognized in 1954, the
ruling could be applied to it. SGC first considered the case in December
of 1956 and at the beginning of 1957 ruled that the group was in
See COUNCIL, Page 2

By KENNETH WINTER
Suppose Student Govern-
ment Council, acting under
Regents By-Law 2.14, withdrew
recognition from fraternity X
for practicing racial discrimina-
tion in its membership selec-
tions.
Could the fraternity take the
case to court and force the Uni-

versity to reinstate their rec-
ognition?
"Any group which had rec-
ognition withdrawn probably
could get some judicial review,
but I suspect a could would
only be interested in two
things: whether fair proce-
dures were used to determine if

Fraternity X was discrimina-
tory, and whether the Regents
have power to combat discrim-
ination by withdrawing recog-
nition," Prof. Robert Harris of
the law school predicts.
Court Order
"If the group had not been
allowed the opportunity to pre-
sent their side of the- case be-

fore the Regents took final ac-
tion, or if they had not been
given adequate notice in ad-
vance of their hearing, they
could probably get a court or-
der compelling reinstatement
of recognition," Prof. Harris,
adviser to the SGC Committee
on Membership, comments.
See HARRIS, Page 2

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CITY ELECTION
ANALYSIS
See Page 4

Y

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:4Iaaitii

WARMER
High-55
Low-38
Variable cloudiness, warmer,
turning colder Thursday night.

Seventy-One Years of Editorial' Freedom

VOL. LXXII No. 134

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 4, 1962

SEVEN CENTS

Conlin Proposes
Income Tax Plan
Representative Asks Flat-Rate Levy
2After Mo derates Win Senate Vote
By GERALD STORCH
Rep. Rollo G. Conlin '(R-Tipton) introduced his long-awaited
flat-rate income tax proposal to the House yesterday after Senate
moderates had beaten down a conservative Republican attempt for
immediate discharge of Gov. John B. Swainson's own income levy
plan.
Both developments appeared to give added impetus to hopes for
passage this session of a state income tax.
The Conlin scheme-calling for a three, five and seven per cent
levy respectively on personal incomes, corporations and financial in-

Women's
Proposals

Judic
fori1

Gives
_ Rule

Officil
Chanj

EIGHT PAGES
1

I

:

Re ect Plan
Of Minority
On Districts
By MARK BLUCHER
Special To The Daily
LANSING-By a vote of 95-39,
along strict party lines, the Con-
stitutional Convention yesterday
rejected the minority report of the
Legislative Organization Commit-.
tee.
The report, dealing with the ap-
portionment of the House and
Senate, was presented by Prof.
Melvin Nord (D-Detroit), of the
University of Detroit, and had the
support of the other six Demo-
crats on the committee. Prof.
Nord, and others concurring with
the proposal, spent most of the
Monday night session and all of
the Tuesday morning session giv-
ing an extremely detailed presen-
tation.
Prof. Nord's plan advocates ap-
portionment according to popula-
tion,
The basic principle in Michigan
has been proportional representa-
tion ever since the Northwest Or-
dinance of 1787, Prof. Nord said.
"While the constitutions (of Mich-
igan) have departed slightly from
this principle, this departure has
not been great. Even the 1952
amendment was not new in prin-
ciple, although it departed greatly
from it. This has led to discrim-
ination against the urban areas."
Referring to the majority pro-
posal for the Senate he said,'"You
don't really want population plus
area, you want extra seats for Re-
publicans.p
"What the majority plan wants
to achieve is a Senate that is an
aristocracy.' The minority plan is
99 per cent perfect but the prin-
ciple of equality of representa-
tin is abandoned in the major-
ity plan," Prof. Nord continued.
He asked that the delegates, when
voting on the report, "let your con-
science, .not your caucus, be your
guide."
Lund gren Cops
Senate Rae
Kent T. Lundgren (R-Menom-
inee) won in his third bid for a
State Senate seat yesterday. Un-

>stitutions - met opposition from
two usually disparate groups -
Swainson and most of the Demo-
crats, and the right-wing R.epub-
licans.
Thayer Views Situation
Sen. Stanley G. Thayer (R-Ann
Arbor), however, said last night
"the overall picture is still basic-
ally quite acceptable" for chances
of income-tax passage..
He said odds for the House ap-
proving Conlin's bill "looked
pretty good," although he couldn't
predict at this time the overall
effect on House Democrats of
Swainson's unfavorable outlook.
If the measure passes and goes
to the Senate, Thayer sees. basic
acceptance by the moderate coali-
tion, "althougn thiere may be some
downward re-adjustment of allo-
cations to local governments."
Rebates Money
The Conlin plan-calculated to
raise $100 million-provides for
rebating of a one per cent sales
tax, levied by counties and collect-
ed by the state, back to the coun-
ties. It also includes reduction of
sales and use taxes to three per
cent, repeal of the Business Ac-
tivities Tax and taxes on stocks
and bonds.
Swainson claims that the bill
does not provide enough relief
either for business or for low in-
come groups, while the hard-core
conservative Republicans object to
an income tax in any form.
Earlier in the session, pressures
from the 'moderates, plus income
tax advocate Sen. Frank D. Beadle
(R-St. Clair), apparently forced
the defeat of a motion by Sen.
Haskell R. Nichols (R-Jackson)
to immediately discharge the Tax-
ation Committee from considera-
tion of Swainson's income tax
plan.
The 19-10 margin gave the mod-
erates the added time they feel
they need to push through an in-
come-nuisance tax compromise.
Thayer said "all the votes are
still there" to get the Swainson
bill out of committee tomorrow.

Sigr
1 MC
Receivership
Withdrawn
By National
To Clarify Council's
Airing of Bias Issue
By H. NEIL BERKSON
Sigma Nu national - fraternity
has lifted the receivership from;
its local chapter to clear the aira
for the. group's discrimination
hearing before Student Govern-
ment Council which begins today.
"In order to provide a direct ap-
proach to the question of the bias
clause, we have agreed that the
receivership should be removed,"
Dr. Sidney Smock of Ann Arbor,
chairman of the receivership
board, said last night.
Withdrawal Notification
Smock notified SGC President
Steven Stockmeyer, '63, of the
withdrawal a c t i o n yesterday.
Stockmeyer expects to receive an
official telegram of confirmation
today from Richard Fletcher, na-
tional executive secretary of Sig-
ma Nu. "This has certainly served
to clarify our handling of the dis-
crimination issue and limit our.
hearing to that problem," Stock-
meyer noted.
Members of SGC and the ad-
ministration had been worried ever
since the receivership was made
public March 28, over what effect
it would have on Sigma Nu's hear-
ing. Since the receivership took all
authority away from the local,
there was concern that the chap-
ter could no longer be considered
a student organization.
Last Friday SGC's Executive
Committee and the Committee on
Membership in Student Organiza-
tions met informally to discuss the
problem. Also at the meeting were
Interfraternity Council President
John Meyerholz, '63BAd, former
SGC President Richard Nohl, '62
BAd, Vice-President for Student
Affairs James A. Lewis, and Dean
of Men Walter B. Rea.
To Explain Complication
The group decided that Rea and
Stockmeyer would contact repre-
sentatives of Sigma Nu and ex-
pain the complications of the re-
ceivership. Meyerholz also took
part in the conversations with the
fraternity.
"The receivership action was not,
meant to confuse the discrimina-
tion hearing," Meyerholz said.
Students Petition

Na

Local

Freed

Proposes Extension
Of Freshman Hours
Asks Removal of Senior Hours,
New Visiting Privileges for Men
By DENISE WACKER

Women's Judiciary Council has recommended 11 sweep-
ing changes in the rules governing women living in University
residence units.
The 17-page proposal from Judic Council calls for the
elimination of senior women's hours the extension of fresh-
.man and guest hours; permission for male students to visit
women's rooms 2-5 p.m. Sundays; and an easing of overnight
apartment permission for women in Ann Arbor.
Other changes asked for by the council include revision of
the current sign-out and late-minute systems; changes in
(female) guest policies; a clears

EXECUTIVE SESSION-From left to right are Regents Irene E. Murphy, Carl Brablec, and Allen
R. Sorenson, all of whom want no action on tuition to be taken before the Legislature decides the
University's appropriation. The Regents will meet in executive session Friday to consider the Uni
versity's financial problems and possible solutions.

I)
Ii
t

Regents
By NEIL COSSMAN
The Regents will meet in a spe-
cial; executive session Friday, but
have said individually that they
will not act on tuition until the
state appropriations are decided.
University Executive Vice-Presi-
dent Marvin L. Niehuss said yes-
terday that among the items for!
discussion Friday are the budgets
and sources of funds, including
state appropriations and tuition.
In individual statements con-
cerning the possibility of a tuition
raise this year, six of the eight
Regents yesterday reaffirmed their
formal, collective statement of last
October that the University would
not decide tuition until the Legis-
lature made its appropriation this
spring. Regents Frederick C. Mat-
thaei and William K. McInally
were not available for comment.
Awaits Legislature
Regent Eugene B. Power said
that he would not be prepared to
act on tuition until the University
hears from the Legislature. Re-
gent Irene E. Murphy agreed, com-
menting that to raise tuition in
advance of the Legislature's ac-
tion would be to take over the bas-
ic responsibility of the Legislature
for securing public funds.
In Lansing, Regent Paul G. Goe-
bel said that he wants more in-
formation from the University ad-
ministration before taking a posi-
tion on student fees and appro-
priations.

To

Discuss Fees

r.

after a proposed meeting of the
Michigan Coordinating Council on
Higher Education ,a voluntary as-
sociation of the state's ten public-
ly supported universities and col-
leges.
Regent Allen R. Sorenson said
that he recognizes that continual
postponement of faculty salary
raises can become intolerable. He
added that he opposes a tuition
increase until he sees more clear-
ly that it's absolutely necessary.
Sorenson said that he would like

an investigation of the possibility
of economy measures in certain
areas.
Brablec commented that a raise
in appropriations must be viewed
in the context of several years of
deficiency. He said that there's no
question that the faculty merits
substantial improvements in sal-
aries. Power observed that there
have been three or four years of
austerity during which every pos-
sible economy has been made in
the University's operation.

delineation of the role of the
resident director; and permis-
sion for affiliated transfer and
nursing students living in dor-
mitories to stay in sorority
houses during weekdays, and
in particular, during women's
rush.
Compiled by Judie
"The recommendations were
drawn up by Women's Judiciary
Council after a consultation with
the Presidents' Council-the pres-
idents of Assembly, the League and
Panhellenic, and the chairman of
Women's Judie. We sent question-
naires to every University super-
vised housing unit on campus
about three weeks ago, to learn
what the opinion of women was on
hours and the housing system in
general," Deborah Cowles,, '62,
chairman of Women's Judic, said.
"We have hopes that the rec-
ommendations will be passed in
time for them to be implemented
by next semester." Miss Cowles
explained t h a t recommending
changes in women's rules is a con-
stitutional function of Women's
Judic.
The statement was sent yester-
day to Acting Dean of Women Eli-
zabeth Davenport and Vice-Presi-
dent for Student Affairs James A.
Lewis, with whom the decision of
rejection or acceptance of the
proposal rests. Neither has yet
read the report, although Dean
Davenport said that "many of the
recommendations will be workable
and will merit a good deal of con-
sideration by this office and that
of Mr. Lewis."
Eliminate Senior Hours
The proposed elimination of sen-
ior hours states that "All those
women who have achieved senior
status shall not be subject to the
women's closing hours. If advan-
tage is taken of this privilege, the
woman is subject to the following
stipuations

Ready Pact
For Equality,
WASHINGTON MP)-Vice-Presi-
dent Lyndon B. Johnson disclosed
yesterday the government's equal
employment opportunity commit-
tee is negotiating anti-discrimina-
tion pacts with some of, the na-
tion's largest private firms and la-
bor unions.
Johnson told a news conference
the committee, which he heads, is
ranging far beyond defense con-
tract firms in efforts to "use all
legitimate means" to end job dis-
crimination on account of race,
color, creed or national origin.
As chairman of the committee
created by President John F. Ken-
nedy, Johnson submitted a report
to the President at the White
House recounting the group's ac-
complishments in its first year.
For one thing, the report raid
the committee received a total of
1,870 complaints, or almost as
many as the 2,095 total received
in seven years of a predecessor
committee under former President
Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Johnson commented that prog-
ress cannot be measured in the
number of complaints received,
but he said the total reflected
confidence that complaints would
be "judiciously and fairly consid-
ered."
Johnson said that 52 major de-
fense contractors have signed
"plans for progress" specifically
pledging improvements in Negro
hiring and promotion opportunity
as well as non-segregation prac-
tices.
USSR Seeks
Atheist Clause

OPPOSE COLOMBIA:
'U' Debaters Airue
Against Democracy
By GAIL EVANS
Arguing the affirmative in "Resolved: That Democracy and Ex-
cellence are Incompatible," University debaters mantained that the
majority stands in the way of progress and that mass culture is ruining
everything that is fine.
At the invitational debate, Columbia debaters countered that
democracy can and does co-exist with excellence. Speaking for the
University were Norma Wikler, '64N, and Boyd Conrad, '63. The
negative squad from Columbia consisted of Michael Lerner and Steven
Sindell.
In presenting the affirmative case Miss Wikler and Conrad main-
tained culture in a democracy is represented by television movies and
semi-classical music--all signs that democracy caters to the mediocre.
They cited the fact that many American artists leave the country for
Eurone because they were not accepted in the United States.

I : F:P -IflP 1JIWS1iJ1i ic o UI - iini

I Citing the possibility of a tuition

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