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March 30, 1962 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1962-03-30

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Seventy-Second Year
EDrTED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
There Opinions Are Free STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARkBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

../
/ '
f;;

Y, MARCH 30, 1962

NIGHT EDITOR: CAROLINE DOW

4

ACLU's New 'Operation'
Revives Propaganda Hassle

IBERALS OFTEN leave showings of the
House Un-American Activities Committee's
n, "Operation Abolition," seething with self-
hteous indignation.
Iheir contempt is for the people-usually
majority at such meetings-who attend be-
use they know that a pro-HUAC speaker
1 give comforting reinforcement to their pro-
JAC views. They come, not to weigh both
es of the question, but to have a hyper-
triotic orgy. Such gatherings degenerate into
nzied emotion, where everyone screams and
one thinks.
TEDNESDAY NIGHT, the American Civil
Liberties Union answered "Operation Ab-
tioni" by showing its version of the San
ancisco student demonstrations, "Operation
rrection." Any liberal who thought precon-
ved opinions an demotionality were confined
the Right side of the political fense was
illusioned by Wednesday's events.
'he anti-HUAC ACLU'S showing of an anti-
LUC movie drew a predominantly anti-HUAC
wd which demonstrated, by its enthusiastic
actions to the speaker (Ernest Mazey) and
film, that they too had come seeking sup-
rt for its own pre-cast views.'
The emotionality of the "Abolition" showings
s evident in subdued form at the "Correc-
n" meeting. Politeness prevailed because
zey (unlike most speakers at the "Abolition"
grams)stried tcontrol rather than incite
se passions. But the. emotion 'was there,
iting to be tapped.
What incited this emotionality in people-
erals and conservatives both-who are us-
ly rational individuals? First, of course, the
ue of Communism itself has become charged
;h fear and hate. But in the instances of
otion mentioned, the chief culprits were the
ns themselves: propaganda films, calculated
drive home a particular viewpoint rather
an to seek the truths of the matter.
HE WHOLE propaganda-film business has
grown into a Frankenstein which threatens
destroy its assorted creators. The "Abolition"
pute has degenerated into bickering over
e points and technicalities which interest

only those hopelessly buried in the emotion of
the issue.
The original, "Operation Abolition," was by
far the worst offender. It was painstakingly
conceived to exploint our national phobia,
Communism, for the purpose of glorifying
HUAC.
"Operation Correction" goes a bit beyond
correction, interlacing more editorializations
/and distortions throughout its explanation of
"Operation Abolition"I's editorializations and
distortions. Though "Abolition" is by far the
worse film of the two, it's too bad that the
ACLU went overboard in denouncing it-a few
holes in ACLU's argument can capsize it com-
pletely in the eyes of someone who does not
want to be'convinced.
HUAC's baby, "Operation Abolition," is turn-
ing out to be HUAC's headache. As Mazey
pointed out Wednesday night, Chairman Fran-
cis E. Walter (D-Pa) has been forced into
offering stumbling, self-contradictory defenses
of the film. But."Mazey-himself is in a similar
position; his answers to critical questions con-
cerning "Correction" were often vague and
evasive, and he steadfastly refused to admit
any faults in the ACLU movie.
For instance, when _a members of the Young
Americans for Freedom recited a list of al-
leged distortions in "Correction," Mazey side-
stepped, saying, "I won't go through the whole
list of questions, but let me make two
points.. ." The points, it turned out, bore little
connection to the YAF questions.
HUAC, which breezed unopposed through its
first two decades of blacklisting and ques-
tionable tactics, went too far in creating "Oper-
ation Abolition." It tried to kill off its opposi-
tion, but, by using its shady methods in public,
may have killed itself. Since "Abolition" was
released, opposition to HUAC has been growing
and organizing. HUAC has left its methods
open to exposure by its opponents, and when
the facts are in, public opinion could well turn
against the committee and abolish it.
But the opposition cannot succeed if it fights
with HUAC's own methods of distortion and
emotionality; Wednesday's meeting showed
that these fatal flaws are beginning to appear.
-KENNETH WINTER

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l1i.'. 70,6 T I-AVE 'To SPEWD A LITTLE CAI:

DETROIT SCHOOLS:
Slums Corrode Education

GREAT STAR SERIES:
Judith Anderson
'Remains Great'
DAME JUDITH ANDERSON swept into Hill Auditorium last night
like a beautiful gull on the crest of the University Professional
Theatre Program. She remains great. Offering her two most celebrated
roles, those of Lady Macbeth and Medea in a double-feature called
"Medea '62," Dame Judith demonstrated once more that a good trage-
dienne doesn't pay mere lip-service to the classics, but acts with her
entire body.
On a bare stair-and-column set of artificial granite, she recreated
both femmes fatales with the support of only three other actors and
an imaginary Euripidean chorus. Lady Macbeth came to life (though
only in her "important scenes"), then Medea in an abbreviation of the
version written expressly for Dame Judith by the late Robinson Jeffers.
Those who prefer their classics unexcerpted must have reservations.
To pare down the plays to stress a single role is not only to distort
them into show-cases, but may smack of a cultural Reader's Digest-ism
comparable, perhaps, to those record-club albums featuring only the
white meat of symphonies, or Heifitz playing only the tricky parts of
Brahms. The tone of condescension was struck at the opening of the
performance by actor William Roerick, who summarized the plot of
"Macbeth." It is another instance of visiting actors and musicians
playing Ann Arbor as if they were playing Emporia.
AND YET IT WAS AN EXCITING, an overwhelming night. Admir-
able is Dame Judith's sheer physical courage in offering two such tower-
ing performances on one bill (in an era when, one hears, an off-Broad-
way production of "Phaedra" languishes for want of a known actress
who'll dare the role). Accepting from Macbeth two inivisble daggers,
she grasps them with repugnance, like the gory weights we're sure they
are. Her distraction as the Hecate-worshipping Medea, resolving to
murder her children while at the same time soothing them, is totally
credible. A curious shoulder-clutching mannerism is annoying, but on
the whole her performance compels only gratitude.
She came close to filling by pure energy the hollow spaces of Hill.
One did not even mind when, in her entrance scene as Medea, she
interrupted her grief to complaiIi (to the massed throngs of the audi-
ence), "I did not know I had visitors."
Her hearty reception augers well for a series that anyone who cares
for the survival of decent professional drama in Ann Arbo _ would be
only churlish not to support.
--X. J. Kennedy
PREVIEW:
'U' Orchestra, Chorus
Offer Three Moderns
TONIGHT, the University Symphony Orchestra and Choral Ensemble
offer a rare opportunity to hear a symphony by Honegger, a choral
work by Finney and a violin concerto by Schoenberg. The occasion
is the first of five programs in the music school's second Festival of
Contemporary Music. Prof. Josef Blatt will conduct the three works
at 8:30 p.m. in Hill Auditorium.
Honegger's Symphony No. 5 (1950) is an attractive work with im-
mediate appeal. The music moves constantly and is always lively. He
combines different rhythms, meters, tonalities, and melodies simultan-
eously to make textures, but the logical structure of the work as a
whole is clear. The range and density of sound stretches from brassy,
block chords at the beginning to quiet solo passages.
The second movement contains elements of both a dance and a
slow movement and, in effect, includes movements of different tempos
combined in one. The last, most majestic movement outweighs the other
two in orchestral effects. A rhythmic motive is repeated through
changing instrumental combinations and works to an exciting cul-
mination of sound before it diminishes in momentum.
Edge of Shadow (1959) by the University's Composer-in-Residence,
Ross Lee Finney, will be performed by members of the University
Choir and a keyboard and percussion ensemble. Finney's music, first
performed in 1960, is set to lines by Archibald MacLeish. The selection
is tonal and incorporates many new sound combinations and types of
choral writing, resulting in an expressive, compelling work.
SCHOENBERG'S Concerto for Violin and Orchestra, op. 36 (1936),
will feature Louis Krasner as guest violinist. The rigorous 12-tone piece
makes formidable demands upon the soloist and the orchestra. Krasner,
who premiered the concerto in 1940, received Schoenberg's enthusiastic
praise for his presentation. Tonight's performance of the work will be
only the fourth in this country; all of them have been played by
Krasner.
Except for brief interludes and cadenzas, the soloist plays con-
stantly with the orfchestra. The orchestra's ability will be severely
tested by the intricate rhythmic difficulty and melodic angularity. The
clear repetition of melodic and rhythmic fragments make the concerto
easier for the audience than for the performers. Every note is signi-
ficant and functions to give the music its direction.
Tonight's concert should appeal to those who are anxious to
hear three different twentieth-century styles, not only because it is

rarely performed and should be heard more often, but also because
they anticipate an exciting performance.
-Alice Bunzl
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Reviewers MustGive

PEirollment Deposit: Cool Move

EARLY EVERYBODY will benefit from the
continuing enrollment deposit.
Last fall,, the usually accurate predictions
the enrollment officials were upset by several
ndred literary college students who returned
campus in the fall instead of obeying the
tistical laws. The extra students caused con-
don and overcrowding in many upperclass
irses and caught administrators totally un-.
'are.
So starting this spring, every undergraduate
ident will have to pay a $50 deposit to the
iversity to reserve his niche for the coming
nester. The money will be refunded when he
thdraws from the University, if proper noti-i
ation is given.
rhe new regulation .is basically an extension
an earlier requirement that applicants pay
leposit in May of their senior year in high
pool to give the administration an accurate
unt of how many freshmen will have to be
ight come September.
With the enrollment deposits, the University
n have a really accurate way of predicting
w many students will return each September.
w would be willing to sacrifice $50 just to.
'prise the alma mater or because they're too
y to tell the University they decided to
something else for a semester or so.
For the student, this should mean1 classes
at are not overcrowded or closed completely
fore his time 'slot lets him into Waterman
mnasium. Classes with a proper number of
dents ought to mean a better education
d that may well be worth $50.
The $50 sum is really not an excessive one.
e student pays it while in high school and
es not have to worry about scraping up the,
sh in September when countless other bills
ecrossing his quad desk.
'HE ONLY SUSPICIOUS thing in the whole
operation is that the deposit is a grand new
y for the University to raise money.,
With all, undergraduates paying their $50
s spring, the University will have a $750,000
Editorial Staff
JOHN ROBERTS, Editor
'HILIP SHERMAN FAITH WEINSTEIN
City Editor Editorial Director
SAN FARRELL ..................rersonnel Director
TER STUART...........Magazine Editor
CHAEL BURNS.. . ........Sports Editor'
.T GOLDEN................Assoiate City Editor
CHARD OSTLING ...Associate Editorial Director
VID ANDREWS ..........Associate Sports Editor
,TF MaAR Di --..Associate Snoltrlts dtor

"slush" fund" to use as it sees fit. For each
$50 paid out when a student graduates, another
$50 will be coming in from a new freshman;
this means that the $750,000 can be spent and,
as long as the University enrolls\ hew students,
everything works smoothly. You could look
at the deposits as a four year no interest loan
given to the University by each student.
It won't be long before some energetic Senior
Board comes'up with the thought that each
graduating student contribute his $50 as his
first alumni gift to the University. After all, he
paid it four years before and won't really be
basing his financial future on getting it back.
Besides, it is a nice gesture for students to
show their appreciation for a really fine edu-
cation. This can be looked upon as an informal
$6.25 tuition raise for each semester.
WHEN THE DEPOSITS are required of grad-
uate students as well as undergraduates,
another $500,000 will be poured into the slush
fund. If the University later doubles the de-
posit to $100, adds a few more students and
collects some of these senior gifts, it could
'possibly raise somewhere between $2 million
and $3 million, enough money to build a new
administration bldg., several big additions to,
the SAB or making a good start on constructing
a good music school building.
Even if such major construction is not fi-
nanced out of the slush fund, it can pay for all
sorts of smaller projects.
So FAR, we have no indications from the ad-
ministration as to how it intends to spend
the three quarters of a million dollars it has
just raised for itself. Surely it won't just let
it lie in some safe collecting dust. Invested
wisely it could bring a nice dividend back. It
would be wiser, however, to use it for some
kind of capital outlay or academic expenditure.
The loss each student incurs by giving his
$50 for the University for four years is small;
only a couple of dollars in bank interest for
most of them. The gains for the University
can be great and it should be congratulated for
its ingenuity and resourcefullness.
Too bad the state Legislature isn't so gifted.,
-MICHAEL OLINICK
Eradieatin
THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION re-
cently approved a plan for determining the
inability of the governor to serve in office.
It would be decided by the state Supreme
Court at the joint request of the President Pro-
Tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the

By RICHARD KRAUT
Daily Staff Writer
POVERTY, not discrimination, is
the greatest problem of most
Negro school children in large
Northern cities. And this was rec-
ognized by the Citizens' Commit-
tee on Equal Educational Oppor-
tunity in Detroit schools in its
recent report on the problems of
slum schools.
James B. Conant has stressed
the gravity of the situation in
which the Negro youth in the
North finds himself. "Potentialities
for trouble-indeed possibilities of
disaster-are surely there," he
states in his book, "Slums and
Suburbs.",
CONANT ALSO describes what
you find in a Detroit, New York,
Philadelphia, Chicago or St. Louis
slum. The composition of a school
grade, he says, is constantly
changing. This results from the
fact tiat "mothers move with their
offspring from one rented room to
another from month to month and
in so doing often go from one
elementary school district to an-
other."
There are neighborhoods, Con-
ant says, where one third of the
children come from "family units"
that have no father, stepfather, or
male guardian. In these same
areas, 10 per cent of thesparents
had graduated from high school
and 33 per cent had completed
elementary school.
"The male Negro often earns
less than the woman and would
rather not work at all than to be
in this situation." The unemploy-
ed men hang around on the
streets and "prey on girls."
* * * *
THE CENTER of the family is
the woman; the men, however,
are "floaters, and many children
have no idea who their father is."
And the number of male youths
in the "floater" category is in-
creasing daily.

In one neighborhood, a ques-
tionnaire was distributed which
asked girls to describe their biggest
problem. "The majority replied to
the effect that their biggest prob-
lem was getting from the street
into their apartment without being
molested in the hallway of the
tenement."
These are the bare outlines of
problems that must be handled if
one truly wants to help the North-
ern Negro youth. Unfortunately,
the facts about the slums are not
widely known. They are ugly areas
and are avoided as much as pos-
sible. And although discrimina-
tion comes before the court and
is therefore widely publicized, mis-
erable poverty is not.
TO ALTER the situation, the
Citizens' Committee made strong
and valuable recommendations. If
adopted, they will go a long way
towards bettering the lot of the
Negroes and other children grow-
ing up in Detroit slums. And the
city would have the most progres-
sive public education system in the
country.
The Detroit Board of Education
is urged to allocate special funds,
services and facilities to low in-
come school areas. Special classes,
teachers and counseling are re-
quested as necessary to such
school districts.
The Committee also asked the
Board of Education to provide
virtually free medical and dental
care for Detroit school children.
Professional doctors would be
hired to give physical examina-
tions, physical care, psychiatric
treatment and dental services.
The report asks that "after pro-
fessional diagnosis and where the
welfare of the child and or other
pupils requires it, and where, after
notification, the ;parents fail to
do so," the administration should
be given the authority to "ini-
tiate the necessary steps for the
commitment of disturbed or re-
tarded children to institutions."

THE 'COMMITTEE also recom-
mends that schools expand adult
education in Detroit. The program,
which would provide special rooms
for classes for parents "should be
expanded and adequately pub-
licized, especially in multiproblem
areas." The stressing of "multi-
problem areas" indicates the Com-
mittee's desire that parents of
underprivileged children be at-
tracted to adult education classes
in order to better their home and
community atmosphere.
Finally, free textbooks, supplies,
lunches, gym suits and other
equipment should be provided to
children whose parents are un-
able to pay for such items.
To suit the special problems of
Negro students, the committee
asked that textbooks, "accurately
reflect the contributions and needs
of the Negro in America and the
world. Material should be made
available to all stuednts . . . so
they will be aware of the con-
tributions of minority groups to
the progress of our nation and to
the world." This suggestion shows
that the committee is deeply aware
of the psychological problems of
the education of lower-class Ne-
groes. Most textbooks in a school
system are directed entirely to a
middle class, white student.
* * *
THESE INDEED are radical pro-
posals. And they are being attack-
by three groups.
The first group lets out cries
of socialism and the totalitarian
state. It is greatly offended by the
committee's recommendations of
free medical care and expresses
horror over the suggestion to give
the city the authority to commit
certain children to institutions.
Unfortunately, this group is not
so concerned with democratic
principles as it seems. Their tactic,
however, is to select the principle
that is most beneficial to them-
selves and to reject the one which
would benefit others. Their con-
cern with rights is a hypocritical
exercise of self-interest.
The second group is up in arms
as it contemplates the cost of the
program. Although the committee
said nothing about money in its
report, it is obvious that the im-
plementation of its recommenda-
ions would be extremely expen-
sive.
Although they would never say
it directly, these protectors of the
taxpayer think that the solution
of the problems outlined above are
simply not worth the expense.
They are guilty of the same in-
humanity as the first group.
The last group rises above the
objections of the others and ex-
presses a genuine concern with
the slum situation. It says, how-
ever, that the only real solutions
are solutions that come gradually,
since human nature, is opposed to
change.
Although it has a firm theoreti-
cal basis, this theory does not
work. Gradual change has been
tried and has been ineffective. It
is time to give human nature the
push it needs.

Honest Reactions

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN.

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3364 Administration Building
before 2 p.m., two days preceding
publication.
FRIDAY, MARCH 30
General Notices
Applications for German University
exchange study are available at the
Scholarship Office, 2011 SAB. Applica-
tions are due by 5:00 p.m. Fri., April
6. Five study grants are available-one
is at the University of Hamburg, two
at the Free University of Berlin, and
two at any Western German univer-
sity. Interested students may obtain
more information at the Scholarship
Office.
The Graduate student Council will
hold their annual election of officers
at their next meeting, April 19, 1962 as
declared by the Executive Board and
approved by the Council. The slate is
for president-Edwin Sasaki, William
Drake, Jasper Reid; vice-president -
Linda Kats, Richard Haken; treasurer
-Halden 'Totten; recording secretary-

Dance; Lambda Chi Alpha, Pre-Florida;
Phi Mu Sorority, Record Dance; Scott
House, Sox Hop; Sigma Chi, T.G.I.F.;
Sigma Phi Epsilon, Mixer; Theta Chi,
Casual Party.
MARCH 31--
Acacia, Party; Allen Rumsey, Little-
Club; Alpha Delta Phi, Band Dance;
;Alpha Epsilon Pi, Square Dance; Al-
pha Kappa Lambda, House Party; Alpha
Sigma Phi, Pledge Formal; Alpha Tau
Omega, Party; Beta Theta Pi, Puddle
'Party-Open-Open; Chi Phi, Party; Chi
Psi, Party; Delta Kappa Epsilon, Band
Party; Delta Sigma Phi, Pirate Party;
Delta Tau Delta, Party; Delta Theta
Phi, South Sea Party; Delta Upsilon,
Dance.
Frederick House, Open-Open-Dance;
Gomberg House, S.Q., Treasure Hunt
and Dance; Greene House, Open-Open;
Kappa Sigma, Open-Open; Michigan
Christian Fellowship, Musicale; Phi
Delta Theta, Dance; Phi Epsilon Pi,
Party; Phi Gamma Delta, Party; Phi
Kappa Psi, House ,Party; Pi Lambda
Phi, Movie-Dance; Psi Upsilon, Dance;
Reeves House, Open-Open-Dance; Sigma
Alpha Epsilon, Party.
Sigma Alpha Mu, House Party; Sigma
Chi, Party; Sigma Phi Epsilon, Dance;
Strauss House, Open-Open; Tau Epsilon
Phi, Party; Theta Chi, Toga Party;
Theta Delta Chi, Dance; Theta Xi, Par-
ty; Triangle, Roaring '20's; Trigon,

To the Editor:
HAVING OBSERVED the busi-
ness of reviewing from both
sides of the fence now, I can cer-
tainly agree with a good :part of
Miss Deitch's criticisms in a re-
cent letter to the editor. I would
inform her, however, that;
s1) The New York Times got
Bosley Crowther before The Daily
could;
2) The Daily does not set itself
up as the arbiter of artistic taste,
but just tries to give what is hope-
fully a student's reaction to the
performance;
3) There is not such thing as
purely objective criticism in the
arts, nor can there be;
4) If he has any semblance of
integrity in him, the reviewer will
not be stopped from giving his
honest reaction to it by consider-
.tions of how hard the cast worked
and so forth, as Miss Deitch seems
to think he should.'
If the reviewer thought "The
Living Room" was a bad play, and
not worth it to anyone who didn't
have a season ticket in any case,

Lone Wolf .
To the Editor:
IT IS FAR from gratifying for
me to note that The Daily's
one Republican spokesman is
sadly misinformed. In his editorial
"Romney's Political Suicide," Mr.
Harrah characterizes the most
dynamic and progressive state
GOP leaders as symbolizing de-
feat. Yet . 8. . "The Republican's
winning margin. . . comes from
the rural counties outstate.'"
It may interest Mr. Harrah to
know that Paul Bagwell lost the
1960 election by 40,000 votes,
roughly eight votes per precinct.
In the combined Wayne, Oakland
and Macomb County areas, 40,000
additional votes would not be con-
sidered difficult to deliver for a
candidate of Mr. Romney's sta-
ture. But- try to get 40,000 votes
from the rural electorate who ..
"don't vote for statewide can-
didates."
If rural Republicans would
rather see one of their own num-
ber be the gubinatorial candidate,
wlyy don't they support someone?

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