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March 29, 1962 - Image 1

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-03-29

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Argentine Army
Seizes Command
Troops Control Government House:
Forces To Decide on Ruling Junta
BUENOS AIRES (P)-Argentine armed forces seized the seat of
government last night in a showdown with President Arturo Frondiz
and early today a presidential aide declared "all is over."
It was an apparent admission that the four-year-old Frondiz
regime, after rebuffing military pressures for 11 tense days, was
finally conceding defeat.
Combat troops armed with machine guns maintained control of
government house. Frondizi, who hours before had rejected the
military chiefs' personally delivered ultimatum to resign, remained
at his suburban residence outside of the capital. The rebelliou
military chiefs were reported conferring on the makeup of. a new
Oruling government junta and only

f
;1
.1
S

Y

Seventy-One Years of Editorial Freedom

Iait i

, I

VOLI. LXXHI, No, 12~9

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, MARCH 29, 1962

SEVEN GENTS

SIXTEEN

SEVEN CENTS

Announce

Sigma

Nu

Reeivrhi

GOP Senator
To Attempt
Tax Action
LANSING (P) - Notice was
served on the state senate yester-
day that a move will be made to
force action on all tax bills.
Sen. Haskell L. Nichols (R-Jack-
son) announced he would make a
motion Monday night to discharge
the Taxation Committee from
consideration of all tax bills.
This would bring the tax meas-
ures, including Gov. John B
Swainson's tax package built
around a state income tax pro-
'posal, out on the floor for debate
Nichols also said he would move
for consideration on the package
of excise taxes-the so-called nui-
sance taxes-now tabled in the
senate.
Sen. Clyde I. Geerlings (R-
Holland) Taxation Committee
chairman, termed the proposal
"plain silly."
"There are not enough votes to
pass an income tax. I don't think
there are enough to pass the excise
taxes now. If you put them all up
for vote now, you'll make darned
fools out of yourselves. Count your
votes first," Geerlings advised.
The sales tax has not produced
enough money 'and more revenue
is needed, Nichols said.
"The legislature should enact
both a temporary and long range
tax program," Nichols said. "We
need both the nuisance taxes and
an Income tax."
At the same time, he said, the
business activities tax and the
intangibles tax should be repealed.
"I think its time to do something
positive," agreed Sen. Charles H.
Blody (D-Detroit). "I think the
people want action and now is the
time for us to produce."
A group of House-approved bills
were ,sent to the governor for
signing. One specifies employers
must, give women the same pay
as men when they do equal or
similar work.
Housing Plans
Not To Include
Federal Money
University officials indicated
yesterday that there are currently
no plans for making use of the
federal money available for affil-
iate or cooperative housing.
The question arose because the
University of Florida has just an-
nounced that it will be taking out
loans from the Community Facili-
ties Administration of the ous-
ing and Home Finance Agency.
The loans will be used for the con-
struction of housing units for four
fraternities and one sorority on
the Florida campus.
John McKevitt, assistant to the
vice-president in charge of busi--
ness and finance, notes that the
first condition for attaining such
loans from the government is that
the "actual construction program
becomes the University's rather
than the fraternity's. The govern-
ment loans the money to us and
we then are financially responsi-
ble for a house until, the loan is
paid off."
Assistant Dean of Men for Fra-
ternities Lou Rice notes that this
situation leads to "considerable
control" on the part of the Uni-
versity.
"The fraternity house construct-
ed under such terms is no longer
private property. Instead of being
owned by its national it is owned
by the University. In return, the

University can regulate a house
as much as it wants to," he said.
On the other hand, Luther
Buchele, executive secretary of the
Inter-Cooperative Council, says
that the co-ops "would be very
interested in receiving government
loans to replace existing facilities
under the right conditions."
Buchele says that if the Univer-
sity did not insist on exerting too
much control, the co-ops would
use the money for expansion pur-
poses.
Portugal Yields
T" .fvv ..n Tr ,,a...

this last detail appeared to be

delaying an
d'etat.

unconfirmed

coup

Army and navy units were i
control of all major strategic 'cen-
ters throughout the nation.
Frondizi was left unharmed a
his residence but surveillance was
maintained outside the walls of the
house.
s As the president and the nation
waited for the next move in the
long crises, Raul Garcion, Fron-
dizi's personal aide, told news-
men:
The situation is at an end. The
armed forces are in agreement
with each other. All is over."
Defiant to End
Defiant to the end, Frondizi re-
* portedly refused to bow to the
threat of a military coup and turn-
ed away the ultimatum delivered
- at his office by Argentina's top
military chiefs.
The apparent end of Frondizi's
regime without bloodshed came
ten days after landslide election
victories by followers of exiled ex-
dictator Juan D. Perons, who were
backed by Communists and Cas-
troites.
The takeover put the military
back in the saddle after four years
of civil rule. The armed forces had
ousted Peron in 1955, then stood
aside for the return of constitu-
tional government three years
later.
The tough and resourceful Fron-
dizi, survivor of 35 past coups,
had tried desperately to ride this
one out as well. But nothing would
satisfy the Peron-hating brass and
braid except Frondizi's ouster.
Frondizi offered a series of con-
cessions to the military in the
wake of the March 19. elections.
Rightist Army
os Revenge
On Moslems
ALGIERS WP)-The rightist Se-
cret Army vowed vengeance yes-
terday against Moslem soldiers of
the French Army who fired on a
crowd of European demonstrators
Monday.
In all, 53 persons perished. As
as uneasy quiet descended over
the rebellious city, the Secret Ar-
my distributed tracts in French
and Arabic assailing the Moslem
soldiers and warning: "All our
armed operations henceforth will
be acts of justice .. . Nothing and
no one will stop us."
Last night French authorities
said the 50,000 residents of the
European rightist stronghold of
Bab-el-Oued will be free to leave
their homes today for the first
time in six days.
The residents, many of them
followers of the Secret Army Or-
ganization, have been virtually im-
prisoned in their homes since a
battle in Bab-el-Oued last Friday
between French forces and Secret
Army commandos.
The encirclement of the suburb
and total curfew enforced since
Friday will be lifted after comple-
tion of a search of all homes,
French police said.
The total curfew had been re-
laxed only for women for two
hours every morning to allow them
to do the family shopping. No oth-
er civilians were permitted in the
streets.
Only military vehicles, ambu-
lances and trucks carrying food
have been allowed to cross the
steel ring kept around Bab-el-
Oued by 20,000 troops supported
by tanks and armored cars.
MEDEA '62:

Letter Cites
SScholastics,
1 Poor Morale
Receiver Asks SGC
Not To Set Deadline
By H. NEIL BERKSON
and GERALD STORCH
The Sigma Nu national has
placed its University chapter in
receivership, thus withdrawing all
authority for the local to handle
its own affairs.
This action was announced last
night in a letter to Student Gov-
ernment Council from the Receiv-
ing Board chairman, Dr. Sidney M.
Smock, who asked that SGC not
set a time limit for the elimina-
tion of Sigma Nu's bias clause.
Smock emphasized, however,
that the chapter's inability to com-
ply with Regents Bylaw 2.14 "is
only a small part" of the nation-
al's investigation of the local's
problems.
Cites Reasons
Other reasons he cited for the
receivership action, which took
effect March 20, were scholastic
troubles, local finances, poor mor-
I ale and a lowered reputation on
campus.
Smock, who presumably will be
the chapter's representative at the
SGC meeting set next week to
hear the compliance case, indi-
cated that this matter would be
handled strictly atthe local level.
"Gamma Nu chapter has done
all that the University Regulations
and regulations of SGC havere-
quired and requested and is pres-
ently continuing to pursue compli-
ance with these regulations,"
Smock said.
Southern Chapters
"When a national fraternity
such as Sigma Nu is strongly em-
bedded in the South, this is neith-
er an easy nor rapid process."
He asked SOC to give the chap-
ter more time so that it can "bring
the current crisis with which we
have been confronted" to the floor
of the national convention in Au-
gust. He said that 900 chapter
alumni are organizing to get rid
of the clause and may be able to
do so, "if we are but given the
time."
Smock noted that in 1950 the
local chapter was responsible for
leading a fight against ,the bias
clause at its national convention.
Every year since then the local
has voted, in chapter meetings,
recommending removal of the
clause, and did so unanimously
last month, he said.
High Command
"Sigma Nu's High Command, in
exercising waiver authority, con-
siders only those applications
which arise out of an official Uni-
versity or college regulation es-
tablished or confirmed by the
President or Board of Regents,
applying equally to all student
organizations and setting a specif-
ic calendar date for compliance
by all," Smock continued.
He said he is "not certain as to
whether Sigma Nu national is
aware of the actual weight of SGC
rulings on membership," and that
the chapter probably could not
get a waiver if an SGC ruling
applied only to the one house.
According to the receivership
plan, the board will "take sole
management of the chapter," by
authority of the national's execu-
tive secretary.
This "unlimited exercise of,
authority" will last until both the
Receivership Board and "institu-
tional authorities" feel the chapter]
can be put back under student:
control.

*

*

*

Faculty
Gives(

Senate

Committe

*

*

*

*

*C

*

)SA

Report

View.4

Seek Deal
To Obtain
UN Bonds
WASHINGTON (g)-The Ken-
nedy Administration began search-
ing yesterday for a compromise
that would avoid a bitter Senate
fight over the proposed purchase
of $100 million in United Nations
bonds.
Informal discussions are already
underway among- Senate Demo-
cratic leaders, White House aides
and Republican sponsors of a sub-
stitute proposal.
Debate on UN financing legisla-
tion has been put off until Mon-
day.
The controversy revolves around
a foreign relations committee-ap-
proved bill authorizing Kennedy
to purchase outright $25 million
of the bonds and match purchases
by other nations up to a $100 mil-
lion total.
The UN is issuing $200 million
in bonds to relieve a crisis caused
by failure of Communist bloc and
other nations to pay assessments
for peacekeeping operations in the
Congo and Middle East.
Republicans, led by Sens. George
D. Aiken (R-Vt), and Bourke B.
Hickenlooper (R-Iowa), have pro-
posed the United States lend the
UN $100 million, repayable in
three years, at the same interest
this government pays.
The UN bonds would carry only
two per cent interest and be re-
payable annually over a 25-year
period.
Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey (D-
Minn), Assistant Senate Majority
Leader, confirmed discussions are
underway.
Aiken decline comment. So did
Sen. John Sparkman (D-Ala) the
committee bill's floor manager.
Asks Inquiry
In Hours Plan
Expressing its disapproval of
the concept of women's hours, Stu-
dent Government Council yester-
day ordered its Committee on Stu-
dent Activities to investigate the
abolition of womens hours on
week-ends..
The mandate was an amendment
to Council's approval of 12 late
permission nights during the next
academic year. It was a substitute
by Robert Ross, '63, to one by
Howard Abrams, '63, which asked
for an investigation of the possi-
bility of more late permissions.
"I see no sound reason to incar-
cerate women in their dormitories
because of their sex," Ross de-
clared.
Ross said the committee could
explore the rationale for women's
hours, the channels by which they
are set, and the means for Coun-
cil action against them.

-Daily-Jerome Starr
COUNCIL ELECTION-Student Government Council last night elected Steven Stockmeyer, lower
right, president for the coming semester. Richard G'sel, .lower left, was elected executive vice-
president, Kenneth Miller, upper left, administrative vice-president, and Thomas Brown, treasurer.
StockmeyerTo HeadCounce

By PHILIP SUTINv
Steven Stockmeyer, '63, was
elected Student Government Coun-
cil president last night succeeding
Richard Nohl, '62 BAd.
Stockmeyer defeated outgoing
Administrative Vice - President
Robert Ross, '63, in a secret ballot
vote.
Richard G'sell, '63E, defeated
Kenneth Miller, '64, for the post
of executive vice-president. Miller
was then acclaimed administrative
vice-president as there were no
other nominations. Thomas Brown,
'63BAd, defeated Howard Abrams,
'63, for the treasurer's post.
"The Council faces two great
challenges-the Sigma Nu hear-
ings and the follow-up to Council
recommendations on Reed Com-
inittee report," Stockmeyer de-
clared.
To Hold Hearings
The Council will hold hearings
on the case at its next meeting
under already established pro-
cedures.
Stockmeyer indicated that he
plans to start communicating with
other segments of the University,
community to explain the benefits
of the Council recommendation.
"I have already and will con-
tinue to talk with Regents about
the Council proposals and plan
to talk to Vice-President for Stu-

deht Affairs James A. Lewis about
SGC and the report," he explain-
ed.
In a speech replying to the
nomination speech of Union presi-
dent Robert Finke, '63, Stockmey-
er expressed his optimism about
the Council future.
"The Council has survived be-
cause of its flexibility, its open-
ness to change. As president I
U.S., Soviets
Unite on Plan
UNITED NATIONS ()- The
United States and the Soviet
Union agreed yesterday on a fu-
ture course of action for the
United Nations Committee on
peaceful uses of outer space.
The agreement came in private
talks between the heads of the
United States and Soviet delega-
tions as space experts from the
two countries held the second in a
series of daily meetings to work
out the basis for cooperation on
space projects.
Informed diplomats said that
it was agreed that the United Na-
tions committee should not oper-
ate space projects of its own but
coordinate those of other agencies'.

hope to provide the sort of leader-
ship needed by a changing or-
ganization," he said.
Specifically he recommended in-
creased dynamism in the executive
committee, a clarification of the
committee structure, the possible
appointment of a personnel direc-
tor, and a clarification of Council
relations with Joint Judic as steps
toward improving Council opera-
tion.
Low Prestige
However, Stockmeyer warned,
"the low Council prestige, which
is our own fault, could bring the
death of Council." He suggested
the creation of a speakers bureau,
the broadcasting of president's
reports over WrN, and a Council
newsletter as three ways of ex-
plaining Council actions to the
campus.
Hamilton Hits
Aid Complaints
Of Legislature
WASHINGTON (m)-Foreign aid
chief Fowler Hamilton took issue
yesterday with congressional com-
plaints that the aid program has
an oversized backlog of upspent
money.
Hamilton said that in some cases
the backlog would increase fur-
ther, but the spending delay would
be "not out of line with what any
prudent American business does."
The head of the Agency for In-
ternational Development (AID)
gave this reply during a National;
Press Club luncheon speech when
told that Rep. Otto Passman (D-
La), chairman of the House ap-
propriations subcommittee han-
dling foreign aid funds, had pro-
tested that AID already had near-
ly $10 billion in unspent' appro-
priations. President John F. Ken-
nedy had asked for nearly $5 bil-
lion more for the coming year.
Fiscal Year
Hamilton said Passman's fig-
ure was for the start of the cur-
rent fiscal year just after Con-
gress had appropriated a fresh $5
billion. The fiscal year started
July 1.
Putting aside that $5 billion.
Hamilton said, the remaining $4
billion-plus backlog could be ac-
counted for this way:
About $2.5 billion has been set
aside for purchase of :military aid
items which take a long time to
produce.
Earmarking
Some $1.4 billion has been ear-
marked for development loans
which take a long time to arrange.
Hamilton said the development
lna fsfe "wilm rmil,, - av

Action Taken
In Meeting
With Comncil
Felhein, Lehnann
Discuss Problems
In Public Session
By MICHAEL OLINICK
Finding fault with the style a
well as substance of the documeni
the University Senate's Studen
Relations Committee last night re
leased its comments on the Offi
of Student Affairs Study Commit
tee report to Student Governmen
Council.
Meeting with the Council l
public session, the SRC discusse
its two-page report as well a
SGC's 12-page response to th
OSA study. Both reports aske
similar structural revisions of th
OSA.
Prof. Marvin Felheim of th
English department, chairman o
the faculty committee, said thi
was the first time the report ha'
been released. The SRC, which i
responsible to the Senate Advisor
Committee, acts as an, advisor t
Vice-President for Student Affair
James A. Lewis and gave its oam
ments on the OSA study to him oi
March 7.
"Lewis reported that the corn
mittee asked him not to publciz
our report after we presented it t
him. We never asked him to d
that, and we since saw no reasoi
for withholding the report, w
gave it to SGC," Prof. Felhein
said.
Ambiguous Laguage
The SRC-whose original repor
last spring touched offg the OS
study-found the language of th
study committee's report "of te
confusing or ambiguous" and
asked for a revised structure wit]
five functional agencies reportini
directly to a vice-president fo
student affairs.
The SRC also called for an "in
dependent, outside appraisal" a
the technical aspects of organiza
tional structures in the OSA ani
asked that advisory and appellat
structures be kept "outside an
independent" of the OSA
The faculty group-which calle
for major personnel and structure
changes in the OSA last May-
urged a code by which administra
tive personnel would be appointed
It also recommended that "oppor
tunities for inter-cultural an
inter-racial exchange should b
guaranteed, paticularly in th
residence units."
Denies Restraint
During the Council discussior
Howard Abrahms, '63, pointed ou
that Lewis had said that the SR(
urged him not to release its com
ments on the OSA study. Answer
ing Abrahms' query, "Why? Pro
Charles.,F. Lehmann of the edu
cation school said, "No. It's no
true that we asked him to with
hold the report."
The major point of cntrovers:
arising between the Council ani
the SRC was over who should ha
the authority to make rules gov
erning student conduct outside th
-classroom. SGC's report on th
OSA study document asked for :
joint student-faculty council whic
would have the power, subject to
veto by the vice-president.
Several of the faculty member
particularly Prof. Felhelm an
Andrew De Rocco of the chemistr
denartment, questioned the valu
and justification of faculty parti
cioating on such a body. The:
asked for retention of the SR(
and SGC as separate bodies actini
as the resective official represen
tatives of the faculty and students
with the possibility that- SGC b
given full powers to govern stu

coriat hseo thraenis
Socialist Group Presents
'OeainCorrection' Film 'prto
By RONALD WILTON
The controversy over "Operation Abolition," a film produced by
the House Un-American Activities Committee on the San Francisco
demonstrations of 1960 against, the committee, returned to the
campus last night with the showing of the film "Operation Correc-
tion."
The film, which was produced by the American Civil Liberties
Union and sponsored last night by the Democratic Socialist Club,
oattempts to point out alleged in-

I

Judith Anderson

Loves

Roles

By MALINDA BERRY Her portrayal of the scenes from middle ground of production, it is
"I pick a play when I fall in love "Macbeth" contain all of Lady either a hit or a flop."
with one," Judith Anderson said Macbeth's important scenes - Another problem she cited was
yesterday. "What people don't realize is that costs. There is no way for a boy
Dame Judith is appearing at Lady Macbeth is really a tiny part; to take his girl to the theatre in
8:30 p.m. today in Hill Aud. in in our production al her scenes New York, it costs too much. The
"Medea '62" by Robinson Jeffers. are there that are necessary to tell costs also keep plays from going on
She will also present scenes from the story. It is a complete char- the road, it is just too expensive,
"Macbeth." acter study," Dame Judith said. she said.
She is currently on tour with When asked about the signing Dame Judith's method of ab-
"Medea" because, "I don't have a of the Association of Producing sorbing a part is a combination
rna a rfir_ ta, , lir 1 Artgits profesional renetire omo Amer -_A-..-,

accuracies. in the HUAC film.
It uses the same film sequence
that the HUAC film uses, but sub-
stitutes the executive director of
the Northern California chapter
of the ACLU as narrator in place
of the HUAC film narrator.
The film was shown to a full
crowd in the Multi-Purpose Room
of the UGLI and was introduced
by Ernest Mazey, executive direc-
tor of the ACLU in Detroit, who
-has been accompanying the film
in its showings around the state.
Mazey explained that at the
present time 1500 copies of "Oper-
ation Abolition," were in circula-
tion and that the committee had
claimed they had been seen by

: _..

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