Seventy-One Years of Editorial Freedom
Scattered snow flurries,
little temperature change
See Page 4
VOL. LXXII, No. 118 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MARCH 16, 1962 SEVEN CENTS
Move To By-Pass Tax Committee
Fails as moderates Support Party
By FRED RUSSELL KRAMER
Special To The Daily
LANSING-Senate Democrats introducing Gov. John B. Swain-
son's tax program yesterday were met by unanimous Republican oppo-
sition in their efforts to by-pass the powerful Senate Taxation Com-
.ackage, which includes 3.5 per cent personal and corporate in -
package, which includes a 3.5 per cent personal and corporate in-
come taxes, be laid on the table, making it immediately available
for debate and vote. Normally bills are referred to committee, but
GOv. JOHN B. SWAINSON
... tax legislation
By MICHAEL HARRAH
Special To The Daily
LANSING-Speaker of the House
Don R. Pears (R-Buchanan)
cracked down yesterday on the
steadily dwindling attendance in
the State Legislature's lower
chamber as the members debated
various proposals dealing with
Communism and education.
Still awaiting debate are two
sister bills, introduced by Rep.
Frederick J. Marshall (R-Allen)
and others, which would require
the completion of courses in poli-
tical science and comparative gov-
ernment for graduation from
state-supported institutions of
It is not clear whether the pro-
posal would apply to constitutional
institutions such as the University,
Another bill awaiting passage
calls upon the Superintendent of
Public Instruction to draw up a
list of instructional materials to
be used in such political science
courses in high schools. Such a list
would inclule "the official ma-
terials of the House Committee on
Un-American Activities and the
Senate Internal Security Sub-
The House passed a proposal to
outlaw the Communist party in
Michigan over the objections of
Rep. Joseph A. Gillis (D-Detroit)
who argued that present statutes
already cover the matter.
However Rep. Roy H. Brigham
(R-Battle Creek) countered:
"There is no °harm in having
another law on the books outlaw-
As the House began debate on
the package of anti-communism
bills, Pears ordered all able mem-
bers brought to the chamber
bodily if necessary. At 5:30 p.m.
yesterday, when the House ad-
journed until this morning, police
were still searching for Rep. O.
Roosevelt Diggs (D-Detroit), leav-
ing the two parties deadlocked
"It's hard enough to pass a bill
with some members sick," Pears
said. "All the able-bodied ones
will have to be here."
Rep. Gail Handy (R-Eau Claire)
is sidelined indefinitely with cor-
onary trouble, Rep. Gilbert Burs-
ley (R-Ann Arbor) and Rep. Lloyd
Anderson (R-Pontiac) are out un-
til the first of the week with the
flu, and Rep. Joseph J. O'Connor
(D-Detroit) is bed-ridden with a
When Bursley and Anderson re-
turn, Ahe GOP has a ,potential 54-
53 margin. The Republicans are
Democrats fear the program will
die in committee.
Sen. Clyde H. Geerlings (R-Hol-
land), chairman of the taxation
committee, has declared on the
floor of the Senate that "no in-
come tax will ever pass the door
of this committee."
The 19-10 vote against the move
was along strict party lines.
Democrats did not receive sup-
port from the Republican moder-
ates headed by Stanley G. Thayer
(R-Ann Arbor). Sen. Charles H.
Blondy (D-Detroit) commented
afterwards, "A lot of rats desert-
ed the ship."
Lt. Gov. T. John Lesinski viewed
the vote as a test which "shows
the old reactionaries still control
In debate, Blondy argued that
the motion was necessary since
the taxation committee would not
consider the tax package and the
Senate would not disband' the
He emphasized that the Gover-
nor's program was a complete re-
vision of the present tax struc-
ture rather than Just an income
tax. He said the Governorwould
veto an income tax if it was not
passed in conjunction with his
other legislation on taxation.
Republican reaction was varied.
Geerlings noted that the move
to lay the tax program on the
table concerned taxation and ask-
ed that it be referred to his com-
Lynn O. Francis (R-Midland)
moved the entire committee sys-
tem be abolished. All laughed
when it died for lack of a second.
Later in the day, the Democrats
unsuccessfully tried to remove the
Republican nuisance tax package
from the floor of the Senate which
would kill the bill.
During, debate Geerlings said
the motion was ridiculous as there
would be no money from an in-
come tax until at least next April
if it passed. In addition he said,
"If you kill the bills I will intro-
duce another set of bills exactly
The nuisance tax program would
provide $40 million in extra reve-
nue next year.
Thayer, whose faction earlier
had opposed the nuisance tax pro-
gram, was one of two Republicans
UN Bond Sale
WASHINGTON UP) - Sen.
George D. Aiken (R-Vt) claimed
yesterday that columnist Walter
Lippmann is taking part in "a na-
tionwide pressure campaign" to
force Congress to approve pur-
chase of $100 million of United
In a Senate speech, Aiken ac-
cused Lippmann of "making fake
statements and accusations" as
part of this campaign.
"Through prejudicial reporting,
Mr. Lippmann is doing the con-
scientious news reporters of this
nation a great disservice," he add-
Aiken said there are carefully
drawn plans for a nationwide
campaign which even includes use
of movie stars to stir support for
the bond purchase. He did not
name any movie stars or suggest
what role they would play.
Lippmann, who writes a syndi-
cated column for the New York
Herald Tribune, had no immedi-
ate comment. He said he would
wait until he could obtain the full
text of Aiken's remarks and then
would "deal carefully with the
whole argument in a column next
In his column published in many
By HARRY PERLSTADT
Assistant dean of the graduate
school, Harlan C. Koch, scrutinized
the preparation for doctoral dis-
sertations in a speech before Phi
Delta Kappa, an educational pro-
fessional fraternity last night.
"The number of uncompleted
programs which stop short of con-
sumation indicate that the prepar-
ation of a dissertation is work of
a different order than course
work," Prof. Koch, who received
the fraternity's service key, said.
The student must comprehend
the meaning of research and can-
not even explore a tenative project
without such understanding. He
must realize that his doctoral in-
quiry will be governed by the laws
of the research universe.
"Rarely, if ever, does the doc-
toral novice, innocent as his spe-
cies characteristically is of the
requisite comprehensions and
skills, come well equiped for ter-
Terminal guidance leads direct-
ly to a consideration of the chair-
man of the doctoral committee.
"For such an office it is fanciful to
expect equal competence within
the faculty. Those who are eligible
to direct doctoral programs, how-
ever, range over a wide spectrum
of experience and proficiency," he
For example, one student was
permitted to report for his oral
examination and then was told
that his consideration was un-
satisfactory and would have to
Another point of interest was
how to determine the student's
creative imagination which effec-
tive research requires. "Courses
provide no adequate evidence and
so far as my knowledge goes, re-
liable tests of creativity are yet
to be divised," Prof. Koch said.
"And the writing of most grad-
uate students is deadly; so deadlyE
that the chairman, himself, must
be competent to recognize it for
what it is and either edit the man-1
uscript properly or see that it is
"The student has probably heard
that a dissertation should deal
with an original idea and there-
fore contribute to knowledge in his
field. But in this respect his vir-
ginity is profound. The student
misses something quite essential
to his doctoral competence when-
ever he uncritically accepts a
problem from the hypothetical
barrel," Prof. Koch said.
He then considered some of the
hazards of the oral examination.
There are those who literally de-1
fend their theses and become bel-I
licose whenever any aspect was<
normally challenged and those1
who froze and were speechless be-
fore the "five monsters beforeI
But the examiners also haveI
idiosyncracies. There was one whoF
habitually seized upon some nig-c
gling point and worried it, and
incidentally the candidate, toi
Clarkson Staves .Of f
Rally; Icers Lose,54
By JIM BERGER
special To The Daily
Clarkson Tech took advantage of its breaks and opportunities to
score a stunning 5-4 upset over Michigan last night in the opener of.
the National Collegiate Hockey Tournament here at Memorial Audi-
The Golden Knights led all the way. They scored twice in the
first two periods and once in the third. Three of the Clarkson goals
A questionnaire concerning the
attitudes of independent women on
dormitory hours was circulated
this week by Women's Judiciary,
chairman Deborah Cowles, '62,
The form asks for opinions on;
a possible elimination of hours for.
senior women. It also requests the
women's feelings on the possible
extension of freshmen hours from
11 p.m. to midnight Sunday
through Thursday and questions3
the necessity of a ruling prevent-
ing freshmen women from taking
Automatic Late Permissions dur-;
The results of the questionnaires
will be discussed at the Women's'
Judiciary Council meeting Tues-
Regents To Set
At their regular meeting today,
the Regents are expected to ap-
point a new director of the in-
dustrial health institute to replace;
Prof. Seward Miller.
Other appointments will include;
a permanent chairman of the
psychology department (Prof. Wil-
liam J. McKeachie is currently
acting chairman), and acting
chairmen of the geography and
anthropology departments to re-
place Professors Charles M. Davis,
and James C. Spuhler respectively.,
JAMMED-Michigan center Bill Kelly tries in vain to release his stick from the clasp of an unidenti-
fied Michigan Tech Husky. Kelly scored one of four Wolverine goals in last night's 5-4 loss to Clark-
son in the NCAA hockey championships. Tonight Tech and St. Lawrence square off in the second
game of the tournament.
'were on power plays, while ox e
was scored on a breakaway.
For Michigan Red Berenson was
the star. The senior captain scored
twice in the final frame for the
Wolverines to break an existing
school record. Going into the game
he was tied with Neil Celley with
40 goals in the season.
Clarkson goalie Wayne Gibbons
was the hero of the evening. The
junior from St. Catherine, Ont.
stopped 25 shots, and in the third
period when the Wolverines finally
came to life, Gibbons was not to be
What happened to Michigan?
Berenson compared last night's
game with the Yale game earlier
in the season. "We just couldn't
get up for them," said Berenson.
"As with Yale we knew we were a
better team and we were thinking
ahead. Against Yale we finally
came back but tonight we couldn't.
"It's not an easy thing to say
'We're behind, now let's skate',"
he continued, "We couldn't get
Came To Win
The Golden Knights made it
clear from the beginning that they
came to win. With their close fore-
checking and back-checking, the
Knights hardly let Michigan come
out of its own zone.
They took the lead at 6:10 of
the first period when forward
Brian Halliwell rushed in on the
left wing to beat Michigan goalie
Bob Gray with a shot to the near
side from 20 feet. At 15:56 on a.
power play Clarkson wing Robert
Taylor was set up from the face-
off and slapped it by Gray, who
was screened on the play.
With seven seconds remaining in'
the period the Wolverines came
back with a goal. Center Larry
See WOLVERINES, Page 7
Blast Kennedy Offer
Safeguard on Secret Preparations
Deadlocks Negotiation Discussions
GENEVA (A")-An abrupt Soviet "no" to President John F. Ken-
nedy's plan for a safeguarded nuclear test ban treaty and clashing
plans on how to end the arms race gave the 17-nation disarmament
conference a deadlocked look at the very start yesterday.
Soviet rejection of the Kennedy plan was at a sidelines meeting
of the three nuclear powers.
Arthur Dean, United States nuclear test ban negotiator, proposed
conclusion of a treaty based on an American-British draft of April 18
with modifications to safeguard against secret test preparations.
The Soviet negotiator, Semyon Tsarapkin, told Dean and the
British delegate, Joseph Godber, the only treaty Russia would sign
was on the basis of a Russian draft'
By GERALD STORCH
Inter - Quadrangle Council will
try again to revise its constitution.
The body unanimously voted
last night to submit a package
of 11 amendments to individual
house councils. Each of these pro-
posals must be ratified by two-
thirds of the houses..
The amendments would also
have to be approved by Student
Government Council and the
Residence Halls Board of Gover-
nors before taking effect.
Several of the new provisions
are designed to meet objections
raised when IQC's proposed con-
stitution was defeated by the
houses last month.
They include requirements that
no member of a house, quadrangle
or IQC judiciary "hear adcase a
second time" and that IQC officers
not have the power to vote, except
for the president to break a tie.
Also suggested are that the
president "be responsible for all
committee activities" and that
IQC have the power to recognize
and withdraw recognition from
any all-residence hall student or-
Otherwise, the amendments are
parallel to the provisions of the
The major points including
moving IQC elections back to the
first month of the spring semester.
of last Nov. 28.
This plan called for reliance on
national systems of detection of
violations rather than interna-
tional inspection. His answer was
said to have been abrupt and flat,
with no sign of any give or take.
This exchange came after Sec-
retary of State Dean Rusk and So-
viet Foreign Minister Andrei Gro-
myko clashed in the disarmament
conference on nuclear testing poli-
cy and presented rival plans for a
sweeping attack on the arms race.
Rusk said the nuclear issue was
of highest priority because. of
President Kennedy's intention of
resuming United States tests in
the' atmosphere by late April un-
less there is a safeguarded test'
Attempting to hang a label of
nuclear guilt around the neck of
the United States, Gromyko said
Kennedy's plan for tests was a
"painful blow" to the conference
even before it started and .a "sin-
ister omen on the horizon."
If the President goes through
with it, he said, the Soviet Union
also will test "new types" of nu-
clear weapons and the United
States will be unable to "divest
itself of responsibility."
Rusk replied that the confer-
ence met "amid the echoing roars
of more than 40 Soviet nuclear
explosions" last fall that were pre-
pared in secret during negotia-
tions. The Soviet Union, he add-
ed, was in no position to be holier
"A' 50-megaton bomb does not
make the noise of a cooing dove,"
Both Rusk and Gromyko pre-
sented plans aimed' at "general
and complete disarmament," but
differing in detail and basic con-
By JUDITH OPPENHEIM
Members of the literary college
steering committee yesterday con-
sidered possible reasons for what
Associate Dean James H. Robert-
son termed the "crashing pessim-
ism" greeting the report of the
Study Committee on the Office of
Robertson asked the cause of,
the widespread student disillusion-
ment before implementation of the
report has begun.
The cause most frequently cited
was the apparent similarity be-
tween the old offices of the deans
of men and women and the new
structure calling for a dean of
students and an associate dean of
the opposite sex.
Brian Glick, '62, said students
believe the existing structure is
merely being juggled slightly with
all current members of the Office
of Student Affairs staff being
given new titles and new rank
positions, but without any other
Committee Chairman Ruth Gal-
anter, '63, mentioned the "ob-
vious similarity" in the proposed
deans' offices to the present sys-
tem. Glick who served on the OSA
committee along with Robertson
mentioned that at one meeting
University President Harlan
Hatcher had referred to the as-
sociate dean of students as "the
dean of women under another
He pointed to the reaction of
Vice-President for Student Affairs
James A. Lewis who first said he
agreed with all but one section of
the report and later said he dis-
agreed with several aspects but
refused to specify which he object-
Glick suggested that students
may fear Lewis is leaving himself
loopholes so that he can recom-
mend changes in the' report in
response to pressures from various
Carol Fleisher, ''64, said many
students had hoped for a strong
statement in support of treating
students in a more adult fashion.
She added that she thought a real
change in philosophy ending the
"double standard" of rules for men
and women's conduct could be
brought about only by "mammoth
forces which are not working
Glick mentioned the proposed
student, faculty administrative ad-
visory board to the vice-president
for student affairs as one of the
chief sources of dissatisfaction
with the report.
The main objection to such
boards, he believes, comes from
their lack of explicit power. As
an example he pointed to Lewis'
refusal to allow publication of the
original report of the Student Re-
lations Committee of the Univer-
sity Senate xecommending changes
March Describes RationalOrg
SGC Candidates Discuss
Positions at Open House
By THOMAS HUNTER
Five Student Government Council candidates expressed their po-
sitions on campus issues before a West Quadrangle open house last
Lawrence Monberg, '63, said that the most important issue is
bias in membership selection and that present structure of SGC's
Committee on Membership does not allow effective handling of the
problem. He advocated representation for Inter-Fraternity Council
^ and Panhellenic Association on.
the committee for more direct
Kenneth Miller, '64, replied that.
®"it would be ridiculous" having
anizaton IFC and Panhel on the committee
since it is concerned with more
than fraternities and sororities.
On the issue of SGC affiliation
with the National Student Asso-
ciation Fred Batlle, '64A&D, said
the problem is that NSA "talks.
most about what it knows the
least-national and international
affairs-and does least about what
it knows the most-student gov-
Howard Abrams, '62, attributed
student apathy on SGC matters
to the fact that "they don't think
much of the Council," and that
SGC lacks a concept of its role
By JEFFREY CHASE
Research models of organiza-
tional decision making h a v e
shown that organizations are
adaptive, rational systems, Prof.
James G. March of the Carnegie
Institute of Technology said yes-
An organization is a decision
making body, and one of its pri-
mary functions is making accur-
ate decisions by the use of cog-
native problem-solving techniques.
If the organization adapts to
the ...~ nrnh1P anvitrncr Pnr4anop
The first deals with the quasi-
resolution of decision-making con-
flicts. The organization either has
all divisions simultaneously decide
on the resolution and then pools
the results or gives the divisions
of the organization only those as-
pects of the goal which they are
This latter method is not a
stable system, but survives over
time, Prof. March explained.
The second modification deals
with uncertainty avoidance.. The
solution. The search for the an-
swer to a problem tends to return
to the place where the last solu-
tion toda similar problem was dis-
This is a reinforcing phenom-
enon. If no results are found, the
search is directed into the realms
of neighboring problems, Prof.
The fourth factor involves orga-
nizational learning from experi-
ences. These experiences include
what gives the organization the
most favorable results, what the