See Page 4
Seventy-One Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXII, No.-114
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MARCH 11, 1962
Russians Fill Approach to Berlin
In Order To Make Flights Difficult
BERLIN (M)-The Russians have dug up the old trick of dropping
metallic strips to .confuse radar controlling Western plane traffic
in Berlin's air corridors.
But Western Air Force officers said yesterday this is only a
nuisance, not a menace.
Informned sources said Russian planes filled the air approaches to
Berlin for two hours Friday with what airmen call "chaff" or "gar-
The effect is to clutter up the screens of
the flights of Western planes into the isolated
radar sets controlling
city. Streaks of white
By H. NEIL BERKSON
The latest Russian maneuver ire
the Berlin war of nerves is noth,
The British first used the tech-
nique late in World War II.
Germany, with a line of rada
stations stretched across Europe
was doing great damage to Allied
bombing missions. British scien:
tists suggested that the missions
drop strips of tin foil cut in such
a manner that they would resem-
ble aircraft on enemy radar
screens. Once the radar was "jam-
med," the enemy would be unable
to direct its fighters or its anti-
Tests held early in 1942 proved
successful and the project, hence
forth referred to as "Windows'
was ready. There was only one
problem. As Winston Churchil
wrote in "The Hinge of Fate,'
"The device was so simple and so
effective that the enemy might
copy it and use it against us."
But the danger of German air
attacks steadily decreased, and
"Window" was finally used in a
raid on Hamburg on July 24, 1943
Enemy confusion was even great-
er than the Allies expected. Ger-
man radar sent its mighty arse-
nal of planes and guns chasing
after harmless strips of, metal
floating through the sky.
across the screens make an un-
Declaring the effect not dan-
gerous, an American officer said
radar operators are trained to
distinguish between "chaff" and
images of planes.
A British officer said this was
just one of the ways the Soviets
were making "an aggravatedtnui-
sance of themselves" in the three
20-mile-wide air corridors across
Communist East Germany to Ber-
One expert said that improve-
ment in radar had made chaff
r much less effective than it was
when first used by United States
and British bomberafleets to con-
,fuse Nazi radar in attacking Ger-
s many in World War II. He specu-
lated that the Russians were trying
to find out just how effective the
tactic is now.
West'rn allied officers were un-
worried. n American source said
radar is not the only safety control
on the, flights to Berlin.
But Western sources expressed
irritation at the Soviet harassing
tactics over the past five weeks.
Builds Up Tension
l The nuisance campaign appear-
ed to be timed to build up tension
in a particularly sensitive area
just before the opening of the
Geneva Disarmament Conference.
The Red Air Force has tried to
1 monopolize air space in the corri-r
dors, buzzed Western planes,
. scheduled what the West regards
as totally unnecessary flights
through the corridors, repeatedly
broken the sound barrier over
thickly populated areas of West
Berlin and finally thrown out the
OAS TERROR CONTINUES-Little remains of a truck destroyed
by a plastic bomb in front of the post office of a Parisian suburb.
Three persons were killed, 50 were injured. The OAS keeps fight-
ing, but an Algerian cease-fire is imminent.
IBomb Explodes in Paris;
Blame French Rightists
PARIS (A')-A parked truck believed loaded with bombs by the
terrorist secret army exploded on a busy suburban street yesterday,
killing two policemen and a priest and injuring 50 persons.
Heard across most of Paris, the blast touched off an angry street
demonstration. About 5,000 persons marched, shouting "to the guillo-
tine with the OAS murderers."
In a TV-radio address, Interior Minister Roger Frey expressed
government indignation at the bombing, blamed "outlaws, fascists and
To View Report
After considering a report de-
signed to achieve cooperation be-
tween the Alumni Ascociation and
the Development Council, the as-
sociation's executive committee
yesteirday referred it to a study
committee which will present the
report to the association's Board
of Directors March 24.
The study committee that is now
considering the repart, in October,
1958, began the original discus-
sion of the relationship between
the association and the council,
meeting with the Development
Council in 1959.
Unable to agree on a plan for
cooperation, the two groups formed
a joint subcommittee representing
both the association and the coun-
wartime collaborators" and called
for harsh punishment of the per-
The explosion caused grave con-
cern among security officers, who
are making formidable prepara-
tions to prevent' a rightist wave
of terror and violence when and
if a cease-fire is announced with
the Algerian Nationalist Rebels.
In the border city of Evian,
French and Algerian Rebel nego-
tiators met in full dress session
to hear reports of committees
drafting final terms of a cease-
fire to end the 7-year-old nation-
Sworn to keep Algeria French,
the secret army is, expected to
react violently when news is an-
nounced of a French-Algerian na-
tionalist agreement that will clear
the way to independence.
It is for this reason that heavy
and light tanks are being posted
in the suburbs of Paris, and a
main security control point has
been set up atop the famed Arc
A portent of what may come
. .r w UNIVERSITY PRESIDENTS_
Erastus Otis Haven, 1863-1869
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(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the
second in a series of eight bio-
graphical profiles of University
By MICHAEL HARRAH
T HE YEAR was 1863; Henry
SPhilipTappan was gone;
and the campus had just begun
to wake to the horror of what
A strong man had guided the
University for 11 stormy years.
There was never a dull moment,
but the course of events was
never in doubt. The University
was a ship on the high seas,
drifting along without .a cap-
The Regents who axed Tap-
pan went out of office the next
year, and a new Board was in-
stalled. But they had no choice
in the matter of a new presi-
dent. The old Board which fired
Tappan elected a new man that
His name was Erastus Otis
* * *
PRESIDENT HAVEN had
been a professor of English and
Latin at the University from
1852-56 and a Methodist min-
ister at the same time. He de-
parted for Massachusetts when
he realized Tappan would stand
firm in his policies of religious
tolerance and non-sectarianism.
When the Regents called him
to head the University, he was
editor of Zion's Herald in Bos-
ton and a member of the Mas-
Although everyone maintain-
ed that President Haven should
get the fullest possible support
in filling Tappan's shoes, no
one was very enthusiastic about
his policies or his appointments.
As the fall term opened in 1863,
students demonstrated against
President Haven .and loudly
called pon the ,Regents to
confidence. With Tappan safely
ensconsed far-off in Switzer-
land and brushing off all ap-
peals to return, the Regents
had no choice. They re-elected
President Haven and timidly
waited to see what he'd do.
THIS ACTION sank the Uni-
versity into a dilemma. The
Legislature was asking for
might have been selected as
president of a small college on
his merits and professional
stature . . . He lacked the
commanding personality 'of a
strong president, but in patient
compromises, he usually got
what he wanted.
"Fortunately, President Haven
immediately displayed a talent
for getting along with people,
which was not one of Tappan's
Slowly President Haven won
over his adversaries, and the
University ,which had been los-
ing faculty and staff like crew-
men deserting a sinking ship,
began to grow and expand
again. The confidence of the
people was returning.
* * *
AND SO it was in 1867 when
President Haven asked the
Legislature for more money,
and the lawmakers ,responded
with a handsome appropriation
-which had a string tied to it.
Someone in Lansing attached
a rider to the money: The Uni-
versity had to establish a pro-
fessorship of homeopathic med-
icine in the medical depart-
ment. And while the Regents
were all agreeing with each
other that this could not be
done without antagonizing two-
thirds of the medical popula-
tion, the President proceeded to
raise the money from private
sources, a move which didn't
console the Legislature at all.
And that was how things
stood. The allopaths fought
with the homeopaths, uniting
only to condemn the University
in general and President Haven
So the Regents decided not to
accept the appropriation with
its controversial rider. Faculty
raises that President Haven had
promised were cancelled. Every-
was the blast of the booby-trapped pean security.
truck in the suburb of Issy les
I Moliveaux, described by police asCa l ]s a s
a typical secret army operation. !
The two policemen killed had "
been standing in front of the hall, t n Bd s
stationed to keep order during the
meeting. The priest had just ar- TOYKO (P)-Red China claimed
rived at the post office to pick up yesterday that a motorized junk
mail for a nearby church, that limped into Cacao last Wed-
The exploding van was wadded nesday carried "Chiang Kai-Shek
into two blackened pieces. The bandits" and not fugitives from
front landed near the post office Communism.
and the second section crashed The official New China News
into a parked sedan 100 yards Agency (NCNA) reported the junk
away. Ambulances hauled away traded gunfire with a Chinese
the screaming wounded. Communist coastal patrol off the
Quickly Organized South China mainland in day-
The street demonstration was light Wednesday, then fled to
quickly organized by Communist- Portuguese Macao.
leaning leaders of the movement Semiofficial sources there said
for peace organization. The crowd it was believed the occupants of
met in front of the city hall and the junk had been members of the
cheered as several speakers assail- Red Chinese militia who raided
ed the secret army and the police a Red ammunition dump at the
for not stopping the terrorist wave. village of Tong Wan before strik-
After the speeches, the crowd, ing out for Cacao.
many carrying hastily-made plac- Only five of the original 15
ards, marched through the streets, aboard reached shore. At least two
then quieted into a silent, moving were killed and the others were
mass in a parade past a hospital missing.
where many of the blast victims The Red news agency said the
had been taken. junk was armed by Nationalist
Paris was braced for a danger- China to carry out "harassing ac-
ous weekend. tivities."
1ocriy tApp ls
By ELIZABETH ROEDIGER
Pulitzer prize winning poet W. D. Snodgrass last night ranged
from autobiographical readings to musings on contemporary Ameri-
can poets in a reading at the Unitarian Church.
Snodgrass, who is presently a professor of creative writing at
Wayne State University, interspersed readings of his own poetry with
a humor and intensity that seized and held his audience's attention.
Comments on Contemporary Poetry
Commenting on contemporary American poetry, he found that
widespread nonconformity is "often a waste of time." Amplifying his
statement, he noted that while many young artists "tend to live as
beatniks purely for financial reasons," many would-be artists find
self-delusion "by picking up the trappings of genius."
Reading his own poetry, Snodgrass included esoteric autobiog-
President Haven's departure, in
response to public opinion.
President Haven had wasted no
time instituting various re-
forms, such as a strict observ-
ance of morning chapel services
for one and all in Mason Hall.
On the reorganized faculty,
clerics like President Haven,
threatened a complete snism
if talk about returning Tappan
didn't cease. 'But the alwa s
obliging Henry Philip Tappan
came through in the -nick of
time. From his home in Swit-
zerland about this time he
loosed a blast at Michigan in
general and the University in
particular, and that stopped the