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January 26, 1964 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 1964-01-26

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26, 1964




i t VFi


Nixon Would Respond to Draft

Associated Press Newsfeatures Writer
President Richard M. Nixon, re-'
calling the 34 million votes he got
for President in 1960, said last
week he'd be willing to try again.
Nixon's announcement-"if the
opportunity should come again, I
would accept it"-was the stand-
out in a flurry of presidential
campaign developments.
Others included:
Pennsylvania Gov. William W.
Scranton became somewhat less
aloof from the talk that the Re-
publicans might settle on him as
their presidential nominee.
Comments Exchanged
New Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller
and Sen. Barry Goldwater (R-

Ariz), full-fledged candidates for
the GOP nomination, low-rated
each other a little lower than
Nixon announced in a television
interview his willingness to accept
a draft. 'At the same time, he said
also that Goldwater still is the
leader among the professional pol-
The former Vice-President said
he always has believed no one.
could win the presidential nomina-
tion without entering a presiden-
tial primary, but this year might
be different.
Mixed Result
"There are some indications we
will go through the primary period
and that the result will be mixed,"
he said.

In the dilution of Scranton's
aloofness, these were the factors:
He denied he had pledged in
1962 to serve out his full four-
year term as governor.
After a long period of sticking
rather closely to Pennsylvania, he
was reported to be planning a
cross-country trip to accept an
honorary degree from the Univer-
sity of Southern California.

Typical Repartee
Typical of the Goldwater
Rockefeller comments:


Aides Tell How Romney
Reached Budget Request

(Continued from Page 1)

For higher education, the budget
aides publicly tossed $5-10 million
increases around while privately
figuring upwards of a $12 million
They and the governor, however,
were still a far penny from $21.5
Through the early fall, while the
governor tangled with his fiscal
reform program, he delegated the
budget work in education to his
"blue ribbon" Citizens Committee
on Higher Education.-
Its task, as prescribed by Rom-
ney, was to prepare a budget
recommendation for higher edu-
cation in statistically-documented
terms. Specifically tackling this
chore was a smaller "interim sub-
--committee" of the "blue ribbon"
group appropriately called the
Bentley sub-committee for its
chairman Alvin Bentley.
Bentley was agreed upon to chair
the group by the overall "blue
ribbon" chairman Dan Karn, an
industrialist from Jackson, who
recognized a good conservative
when he saw one.
But educators recall that Bent-
ley, to everyone's surprise,, turned
out to be not so conservative. With
influential free-spending Demo-
crats on the interim committee
such as UAW official Mildred
Jeffrey, Bentley's unstated task
was to come up with a recom-
mendation meager enough for the
governor to adopt.
However, the evidence shown by
educators of the, need in higher
education was overwhelming.
Politically wise educators like
University Executive Vice-Presi-
dent Marvin Niehuss sagely con-
centrated quietly on this com-
mittee, leaving the governor tem-
porarily unmolested to try to work
his fiscal reform magic (which
ultimately failed).
Wisely emphasizing the "total
needs" of higher education rather
than their individual institutional
needs, educators of high stature,
such as University President Har-
lan Hatcher and Michigan State
University President John Hannah,
"gave clear and impressive pic-
tures of the financial plight plagu-
ing education," Bentley later re-
His subcommittee group battled
and compromised to a $25 million
increase figure as the "minimum"
immediate need for higher edu-
cation, deftly declining to specify
how to divide up such an appro-
$25 Million Enough
The irrefutable figures were bas-
ed on per-student costs, rising en-
rollment expenses and faculty
With the $25 million ringing
through the report, Bentley pre-
pared to submit it to the full
"blue ribbon" committee. On the
eve of that move however, Bentley
made an unofficial presentation to
Gov. Romney of his committee's
Romney, discouraged by the de-
feat of his fiscal reform package,
still brought to that conference on
Nov. 15 encouraging news from
Allen. Revenue estimates for the

fiscal year 1964-65, the year of this
education appropriation, had sky-
rocketed from the $580 million dis-
patched to the public during the
summer to $620 million.
In short, there was plenty of
room for an expansive higher edu-
cation appropriation-if the need
could be demonstrated in terms
acceptable to public and Legisla-
Confrontingthe governor was
Bentley's report, and standing
firmly behind its $25 million find-
ing were conservatives Bentley
and Karn and an old friend named
Ed Cushman, a vice-president of
American Motors, who wasone of
the co-chairmen of the "blue rib-
bon" group.
From these "blue ribbon" citi-
zens-his' own hand-picked group
-came the same cry of expanding
enrollment, rising costs and of
loss of competitive position with
other states which had been the
tuneof University President Har-
lan Hatcher in a Saturday visit.
With the need for higher educa-
tion emplanted in his mind, Rom-
ney did not need the additional
urging from the report that the
next day the "blue ribbon" group
passed and endorsed the Bentley
report unanimously.
"Twenty-five million education
hike needed" blared the headlines.
But the governor knew that
such an appropriation boost would
never make it through the fund-
slashers in the Legislature. From
trusted doctors of the legislative
pulse-Sen. Stanley Thayer (R-
Ann Arbor), Sen. Frank Beadle
(R-St. Clair), Rep. William Do-
mano (D-Macomb)--came the
word: $25 million is too luscious.
Temporarily, Romney thus settl-
ed on $20 million as the logical
figure, one close legislative friend
revealed. This was the situation
when he was bound for Omaha.
From that time on, the governor
toyed with a series of proposals
which could put him as favoring a
$25 million boost to higher edu-
cation-but which would be easily
amenable to being lopped off by
the Legislature if it wanted.
The $20 million figure began to
loom as the most agreeable com-
promise. When last-minute pres-
sures filed in from some of the
smaller institutions, the delicacy
of the budget situation warranted
minimal increases (around $1 mil-
lion) divided among them.
Budget analysts, having heard
all 10 institutions present their
needs, found that the $21.5 in-
crease for higher education was
workable; although they cautioned
the governor that strong com-
plaints would follow his official
announcement of the proposed
But it was a satisfied group of
educators and legislators that re-
acted to the education budget
which Romney made public in his
State of the State address Jan. 9.
Five years of deprivation had
made them anxious for substantial
increases and vocal in their praises
of what one official labelled "the
courageous governor who may
have set higher education on a
path to growth."

Rockefeller on Goldwater-"He
does not represent the Republican
Party nor the general public."
Goldwater-"If the Republican
Party wants to nominate an echo
... I suggest the people go again
to the Democratic Party where
the real liberal noise is."
Stassen Comeback
Another oldtimer back on the
political stage last week was
Harold E. Stassen, who announced
he would enter Republican presi-
dential primaries in the District of
Columbia, New Hampshire, Cali-
fornia and "certain others."
Stassen was ;last heard from na-
tionally when he tried to get for-
mer President Dwight D. Eisen-
hower to dump Nixon from the
1956 ticket-and wound up sec-
onding- Nixon's renomination to
be Vice-President.
There was quite a bit of in-
conclusive action among the vice-
presidential possibilities.
Shriver Undecided
Sargent Shriver, Peace Corps
director and brother-in-law of the
late President John F. ,Kennedy,
said he has notadecided to run
if he should be asked. He would
not say whether Johnson has ask-
ed him.
Robert F. Kennedy, the late
President's brother, did not hurt
his chances by announcing, after
the disputants had talked things
over with him, that Indonesia and
Malaysia had agreed to stop fight-
Astronaut John H. Glenn, Jr.,
wasn't talking much himself; but
some Ohio politicians said that if
he won the state's Democratic
senatorial primary May 5, he'd
stand out as a possible running
mate for LJB.
Sen. Eugene McCarthy (D-
Minn) said he is standing by for
a possible nod from Johnson, but
is working mostly for re-election
to the Senate.

Give Talks
On Johnson
Rights Plan
Associated Press Political Writer
WASHINGTON-Two old sena-
torial friends of President Lyndon
B. Johnson appear to have un-
veiled the strategy by which he
hopes to salvage some Southern
electorial support while cham-
pioning civil rights.
As it emerged in speeches Fri-
day by two leading Dixie senators
-Sen. Richard B. Russell (D-
Ga) and Sen. George A Smathers
(D-Fla)-the formula pointed to-
ward convincing Southerners:
-That they can blame any civil
rights legislation that Congress
may enact primarily on those
whom Russell called "professional
-That they should retain
loyalty to the Democratic Party
because the Republicans offer no
better alternative.
Stick with Democrats
Smathers put it this way at a
party rally in Birmingham, Ala.:
"Either we stay with the party
of the South, the party of our
forefathers, the party that has
brought prosperity to the people
of America, or we seek consolation
in the party of the Rockefellers
and the Javitses . ..
Smathers linked his attack on
the two New York Republicans,
Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller and
Sen. Jacob K. Javits, with jibes
at Sen. Barry Goldwater (R-Ariz),
like Rockefeller a candidate for
the GOP presidential nomination.
Arizonan Messianism
He dubbed the Arizona conser-
vative, credited with strong sup-
port in Dixie, as "the self -appoint-
ed savior of the South," and con-
"This is the man who wants to
sell the TVA while pushing for a
$2 billion water program for Ari-
zona. This is a strong advocate
of the Civil Rights Commission
and a senator who, in 1957 and
1960, cast 40 affirmative votes in
favor of oppressive civil rights
legislation and against the South."
Obviously not buying the party
loyalty theme, Alabama Gov.
George C. Wallace said Southern
states should leave their presiden-
tial electors free to vote for some-
one other than the national party
Another 'Bloc Vote'
Wallace told the fund-raising
dinner that the Southern states
can wield the balance of power in
the presidential election and that
"we, too, can form a bloc vote."
But Smathers cautioned against
the free electoral proposal, calling
it perhaps the most dangerous step
the South could take.
Russell told a Valdosta, Ga.,
audience that he was sorry to have
to say that he has no doubt that
Johnson "intends to throw the full
weight of his powerful office and
the full force of his personality-
both of which are considerable"--
into the drive to get civil rights
legislation passed.
Eye on Re-election
The Georgia senator said that
ably, is undertaking to make a
"the new President, understand-
record that he can take to the
people next November in the brief
time that he has available."
He predicted that "professional
agitators" would put tremendous
pressure on Congress for civil
rights action. In this effort, Rus-
sell said he couldn't distinguish
"between the Rockefeller-Nixon
wing of the Republican Party and
the ADA-minded members of my
own party."
The ADA is Americans for
Democratic Action, which espouses
liberal causes.
Common Ground

Aside from their differences
over this issue, Russell said there
are many areas in which he and
Johnson hold similar views.
As a friend of Johnson for near-
ly 30 years, he voiced the opinion
that the President "is a man of
unusual ability with an immense
capacity for leadership."
"He has a fine understanding of
the workings of government and
an appreciation for the delicate
arrangement of checks and bal-
ances that is the genius of the
American constitutional system,"
Russell said.

EDITOR'S NOTE: A century ago,
Zanzibar was a center of the slave
trade. Explorers based there for
expeditions that discovered the
source of the"Nile. The Portuguese
controlled it, then the Arabs; and
the British took over in 1890. Six
weeks ago, Britain gave up its pro-
tectorate role and Zanzibar joined
the United Nations. Then revolt
broke out and Zanzibar became an
incipient base for Communist ef-
forts in East Africa. Here is a report
from a correspondent who spent 10
days in Zanzibar after the revolt
Associated Press Writer
DAR ES SALAAM, Tanganyika
-Seething East Africa has sprout-
ed the Dark Continent's first peo-
ple's republic, replete with "free-
dom fighters," Communist slogans
and bearded revolutionaries flick-
ing ashes from Cuban cigars.
To Western ears, the two-weeks-
old revolution in the island of
Zanzibar sounds weirdly blood-
thirsty and there is deep concern
that it may have kindled flames of
revolt on East Africa's mainland,
now echoing to sporadic uprising.
Still, Tanganyika's army mutiny
last week seemed to have a little
in common with the Zanzibar
Communist-led coup. President
Julius Nyerere insisted that what
happened in Zanzibar was not
connected with Tanganyika's brief
army mutiny, and most Western
diplomats on the scene say they
are inclined to agree with him.
Potentially Subversive
Violent events in East Africa,
however, are likely to have strik-
ing impact throughout the un-


stable area of newly emerging in-
dependent regimes; and Zanzibar
is a potential base for subversion.
Fifty miles across the sea from
Tanganyika, in Zanzibar, there is
no mistake the strong Communist
Chinese and Communist Cuban
influence. This is blended with the
African Zanzibaris' own brand of
political violence which left their
self-styled "field marshal," John
Okello, voicing bloodthirsty threats
against any who would oppose
The Uganda-born Okello claims
to have planned the entire Zanzi-
bar revolution. Westerners say his

prominence may be largely the re-
sult of accident, traceable to the
fact he was first to reach the radio
station and first to realize the
power this gave him.
Okello May Go
There are indications that poli-
ticians now are trying to edge
Okello out of the picture.
Zanzibar's new president is
Aveid Karume, head of the former
opposition Afro-Shirazi party. He
is popular in the island but seems
largely the pawn of left-wing ex-
When news of the revolution
reached the mainland of Africa,
Abdul Rahman Mohammed Babu,
soon to be named foreign minis-
ter, was in Dar Es Salaam; and his
first calls that day were on the
Cuban and Chinese embassies in
Tanganyika. T h is illuminated
Zanzibar's potential as a base for
Communist subversion in Africa.
At Army's Mercy?
Tanganyika's mutiny broke out
last Monday. It seemed to demon-
strate that President Nyerere's
government is virtually at the
army's mercy. Thus there are
Western fears that the Tanganyi-
kan army will be a primary target
of stepped-up Red subversion and
Nyerere presents a brave face,
but he is clearly powerless to take
action against his military muti-
neers unless he calls in foreign-
and that means British-help.
Nyerere seems still unable to do
or say anything which might of-
fend the army. Asked after the
mutiny whether he intended pun-
ishing the culprits, he replied
"The soldiers of the Tanganyika
Rifles had grievances."
More Pay Demanded
The 'soldiers demanded more pay
and quicker promotion. Their
British officers were kicked out
and an African named command-
er-in-chief. As in the mutiny of
the Congo's Force Publique after
withdrawal of the Belgians in
1960, the Tanganyika troops
named their own new boss. He is
2nd Lt. Elisha Kavana, 27, boosted
overnight to the rank of brigadier
over the heads of senior colleagues.
Kavana, who got his officer's
training in Britain, helped secure
the release of a number of British
officers held hostage.
After seizing their officers, the
rebellious troops marched out of
barracks to occupy key points
around the capital. They seized the
radio station and airport and seal-
ed off Nyerere's palace and over-
looking the Indian Ocean.
The president got an early
warning of trouble, however, and
escaped to a secret hideout in Dar
Es Salaam.






African Hot Spot



Lestnuski Awaits Decision
By Macie on Candidacy



World News

By The Associated Press
ACCRA-The first phase of a
three-part referendum to formally
make a Ghana a socialist single-
party state was a landslide victory
for President Kwane Nkrumah,
who already holds complete con-
trol. Election officials said yes-
terday 278,513 voted yes and 1,584
voted no, with only eight electoral
districts unreported in the first
segment of the balloting.
* * *
WASHINGTON-The issue of a
new Series E Bond bearing the
likeness of the late President John
F. Kennedy was announced yes-
terday by the White House. The
bonds will go on sale May 1 with
an issue :rice of $56.25 and carry-
ing a maturity value of $75.
BERLIN - A corporal of the
Communist East German border
guards crossed over to the West
last night, wearing .his uniform
and carrying a submachine gun.
He immediately contacted West
Berlin police. His escape was ap-
parently not observed by his com-
* * *
WASHINGTON-Senate Minor-
ity Leader Everett M. Dirksen (R-
Ill) yesterday pledged Republican
support for efforts to deliver the
$11.5-b lhon tax reduction bill into
President Lyndon B. Johnson's
hands shortly after mid-February.
He said Republicans are willing to
go along with a speed-up schedule
including lengthy daily sessions
after the bill reaches the Senate
floor, about Feb. 3.
Xp G,
K o' p p~
KG 8v

LANSING (M)-A decision in
February is the latest word from
Lt. Gov. T. John Lesinski on his
plansbfor the future-the ques-
tion being whether he'll try for
the governorship.
At the moment, like every other
Democrat in Michigan, Lesinski
is waiting to see what Highway
Commissioner John Mackie will
Mackie has promised to an-
nounce in two weeks whether he
will seek ,the Democratic nomina-
tion for governor, setting up a
primary battle, or run for election
to Congress in the new 7th Dis-
Interested in Congress
Most political observers in Lan-
sing are betting Mackie will go
for Congress instead of competing
against Rep. Neil Staebler (D-
Mich) for the gubernatorial nom-
And although he insists Mackie's
decision will have no bearing on
his own, these same observers be-
lieve Lesinski won't run for gov-
ernor unless Mackie does.
The point is that Lesinski has
no enthusiasm for a two-man pri-
mary involving himself and Staeb-
ler, but he would get into the
race-if at all-only as the third
Third Man Theme
"In a three-way primary, there
would be far more chance of my
prevailing with ease than in a
man-to-man primary, where there
is just one man for the opposition
to polarize on," he said.
"I would be =less constrained
about running if there was no
question of creating two camps
within the party. I feel a three-
way race would enhance the,
party's chances in a primary."
He described Mackie as "a very
significant gubernatorial candi-
date." Detroit Mayor Jerome P.
Cavanagh, said Lesinski, "is not
a significant candidate."
Judicial Post
The lieutenant governor admits
his first preference for the future
would be a judicial post, such as
the new state court of appeals.
The other two choices, he said,
are the governor's chair and "T.
John Lesinski, attorney at law."
It appears a source of some
irritation to Lesinski that his talk
of running for governor isn't tak-
en seriously as the talk of some
others, such as Mackie, in the
"I am very serious about it,"
he says. "I have discussed it with

my family, and with people in
the party. I am very encouraged
by the support shown me around
the state."
"Staebler has support in some
outstate areas, but in the Upper
Peninsula, he doesn't ring a ding-
dong," said Lesinski.
Of particular encouragement to
both Lesinski and Mackie, in case
they want to run for governor,
were the showings they made in
the first preference poll of. the
political year by a Detroit news-
Although neither is a formal
candidate, they were within a few
percentage points of Staebler in
a comparison of voter attitudes
toward Democratic candidates pit-
ted against, Republican Gov.
George Romney.

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