VIOLENCE AND CIVIL
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AINiN ARBORi, iMICIGIAN, SiATURDI~AY, MAY 2, 1964
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Britain Joins Effort
For Peace in Cyprus
Talk with UN Peacemaker on Ideas
For Pacification, Reunification
LONDON (P)-British leaders today joined United Nations
peacemaker Sakari Tuomioja in his quest for a long-term plan to
pacify and reunite the divided people of Cyprus.
But hours of talk, which ranged over a variety of ideas for a
settlement, were adjourned inconclusively.
It was learned, however, that if all else fails the British will
support partition of the island's Greek and Turkish communities.
Tuomitoja's talks with Commonwealth Relations Secretary Dun-
can Sandys and Deputy Foreign Minister Lord Carrington are
rounding off the reconnaissance he has undertaken in five capitals.
The Finnish diplomat has previously sounded out the Greek and
'Turkish Cypriots in Nicosia, the
Proposes Educational Parks
Grants $44 Million
WASHINGTON (M) - Wide-
ranging views were given to a
congressional hearing today con-
sidering whether, the Constitution
should be amended to guarantee
the, right to pray in public schools.
Churchmen, educators and
spokesmen for public groups ap-
peared before the House judiciary
committee. They applauded or de-
plored efforts to have the Con-
stitution amended to overcome the
Supreme Court's rulings against
official prayers and required Bible
reading in school.
A rabbi and a Presbyterian min-
ister said daily, routine prayers,
particularly if they are "nonsec-
tarian," actually are harmful to
the religious spirit of children.
" A Roman Catholic priest and a
high school teacher-accompanied
by some of his students-made
fervent pleas for a prayer amend-
ment. They said the overwhelming
majority of the American people
Rabbi Irwin M. Blank, of Tena-
fly, N.J., speaking for the Syna-
gogue Council of America, said a
truly nonsectarian prayer, such as
advocates of an amendment call
" for, would be impossible to com-
pose, and even If it were, he
"Such a prayer would necessar-
ily be so devoid of any real spiri-
tual content that it would come
dangerously close to irreverence
The priest, Rev. Robert G.
Howes of Washington, D.C., speak-
ing for the Massachunsetts citi-
zens for public prayer, called the
campaign for the amendment "a
truly wonderful thing" he said
church leaders who oppose it are
IJ isolated from their followers.
WASHINGTON (P) - Lt. Gen.
Lewis B. Hershey, Selective Service
director, said yesterday he believes
there must be a considerable
change in the international cli-
mate before the United States can
end the draft.
"We have got to get this nation
and the world to the place where
mutual fear is tremendously dif-
ferent from now," Hershey said in
Last month President Lyndon
B. Johnson announced plans for
"a very comprehensive study of
the draft system and of related
Voluntary Basis? ?
The study, Johnson explained,
would "cinsider alternatives to the
present draft selection system, in-
cluding the possibility of meeting
our requirements on an entirely
voluntary basis within a decade."
There have been complaints
that the draft system is unfair.
Because the pool of eligible young
men exceeds the need, some are
called while others are excused.
The President said he was not
predicting the military manpower
requirements could be met on a
voluntary basis in the next decade
but that the study "looks forward
Emphasizing this point, Hershey
said he personally has "very def-
inite doubts" military require-
ments can be met without some
form of compulsion unless they
are reduced to "little short of a
Greeks and Turks in Athens and
Ankara and UN Secretary-General
U Thant during a Paris visit.
Without in any way committing
himself to a single course of ac-
tion, Tuomioja neverthelessgave
Sandys and Carrington several
views. Among them:
-There is almost no chance of
restoring Cyprus, politically or
militarily, to the state of affairs
that preceded the flare up last
r-Themprocess of bringing the
contenders together will be pains-
taking and long and the islanders
are going to be hurt at times. All
concerned are going to have to
recognize the old Cypriot constitu-
tion, underwritten by Britain,
Greece, Turkey, is a dead letter.
-All parties in the dispute
share the view the hostile com-
munities of the island must be
sorted out if Cyprus is to live in
secure peace again. Turkish Cyp-
riots and Turks favor some sort
of partition within a federal
Greek and Greek Cypriots would
back a transfer of the Turkish-
speaking minority to Turkey. This
would clear the way for a Cypriot-
Greek union (Enosis).
The British would support par-
tition if allselse fails. Sandys and
Carrington made no proposals of
their own. UN troops taking a
more active role to pacify the is-
land dug into their 12 new perma-
nent posts in the Kyrenia area.
Officers in the field said they
were prepared .to return fire if
bullets endangered women or
children in the villages where the
UN has set up posts.r
Slightly Haurt in
NASHVILLE (P)-Three or four
Negro demonstrators, including a
national civil rights leader, suffer-
ed minor injuries yesterday in a
series of scuffles in front of a seg-
regated Nashville restaurant.
The racial outbreak, held in
check by police, marked the fifth
day of demonstrating here this
week, mostly by Negro youths.
Leaders said they were seeking to
make this "an open city."
John Lewis, chairman of the
national Student Non-Violent Co-
ordinating Committee, was struck
in the mouth by an unidentified
white youth. And a Negro demon-
strator was kicked and taken by
ambulance to a hospital. No ar-
rests were made.
Lewis was one of rnearly 100 ar-
rested earlier this week. He was
charged with contributing to the
delinquency of rinors by persuad-
ing them to stay away from school
and join the demonstrations.
GILBERT E. BURSLEY
U' May Get
The University may have a
rocket-launching site of its own
on the Keweenaw Peninsula in
upper Michigan, if a summer test
program proves the concept fea-
Government and industrial re-
search grants paved the way for'
establishing the site. The Univer-
sity presently uses government fa-j
cilities at Wallops Island, Va., toI
launch rockets for its high-alti-
tude meteorological studies.
The last link in the chain of
contributions that made the Ke-
weenaw site possible came Thurs-
day when the Legislature freed
$52,000 from a state research pro-
jects fund for operations expendi-
tures of the project.
Rep. Gilbert E. Bursley (R-Ann
Arbor) introduced the resolution
to release the funds.
Previously thehUnited States
Weather Bureau had pledged five
Arcus rockets, tracking equipment
and additional funds, and an in-
dustrial concern donated 203 acres
for the launch site.
The state funds put the rocket
launch program out of the plan-
ning and into the implementation
stage. University officials connect-
ed with the program expressed
hope that the test this summer
will demonstate the feasibility of
permanently u s i n g Keweenaw
Peninsula as a research launch
The rocket-firing study will use
$52,850 from the state, $66,000
f r o m private businesses and
$112,500 in federal funds, making
a total expenditure of $277,350.
The Keweenaw rocket launch
range looms over Lake Superior
and remains entirely within U.S.
If established on a permanent
basis the site might ultimately be
used by other federal agencies
and would have "a tremendous im-
pact on the economic and scien-
tific life of the Upper Peninsula,"
By JOHN WEILER <
The concept of educational
parks is one attempt to break up
the ghettos of Harlem and pro-
vide the basis for integration, Tom
Kahn of the Congress of Racial
Equality said last night.
He noted that the result would
be a combination of educational
parks and urban renewal with
mixed public and cooperative
Once the Negroes and whites
are mixed economically true inte-
gration will be one step closer,
Kahn commented that the plan
provides for the government, eith-
er local or federal, to subsidize
the lower income families in this
area enough so they would be able
to pay the rent,
Kahn emphasized that the com-
plex would be a neighborhood, with
housing built around the park -
very much like a campus.
He added that the park could
provide special services such as
residential programg in English
and mathematics. Further, it
would have recreational facilities,
and would incorporate all the
technical advances that are avail-
able such as closed circuit tele-
vision for classes.
Kahn suggested that the class-
room teacher to student ratio
would be about 15 to one and that
the personnel would be the best
"If this were done, then the
white parents would want to get
their children into the parks."
Kahn cautioned if this is not
done, Negroes will continue to be
the poor in New York's Harlem
area and integration will not be
Kahn commented that the con-
cept of the educational park orig-
inated with Mel Wulff of New
At GM Denied
In a letter to Detroit-area civil,
business and religious leaders,
General Motors yesterday issued a
blanket denial of discrimination'
in its hiring practices.
The National Association for
the Advancement of Coloredo Peo-
ple plans demonstrations from
noon-6 p.m. at the firm's inain
office in Detroit. GM's letter was
a restatement of policy similar to
one issued two weeks ago after the '
NAACP protested discrimination
in hiring practices.
The NAACP is protesting what
it calls discrimination in higher
levels of the company and in the1
selection of skilled workers. The
May 4 demonstration will climax'
other demonstrations in 50 cities
across the country.
For Opeirat ing Budge
Approves $5.4 Million for Capital
Outhay; Funds for Med Center Oi
By BRIAN BEACH
In spite of a long battle over the issues of out-of-sta
students, the House overwhelmingly passed Gov. Geoi
Romney's higher education appropriation bills intact 1a
The University will get $44 million in operating budj
funds and $5.4 million for capital outlay expenditures.
The capital outlay and the operating budget bills pass
by the House yesterday differ only slightly from the b:
passed in the Senate two weeks ago. The differences in I
two versions will be ironed out by a joint committee in t
next few days.
The House and the Senate passed identical operati
levies for the University. However, the House cut $300,0
from the Senate version of the$
R ustin Views Nonviolence
In Solving. CivilRights Issue
The civil rights movement has come to! a point where it must
have a "political movement" for it to continue with the impetus that
has carried it thus far.
"Negroes can no longer carry on the fight of integration alone,"
Bayard Rustin, deputy director of the march on Washington, told the
Michigan Regional Conference of -
the Congress of Racial Equality
last night, t~ e r a
las nght.el R ustin said that "preferential
hiring" and the other gimmicks
will not work. "We must now in-S
telligently know what we are do-
Manipulation In Sg o
He said that the political move- S aigon
ment involves manipulation o
power to bring changes for the SAIGON (--Communist ter-
Negroes and organization and mo- rorists sank a United States air-
bilization of the good ideas that craft transport in Saigon harbor
now evolve and have no where to
Rustin commented that the All 73 men of the civilian crew
present crisis was precipated by were reported safe.
the original Montgomery bus boy- The Red guerrillas blew a hole
cott, then by the sit-ins in North into the 9800-ton U.S.S. Card be-
Carolina, and finally by the free- low the waterline. The ship had
dom rides which catapulated arrived here with a cargo of heli-
CORE to national prominence. copters and fighter bombers.
"These were protests involving It was the first time a rajor
public accommodations, however, U.S. naval vessel had been sunk
and only a few Negroes were need- in the South Viet Nam war against
ed to get results. But now the Communist guerrillas and was be-
issues must have the support of lieved to be the largest American
more than just 10 per cent of the ship sunk in hostilities since World
population-the Negro." War II.
White Goodwill The Card, assigned to the U.S.
Rustin noted that the "good- military sea transport service, an
will" of some of the whites in the arm of the Department of the
present racial crisis is not suffi- Navy,'served as an escort carrier
cient unless these whites can mo- during World War II and launch-
bilize their strength and direct ed planes to protect convoys. It
is along political lines. is about half as long as modern
Specifically R u s t i n suggested attack carriers and about one-
that $30-50 billion be spent by eighth as heavy.
the federal government for public The Card had taken on a cargo
wnk choolst o uibuildhemoida of old helicopters for return to
andschols "Bilingthe woldthe United States and had been
provide honest work for many now heUnedt ateryhsey
on relief, scheduled to sail later yesterday.
"Oncethey are completed, staff- The explosion occurred at 5 a.m.
ing them would provide additional Saigon time and the ship began
jobs," he added. "There are many sinking almost immediately.
imaginative ways of spending $50 The ship settled onto the mud-
billion to solve the problems of dy bottom of the 48-foot deep
poverty and civil rights." Saigon River with its flight deck
Why Fight? and superstructure above water.
Rustin said he opposes violence Civilian Capt. Borge Langeland,
in civil rights noting: ,,55, of New Orleans, said there was
-"Violence brings elements of a possibility the ship would cap-
law enforcement to communities size.
and thus maintains the status
quo." r e ~
-Troops do not go into areas rw
to help the Negroes but, rather,
because the states involved defyt fte r ne
the United States government P1fh1 t
Rustin indicated that this was,
the case when troops were sent , Circuit Court Judge James R.
in to help James Meredith in Mis- Breakey Jr. his set back the
sissinpi. arraignment of three Direct Ac-
capital outlay bill.
The $300,0001 was originally set
for remodeling East Medical Bldg.
The House Ways and Means Com-
mittee eliminated allocation for
the project because the money
would not be used until construc-
tion of Medical Science Bldg., unit
II, is completed two years from
The question of out-of-state stu-
dents has haunted budget requests
in recent years. Yesterday the is-
sue was brought in the open.
Representatives William Roma-
no (D-Warren) and Carroll C.
Newton (R-Delton) attempted to
amend the operating budget bill to
require that each state college or
university reduce its out-of-state
enrollment by 10 per cent next
year or suffer a cut of $250,000
in its operating budget appropria-
The amendment was defeated
The state spends about $18 mil-
lion in support of out-of-state stu-
dents, Newton asserted earlier this
week. He said an enrollment of
not more than 15 per cent out-
of-state students at each institu-
tion was a desirable situation.
About 29 per cent of the Uni-
versity's students are not Michi-
gan residents. Michigan Tech-
rnological University-Houghton has
about 27 per cent and Michigan
State University has about 19 per
cent out-of+'-state students, enroll-
ed. The other colleges and univer-
sities are below the 15 per cent
Requesting defeat of the out-of-
state amendment. Rep. Gilbert E
Bursley (R-Ann Arbor) asked the
House to wait for the renort of
the "blue ribbon" Citizens' Com-
mittee on Higher Education this
summer. He said the State Board
of Education should be allowed
to act on it.
Bursley cited the need of main-
taining a cosmonolitan atmosnherp
at universities: he also pointed out
that out-of-state enrollment at
the University has decreased from
last year's level of 32 per cent to
29 per cent this year.
He indicated he was pleased that
the non-resident issue was finally
brought to test-especially since
To: Act Soon
WASHINGTON (P)-The Senal
was told yesterday it could expec
next Wednesday to start voting it
way out of a thickening tangle c
proposed jury trial amendment
to the civil rights bill.
About the only thing clear abou
'the outlook was a fairly firni dal
for voting and agreement a
which amendment will be up firs
It would be the first vote on a
amendment since the Senal
battle over the House-passed bi
began 45 days ago.
There was no binding agree
ment for a Wednesday vote, b,
plans for a start then were ar
nounced by Senate Majority Lead
er Mike Mansfield (D-Mont) an
Republican Leader Everett 1\
Dirksen of Illinois.
Their word was firmed up :
Sen. Richard B. Russell, (D-Ga
leader of the southern foes of th
He agreed that barring som
unforeseen development the sen
ators could "look forward to ex
pressing themselves on some as
pects" of the Jury trial issue o
But Russell said additional jur
trial amendments might be off e
ed before then.
And he had hardly finishe
sneaking before Sen. -Thruston I
Morton (R-Ky) submitted one.
Morton's amendment would lin
it the application of a propose
amendment by Sen. Herman I
Talmadge (D-Ga) to crimin
contempt of court cases.
LANSING QP)-A weary, worry
Maypole: Cook Style
the test proved favorable to the ing and quarrelsome Legislatur
colleges and universities, already facing the prospect of
Trimecter Sure extended session-prepared yest
With an oneratina budget of $4-' day for one final effort towf
million the Universitv can nrovidp agreement on plans for redistri
for salarv increases to facnlty ant' ing itself.
staff. growing enrollment demands. Legislative leaders said it a
libra ry needs and a trimester cal- virtually certain that the sessi
endar. slated to end at midnight tod
When the House Wavs and would spill over into next week.
1deans Committee voted -th on-r- Both parties were stymied in
atina budget bill out of committee House by internal dissension,
Tuesday night. cutting the nrevi- House Democrats hoped yesterc
oisly nassed Senate version b- for a breakthrough that might
five per cent. rn-elatinn .row able them to agree with Rep'
that the trimester operations licans on a bi-partisan plan.
would be ieonardized. It appeared the issue would
However. floor action restoreid come to a head, however. befi
the five oer cent cut ThurshA,7 today when a "vehicle" bill
night and the bill passed last House and Senate districts wo
night. . be in position for passa-e.
The University's $44 million In the meantime, House Den
onerating budget levy is part of crats faced the task of agree
the $131.1 million oneratinq budg- among themselves on how to ca
et outlay for higher edneation. up Wayne County's 37 alloted c
-Negroes have brought many
changes to the society other than
benefits for themselves that would
not have come about with vio-
lence. Rustin suggested that the
ecumenical movement would never
have come to the United States
through violence as it did as a re-
sult of the southern sit-ins.
It's Worse Now
tion Committee picketers for the
Delmar A. Jackson, Larry Col-
lins and Richard N. Hutchinson
are now scheduled to appear in
court at 4 p.m. May 7.
Arraignment w a s originally,
scheduled for 2 p.m. Wednesday.
Failure of the group's lawyer, Mil-
ton Henry of Pontiac, to appear
. .... . ...