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April 24, 1964 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-04-24

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FRIDAY, APRIL 24, 1964
Tanganyika, Zanzibar Reveal
Agreement To Merge Nations

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

PAGE THI

Chinese Demand Russia,
West Germany Separate

'CAPITALISTIC DEVICES':
Soviets View Western Ways

REE-

(.

DAR ES SALAAM, Tanganyika
(M)-President Julius Nyerere of
Tanganyika announced yesterday
he has signed an agreement with
President Abeid Karume of Zanzi-
bar to merge the two former Brit-
ish colonies as one sovereign na-
tion.
Such a political marriage might
nip Communist influences that
Western observers feared would
infiltrate EastAfrica via Zanzi-
bar, an island which has looked
as if it 'ight go the way of Cuba
since a revolt deposed its sultan
Jan. 12.
Informed sources in Dar Es
Salaam hailed the presidential
agreement as a triumph for the
supporters of a nonalignment pol-
icy. They said affairs of the merg-
ed countries will be run from Dar
Es Salaam, Tanganyika's capital..
The two presidents, both re-
gardedas moderates, were report-
ed to have signed the agreement
at a closed-door meeting Wednes-
day in Zanzibar's state house.

year-old foreign minister an
trade minister who is regardedF
the real strongman of Zanzibar.,
left-winger who tagged Zanzib
with the red term "People's R
public," he is currently on a vis
to Asia.
Idol
Karume heads Zanzibar's Ah
Shirazi Party. He.is the idol(
Africans, who make up much(
Zanzibar's population, but the
have been indications he gradua
was being pushed into the bac
ground by Babu and other e
tremists.
The merger plan is subject
ratification by the parliaments
Tanganyika and Zanzibar.
Revolutionary Council
Reports from Zanzibar saidi
30-man Revolutionary Council si
yetserday, presumably to disct
the merger.
Tanganyika's parliament
meeting today.
Majority Support

nd council behind him," a Western
as diplomat said.
A Tanganyika has had a force of
ar 300 policemen in Zanzibar for sev-
e- eral months. They went there at
sit the request of the revolutionary
government to maintain order
after the ousting of Sultan Seyyid
ro Jamshid Bin Abdulla.
of Several Russian military in-
of structors are believed to be an
re Zanzibar training troops to use
[y automatic weapons, said to have
k- arrived abroad a Soviet freighter
x- last month.
o Cuban Letter

BERLIN ()-East German Com-
munists accused Red China yes-
terday of demanding that they
break with the Soviet Union and
thus help split West Germany
away from the United States.
The accusation was made in
a speech by East German Polit-
buro member Herman Matern.
It spotlighted Soviet fears that
the Red Chinese, trying to smash'
out of their isolation, seek to set
up what the Russians call an "in-{
termediate zone" in competition
with both the USSR and the Unit-
ed States. This "third world," the'
Russians have been saying, would
by Chinese calculation include
West European nations.
Abandonment
Matern said the Chinese de-
mand envisioned "complete aban-
donment of East Germany as the
western vanguard of the Com-
munist system in Europe and a
new edition of the German policy
of the Beria. clique."
Lavreny P. Beria, Stalin-era
secret police chief who was exe-
cuted nine months after Stalin's
death, had been accused of plot-
ting to liquidate the Communist
regime in East Germany.
"At the same time it was de-
manded that we abandon our co-
operation with COMECON (Mos-
cow's Communist Council for Mu-
tual Economic Assistance) and
that we accept the adventurist,
anti-Marxist conception of the
'Chinese party leaders.

They acted in the absence of "Judging from this, it appears
Sheik Mohammed Babu, the 39= Karume has the majority of the

_1

DR. WILLIAM HAMILTON
of Colgate-Rochester Seminary, New York
will speak on
"The "Christian, Attack on iReligion"
Friday, April 24, 7:30 P.M.
First Presbyterian Church of Ann Arbor
1432 Washtenaw Avenue

I

1

. ., .__._

Protests U.S. r
'Provocation'
UNITED NATIONS (A') - Cuba
has informed UN Secretary-Gen-
eral U Thant that it will not stand
for United States reconnaissance
flights over Cuba, an authorita-
tive source said last night.
The Cuban stand was set forth1
in a letter delivered to Thant later
yesterday by Juan Juarbe, acting
chief of the Cuban delegation to
the UN. The letter was sent by
Cuba's foreign minister, Raul Roa. t
It did not say what steps Cuba
intended to take.
Informants said that the letter
asserted the U.S. was guilty of at
least 82 provocative acts during
the last several months. It listed t
these as overflights-which Presi-E
dent Lyndon B. Johnson said twoZ
days ago the .U.S. will continue-E
and actions by Marines at theE
naval base at Guantanamo.
World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
CAPE TOWN, South Africa -
Premier Hendrik Verwoerd told
parliament yesterday his all-
white government was not pre-
pared to negotiate or make con-
cessions in its racial policies.
"Why should we sacrifice our
future as a white nation just to
please world opinion?" he said.
"We are an independent state and
make our own decisions."
SEOUL -- About 300 students
from Seoul National University
rallied yesterday, denouncing gov-
ernment surveillance of their ac-
tivities.
The action came on the heels of
a statement by government offi-
cials saying President Chung Hee
Park had ordered strict measures
against student demonstrations
and what he called irresponsible
news reporting.

This was an echo of Soviet com-
plaints in the official Moscow
press that the Chinese were re-
garding West Germany, France,
Italy, Britain and Japan as po-
tential allies against the United
States, on the grounds. that
these countries should be regarded
as "under the bondage of Ameri-
can imperialism."
As a lure to these countries, the
Chinese are dangling prospects of
West European competition for
a developing market of three quar-
ters of a billion Chinese. Even-
tually, Moscow indicates, the
Chinese want to draw other coun-
tries into this "intermediate zone"
to oppose both the Russians and
the Americans.
Intermediate Zone CI
Mao Tse-Tung, leader of Chi-
nese Communism and now the
butt of Soviet Premier Nikita S.
Khrushchev's criticism, is report-
ed already to have proposed such
an "intermediatezone" to French
politicians and even to have sug-
gested setting up a formal central
organization for it.
Peking newspapers have been
commenting hopefully that com-
petition in "the imperialist camp"
already i~s splitting the United
States from its allies. The Rus-
sians, however, protest that "im-
perialists" should be opposed both
in Western Europe and the United
States, without distinction.
The Chinese thrust-though it

MOSCOW (,P)-In an effort to
boost food production, Soviet Pre-
mier Nikita S. Khrushchev has
recommended bringing into the
Soviet economy "all progressive
things which have been done in
capitalistic countries..
"There is nothing shameful in
this," the Premier said.
Khrushchev's remarks were con-
tained in a report he made to the
Central Committee of the Com-
munist Party 10 days ago and pub-
lished yesterday in the government
newspaper Izvestia.
The newspaper announced that
after hearing Khrushchev, the
Higgins Seeks
Governorship;
Hits Romney
DETROIT (A')-George Higgins,
former state senator announced
his candidacy for the Republican
nomination for governor of Michi-
gan yesterday with an angry blast
at Gov. George Romney as a GOP
imposter who has used the party
to further his own ambitions.
"The man who sits in the exe--
cutive office in Lansing and now
calls himself a Republican is an
imposter," Higgins said.
He added at a news conference
that Romney "used the Republi-
can Party tot get himself elected
to that office, and he has abused
the Republican Party ever since."
In making his announcement.
Higgins became the first ofi cial
candidate in the GOP primary.
Romney has indicated he will
seek reelection.

committee ordered party and gov-
ernment organizations to under-
take "a thorough study of the pos-
sibilities offered by every farm and
every production area."
Khrushchev said Soviet agri-
culture, especially production of
meat and milk, "is seriously lag-
ging."
He lashed out at bureaucratic
interference in affairs of farmers
and charged that heads of collec-
tive and state farms often know
little about farming. He again said
farm workers must be given an
incentive to produce.
"We must find a method of pay-
ing for labor which would en-
courage growth of production," he
said.

U.S. Imperialism appears a long-range plan- rep-
"The Chinese leaders, according resents a serious threat to the
to their thesis that the chief Soviet Union's position with re-
enemy of the Communist camp is gard to Europe and a potent
United States imperialism, are Chinese gambit in its attempt to
even ready to cooperate with class influence-and perhaps eventually
enemies," Matern said. dominate-a "third world."

.
.

IS

Meat and milk production the
first quarter of this year fell be-
low that of the same period last
year. As usual, the output could
not satisfy population needs. The
grain shortage, which resulted in
widespread slaughter of farm
animals last fall, is partially re-
sponsible.
Khrushchev mentioned the pos-
sibility of buying more American
equipment for large-scale produc--
tion of broilers and laying hens.
He said Hungary has purchased
West German poultry equipment
and "we should carefully examine
and compare" this with American
equipment. He expressed belief
that U. S. equipment is more pro-
ductive.

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SOFIA, Bulgaria-Georgi Tray-
kov, a first deputy premier and
engineer of forced farm collec-
tivization, yesterday was elected
president of Communist Bulgaria,
succeeding the late Dimitri Ganev.
WASHINGTON-The threat of
a wildcat railroad strike evaporat-
ed as quickly as it arose yesterday.
The only note of discord in
Wednesday's settlement was a re-
port of a threatened strike by
trainment on one section of the
New York Central Railroad. But
that threat quickly subsided after
Charles Luna, president of the
AFL-CIO Brotherhood of Railroad
Trainmen, said such a walkout
would be unauthorized.
NEW YORK - Rails led the
stock market to a rally yesterday,
but the general rise proved short-
lived. In the Dow-Jones averages
30 industrials fell 1.91, 20 rails
were up 1.41, 15 utilities were
down .04 and 65 stocks were up
.10.

I- -

Young Timers Shoe Dept.:

-' i: ii

presented by
THE UNIVERSITY MUSICAL SOCIETY
1964-1965
CHORAL UNION SERIES
CHICAGO SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA . ........ Friday, September 25
JEAN MARTINON, Conductor
ANTONIO AND THE BALLETS DE MADRID ................ Thursday, October 8
WARSAW PHILHARMONIC ..................... Wednesday, October 14
LEONID KOGAN, Violinist from Moscow .............. Wednesday, November 4
RADUGA DANCERS from six Soviet Republics .......... Saturday, November 14
Faust (Gounod) New York City Opera Company ........ Sunday, November 22
MINNEAPOLIS SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA ..... ........ Monday, February 8
STANISLAW SKROWACZEWSKI, Conductor
ROSALYN TURECK, Pianist-Bach specialist ............ . .. Monday, March 1
ROBERT MERRILL, Baritone ... ....................Friday, March 12
NATIONAL BALLET OF CAN ADA...........................Saturday, April 3
Season Tickets: $25.00-$20.00-$ 17.00-si$14.00-s$12.00
EXTRA SERIES
LONDON SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA .........................Friday, October 2
GEORGE SOLTI, Conductor
IRINA ARKHIPOVA, Mezzo-sobrano from Russia ........ Monday, November 9
(American debut)
Merry Widow (Lehar) N.Y.C. Opera Company .. (2:30) Sunday, November 22
BERLIN PHILHARMONIC .. .......................... Saturday, January 30
HERBERT VON KARAJAN, Conductor
POLISH MIME THEA TER from Warsaw ............. .... Saturday, March 6
Season Tickets: $12.50-$10.00-$8.50-$7.00-$6.00
CHAMBER ARTS SERIES,

i

DISTINGUISHED SCHOLAR AND AUTHOR

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Chairman, Department of En glish.
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Ii

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SOcIETA CORELLI, from Italy.....................'Wednesday, October
NEW YORK CHAMBER SOLOISTS ... ............... Tuesday, November
SEGOVIA, Guitarist ........... ................... Wednesday, January
PARIS CHAMBER ORCHESTRA ......................... Sunday, February
PAUL KUENTZ, Conductor
Featuring Bach trumpeter, ADOLF SCHERBAUM

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i

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