AY, APRIL 23, 1964
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
AY. APRIL 23, 1964 THE MICHIGAN DAILY PAGE THREE
oup Leaders Invite Souvanna
'o Head New Laos Coalition
VIENTIANE (UP)-Neutralist Pre-
mier Prince Souvanna Phouma has
been invited by leaders of a right-
ist coup to head a new coalition
regime in Laos, a member of their
junta said yesterday.
However, Col. Etam Singvongsa
of the junta explained that Sou-
vanna must first resign as premier,
something he has refused to do
since he was placed under house
arrest. After resigning, Souvanna
would try to form a new coalition,
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The disclosure came at the sameI
time that Souvanna and foreign
diplomats, opposed to Sunday's
coup, conferred on the crisis.
Etam showed obvious concern
over the threat of a withdrawal
of U.S. aid unless Souvanna is
Rightist coup leaders had i e-
fused Tuesday to restore th: coali-
tion regime to power despite urg-
ing by Western diplomats.
PROGRESS looms probable in the Senate's marathon civil
rights debate as an amendment proposed by Sen. Herman Tal-
madge (D-Ga), left, was guaranteed serious consideration yes-
terday by Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey (D-Minn), right, floor
manager of the civil rights bill. The proposal would assure any-
one accused of criminal contempt-in civil rights cases and
others-of the right to a jury trial.
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"But without U.S. aid," Etam
told an interviewer yesterday,
"Laos cannot survive."
Following its invitation the
junta might feel free to ask some-
one else to try to form a new gov-
ernment if Souvanna is unable to
weld neutralist, right-wing and
pro-Communist Pathet Lao fac-
tions into what he said must be a
"We are going to make an ap-
peal to all compatriots, including
the Pathet Lao, to join a work-
able government," Etam said.
"After the formation of a truly
neutralist government there will
be no more revolutionary commit-
Etam did not say how he
thought a new coalition, would
work any better than the coalitionJ
that has been failing for the past
year and a half.
The Colonel declared, howevr,
that the aim of the coup was to
end the political paralysis. he
said "the situation was very dif-
ficult" from the lime 14 nations N
met in Geneva in 1962 and set upn
Laos as a neutral state with a
three-faction coalition under Sou-t
"Souvanna Phouma returnedp
from Geneva with his hands tied,"
Etam said, and even the Inter- h
national Control Commission coulde
not do anything. Our governmentp
was scattered. How could this gov-s
ernment go on?"
He underlined the fundamentalu
problems of Laos since Geneva:
-Neutralist Souvanna can makeC
no major decisions without ap-
proval of the rightist and Pathet°
-The International Control5
Commission of India, Canada andv
Communist Poland has been un-
able to check on factional fight-c
ing because of bickering withina
the commission; andv
-Deputy Premier Souphanou-
vong of the Pathet Lao refuses
to stay in Vientiane because right-
ist control this administrative
The fear of another civil war in
Laos prompted President Johnson,
to send William Bundy, assistant
secretary of state for Far Eastern
affairs, to Vientiane this week to
meet with junta leaders and Sou-
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-The House di-
vided in praise and criticism of
t Secretary of Defense Robert S. Mc-
Namara yesterday but united in
passing unanimously a $46.8 billion
defense appropriations bill just
about the way he wanted.
VIENNA-East Bloc sources said
yesterday the Romanian Commu-
nist Party may soon submit a truce
plan to Moscow in a new effort to
bring an end to the Soviet-Chinese
NEW YORK-Trading was fair-
ly active yesterday on the New
York Stock Exchange, but the
over-all market trend was irreg-
ularly low. The Dow-Jones aver-
ages showed 30 industrials down
2.88, 20 railroads up .20, 15 utili-
ties up .53 and 65 stocks down .31.
NEW YORK police carry James Farmer, national director for
the Congress of Racial Equality, from the front of the New York
City pavilion at the World's Fair yesterday. Farmer was among
demonstrators sitting down in the entrance of the building pro-
testing alleged civil rights abuses in the city.
Protesters Jdeer Johnson
While Blockade Fails
NEW YORK (,P)-President Lyndon B. Johnson, opening the
New York World's Fair, predicted yesterday "an America in which
no man is handicapped by the color of his skin."
While he spoke at the outdoor Singer Bowl, racial demonstra-
tors carrying signs and chanting "freedom now" picketed gates and
pavilions of the fair and clashed with police.
But the disorders, although numerous, were less intensive than
had been forecast as a threatened massive traffic blockade flound-
ered ineffectually. But demonstrators swarmed the fairgrounds to
proclaim their grievances and demands. Over 200 were arrested,
sometimes after scuffles.
"Freedom now, freedom now," chanted throngs of Negroes and
whites deployed throughout the array of exhibits.
Those arrested included James Farmer, national director of the
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), which sparked the outpouring
of sit-ins, stand-ins, lie-downs, gate-obstructing and picketing.
The tide of more than 1000 demonstrators, hemmed about by
5000 city and private patrolmen, almost obscured the thin trickle of
visitors-78,682 for the day.
However, the planned "stall in" by dissident CORE factions to
clog highway networks around the fair flopped. Scant traffic moved
at a smooth speed, and the few stalled quickly were removed by
waiting tow trucks.
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