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January 24, 1964 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-01-24

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Seventy-Third Year
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in a; reprints.
Eighteen-Year Olds Haver
The Maturity To Vote
BILL will soon be introduced in the of years-it doesn't come like a bolt from
Legislature proposing a constitutional the blue on one's 21st birthday.
amendment changing the voting age in THE TEST OF MATURITY, it would
Michigan to 18. seem, is whether or not a person has
There are many arguments to be pre- the desire and the ability to seek out in-
sented in favor of this proposal-such as, formation, interpret the information he
"If the armed services, then why not the finds, and use his results in an intelli-
franchise." But the major point of con- gent and rational manner. On the basis
troversy is the question of the maturity of this test of maturity, there are quite
necessary to cast an intelligent, well a few 18-20 year olds who are better
thought-out vote. qualified to vote intelligently than many
People against lowering the voting age older, supposedly wiser persons.
say that 19-20 year olds are not mature But if all this is so, why stop there?
enough to handle responsibly the fran- Isn't 18 just as arbitrary an age as 21 to
chise. They say that the necessary ma- choose as the cut-off point? Not really.
turity can only come with age. However Although there are undoubtedly people
there is a basic flaw in this line of rea- who could vote "wisely" although they
soning; maturity consists of much more are only 16 years old, the number is prob-
than simply reaching a certain number ably not large enough to warrant giving
them the franchise. By the time people
p * have reached 18, however, most of them
Free Enterprise have finished their formal education and
are actually as ready as they'll ever be
AMERICAN BUSINESSMEN seem deter- to cast a ballot.
mined to keep the memory of John F. Also, Michigan high school students
Kened tlikepIhnumeryfneJspapeF.are required to take civics, a course which
Kennedy alive. Innumerable newspapers teaches the ideas behind our form of
and magazines did their part; each pub- government and how to handle the role
lication had its own Man Who Knew the of a citizen responsibly.
Late President Best of All, who could
write miles of eulogies, reminiscences, MANY PEOPLE come out of these civic
character sketche sasdmin-by-min- classes with a real desire to put into
charcterskechesand inue-bymm-practice what they have learned. If they
ute accounts of the assassination, are not allowed to do so for three years,
But well before the last publisher had much of their interest is bound to wane;
sold out his last exclusive commemora- they may end up not caring and often
tive issue, other patriots were bending to not knowing what is happening in the
pick up the banner. Through their self- government-their government.
less efforts, we now have the opportunity As Gov. George Romney, a supporter
to honor our slain President by buying, of 18 as a minimum voting age, has said,
among other mementos, a John F. Ken- people who are 18-20 years old often take
nedy record (now only 88c at your local a vital interest in politics-an interest
supermarket), a John F. Kennedy night they may lose if not allowed to vote.
light (from which the President's face The citizens of Michigan should not
can be removed if you later decide to use deny these people the right to use the
it plain) and, last but not least, a John knowledge they have gained. They must
F. Kennedy egg timer. realize that people 18-21 are interested
So far, no one has suggested selling in their government, and quite able to
tickets to see his grave, take part in it by voting.
Sex and the Student -
Marjorie Brahms, Associate Editorial Director

"Why Not?"

To The Editor

gI R
- b~-
wf'p lM--

7?olycentrisrn' Cuts Tension

To the Editor:
WOULD LIKE to bring to your
attention a curious set of cir
cumstances related to the recent
evaluation of the late John F.
Kennedy written by Victor Laskey
and published by Macmillan before
the President's death.
For critical evaluation of Las-
key's book, "J.F.K., the Man and
the Myth," I refer you to the
Saturday Review of Literature" or
to Jon Roche's review of the book
in the Nov. 7, 1963 Reporter (p. 48
eff.) and to the Sunday (Dec. 1,
1963) New York Times Book Re-
view Section which presents a
brief review for the Christmas
Reading Guide.
In the same issue of The Times,
however, is the enclosed announce-
ment (p. 57) that Macmillan is
stopping publication of the book
and is withdrawing as Laskey's
WHILE THE BOOK was clearly
right-wing propaganda and repre-
sented the worst form of political
expediency in the light of the 1964
election picture before the Presi-
dent's death, one would like to
believe that Laskey, while misled,
was, nonetheless, sincere. If not,
one wonders at Macmillan's will-
ingness to publish it in the first
place. What motivated the with-
drawal of Macmillan or was it
Laskey's withdrawal of the book?
Is the stoppage of publication an
admission that the book was either
insincere or simply lacking in
taste? If Laskey was insincere, is
Macmillan suppressing publica-
tion for the sake of its own repu-
tation? If the book is in bad
taste now, after the President's
death, was it not equally in bad
taste before, or did this not matter
to Macmillan in the light of mak-
ing some fast money?
While I was and am strongly
offended by the book and in solid
opposition to the views expressed
in it, I am no less concerned by
the possibility of literary suppres-
sion, or by the possibility of pos-
sible admission by publisher or
author or both colaboratively, in
purposeful literary insincerity for
purely economic expediency. I do
not believe that Macmillan should
be able to suppress publication of
a book simply because the views
in it have become very unpopular
in the light of the President's
death. This is not the literary re-
sponsibility which one associates
with a major American publisher,
but rather is reminiscent of the
behavior of Howard Fast's pub-
lishers some years ago when his
views were unpopular.
This letter is not necessarily
meant for publication, but rather
as a suggestion that The Daily, in
the name of journalistic clarity
and freedom of expression, look
further into this matter from the
point of view of its public news-
-Stephen S. Fox,
Mental Health
Research Institute
Curiosity .
To the Editor:
Seeds of Doubt," City Editor
Gerald Storch makes an equation
between skepticism and the testing
of one's ideas in the market place
of extremist opinion. He would
have us, I gather, make a com-
parative study of our political
beliefs in the light of Nazi prin-
ciples, as he would have us temper
our literary sensibility (doubtless
easily won) with the resonances
of "hate literature."
I do not wish to challenge his
desire or the desire of any man
to give a hearing to anyone. It
is, in fact, a freedom which must
be preserved at the peril of reason;
but, I think that Mr. Storch has
a naive sense of "doubt," at least
insofar as that word has intellec-
tual meaning in our time.

The experience of McCarthyism
gave reason for sensible men to
doubt the functional power of the
Constitution. The publication of
hate literature itself makes us
doubt, not to say relinquish, a
concept of total freedom of the
press. The unspeakable facts of

the "final solution" make us doubt
man's capacity for moral behavior
in the face of unloosed, sadistic
impulses, just as the possibility
of a nuclear holocaust makes us
doubt what, traditionally, has been
considered an elemental quality
of man: the urge to live.
The inability of the white com-
munity to aquit itself with in-
tegrity in the area of race rela-
tions invites serious doubt as to
our right to call ourselves citizens
of a just society.
* * *
ARE NOT these issues closer to
the core of belief? Are we not
more likely to be complacent about
assuming responsibility for the
absolute granting of rights to
every Negro in America than we
are to react passively to a South-
ern racist. It is easy totknow that
you are a just man if you react
with disgust when you see a horse
whipped; it is not so easy to know
that you are just if you listen to
a horse whipper while your fellow
man is on the stinging end of the
Why not raise doubts and ask:
why are fraternities segregated
at the University? That is a
modest question. A question to
which an answer could be worked
at if doubt were provoked, whereas
it is difficult to imagine students
making their lives more honest by
listening to a Nazi.
Why are there so few Negro
students at the University? Why
are academic courses viewed with
such apathy when they contain
the eloquent elements to change
this world? Why not ask an ethi-
cal philosopher to speak about the
relationship of ethics and law in
cases -where basic ethical rights
have been abused . . and so on
into the tortured areas of the
intellect. We don't need intellec-
tual fanfare at Michigan; we need
the address of the mind to im-
mediate and traditional problems.
-Howard R. Wolf
Teaching Fellow
English Department
(Letter to the Editor should be
typewritten, doublespaced and Jim-
ited to 300 words. Only signed et
ters iili be printed. The Daily re
serves the right to edit or with
hold any letter.)
On Poverty
PERHAPS the most remarkable
aspect of the State of the Un-
ion address was that Mr. Johnson
not only spoke about poverty, but
spoke at length, emphatically, and
with the apparent intention of
actually meaning to alleviate it.
The second most important as-
pect, and gearing into the first,
was the suggestion that the money
was there for such a program, that
it could be hacked out of the mili-
tary program, and that Mr. John-
son proposed to swing the pickax.
All this was said with a Roose-
veltian resolution, sincerity and
directness that exhilarated some
listeners as much as it frightened
others-those others who feel that
poverty should be neither seen nor
To be sure, it was a highly po-
litical speech. But it was also good
policy, and good policy is the best
politics-if one'has any confidence
in democracy . . . It is a turn-
around in emphasis and orienta-
Except for the slap at Cuba and
a few references to the necessity
of strength, it was mild - sur-
prisingly mild, considering that a
President who has designs on mili-
tary spending must balance his
fell intentions with some verbal
homage to the military.
What is amazing is that it took
15 years to get out from under the
incubus of the cold war and to
show a decent concern for the vic-

tims of industrialism. Now - it
is as true as it is hackneyed --
words must be followed by deeds.
That is not up to the President
alone, but he has supplied the
words, and they are good.
-The Nation

IN CASE you've forgotten--in the frenzy
of trimester, women's rush and all-
sex is' still with us. Fortunately, several
recent incidents in this country have re-
focused our thoughts, dried though they
might be by the academic disciplines, on
that perpetual preoccupation.
The current "Time" magazine, in a
grandiose and moralistic attempt, has
taken a reading of the sexual barometer
of Americans. That publication concludes
its examination by saying: "The Victor-
ians, who talked a great deal about love,
knew little about sex. Perhaps it is time
that modern Americans, who know a
great deal about sex, once again start
talking about love."
And next month, "Time" informs us,
the American Association of Marriage
Counselors will spend three days discuss-
ing "the nature of orgasm."
Editorial Staff
Editorial Director City Editor
BARBARA LAZARUS .............. Personnel: Director
PHILIP SUTIN............National Concerns Editor
GAIL EVANS................. Associate City Editor
MARJORIE BRAHMS .... Associate Editorial Director
',*LORIA BOWLES.................Magazine Editor
MALINDA BERRY ............. Contributing Editor
DAVE GOOD.... ...............sports Editor
JIM BERGER ................. Associate Sports Editor
MIKE BLOCK .............Associate Sports Editor
BOB ZWINCK ............. Contributing Sports Editor
NIGHT EDITORS: H. Neil Berkson, Steven Haler,
Edward Herstein, Marilyn Koral, Louise Lind, An-
drew Orlin, Michael Sattinger, Kenneth Winter.
John Bryant, Robert Grody, Laurence Kirshbaum,
Richard Mercer.
Business Staff
ANDREW CRAWFORD, Business Manager
PETER ARONSON ............... Advertising Manager
LEE JATHROS .......... ...Accounts Manager
JUDY LEOFSKY.........Associate Business Manager
RUTH SCHEMNITZ............... Finance Manager

A BIT MORE LIVELY than "Time's" an-
alysis of sex is John Cleland's. He is
the gentleman who wrote "Memoirs of a
Woman of- Pleasure" several centuries
ago, which the courts have at last deemed
fit for American eyes and libidos. Also
called "Fanny Hill," it relates in exquisite
detail-and monontonous repetition-the
adventures of a young lady making her
fortune in London.
Another bit of spice, nearer home, is
presently enlivening the University of
Pennsylvania. There, a writer for the
Daily Pennsylvanian commented on the
unwillingness shown by "that collective
maidenhead known as the Dean of Wom-
en's Office" to abolish curfews for senior
women. Protesting the difficulty of get-
ting dressed again at 2 a.m. to get one's
date back to the dorm, he suggests that
the Dean of Women's Office "keep their
spinster noses out of the private lives of
undergraduate women."
The logical outcome: a university offi-
cial has recommended that the writer be
investigated, supposedly for his deprav-
IT'S GOOD TO SEE a topic so near and
dear to many people back in the lime-
light again. Will the white knights or the
smutty villains win the Pennsylvania
battle? Will Henry Luce's morality pre-
vail in the United States?
Utopia, I am sure, someday will arrive
in the United States. Then, the crystal
ball tells us, deceit, hypocrisy and false
morality will be trounced on by honest
people, viewing reality without fear.
Then, doubtless, this country will end its
present farce of practicing one thing and
preaching another; thereby, it might
even lessen the guilt feelings it instills
in its young people.

[ T IS NOT, I hope, frivolous or
disrespectul to say that the
most telling act of last month's
conference of NATO countries was
to adjourn in good spirits after
two, rather than the customary
three, days.
There are, as we know, suppos-
ed to be momentous issues of
strategy which divide the alliance.
There are unanswered questions
of when and how to use nuclear
weapons and whether there
should be a really significant
buildup by the Europeans of their
conventional forces.
None of these questions has
really been answered. Yet the
meetings seemed to go off with no
feeling that anyone had been de-
feated or that the security of the
alliance was threatened.
THIS COULD NOT have hap-
pened, did not the Europeans and
the North Americans feel, without
avowing it, that they have out-
lived the situation to which the
supposed issues and questions
were addressed. Is the Soviet Un-
ion preparing to conquer Western
Europe? In the late forties before
NATO was founded, that was a
real question.
Will the Soviets Union seize
West Berlin while the United
States stands supinely aside? Only
a few Europeans think so. Perhaps
one should say only a few Euro-
peans profess to think so. It would
require some tall thinking to sup-
pose that the United States would
abandon its own men, women and
children in West Berlin and West-
ern Germany.
Is there a genuine need of a
European nuclear force which can
detonate a thermonuclear war
without American consent? Ex-
amined closely, the notion is ab-
surd in that tricks like that can-
not be played with matters of
life and death; an independent
detonator of thermonuclear war
would first of all incinerate the
Is there, then, a really urgent
need for a sacrificial program of
European armament? Not unless
one supposes that the Soviet Un-
ion would contemplate launching
a serious invasion of Western Eu-
rope in the illusion that the
United States would not use nu-
clear weapons to defend its own
* * *
and questions are conundrums
which are ceasing to interest the
mass of the people of Europe and
are no longer a serious concern
of their statesmen. These ques-
tions and issues cannot be set-
tled by a formula of agreement.
For that would mean too much
loss of face. But nobody is suffi-
ciently interested in them to in-
sist that the discussion about
them must continue.
All this has happened because
there have been historic changes
in world affairs. They can, I be-
lieve, now be identified. Though
we are not in sight of the end of

I DO NOT THINK it is too early
to say that in the perspective of
history men will look upon John
F. Kennedy as the man who seiz-
ed the opportunity to bring the
race of armaments to a halt.
I believe it will be said that
he used American wealth to build
up military power that could not
be defied, that he succeeded in
making this power a quite credible
deterrent to war and that he had
the magnanimity to convince the
Soviet Union that it could live
comfortably within the existing
balance of power.
The crowning act of this policy
was the signing of the test ban
treaty. Since then, the race of
armaments has ceased to be the
dramatic affair which in the race
for absolute weapons it was
threatening to become. It is no
accident that the first NATO
meeting since the consequences of
the treaty became visible should
have showed so much good-natur-
ed loss of interest in the old stub-
born conundrums of the military
* * *

students. It is1
George Kennan.

by Ambassador

closely - related development -
"polycentrism" in both coalitions
-is reducing decidedly the ten-
sions which existed when there
were two and only two hostile
centers of power in the world.
Now, be it in Warsaw, Budapest,
Bucharest, Prague or in Hanoi,
Saigon and Bangkok, there is no
longer the simple confrontation
of two superpowers. All kinds of
new political combinations and
permutations are becoming possi-
The small breaches made dur-
ing the Christmas holidays in' the-
Berlin Wall are a small symptom
of what is happening in all sorts
of ways between the two halves of
Europe. The partition of Ger-
many, which is the partition of
Europe, will in time be healed by
boring holes through the iron cur-
tain which allow an increasing in-
tercourse in human relations.
AND SO I SAY we must be
careful not to hope too much. And
then I say we must be careful not
to be afraid to hope at all. For,
while there is not nearly enough
good will among men, there is a
better prospect of peace than we
once dared to hope for.
(c), 1964, The Washington Post Co.

Educational Magic
Offers False Solutions

MAGIC HAS been defined as the
ritualization of o p t i m i s m.
Through standardized formulae
and ceremonial actions. none of
which has any relation to reality,
the magician purports to mold re-
ality to his clients' desire.
Education tends to become a
kind of modern magic. The word
itself is consoling. It conveys the
notion that no matter how bad
things are now, they will be better
in the future. The repetition of the
word serves the same purpose as
the powdered lime used by Melan-
esian sailors to create a magic fog
that blinds the flying witches in
pursuit of them.
SINCE THE causes of human
development are manifold and
complicated, nobody knows exactly
how education achieves its effects.
Hence, almost any spell can find
For example, the winning party
in the great debate going on in
France has so far been able to
command support for the proposi-
tion that Gloire and Grandeur de-
pend on having the pupils in sec-
ondary schools go through exactly
the same amount of Latin as they
have in the past. This shows that
magic and magicians are not lim-
ited to primitive societies.
In America, the biggest medi-
cine in education nowadays is
Marketable Skills. James B. Con-

getting him ready to be an intelli-
gent citizen of a democratic state.
THE MAGIC of Free Enterprise
reinforces that of Marketable
Skills. The child is a capitalist. His
capital is his skill.
Nothing can be more appealing
to a nation where the salesman is
king than the idea of sending
every child out into the world with
something to sell.
Unfortunately, if something is to
be soldosomebody has to buy it.
Unfortunately, the only skills
anybody will buy today are those
the magicians of Marketable Skills
say the ordinary American cannot
IF YOU HAVE a Ph.D. in Phy-
sics, you can sell it. If you have a
manual or mechanical skill, no-
body will buy it. The unemploy-
ment rate for people up to age 19
is twice the adult rate, and rising.
To gear education to the em-
ployment opportunities in the lo-
cality, as many so-called commun-
ity colleges purport to do, is an il-
lusion. Marketable Skills have a
high rate of obsolescence.
The skill painfully acquired to-
day may be out of date tomorrow
because the techniques of the in-
dustry have changed and other
skills are required. Or machines
may have reduced the market for
human skills to the vanishing
Marketable Skills represent in

"We're Ready To Start The Big Push"

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