By RAYMOND HOLTON
A massive effort to educate Mississippi Negroes will be spear-
headed this summer by the Student Non-Violent Coordinating
SNCC has enlisted the aid of several other civil rights groups,
including the Congress of Racial Equality and the National Associa-
tion for the Advancement of Colored People, in recruiting volunteer
manpower throughout the northern and eastern campuses of the
The Mississippi program, divided into three main areas of activ-
ity, will be part of an overall program to be carried out throughout
SNCC Mississippi Field Secretary Robert Moses outlined the
-Voting Registration: "The drive to register Negroes and lower
class whites will operate out of centers throughout the state. Workers,
for the most part, will work in four-man teams which will move into
rural counties and contact families.
"Most of the teams will be working in tough counties where they
and the families they contact will be at the mercy of terrorists.
Several of these rural counties have been and still are the scenes of
whippings and killings," Moses said.
-Freedom Schools: "These freedom schools, which will offer
academic as well as crafts training, will operate in six week periods.
Several of them will be giving instruction on the tenth, eleventh and
twelfth grade levels. Then there will be about 20 day schools which
will concentrate on educating children," Moses said.
-Community Centers: "The community centers will concentrate
on adult literacy training. There will also be children's libraries set
up; we're having books shipped into the various centers.
Also, we plan to have other activities for children, including the
distribution of garden seeds easily obtained free from congressmen,"
Registration for the Mississippi project totals 150 so far with
many more applicants expected by the beginning of summer, Moses
He stressed that recruitment for the Mississippi project does not
stop at the student level, citing examples of various professional people
who have promised to volunteer their time.
See SNCC, Page 2
By MARGARET LOWE
The civil rights movement must direct its pressure toward
political structure in the United States, Jesse Gray, leader of
Harlem rent strike, told Students for a Democratic Society yesterd
"A national rent strike could deeply shake the power struct
in the nation's economy," Gray said. He was introduced as an
tremist leader trying to bring Harlem housing conditions to the pu
Gray called for a change in the general character of the c
rights movement. "The question of rent is a new field that could
many more concessions for Negroes if rents were withheld from la
lords," he said.
Off the Hook
"It is easy simply to stop traffic, but that does hot solve
rights problem. In New York, pressure must be put on Mayor W
ner's administration. He is being permitted to get off the hook.
"We have to initiate a movement on the doorstep of a Wag
and a Rockefeller," Gray said. "Mayor Wagner will, never come
Harlem 'peacefully' again-people will let him know that he is
welcome. This does not mean we will start a gun war, though.
See GRAY, Page 2
THE STUDENT Non-Violent Coordinating Committee will launch
a mass program this summer to educate Mississippi Negroes.
END OF THE PRIMARY?
See Editorial Page
:43 a t I---
Cloudy with showers
and continued warm
Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXIV, No. 148
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, APRIL 12, 1964
r rrr. ri n r irri i r
Union Head Sees Settlement
NAACP To Stage Protes
By The Associated Press
ST. LOUIS - George Leighty,
president of the. Order of Rail-
road Telegraphers, predicted yes-
terday that a settlement will be
reached soon in the railroad dis-
Leighty based his opimism on
his conviction that the heads of
several major railroads would in-
tervene if the emergency talks at
the White House bog down.
"I expect that a complete agree-
ment will be reached or, failing
that, an acceptable basis will be
found for disposing of all issues,"
Also yesterday, striking switch-
men at Southern Pacific Rail-
road's Roseville, Calif., crossroads
yards returned to work after
earlier threatening to fire their
union officers rather than comply
with a 15-day nationwide strike
postponement arranged by Presi-
dent Lyndon B. Johnson.
The more than 200 switchmen
had walked out Thursday before
Southern Pacific could carry out
its announced intent to post new
work rules-target of the threat-
Friday 5? had received a fed-
eral injunction in San Francisco,
For 'Racial Equality' Move
By The Associated Press
SAN FRANCISCO-Scores of sit-in demonstrators were arrested
yesteday by police, who cleared out some 300 persons from auto
Herbert 'Hill, NAACP labor secretary, indicated in Indianapolis
last night that this demonstration is just the first in a series to be
held in 50 cities across the country protesting discrimination. The
On Fair Plans
The Congress on Racial Equal
ity suspended its Brooklyn chap-
ter Friday for refusing to give up
plans for a gigantic traffic Jam
at the World's Fair opening Apri
22, the New York Times reported.
According to James Farmer
COE's national director, the tac-
tics of the Brooklyn group wer
in conflict with protests being
lodged by other chapters under
the guidance of the national or-
Officers of the Brooklyn chap.
ter were ordered by Farmer to
make no public statement until a
meeting of all the local chapters
at which it was possible that the
Brooklyn chapter would be expell-
NEW HAVEN (R) - The presi-
dent ofy Yale University called
Yesterday for "radical departures
from the collegiate pattern" to
meet modern challenges to higher
Among the proposals made by
Kingman Brewster Jr. at his in-
auguration as Yale's seventeenth,
president was the establishment of
a Peace Reserve Training Corps
on college campuses.
Brewster suggested also that
students be permitted to inter.
rapt their education to travel oi
work and that scholars be allowed
to move more freely between uni-
versities in pursuit of their spe-
Heurged further that greater
use be made of modern technology
for the sharing of the educational
resources of universities.
Brewster said- that Peace Corps
" demonstrating masses charged dis-
crimination against hiring Ne-
groes, a charge denied by the auto
dealers. Police said the crowds
were racially mixed.
In Los Angeles, mobs Friday
night and yesterday attacked po-
lice in outbursts of violence on
that city's teeming south side.
The incidents occurred as a huge
force of sheriff's vice officers were
P raiding a nearby section where
n citizens had called a mass meeting
1 to discuss lawlessness they said
was "out of hand."
, The action took place in the
overcrowded sector running south
e of Los Angeles, the overwhelming-
ly NegrDo district integration lead-
r ers call "the Black Ghetto."
Robert Houghton, Deputy Police
Chief for Los Angeles, said that
- neither of the incidents seemed to
have racial overtones.
S"It's more a rebellion against
authority," he said.
But some Negro leaders have
blamed previous such incidents on
overcrowded conditions in the
South-Central area and on resi-
dents' reaction to brutality by
police-a charge police have de-
In New York, James Farmer,
national director of the Congress
of Racial Equality, said yesterday
ciyil rights demonstrations will be
staged at, six world's fair exhibit
sites-including those of four
Southern states-on April 22,
Farmer said the demonstrations
would be "peaceful and non-
charging that its stoppages vio-
lated the President's agreement.
In Washington, President John-
son underscored anew his deep
desire that railroad and union
negotiators end by collective bar-
gaining the recurring threat of a
national rail shutdown.
He sat in again with the nego-I
tiators and federal mediators who
are striving in White House ses-
sions to reach a settlement by
The President spoke at a news
conference about the negotiations,
launched after both sides accepted
his 'T'hursday night proposal for
a 15-day delay in a strikethat was
to have shut down more than 200
rail lines at 12:01 a.m. Friday.
Johnson's statement made no
direct mention of the only appar-
ent alternative if the negotiations
But when he was asked whether'
he is prepared to ask for legisla-
tion if the talks fail, he replied:
"I am not here to bury collec-
tive bargaining; I am here to pre-
serve it. I am prepared to carry on
negotiations with the thought
that we are going to reach a set-
tlement, and I hope and pray we
Pravda, official newspaper of
the Soviet Communist Party, ap-
parently dashed hopes of a Lenin
Prize for Alexander. Solzhenitsyn's
novel "One Day in the Life of
Ivan Denisovich" by publishing
adverse. comments on the book
from its readers,
The novel, published in 1962,
apparently with the approval of
Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev,
deals with brutalities in a Stalin-
ist prison camp. It has been a
hit, abroad as well as in the So-
Pravda quoted readers as say-
ing the novel lacks cheerfulness
and artistic merit, while in style
and language it fails to "follow
the best- tradition of Russian lit-
erary language and forgets its im-
portant 'esthetic educational role."
Several Soviet critics and pub-
lications have recently mentioned
the novel as a possibility for the
Lenin Prize. But Pravda said that
most of its readers who wrote
about the book came "to a posi-
tive conclusion: the novel by Sol-
zhenitsyn deserves positive ap-
appraisal, but it cannot j be in-
cluded among works which are
worthy of a Lenin, Prize," the high-
est award in the Soviet Union.
PROF. WILLIAM KERR
By BARBARA SEYFRIED
A resolution restructuring the
University Faculty Senate will be
introduced at the Senate's next
meeting Monday for discussion
According to Prof. William
Kerr, chairman of the Senate Ad-
visory Committee for University
Affairs, after its introduction to
the Senate the motion will be fol-
lowed up by smaller discussion
groups and reported back to the
fall meeting of the Senate in
either its present form or in a
The restructuring would in-
--Keeping the whole Senate as
it now is;
-Establishment of a University
Assembly, composed of 65 mem-
bers elected at large, to provide
better representation for the fac-
-Reconstitution of SACUA as
a new nine-member body.
"If people are interested in fac-
ulty opinion, then the proposed
plan will make it easier for the
administration, Regents or any-
body else who wants to know to
find out what they think," Prof.
"The Senate is not a governing
body now but an advisory one. Its
power depends upon how valuable
people making decisions think
faculty opinion is," he said.
The Senate willalso consider a
resolution for a Faculty Center,
presented by Prof. James K. Pol-'
lock of the political science de-
partment, and a confidential re-
port from the Economic Status
Committee, dealing with salary
levels at the University in com-
parison to those at other uni-
The report would serve as a
measure of progress made in the
past and of weaknesses and of
the location of areas where pro-
gress can be made.
Fighting on Cyprus,
jars UN-Induced Peace
By The Associated Press
NICOSIA, Cyprus-Greek and Turkish Cypriots exchanged light
gunfire for four hours at the strategic Kyrenia Pass yesterday, the
Turks saying that the incident may be the curtain-raiser of an all-out
Greek Cypriot push for control of the pass.
Kyrenia Pass controls the road between Nicosia and Kyrenia on
the northern coast. Turkish Cypriots control it and the United Nations
An overseas business corps mod-
eled on the Peace Corps is being'
formed by industry at the sugges-
tion of the Johnson administra-
tion, the New York Times report-
The Executive Service Corps ex-
pects to be in operation by late
summer. Its central office will
probably be in New York.
,Drawing mainly from newly re-
tired executives, the corps would
help accelerate the economy anda
industry in semi-developed coun-
tries, principally in South Amer-
ica, Africa and Asia.
The program would not include
European countries or countries
with fully developed economies,,
nor would it take in primitive
A seven-man organizing com-
mittee, headed by David Rocke-
feller, prominent New York bank-'
er, and industrialist Sol :Linowitz,
has been organized.
Members of -the corps would
serve for periods of from three
months to two years or longer.
The corps was organized through
the Agency for International De-
velopment, headed by David E.
Bell, then turned over to the or-
The aim is to get about 1000
men overseas in the first 30
months, probably at a cost of sev-
eral million dollars, of which the
government will provide the great-
er part. AID has assigned Thomas
0. Thomas as liaison between the
government and the organizing
command has been negotiating
for several days in an attempt to
win passage of Greek Cypriot
traffic through the pass.
A Nicosia newspaper quoted
Greek Cypriot President Arch-
bishop Makarios as saying yes-
terday morning that he would not
let negotiations drag on and that
his government's security forces
were capable of opening up the
Otherwise, tension has relaxed
on much of the island since the
U.N. peace force began its work
. But Turkish Cypriot leaders are
daily becoming more disenchanted
with the U.N.
There also is a growing dissat-
isfaction among British troops and
in the British Parliament over the
role of the British, who comprise
the bulk of the 7000-man five-na-
There has been criticism in
Parliament over the exact orders
under which the peace force is
British soldiers feel they have
been humiliated by Greek Cyp-
riots. Last Sunday, for instance,
20 British soldiers wearing U.N.
blue were detained1 for more than
two hours at gunpoint at a Greek
Cypriot roadblock in western
EAST LANSING (P)-Because
of alleged racial discrimination in
East Lansing, Negro teachers at
Michigan State University are be-
ing forced to seek dwellings in
adjacent Lansing, MSU President
John Hannah. said yesterday.
Hannah, chairman of th e
United States Commission on
Civil Rights, said the people of
East Lansing "should realize the
university is an integral part of
He said racial barriers have
made it difficult for Negro faculty
members to find housing, and have
made it necessary for these teach-
ers to live in downtown Lansing.
"We have and are going to
have Negro faculty members and
there is no justification for the
present situation," he said..
In 50 Cities
Hill Calls President'
' By JOHN WELER
The National Association for t
Advancement of Colored People I
dicated yesterday that it will st
a massive one-day demonstrati
at General Motors in Detroit
protest "discriminatory :practi
Herbert Hill of New Yo
NAACP labor secretary, told 'I
Daily last night in an exclus
interview that 1100 delegates
the regional NAACP conference
Indianapolis had just voted uns
imously to stage the petroit p
test and later protests in 50
He said that thousands of p
ple will participate in the Detr
Hill noted that the findings
an NAACP survey indicate "
overwhelming number of Negr
are concentrated in undesiral
less skilled jobs in Northerna
Southern General Motor's plants
Meanwhile, a General Mot
high official denied the NAA
charge, saying that his compa
"has had a long-standing pol
on non-discrimination in empl
ment of all employes."
The official noted that Gene
Motors has supported the Pre
dent's Program for Progress, u
der which the President's Comn
tee for Equal Employment Opp
tunity was instituted.
The General Motors spokesnm
told The Daily that he was "m
tified" at the action taken by 1
The General Motors statemf
adds that only 41 case of
leged discrimination have been:
ed with the committee and 31
these have been dismissed, wi
10 have yet to be reviewed.
Hill noted that the fact il
this committee has not taken 'a
action is a "further indication
their incompetence and entire
He charged that General 'u
tors has consistently been in vie
tion of both "the spirit andY
letter of the anti-discriminat
contracts of the federal gove:
It points out that the corpo
tion employs 45,000 "non-whit
which represents 9.2 per cent
the General Motors work force.
Hill said, however, that
NAACP is more concerned w
"the entire range of -Negro e
ployment at General Motors."
He noted that on Wednesday,
and Roy Wilkins, NAACP sec
tary, had discussed the char
which were issued yesterday w
Louis Seaton, General Motors vi
Caneer Researchers Offer
'Tips' for, Safer Smoking
CHICAGO ("P)-Cancer researchers came up with comforting news
for cigarette smokers yesterday, and offered some tips for making
cigarettes still safer.
A majority of American filter-tip cigarettes now contain less
"cancer-inducing properties" than cigarettes formerly did. Drs. Ernest
L. Wynder and Dietrich Hoffmann of Sloan-Kettering Institdite said.
In fact; the person smoking a filtered cigarette is exposed on the
'Taverage to about half as much tar
By FOREST FORDf
In the near future a city will no longer be characterized by build-
ings; instead, it will actually be one building.
Peter Blake, managing editor of Architectural Forum magazine,
explained at yesterday's Honors Convocation of the architecture and
design college that this concept is the inevitable solution to the
mounting problems of city planning.
network today is because most of them fail to recognize their cities
as one colossal building, Blake said.
These "planners" think that their specialized activities are con-
tributions. Especially prominent among these contributions are the
increasingly complex highway systems and "monstrous" buildings,
disorganized like "children's blocks," Blake said.
and nicotine as the smoker of a
regular cigarette 10 years ago, they
On further improvements pos-
sible, they noted that:
A moistened filter is more ef-
fective than a dry one in protect-
ing the cilia, the fine hair-like
projections on linings of bronchial
tubes. Destruction of cilia is
thought by some experts. to be a
first step toward inducing lung
They discovered this in drawing
smoke through water in the man-
ner -of a Turkish waterpipe.