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March 19, 1964 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1964-03-19

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'U'Officials Evaluate JSU 'Extramural'Inm

iprii

By LAURENCE KIRSHBAUM
(Second in a Three-Part Series)
University administrators engaged in state-wide educational
planning inevitably focus on East Lansing.
But University educators have their hearts and their energies
confined mainly to Ann Arbor.
This dichotomy in purpose-the administrators keyed to
watching the public imprint of Michigan State University while
educators are engrossed in teaching the local populace-has been
the core of what officials call the Extension Service dilemma.
Off-Campus Courses
It focuses specifically around the program of off-campus or
extramural credit courses. Over 500 courses are currently adminis-
tered by the Extension Service but are taught mainly by mem-
bers of the education, graduate and business administration schools
and literary and engineering colleges.
To these schools, officials of the Extension Service say "we
have a state-wide responsibility to offer greater numbers of off-
campus credit courses than are currently available." But educator-
policy makers like the school deans respond that "while we
are concerned with off-campus education, skimpy budgets limit
our main commitments to on-campus improvements."
But while extension officials note they are more concerned

with the overall educational benefits of their programs, higher
administration officials eye with specific concern the MSU extra-
mural expansion.
Comparative Figures
The extramural dilemma is statistically expressed in the
comparative figures of the University and MSU extramural pro-
grams of the past eight years,
As an Extension Service self-survey, a working paper on its
way to Vice-President for Academic Affairs Roger W. Heyns
notes, the University in the 1957-58 period offered 628 courses to
about 14,000 off-campus enrolees.
By 1962-63 there was a six per cent decline in courses offered
-down to 598-and only a four per cent student increase in par-
ticipating students-or a rise of 500 students.
By contrast, during this comparable period, MSU increased
its exramural credit program almost 30 per cent-109 more courses
-and doubled its enrollment--a 3500 student increase.
At present, each institution offers about 30 per cent of the
total extramural student enrollment in Michigan-or over 24,000
students total combined between thetwo schools.
The MSU rise and University decline numerically is centered
around the two education schools which offer a majority of the
courses for their respective schools.

It is here that the administrator-educator dichotomy comes
to the fore.
The reason for the issue focusing on the education school-
rather than in the business administration, liberal arts or engi-
neering programs-is the survey's finding that of the courses
offered by all nine state institutions which have extramural
programs-over 90 per cent of these courses "can be classified as
teacher-education oriented."
This meant that some 91 per cent of the extramural popula-
tion takes either education or liberal arts courses relating to
teaching.
Extension Service has thus devoted a significant portion of
their recommendations to the University education school, urging
that it "reexamine its current policies and attempt to increase
its credit-course offerings throughout the state."
MSU Aggressiveness
The logic behind the Extension recommendations is explained
by the self-survey in noting "Michigan State's extramural growth
is attributable almost entirely to the aggressiveness of its School
of Education."
In its peak expansion of the last eight years, MSU has ac-
counted for 80 per cent of its enrollment increase through in-
creased teacher instruction or teacher-oriented additional cognate
programs.

. The education school refused to be completely convinced
the recommendation. Dean Willard Olson discounts compariso
with other schools-such as MSU-as "treading on unsafe watei
Unimpressed by the MSU expansion picture, they say
continued slight cutback in courses is the logical reaction
existing education policies where campus projects have I
priority and faculty members are not required to teach in educ
tion work.
Practically Mandatory
MSU extramural teaching is practically mandatory, one of
cial noted.
Associate Dean Charles Lehmann of the school pinpoint
the attitude that the University will not reduce its quality
education either on or off the campus in order to compete w
MSU.
"We won't allow just any school superintendent to teach
us-and that's just what they do," he declared, referring to I
MSU policy of hiring less qualified special staff members to tea
extramural programs.
University Executive Vice-President Marvin L. Niehuss h
explained that the hiring of influential local educators-such
a superintendent of a school district-is State's way of buildi
influential local allegiances.
See OFFICIALS, Page 2

CRIME, PUNISHMENT:
READERS STRIKE BACK
See Editorial Page

t

~~Iait

WARMER
High-40
Low-=28
Light snow tonight,
flurries and colder Friday

Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom

_y

VOL. LXXIV, No. 136

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, MARCH 19, 1964

SEVEN CENTS

SIX Pi

I I I l l l lp l II I I I PI I IO 1

LARGE SGC AGENDA:

Keynoter

Bluestone Motions Fail

OAS
To S

Asks

Special
Panama

Bod
Crisi

Student Government Council
moved rapidly through a large
agenda last night, as Barry Blue-
stone, '65, failed to win passage
for any of the six items he brought
before the Council table.
Bluestone, ,however, did play a
part in SGC's major action of the
evening-an expression of sup-
port for the recent Women's Con-
ference Committee report support-
ing liberalization of women's
hours.
SGC's motion will be transmit-
ted to Vice-President for Student

Affairs James A. Lewis with a
request that the recommendations
go into effect the first Thursday
after spring vacation.
Cooperative Bookstore
Bluestone's proposal to have
SGC provide financial support for
a cooperative bookstore was
amended by Sherry Miller, '65,
and passed the Miller motion.
The Council will express its sup-
port for the bookstore to the Re-
gents and the administration, and
will help the bookstore in a soon

Trustees Reprimand, Oliver
For Anti-Kennedy Article
URBANA, Ill. (AP)-Trustees of the University of Illinois voted
yesterday against disciplining a professor whose sharp criticism of the
late President John F. Kennedy evoked a storm of protest.
The trustees accepted a faculty committee's recommendation
that "action of any kind' against Revilo P. Oliver, 54, a classics
professor, for his anti-Kennedy remarks "is not indicated." They'
adopted a report condemning

J. E. WOLFE

Railroad Heads
Predict Unions
To Call Strike
WASHINGTON () - Railroad
negotiators warned yesterday of
a possible nationwide rail strike,
but a union spokesman denied it
and charged industry spokesmen
with using "scare"tactics.
Government officials reportedly
were viewing the exchange as the
latest skirmish in a "war of nerves"
in the long railroad labor dispute
and apparently weren't expecting
any immediate strike over wages
and other issues.
After chief railroad negotiator
J. B. Wolfe hadwarned that a
"national' crisis' is imminent," a
California superior court late last
night granted the Southern Paci-
fic Railroad a restraining order
banning a strike by five railway
operating brotherhoods.
But H. E. Gilbert, president of
one of the five operating unions,
denied Wolfe's statement that
there was a strike scheduled for
one minute past midnight last
night against the Southern Pa-

Oliver for a lack of good taste.
Oliver is the author of an ar-
ticle published in the John Birch
Society magazine, "American
Opinion," after Kennedy's death.
It suggested suggested that "e
late President may have been as-
sassinated because he ceased to
be useful to a Communist con-
spiracy to overthrow the United
States.
Lone Lissenter
The trustees accepted the fac-
ulty report by an 8-1 vote. Trustee
Irving Dilliard of Collinsville, who
cast the lone dissenting vote said
he did so because the report did
not go far enough on condemning
Oliver for his attack on the late
President.
Another trustee, Harold Pogue
of Decatur, termed Oliver's attack
against the late President as
"cowardly in the extreme and
said the professor should resign
from the university.
Oliver was not available for
comment.
Views Not Shared
In submitting the report, David
Henry, president of the university,
told the trustees:
"That Mr. Oliver's views are
not shared by this academic com-
munity is certain . . . his un-
supported accusations, his un-
reasoned and vitriolic attack on
the character and patriotism of
President Kennedy are beyond the
bounds of good taste in public
comment and the normal proprie-
ties of public debate."
Henry last month referred the
question of possible disciplinary
action against Oliver to the Ur-
bana-Champaign Senate Commit-
tee on Academic Freedom and
Tenure, a faculty group. He said
then he felt the controversy re-
quired "official notice."
Henry said the committee in-
formed him:
"Action of any kind concerning
these expressions or toward Pro-
fessor Oliver because of them is
not indicated."
The university president said he
concurs in the advice of the com-
mittee.
GM Expansion
!" - T

to be announced membership
drive.
However, there is another mo-
tion pending to reconsider the Mil-
ler motion, as certain Council
members want to strengthen it.
The Regents currently have a
policy prohibiting official student
organizations to compete with pri-
vate businesses, and the original
Bluestone motion would have cre-
ated a conflict.
Motions by Bluestone, Carl Coh-
en, '66, and Eugene Won, '66, to
revise election procedures were re-
manded to an ad hoc committee
for 'study. The committee will be
composed of the motions' spon-
sors and Don Filip, '65.
The Council did approve anoth-
er motion by Filip which rede-
fines the Council committee struc-
ture. The heart of this motion was
a new standing committee on ed-
ucational affairs which will be
concerned with raising "academic,
standards and propagating an in-
tellectual atmosphere at the Uni-
versity."
The motion also creates a per-
sonnel director and activities co-
ordinator who will perform vari-
ous functions previously handled
by committee.
Bluestone's final motion, that
SGC create a committee to study
a student employes' union, was still
being debated when Council ad-
journed. It refused to extend ad-
journment time.
Based on a survey it took, WCC
made several recommendations to
the Office of Student Affairs last
week, chief of which was to elim-
inate junior women's hours. Lewis
has promised to issue a decision,
on the recommendations by a
week after vacation. The amend-'
ed motion was presented by the'
ex-officios from the three women's
organizations.
Little Groundwork
During members' time, SGC
President Thomas Smithson, '65,'
declared that "there wasn't near-
ly enough groundwork done on
many of the motions which came'
before us tonight." He contended
that members must do more re-
search and provide more informa-
tion before they bring an issue to
the table.
SGC seated three new members
last ngiht: Nancy Freitag,. '65,
new president of the Women's
League; Maxine Loomis, '65N, new
president of Assembly Association,]
and H. Neil Berkson, '65, new
editor of The Daily.

CONVOCATION-Pierre Salin-
ger, White House press secretary,
Will address the Honors Convo-
cation to be held at the Uni-
versity on May 8. He will also
dedicate a plaque on the steps
of the Michigan Union, com-
memorating the place where the
late President John F. Kennedy
first delivered his concept of
the Peace Corps.
WITHDRAW:
Quad Obj ects
To IQC Move
Representatives f r o m E a s t
Quadrangle Council last told Stu-
dent Government Council that
they felt the recent banning of
inter-house literature was not
"democratic."
John Koza, '64, said that this
was a "small measure of democ-
racy," and that withdrawing from
Inter-Quadrangle Council was the
only way for the various East
Quadrangle houses to oppose the
measure.
He suggested the formation of
an organization of men's house
presidents under IQC such as is
presently the case in Inter-Fra-
ternity Council and in the Pan-
hellenic Association.
George Steinitz, '66, agreed with
Koza, noting that John Eadie,
IQC president, has taken an op-
posing position in the dispute.

By LEONARD PRATT
The present hearings being con-
ducted to discover whether or not
a violation, of Ann Arbor's Fair
Housing Ordinance has occurred,
may be instrumental in deciding
whether or not two important le-
gal precedents are set.
The first involves whether or
not Ann Arbor's present injunc-
tion laws under the Fair Hous-
ing Ordinance will be speeded up
or not.
At a recent meeting of the Ann
Arbor Human Relations Commis-
sion, Human Relations Director
David C. Cowley suggested that a
telegram be sent to an apartment
owner accused of discrimination
immediately upon. receipt of a
complaint and that a hearing be
called within 24 hours of the
sending of the telegram.
Similar to New York
This plan, proposed after study
of a similar plan now in use in
New York City, would considerably
speed up Ann Arbor's present fair
housing injunction system. Un-
der the present system, over a
week may elapse before an injunc-
tion may be granted, time enough
to allow an apartment under ques-
tion to be rented away from a Ne-
gro occupant.
"If the ordinance is to be an
effective tool against racial dis-
crimination in housing," Walter
Blackwell, president of the local
Congress of Racial Equality chap-
ter said, "injunctive relief must
be used immediately when a com-
plaint is lodged with the Human
Relations Commission.
"Otherwise, when there is only
one apartment available, as in this
case, and that apartment is rent-
ed before any corrective measures
are taken, the Negro complainant
is unable to obtain the apartment
he originally sought."
Jurisdiction Matter
The second precedent which may
be set in the case is one concern-
ing whether Michigan's new con-
stitution or Ann Arbor's local

ordinances will apply in future
housing disputes.
On the same day that the Fair
Housing Ordinance was passed in " ..{.<
Ann Arbor, Michigan Attorney
General Frank Kelley gave an
opinion stating that Michigan's
new constitution automatically su-
perceded any civil rights ordi- .
nances which may have been pass- 'r' ...... r.
ed by local governments.
Cowley, however, said that Kel-
ley's statement was "only an opin-
ion" and that it did not have the
force of state law behind it.
This means that the possibility
exists for an Ann Arbor fair hous-{
ing suit to set a legal precedent ' r
in this matter under the new con-
stitution.
Apartment Dispute
The present case arose when a .
Negro was refused an apartment,:
owned by a Detroit firm, in pref- '
erence to another applicant whoD
had not been included on the orig- DAVIDCOWLEY
inal waiting list for the apartment.
Charges were brought by CORE Green has stated that his clients
soon after. will not negotiate the matter un-
Thomas H. Green, an attorney til after picketing of their apart-
for the owners of the apartment ments has been stopped. CORE has
house in question, has said that not agreed to halt the protests.
the Negro in question had "never Cowley has annonuced that fur-
filed an application" to rent an ther hearings are pending before
apartment. a decision on the status of the
CORE'is actively protesting both matteris reached.
this and the injunction delay un- Until this time, CORE repre-
der the present system. sentatives told The Daily that
CORE has announced its will- they will continue their efforts in
ingness to negotiate the issue, but any way possible.
Idle Base Use in Job Corps
Suggested by McNamara
WASHINGTON (')-Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara
suggested yesterday that idle military bases be used as training cen-
ters for the proposed 100,000-man Job Corps-key plank in the ad-
ministration's $962.5 million plan to combat poverty.
McNamara, testifying before the House Education and Labor
Committee, said the inactive defense installations could house most of
the youths, aged 16 to 21. The plan would remove the young men from
Gunfavorable environments and
provide them with basic educa-
tion and job skills.
The armed services' high rejec-
tion rate of draftees and recruits
for failure to meet physical and
mental requirements demon-
strates the need for the program,
McNamara said.
U '}}<. The poverty program, outlined
by Presid~nm Lyndon B. Johnson
in a message to Congress Mon-
:{sd y, is aimed at eliminating hard
c( re poverty b' hitting at its ba-
sic roots-peov ding the skills and
educational background for oth-
erwise u'ttrained youths and oth-
er worke' s needing work.
It would .e entirely under civ-
ilian control.

Hearings May Set Precedents

See Chance
Of Reaching
Agreement
Diplomats Blame
Johnson Pessimism
For Continued Strife
WASHINGTON (P)-The Or-
ganization of American States
yesterday urged a special media-
tion commission to pursue its ef-
forts to solve the United States-
Panamanian dispute.
The generalcommittee of the
OAS asked that efforts be con-
tinued to reach agreement on the
two nations' dispute over the
Panama Canal and other matters
"while there are expectations of
success." The general committee
then set another meeting for to-
day.
The decision came after the
five-member mediation committee
of Paraguay had reported its fail-
ure so far to settle the dispute
on terms agreeable to both
nations.
'Frustrated'
Plate reportedly told the com-
mission - composed of all OAS
members except the United States
and Panama-that his group de-
cided "its task was frustrated by
the latest development."
Most Latin American diplomats
feel President Lyndon B. Johison
threw cold water on hopes for a
quick settlement in his statement
Monday before the OAS. Johnson
said then that there has not been
"any genuine .meeting of the
minds" between the United States
and Panama.
Johnson's remarks came less
than 24 hours after the OAS med-
iation commission had announced
the United States and Panama
had agreed tore-establish diplo-
matic relations to seek a prompt
solution of their conflicts over the
Panama Canal.
OAS Notified
In a separate move, the OAS
general commission was notified
in a formal note yesterday that
Panama regards the Sunday OAS
declaration as "clear and precise."
Panama's OAS delegation said
the note stated Panama would
abide by "what was agreed accord-
ing to that declaration as long as.
the United States government also
is willing to comply." But this
would be relatively meaningless
unless the United States decides
to abide by the agreement.
OAS Secretary General Jose A.
Mora was reported concerned over
the turn the dispute had taken.
Others Dissatisfied
Latin American diplomats con-
tinued to express consternation
for the way the United States
statements were made-in effect
refuting the OAS announcement.
There was uncertainty over who

SAIN'S COFFEE HOUR:
Panel Introduces Counseling

By JUDY BARNETT
A panel of faculty and administrative advisors met last night
with Negro students to acquaint them with the counseling services
available at the University.
They were addressing the second Negro-faculty coffee hour in
a series of gatherings initiated by Leonard S. Sain, special assistant
to the director of admissions. It was held in response to the "encour-
aging interest and participation of Negro students in the inaugural
coffee hour," Sain said.
The panel, chaired by Mrs. Elizabeth Davenport, assistant to the
vice president for student affairs and co-ordinator of counselling
services, discussed the problem of the lack of campus-wide publicity
for these services.

Secretary of Welfare Anth~ony
J Celebrezze, alsc appearuu be-
fore the cmn ittee, said:
"Th osintn ofntat

.:.,
.:. , ;; ..

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