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March 05, 1964 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1964-03-05

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se 1614an Daily
Seventy-Third Yer
f Truth Will Preail"
Editorials printed in T he Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in at reprints.
Paradox Clouds Purpose
Of Phoenix Project Research
THE PHOENIX PROJECT is caught in a 1) Student and faculty research, which
paradox of purpose. never are denied reactor-time because of
Inspired by the atomic bombings of lower-priority proj ects;
World War II, and the "never again" at- 2) Faculty research under non-Univer-
titude which followed them, the Project sity sponsorship, military or otherwise,
has from the start been an idealistic one, provided that the sponsor pays the reac-
and its stated ideal is peace. tor expenses, and finally
Yet, . to help support its "atoms for 3) Rental of space to industries for their
peace" work, the Project has occasionally own purposes, defense or non-defense.
had to let its reactor be used for military And, Prof. Kerr points out, not only
research. does military work never interfere with
NUMEROUS public-relations pamphlets "atoms-for-peace" projects, it actually fa-
extol the Project's ideals. Declares one: cilitates them. The reactor is "on" for a
certain length of time each day. While it
Its name Is based on the fabled is "on," any unused space in it represents
Phoenix bird of Egyptian mythology, so much wasted money. Renting this emp-
a bird which periodically built its nest
ty space to industry-including defense
on the altar of the sun god and was industry-enables the sparsely-financed
consumed by fire. From the flames, Project to reclaim these expenses, which
the bird rose again, young and revital- in turn enables it to accept a greater vol-
ized. Similarly, the Phoenix Atomico
Research Program has arisen from ume of peaceful projects.
the holocaust of a world war. In only THUS the Phoenix Project's dilemma is
ten years, it already has hoped to the same as the dilemma of University
open to mankind a bright and promis- militar research in
ing future.ml ayrearhn general: the Ui-
versity needs money; defense is where
- The enthusiastic University students, the money is.
faculty, alumni and friends who solicited Moreover, drawing a neat line between
money, as well as the private contributors peaceful and military atomic research is
who donated the $8 million which estab- difficult, since the same basic knowledge
lished the Project, were working for this applies to both and even Defense De-
ideal. partment research may be on militarily
Space in thereactor is rented to indus- innocuous subjects. But drawing a line,
tries doing Defense Department-sponsor- albeit a crude one, between the two could
ed work, and to the military itself. In ad- be done on the basis of the immediate
dition, faculty members doing defense- purpose of the particular project or by
sponsored research are allowed to use the whether its sponsor is military or not. It
reactor, although very few have done so. could be done, were it not for the finan-
DOES THIS MEAN the Phoenix Project cial paradox.
t has betrayed its trust? This would be
a serious charge, so it is important to be filline, pus fo
precise about just when and how defense flig well the explicit purpose for
which it was established: facilitating
work takes place.
First, it is never allowed to interfere "atoms-for-peace" research. But it has
,*ith "atoms-for-peace" University re- never followed what I read to be an im-
iearch projects. Prof. William Kerr e plicit corollary: refusing to accept "atoms
seach rojcts Prf. illam err the for war" research. And if the Phoenix Is
Project's current director, says that timefagar" ruilirgh.tndtonthesPhon's
and pac inthereatorareapprtinedagain building its nest on the sun-god's
and space in the reactor are apportioned altar, all its peaceful efforts will be for
by this rigorously followed schedule of nothing.
A :Bleak Future


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Congressional Ethics
Inspire Contempt

'. . L -, A




kJU~~ 'c~

National Hysteria Calms Down,

MOST citizens automatically re-
spect the President and the
ranking members of the executive
branch. Congressmen may also be
respected, but only on the basis of
devoted service and demonstrated
Contempt of Congress in the
technical sense is a misdemeanor,
but in the .popular sense it is
widespread-and not without rea-
son. Structurally and organiza-
tionally, Congress lags behind the
times, but its institutional defects
are aggravated by the individual
misbehavior of a sizable propor..
tion of its members. The contempt
in which they are held is deserved,
and spills over to some extent on
those who do not deserve it.
MONEY is at the root of this
particular evil. As Sen. Wayne
Morse points out, the double
standard Congress lives by is the
source of its ill repute. It refuses
to accept for itself the standards
of monetary ethics that it applies
to the executive and judicial
When an appointee comes up
for confirmation, or when con-
duct in some agency office is in-
vestigated, the Congressional com-
mitteemen often seem to proceed
on the assumption that the wit-
ness, if not an outright crook, is
certainly a person whose financial
status must be scrutinized for con-
flict of interests. Only the commit-
teemen themselves are above sus-
This ludicrous and arrogant as-
sumption fools no one. When Sen.
Everett Dirksen protested that to
force members of Congress to re-
veal their financial holdings and
dealings would make them "sec-
ond-class citizens," his constitu-
ents must have taken him for
either a fool or a hypocrite--and
they know he is no fool.
FOR seventeen years, Sen.
Morse has been trying to correct
this abuse. He has disclosed his
own financial interests in the ut-
most detail. So, in varying degrees,
have a few other Senators and
Voluntary disclosure is insuffi-
cierit: one must assume that those
who, have the most to hide will
be the most secretive. Every year
since 1946. Sen. Morse has in-
troduced a bill to compel disclo-
sure of income by all persons, in-
cluding members of Congress, who
receive federal income in excess
of $10,000, and by members of the
Republican and Democratic Na-
tional Committees.
In the 88th Congress, the bill is
S 148. In past years, the proposed
legislation. has received general
approval. In 1951, it was endorsed
by President Truman in a mes-
WE CAN start with the fact that
a President of the United
States has been assassinated by a
Communist within the United
No amount of lies by the Krem-
lin or tardy and ridiculous after-
thoughts about this brainwashed
little punk having been a spy for
the United States governmentcan
change what Oswald himself re-
vealed-before he was shut up,
. WITH THE President con-
verted into a martyr, by the bullet
of an assassin, pointing any finger
at the parallel between what his
Administration had been doing
and what Mosoow wanted was to
be made completely unthinkable.
The more overwhelming the
eulogizing of the late President
became, the more futile it would
become for any critic - and the
more disastrous to the critic - to
start reminding people of how
happy Moscow and all of our do-
mestic Comsymps had been with
the general progress of their plans,

and the increasing prestige of their
agents and allies, under the Ken-
nedy regime.
- -Robert Welch
in American Opinion


sage to congress. "....People who
accept the privilege of holding of-
fice in the Government," Mr. Tru-
man wrote, "must of necessity ex-
pect that their entire conduct
should be open to inspection by
the people they are serving." But
the bill did not pass in 1951, nor
has it been seriously considered
* * *
IT IS A rule in American poli-
tics that until the smell becomes
intolerable, nothing is done. In
this matter of congressional re-
sponsibility that point has been
reached. When a Congressman,
speaking at great length on the
floor of the House, defends his
commission of an indefensible ac-
tion, and is applauded and con-
gratulated when he bursts into
tears by way of peroration, enough
voters may be sufficiently disgust-
ed to look for a remedy.
-The Nation
A cademk

timidated by a group of young picket-
ers from the Direct Action Committee.
DAC, an organization which makes no
secrets about the role of violence in ob-
taining equal rights for Negroes, has its
share of young members who have a
misguided sense of direction.
DAC dares Ann Arbor to cross its picket
lines at City Hall. The picketers, carrying
signs such as "Cross this line at your own
risk" and "This is not a non-violent dem-
onstration," walk in a small circle which
blocks the sidewalk to all pedestrian traf-
Recently, Ann Arbor police stood at
either end of the oval-shaped picket line
to instruct passersby to walk around the
picket line.
LAST FRIDAY NIGHT, the first time
DAC picketed City Hall for alleged po-
lice brutality involving six Negro juven-
iles, the police chose to stay inside and
watch. They saw a fireman pushing a
grocery cart. They also saw several fire-
men lined up at the fire station window
who were interested in the events which
They had reason for watching. The
fireman pushing the grocery cart refused
to walk around the picketers, which would
have meant walking on City Hall grass;
a scuffle ensued. You should have seen
the firemen pour out of the fire station.
Then, you should have seen the police
pour out of City Hall.
Editorial Staff
Editorial Director City Editor
BARBARA LAZARUS..............Personnel Director
PHILIP SUTIN.............National Concerns Editor
GAIL EVANS....... .... Associate City Editor
MARJORIE BRAHMS ....'Associate Editorial Director



The ruckus which followed injured three
policemen, to say nothing of the amount
of statewide attention it received. It was
the first violence involving personal in-
jury in Ann Arbor over the matter of
civil rights.
THE INCIDENT is significant. It happen-
ed in the North. This was not the first
instance of friction between pedestrians
and picketers in Ann Arbor. Take for ex-
ample the drunks rolling out of the down-
town bars at 2:30 a.m. and heckling non-
violent picketers at a downtown restau-
rant. One picketer, who had experience
in the deep South where things really get
tough, said that in some instances he re-
ceived more abuse in Ann Arbor than in
the South.
The meaning of all this is that groups
sucn as L)aU are oouna to emerge as a
result of the frustration the civil rights
movement has met. Their mission no
longer is as clear as their non-violent
predecessors. They are confused about the
nature of their enemy. Is their enemy the
white population or is it the oppression
of the Negro?
THE LATTER should be the case if any
real steps toward solution of the prob-
lems are to be made. The DAC picketers
are openly violating a city ordinance for-
bidding obstruction of a sidewalk. They
are openly advocating their right to force
a reluctant, predominantly white commu-
nity to accept the Negro.
If anything, DAC is giving the influen-
tial white-supremacists more ammuni-
tion. These citizens, who were being drawn
carefully out of their shells by non-violent
demonstrations, have now recoiled.
Charles Thomas, radical past chairman
of DAC, wrote recently that "the fight
for freedom has just begun all over the
world. If you do not see the handwriting
on the wall, then you are blind. In the
fate of the Negro lies the future of

AFTER some 10 days in South-
ern California where I did little
except sniff the air, I have come
back feeling that since last year
there has been.a change of mood.
It is a change for the better. A
year ago in the aftermath of the
Cuban missile crisis there was an
alarming amount of floating anxi-
ety, of irrational fear and ground-
less anger, expressing itself in
war-whooping at our adversaries
abroad and in extremism at home:
The anxiety which was threat-
ening to unnerve the country is
subsiding. I did not, of course,
take a poll or, like a good reporter,
make an investigation in depth.
But unless I am greatly mistaken,
the strain of irreconcilability,
which turns normal political con-
troversy into a deadly poison, has
The unrestrained and unmea-
sured extremism, which caused
men to talk as if they would like
to secede from the Union because
they hated Washington where the
Kennedys ruled, is no longer re-
spectable. One hears notably less
of the war-whoopers who, when
anything goes wrong, want to send
in the Marines or make the Navy
lay a blockade or let, loose the
There is a degree of unity and a
mood of sobriety which is, of
course, the real America under-
neath the passing frustrations of
having to deal with a new and
dangerous world.
A RADICAL RIGHT and a radi-
cal left we shall always have with
us. But in a strong and stable
country they are dangerous only
when they infectconsiderable sec-
tions of the moderate center. I
may, of course, be mistaken. But I
think the infections of extremism
is not spreading and is, on the
contrary, receding. I have been
wondering why.
The leading factors have been,
I think, the assassination of Pres-
ident Kennedy, the accession of
Lyndon Johnson and the realiza-
tion, after the Cuban confronta-
tion and the test ban treaty, that

nuclear war is not imminent and
that Cuba, though a nuisance, is
not a military danger. Last, but
not least, I would put on the list
the open candidacy of Barry Gold-
S * * *
THE MURDER of President
Kennedy shocked the country into
a realization of what can happen
if violence is unrestrained. At the
same time, it removed a President
who was enormously admired and
extravagantly hated. The country
feels very much at home with the
Johnson family, and it has been
greatly reassured by the compe-
tence with which the Vice-Presi-
dent took over.
The calming effect of the nu-
clear detente, which was, it may
well be, the crowning achievement
of President Kennedy, has coal-
esced with the feeling of confi-
dence that Lyndon Johnson is a
prudent, old-fashioned American
who has no taste for gambling and
foreign adventure.
And then there is the construc-
tive contribution of Barry Gold-
water. As long as he was not out
to the
To the Editor:
THE CURRENT attack against
Cazzie Russell in The Daily
editorial and sports pages has
made the unpleasant a priori as-
sumption that Mr. Russell specific-
ally and athletes generally are un-
intelligent. Mr. Russell, whom I
have met, seems to me to be a
reasonably intelligent, mature
sophomore undergraduate.
That he is probably the best
basketball player in the country
does not preclude intelligence any
more than writing for The Daily
sports page presupposes it. Those
on The Daily staff who have writ-
ten in this affair should apologize
to Mr. Russell for their lack of
-Lewis Cogen, 167M

in the open running for President,
he was free to say all kinds of
dashing things that caught various
people's fancy. But to be a candi-
date for the Republican nomina-
tion for President of the United
States is quitedifferent from hold-
ing forth in the locker room of a,
country club. Serious people have,
now taken a serious look at the
Senator's remarkable books and
speeches, and they are now being
-subjected to full public exposure.
* * *
THE SENATOR is doing a great
servide to the country. It is like
that done by a vivid cartoon in a
confused political controversy. He
impersonates, and is parading be-
fore the voters' eyes, the eternal
juvenile who lurks in the Ameri-
can soul. This boy who won't grow
up refuses to live in a world which
does not obey his wishes. He will
not believe that he has adversaries
whom he cannot dominate or that
he has friends whom he must live
with though they do not agree
with him.
This unquenchable boy is sure
that whatever goes against his
wishes is the work of a villain or
a traitor. He does not doubt that
every problem has a solution, that
is to say, his solution. -_
For him, all conflicts and dis-
putes must end either" in victory
or defeat. All is black that isn't al-
together white, for history has.
taught him nothing. It has not
taught him that in many of the
great religious and ideological cony-
flicts of mankind there has been
no victory, no defeat, no solution
and no settlement-only an un-
tidy living with the unsettled busi-
*, * *
SINCE WE as a people have to
put away the eternal boy in our-
selves if we are going to move suc-
cessfully in a world we do not own
or control, and among people who
do not have tolove us because we
are almost always right, I rejoice
at the signs I have seen that the
country will follow the President
as he puts away childish things.
On this cheery note, I have re-
turned from my vacation.
(c),1964, The washington Post Co.

Now at Chiema Guild
TO BE philosophically valid, a
work of art must first be
aesthetically convincing. That is,
it must be an undeniable human
experience which imposes its phil-
osophical vision upon the audience
This imposition is achieved by giv-
ing the philosophical premises
concrete embodiment which be-
comes a meaningful human real-
ity and not a mere academic ex-
Tonight and tomorrow the
Cinema Guild presents "Dirty
Hands," adapted by Jean-Paul
Sartre from his own play. It is
nearly impossible to judge such a
movie fairly.
The very presence of the name
Sartre on the marquee puts us
off. We expect something terribly
important to explode from the
screen, and that word-existebtial-
ism-keeps rumbling about in the
back !of our minds.
Were the marquee to read some-
thing innocuous as "George Axel-
rod," we could sit back and enjoy
the movie as a movie. It requires
a little effort, but let us make an
attempt to evaluate this movie as
if the marquee did in fact read
"George Axelrod."
JUDGED by these standards,
however, "Dirty Hands" does not
fare too well. It does not , come
alive; it does not move; there is
neither wit nor style; and it talks
too much. Because of the failure
of the non-philosophical elements,
"Dirty Hands" cannot impose its
philosophical vision upon us.
Drama deals with people, and if
the drama is to be convincing, the
characters must convince us that
they are people. Only Hoederer,
the Communist leader, through his
speech, his carriage, and his
mannerisms convinces us that he
is a man and not a mannequin.
Hugo, the protagonist, does not
convince, nor does his wife
THE TURNING point of the
drama is a revelation of conscious-
ness (which I shall not reveal)
that horrifies the protagonist and
motivates his final act. This reve-
lation does not horrify the aud-
ience, however, and the climax of
the drama does ngt reverberate in
our consciousness. It does not
horrify us, because it is drama-
tically remote and therefore with-
out vital significance.
"Dirty Hands," then, is an aca-
demic exercise in the true sense
of the word. The philosophical
premises are clear and they may
be argued. But because they have
not been given significant human
embodiment, they do not impose
themselves upon us.*"Dirty Hands"
remains at a safe distance and
discussion of it sinks into finger
-Sam Walker


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Musical T'ranslation to Men

"And, Over Here, The Enemy -People"

SACRED MUSIC is the spiritual aid and guide
to an understanding of the word and spirit of
God. It is man's voice raised in praise of his creator.
In this way, Byzantine music of the Eastern
Orthodox Church is an instrument which attempts
to convey the Logos, the word of God, to the finite
Since mysticism plays an important part in the
Church, the emotions are incited through sensual
stimulation: Iconography, incense, and sacred
THE Byzantine music is monophonic, a single line
of melody, in a minor melodic mode. It is sung

country developing the Slavonic form. Although
the melody and language of the two forms differ,
the doctrine and Liturgy represented remained the
The service in the early Church was one of anti-
phonal chanting. The Anagnostes, or reader, would
lead the congregation in the chanting of the Lit-
urgy, which was learned by heart. In the contem-
porary Church it is the choir that responds to the
chanted Liturgy of the priest:
IN A concert of Byzantine Music on Friday, the
Eastern Orthodox Student Society will present four
choirs, singing, in four different languages, music
representative of the traditions of the Church.


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