VOTE SGRU, VOICE
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Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom
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VOL. LXXIV, No. 123
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 4, 1964
OAA E stablishes
Junior Year Abroad at Freiburg.
To Offer German Language, Lore
By JEFFREY GOODMAN
A junior year abroad program at Germany's Freiburg University
received final approval from the Office of Academic Affairs yesterday.
The program, formerly under the sole jurisdiction-of Wayne State
University, will be carried out in cooperation with Wayne and the
University of Wisconsin. Each school will send 14 students, Prof. Otto
By MARY LOU BUTCHER
Other Races ... SGC Con
To Vote in Campus lection
JAMES M. HARE
By The Associated Press
LANSING - The chief legal
spokesman for Democrats told the.
Michigan Supreme Court yester-
day that "election chaos" could
result if it fails to adopt a new
legislative apportionment for the
A. Robert Kleiner of East Grand
Rapids made the statement in
urging that the court approve a
Democratic "one man, one vote"
plan for state Senate districts.
Because of a 1962 court verdict
which ruled against districts un-
constitutional, plus the adoption
of a new constitution in 1963, the
present districts technically do not
exist, Kleiner said.
He added that there is no cer-
tainty that either lawmakers or
the people would approve any
kind of constitutional amendment
and he argued that present dis-
tricts could not be "held over" be-
cause "the new constitution pro-
vides the means for electing legis-
lators in new districts."
Kleiner also told the court it
would do no good for the task of
apportionment to be sent back to
the eight-member bipartisan Legis-
lative Apportionment Commission
of which he is a member.
Even with guidelines set by the
court, Kleiner said, it would be
Impossible, in his opinion, for the
commission to agree on any plan.
Meanwhile, Secretary of State
James Hare asked top,officers of
the Legislature to consider setting
back the election schedule in view
of pending court action.
"In view of the fact we will have
no official decision from the fed-
eral district court on the Michigan
congressional apportionment until
March 23, 7 would strongly recom-
nend certain changes in the elec-
tion calendar," Hare said in a
Hare earlier asked the Supreme
Court to decide on legislative ap-
portionment by March 16 in order
to realign Detroit precincts.
"Since the federal court date of
March 23 is substantially after the
March 16 deadline, I would recom-
mend shifting the entire election
calendar back' several weeks.
"I would recommend the follow-
ng new dates:, primary election
Sept 8; filing deadline for legis-
tative and congressional petitions
July 28; filing of delegate petitions
State Comptroller Glenn Allen
confirmed last night that he would
not handle contracts for the Uni-
versity, Michigan State Univer-
sity or Wayne State University
"unless the Legislature changes
Graf, a member of the junior year
'abroad committee, said.
Students will be required to take
at least one language course di-
rectly under the supervision of the
junior year program staff. Other
courses offered by the program it-
self include German literature,
drama and art and European his-
tory, all taught in German.
Participants are also eligible to
take regular courses offered by
Program members will be ex-
pected to enroll for a total of 15
hours each semester. "The big ad-
vai tage of studying abroad undEr
a University-sponsored program is
that the student is guaranteed
that all his credits will apply to-
ward a Un.vei ity degree," Prof.
James Gindin adviser to study
abroad programs, said.
"Furthermore, the program al-
lows students a more genuine in-
tegration into theregular courses
of the foreign school than they
could accomplish on their Ewn.
"Students can and will go
abroad for a wide variety of rea-
sons: in sponsoring the program,
the University is interested solely
in making the experience as aca-
demically worthwhile as possible,"
Prof. Gindin commented. ,
Prof. Gindin emphasized that
while program applicants should
be "competent students," they
need not be German majors.
Freiburg departments for which
students would be eligible include
philosophy, psychology, history,
art, music, languages, literature,
political science, economics and
Prof. Gindin noted that the cost
of the year abroad would be ap-
proximately equivalent to that for
an out of state student at the Uni-
versity, not including travel. The
program will charge an $800 tui-
tion fee to all participants; the
charge includes extracurricular
activities such as excursions, opera
Students are advised to see Dean
Ivan Parker of the Scholarship
Committee about transferring al-
ready existing scholarships to
Freiburg University. There are as
yet no scholarships designated
specifically for this program.
The program ishandled at the
University by a junior year abroad
committee chaired by Associate
Dean James A. Robertson of the
literary college. Applications and
information are available in 1210
Prof. -Sieghardt Riegel, profes-
sor of German and Assistant Dean
of Letters and Science at the Uni-
versity of Wisconsin, will be the
resident director at Freiburg next
year. He will be responsible for the
living and course arrangements of
students and will serve as liaison
His staff of instructors for the
program courses will be primarily
from the German university's fac-
Along with the Student Govern-
nent Council election today, voters
will be asked to cast ballots on
five other issues.
These include: selection of
members to the Boards in Control
of Student Publications and of In-
tercollegiate Athletics; passage of
a referendum on the Michigan
Union's proposed new constitu-
tion; selection of delegates to the
17th United States National Stu-
dents' Association congress; and
officer elections for the literary
Although votes for write-in
candidates will be void in the elec-
tion of SGC members, write-in
candidates may win positions in
any of the other elections pro-
vided they have compiled with all
rules by 8 p.m. today. The elec-
tion rules require any write-in
candidate to submit a signed affa-
davit, a financial statement and a
$5 fee to the elections director.
Those seeking election to three
vacancies on the Board in Control
of Student Publications are: John
Edward Eding, '64; Fred Russell
Kramer, Grad; Richard Kraut,
'66; Michael E. Lewis, Grad; and
John Lorenzo, Jr., '65.
The four candidates vying for
the single vacancy on the Board
in Control of Intercollegiate Ath-
letics are: Charles Pascal, '66;
Cazzie Russell, Jr., '66; Stephen C.
Smith, '66; and Thomas Wein-
The referendum will ask ap-
proval of the Union's proposed
new constitution which would al-
ter the composition of the Union
Board of Directors in number and
The proposed composition in-
cludes 10 voting and two ex-officio
members without vote in contrast
to the present board structure
which includes 19 voting mem-
The proposal would reduce the
number of student representatives
on the board from 10 to three,
See SGC POLL, Page 2
would grant the Union's general
manager a vote, change the status
of the vice-president for student
affairs from that of a voting mem-
ber to that of an ex-officio with-
out vote, and add both the general
manager of the Union and the
vice-president for business and fi-
nance as voting members.
Although there are four dele-
gate positions open for the USNSA
congress, only three candidates-
Ronald Gottschalk, '65; Alan
Jones, '66; and Suzanne Orrin, '65
-will have their names on the
In order for a write-in candi-
date to be elected to the USNSA
ielegate position, he must collect
60 per cent of the total vote cast
in that election.
Class officer elections will be
limited to the literary college since
petitioners for offices in the other
colleges are uncontested. To vote
for these officers, students must
be LSA juniors.
Candidates for LSA president
are Michael Bixby, '65, and Jon
James Bronner, '65, is seeking
the vice-presidency and Frank
Gornberg, '65, is seeking the office
Student Government Council
will hold a campus-wide election
today to fill eight Council vac-
Voters may cast their ballots be-
tween 7:45 a.m. and 5:15 p.m.
at any of 12 locations.
Polls will be located at the
South, East and West Quadran-
gles; Mary Markley Hall; the
Law Quadrangle; Engineering
Arch; Undergraduate Library Ter-
race; Diag; Fishbowl; Michigan
Union stairs; Frieze Bldg.; Wom-
en's Athletic Bldg.
Votes for write-in candidates
for SGC will be void, according
to a recent Council amendment to
the election rules.
In voting for SGC members, stu-
dents must preference, by num-
ber, up to eight of the 19 candi-
dates seeking election. The first
six who are elected will occupy
full term seats; the remaining two
will hold half term positions.
Candidates for Council are: Da-
vid Block, '66; Carl Cohen, 66;
Thomas Copi, '67; Robert Grody,
'66, and Richard Keller Simon,
'66, of the Student Government
Reform Union (SGRU) political
party; incumbent Scott Crooks,
'65; incumbent Gary Cunning-
ham, '66; Don Filip, '65; Chad
Gray, '66L; incumbent SGC Ad-
ministrative Vice-President Sherry
Miller, '65, and John Reece, '66, of
the Students United for Respon-
sible Government (SURGe) politi-
Also, Stephen Berkowitz, '65;
Barry Bluestone, '66; Stanley Na-
del, '66, and Richard Shott, '66,
of Voice political party; and inde-
pendents Tony Chiu, '66; Diane
Lebedoff, '65; Ronald Martinez,
'65, and Eugene Won, '66.
SGC candidates have chiefly
centered their campaigns around
the question of the future struc-
ture and function of Council.
SGRU candidates have urged
that "SGC should be replaced with
a better form, but should continue
to meet until an alternative plan
According to SGRU, a student-
faculty study committee should
be established to look into alterna-
tive forms for a new government.
SURGe candidates, on the oth-
er hand, agree that a study com-
mittee should be set up, but con-
tend that it should concern itself
solely with the possibilities inher-
ent in SGC's existing structure.
Voice candidates maintain that
"the goal of SGC should be to
make itself an autonomous stu-
dent rule-making body uninhibited
by a potential administrative ve-
The views of the independent
candidates are as follows: Tony
Chiu advocates: pressing for the
recommended women's regulations
changes outlined in the recent
League survey; SGC action on off-
campus housing, and a testing of
the book store ruling.
Concerned and Involved
-Diane Lebedeff maintains:
SGC "needs a group of students
who are enocerned and involved,
who will direct their energy and
organize their causes; that "the
tool must be put in the hands of
persons who are interested in stu-
dent government and not SGC."
-Ronald Martinez proposes:
that SGC take greater advantage
of the authority available to;. i
that Council should also work in
the area o facademic affairs; that
SGC should radically improve its
-Eugene Won advocates: that
the president of SGC be elected by
students; SGC should concern it-
self with the limited goal of lib-
eralizing women's housing rules;
SGC action in attempting to end
discriminatory housing in Ann Ar-
WASHINGTON (AP) - A plan
to bring Athe United States and
Panama to the conference table
was reportedly drafted, yesterday
by a special subcommittee of the
Organization of American States.
Encouraged by what was regard-
ed as a tacit agreement between
the United States and Panama,
the subcommittee, headed by Am-
bassador Juan Plate of Paraguay,
met behind closed doors for two
Plate's group Is trying to capit-
alize on momentum of conciliatory
statements by Presidents Lyndon
B Johnson and Roberto Chiari of
Jchnson said Saturday the 1903
treaty under which the United
States operates the canal "perhaps
would require adjustment." Re-
sponding quickly, Chai said Mon-
day nght in Panama that John-
scn's remarks 'were not in conflict
with the position of my govern-
ment insofar as it concerned a
basic understanding that should
accompany resumpt.on of rela-
tions between the t o courries,"
Panama's OAS A:~tasador, Mi-
guel J. Mc;r..a said ysterday that
"I am awaiting with umost inter-
est the con;equnces of the state-
ments made." He added the John-
son and Ch-ari remarks might
"lead' to a just and c'gnified set-
tlenient to the dispute."
States State Department press of-
Richard I. Phillips, United
facer, said "we share President
Chiari's hope" that the OAS spe-
cial mediatingssubcommittee will
find new means to settle the dis-
Chiari said the OAS team might
find methods "as much in John-
son's words as in my own."
No details of the subcommittee's
plan were available. Sources close
to the OAS team said it will be
presented to Moreno and Thomas
C. Mann, United States Assistant
Secretary of State for Inter-Amer-
Hopes were based not only on
the Johnson and Chiari state-
ments, but on the climate of pub-
lic opinion in both countries. Tem-
pers seem to have cooled.
Efforts to settle the problem had
been stalled over Panamanian in-
sistence. that the United States
promise in advance to renegotiate
the 1903 trAty while the United
States insisted it would talk over
any difference, but not promise in
aivance to negotiate a new treaty.
Since it is an election yea: in
both countines, neither side could
afford to g:VE the appearae of
giving in and losing face. B'it they
seen to be reahing an accomm 0.
fi} Vy (
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V A: ii'
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Expansion ModelNw n
Seen in New Unit
By DAVID MARCUS
The proposed residential college-if it works-may be the
model for undergraduate expansion of the University, Vice-
President for Academic Affairs Roger Heyns says.
The residential college passed a crucial hurdle on Monday
when the literary college faculty threw its support behind the
project. Approximately 175 faculty members voted and approved
the proposal by a two-to-one margin.
Heyns looks toward "a restructuring of the University into
smaller units" during the next decade along the lines of the
residential college as the key to avoiding a mass, impersonal
The concept of total size of the University means little in
itself, he says.
"The problem is to pinpoint the undersirable effects of
expansion and to see how these can be met. Saying that the
University is too big is like
saying New York City is too big."
Too big for what is the ques-
Heyns sees three major prob-
lem areas as the University
First, the individual faculty
member becomes more and
more distant from the workings.
of the University and its gen-
eral educational function.
Second, the decision-making
process becomes enormously
cumbersome and complex be-
cause so many faculty mem-
bers are involved in it and
large groups must be persuaded
before changes can be made.
Thus decisions to experiment
with new educational tech-
niques are often "watered VICE-PRESIDENT
down" tremendously before ROGER IEYNS
they can be implemented.
Third, students tend to feel anonymous and find it difficult
to develop close and fruitful ties either with faculty members
or their fellow students.
These problems can be met, Heyns believes, by smaller units
in which there would be more faculty involvement, greater
ease in implementing new or different educational techniques
and smaller departments in which it. would be easier for stu-
dents and faculty to get to know one another.
"The total organization of departments would of course
still exist," Heyns says. The individual departments could offer
pools of graduate students to the different residential colleges
in order to handle the mass general education courses such as
introductory language classes or freshman composition.
Another possibility is that the different residential colleges
could individually assume the responsibility for offering this
"service teaching" to students in other colleges or in non-
literary college programs.
In order to preserve the undergraduate programs of these
departments with few majors, "there will have to be a great
deal of latitude in cross-college transfers" with these majors
offered in only one or two of the colleges.
Under such a structure, Heyns feels that the destructive
aspects of expansion can be avoided. Many units of the Univer-
sity, he adds, are presently very small and can expand easily
with no change in structure.
Currently, only the LSA residential college is in the plan-
ning stage; Heyns is personally in favor of the experiment, and
hopes to see it implemented in the near future, if funds become
Makes No Comment
On French Position
WASHINGTON (P) - The Unit
ed States served notice yesterday
it will oppose the seating of Com-
munist China in all United Na-
A French announcement at the
opening of the yearly assembly of
the World Health Organization at
Geneva, demanding Communist
China's representation, appeared
to be the start of a fight that will
lead directly to a battle before the
UN General Assembly session next
State Department press officer
Richard I. Phillips, while declin-
ing to comment on French inten-
"The United States delegation to
the World Health Organization as-
sembly yesterday actively and suc-
cessfully opposed the challenge to
the Republic of China's creden-
"We will continue to do this in
every UN body."
The next major confrontation
between Paris and Washington on
the Chinese Communist issue most
likely will take place March 23
when the UN conference on trade
and development opens a three-
week session at Geneva.
No definite date has yet been
set for the fall session of the UN
General Assembly. It will prob-
ably be deferred until after the
United States presidential election
Phillips said the United States
was given less than one day's ad-
vance notice that France intend-
ed to support Communist China's
claim as the rightful representative
At the WHO assembly meeting. The
United States Embassy in Paris
was informed late yesterday.
The United .States as yet has
made no formal representations to
the French government, but Phil-
lips said American policy on this
issue is well known to all UN
Privately, United States officials
noted that France had full knowl-
edge that the UN General Assem-
bly has agreed not to settle the
representation issue in the small-
er UN bodies but would wait un-
til the General Assembly has
threshed out the issue of recogni-
United States officials see- little
or no chance that the General
Assembly will throw out Nation-
alist China in order to seat a dele-
gation from Peking.
In commenting on the move, a
French spokesman said that the
position was the "normal and log-
ical consequence" of the recent es-
tablishment of. diplomatic rela-
tions between Peking and Paris.
Asked if France would take a sim-
ilar position in the UN General
Assembly and in other UN bodies
such as UNESCO, the spokesman
said in effect that France will.
"The position could hardly be
contradictory (to the position tak-
en at Geneva yesterday), he com-
mented. Pressed to explain what
the French position would be re-
garding the Chinese seat on the
UN Security Council, the spokes-
ma edanved a direct issue.
Tt Tn Lr AT*
Chinese U N Entrance
Larcom Sets Restriction
On Illegal Protesting
Ann Arbor will not allow illegal picketing and violators will be
halted by whatever legal action must be taken, City .Administrator
Guy. C. Larcom Jr. said Monday night.
His statement came as a result of Friday's altercations between
Direct Action Committee picketers and city police. Last Saturday,
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picketers from the DAC blocked.-
the sidewalk and were thereforeC
in violation of a city ordinance. 1
Police did not attempt to halt
blocking of the sidewalk.
Bretton Views Nigeria's Internal Differences,
Larcom said that some persons
had misunderstood police actions
taken Saturday, referring to the
incident when police halted two
youths who were attempting to
cross the picket line.
City Attorney Jacob F. Fahrner
Jr., when asked for a definition of
illegal picketing, said it is illegal
if it is too close and impedes free
In other local civil rights hap-
penings, an Ann Arbor barber who
By ROSALIE BAINE
"Internal differences are and
have always been Nigeria's great-
est problem," Prof. Henry L. Bret-
ton of the political science de-
partment said in a lecture last
He pointed out that Nigeria is a
"composite of several civilizations.
Between 800-1600 A.D., civiliza-
tions were developed by many
are mostly Christian and tend to
follow Western customs.
Around 1900, Britain penetrated
into the interior of Nigeria, using
a principle of "indirect rule," Prof.
Bretton noted. Because the Brit-
ish did not materially interfere
with their social structure, north-
ern Nigerians were content with
When Britain decided to give
held and still holds a clear ma-
jarity in the federal Parliament
system of government in Nigeria.
There are no real political par-;
ties in northern Nigeria, Prof.
Bretton pointed out. The establish-
ed government discourages opposi-
tion parties by simply incarcerat-
ing the offending person and keep-
ing him in jail until after the'
elections, among other measures.
Prof. Bretton pointed out that
most Americans have erroneous
ideas concerning Nigeria. Most
seem to think that Nigeria is a
prosperous, American-oriented de-
Actually, northern Nigeria is
not and does not wish to be a
democracy," Prof. Bretton stated.
There is no Bill of Rights, and the
majority of Nigerians do not have