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February 27, 1964 - Image 6

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-02-27

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1tiUlLr5LE1x, r'L'iSKUES Y 27, 1964


Michigan Swimmers Host Indiana Powerhouse

Russell, IBuntin Named
To All-America Units

With all due respect to Cassius
Clay, it should be pointed out
that, when it comes to Big Ten
swimming, Indiana, not his high-
ness, is the greatest.
The Hoosiers have won three
consecutive titles, and they ap-
pear in great danger of copping
a fourth.
This same Indiana powerhouse
invades Ann Arbor, this afternoon,
to face the Wolverines in a dual
meet at 4 p.m. at the Matt Mann
Back in 1960, when Michigan
had won three consecutive NCAA
championships and was on topof
the swimming world, Indiana also
came to Ann Arbor. On that oc-
casion the Wolverines had a win-
ning streak of 33 consecutive dual
meets, extending over a four-year
period. But by the end of the aft-
ernoon, their win streax was nil,
and the invaders had chalked up
a 58-47 victory.
For the next three years Indiana
won the Big Ten Championship,
smashing Michigan by ever in-
creasing margins along the way
(62-39 in 1961, 77-31 in 1962, and
81-42 in 1963).

During their current dominance,
Indiana has won 39 consecutive
dual meets, and they will be look-
ing for a 40th today.
The Hoosiers have been ineligi-
ble for NCAA championships dur-
ing this span, however, because
all the school's varsity teams were
placed on four-year probation for
illegal recruiting in football. Even
though only three of the years
have passed ,the NCAA decided to
allow competition this year, and
there are many who feel they will
capture the national crown.
Despite the graduation of Chet
Jastremski, and Alan Somers, rec-
ord-holders in the breaststroke'
and distance events, respectively,
Indiana's lineup remains filled
with formidable talent.
Returning are Tom Stock, hold-
er of three world backstroke rec-
ords; Rick Gilbert, AAU and Japa-
nese diving champion in both
high and low boards; Ted Stickles,
former world record holder in the
individual medley; and Lary Schul-
hof, who shares with Stickles in
the medley relay.record.
Superior Replacements
Serving as a replacement for+
Olympian Alan Somers is Gary
Verhoeven, who defeated Somers+

in the 200-and 500-yard freestyles events of 200, 500, and 1000 yards.

in lawst year's Conference Meet.
The loss of Jastremski and Ken
Nakasone, probabl ythe best pair
of bveaststrokers ever to partici-
pate on one team, is made up in
part by Tom Trethaway.
The Wolverines, who have been
fini hing second in the Big Ten
consstently to the Hoosiers, are
on the way up again. The present
squas is probably deeper and
strnoger than that of last year,
which captured third in the NC-
Many new faces, including soph-
omor e sensation Bill Farley, bring
prostects of better things, and
the greatest freshman team in
Michigan history promises even
greater achievements next year.
Farley to Repeat?
Th is afternoon's battle will be
the second time the two teams
have met this season. On Jan. 18,
the Wolverines were in Bloom-
ington, where they suffered an
81-42 defeat.
In that meet Farley captured
thrx. firsts, and according to
Coach Gus Stager, he should ,be
able to repeat today. His wins
canxi in the distance freestyle

The 1000-yard event is not us-
usally swum in dual meets, but it
will be put back on the card in
today's meet. Also, the one-meter
diving event will be held. In the
place of the 200-yard individual
medley will be inserted the more
grueling 400-yard version of the
Michigan should be able to win
the distance events behind Farley,
and the sprints should be close.
Rich Walls took a first in the 100-
yard freestyle at Bloomington.
Many Close Races
Otherwise, the Wolverines should
score heavily, even where they
don't take first places. Breast-,
stroker Geza Boloday, who was
sick in Columbus for last week's
Ohio State meet is working his
time back down. Ed Bartsch, Mich-
igan's NCAA backstroke champion,
has been having trouble on his
turns, but he is now smoothing
them out and should be able to
make it quite a race with Stock.
Stager doesn't want his swim-
mers to overwork against Indiana,
because the Big Ten Champion-
ships are only one week away in
Minneapolis, and he wants them

to reach their peak then. Don't
rule out the upset possibility by
any means, however.'
The Hoosiers stand undefeated
through seven dual meets, and the
Wolverines hold a 6-2 record. The
only team other than Indiana to
beat Michigan was Minnesota,
which turned the trick in a 57-48

effort at Minneapolis on Feb. 14.
When the Hoosiers swam against
Minnesota earlier in the season,
the Indiana tankers came out on
top, 65-40.s
Before the Big Ten's, one home
meet remains for Michigan. This
Saturday, Iowa State comes in for
a contest starting at 3 p.m.


Michigan's sophomore guard
Cazzie Russell, and junior center
Bill Buntin have been named to
this season's UPI All-American
Russell was placed on the sec-
ond team after barely missing
election to the first unit, while
Buntin won third-team honors.
Comprising the first team are
Gary Bradds, Ohio State; Walt
Hazzard, UCLA; Cotton Nash,
Kentucky; Bill Bradley, Princeton;
and Dave Stallworth, Wichita.
Besides Russell, the second team
has Jeff Mullins of Duke; Mel;
Counts of Oregon State; Fred
Hetel of Davidson; and Ron Bon-
ham of Cincinnati.+
Howard Komives of Bowling
Green, the nation's leading scorer,
heads the third team followed by
Buntin. Included are Paul Silas,3

Creighton; Jim Barnes, Texas
Western; and Wally Jones, Vil-
Liston No Fake
MIAMI BEACH ( - The bi-
zarre ending of the Cassius Clay
Sonny Liston heavyweight title
fight still had tongues wagging
yesterday after eight doctors
agreed Liston's left shoulder in-
jury had been enough to cost him
the title in Tuesday night's upset.
"I felt something when I missed
a punch in the first round," said
the 30-year-old ex-champ. "From
the first round on I fought with
one hand. When I threw my left
the whole glove felt like it was
full of water. When I raised my
arm, it felt like I had lead in my



Timer Boosts Accuracy for Swim Meets

It was long known that there
was a basic need for a more ac-
curate system of timing swimmers
than a series of judges with stop
watches accurate to only a tenth
of a second.
This. need was emphatically
shown in the 1960 Olympics, when
in the 100-meter freestyle race
there was a discrepancy among
the judges as to which swimmer
had touched first. It will never be
known which of the young men
really deserved the gold medal, but
that is of no consequence now.
Both contestants were deeply hurt
by this small crisis, not to mention
the strain on international rela-
About this time, Dr. William C.
Parkinson, head professor of the
cyclotron laboratory of the Uni-
versity, was perfecting a device
which would bring an end to the
timing problem.
Dr. Parkinson and A. P. (Gus)
Stager, Michigan's s wim mi ng
coach and coach of the 1960 U. S.
Olympic team, had been collabor-
ating for several years on a com-
pletely electrical device, and most
of the kinks had. finally been
worked out..
The pair had begun with five
main objectives in mind. They
wanted no human link in the ma-
chine, which meant that the de-
vice. would be started by the. gun
and stopped by the swimmer. The
apparatus could not interfere with
the swimmers, and they had to
have a sufficient area to touch the
end of the pool at the end of the
race. Thirdly, the part of the in-
strument in the water could not
shorten the course to less than the
offiical length. The plate which
the contestants would have to
touch had to be sensitive to a light
touch, but not affected by waves,
splash, or turbulence of water.
Lastly, the device had to be easy
to operate and very reliable.
Parkinson and Stager accom-
plished every objective.
The result of their efforts, con-
sisted of 40" by 15" plates which
were hinged to the diving blocks
at the end of the pool and wired
to a judging and timing mechan-
ism. During the last lap of a race
these plates, or contact units, are
lowered into the water and an of-
ficial at the judges table pushes
a button which connects them to
a partial circuit. Until this but-
ton is pushed, the circuit cannot
even be completed accidentally.
When a swimmer touches the
plate (four inches of which pro-
trude out of the water), the elec-
tric circuit is completed.
These plates are wired (under
the tile of the pool in order not
to clutter the deck) to a mechan-
ism which is triggered by the re-
port of the starting gun. This part
of the apparatus consists of a
judging system and a separate


clocking system for each lane, as
well as a 'single clock which times
only the first place swimmer.
The judging system registers the
order of finish of the lanes and is
accurate to .000005 second, or five
millionths of a second. This means
that unless two swimmers finish
the race and touch the contact
unit within one 200,000th of a sec-
ond of each other, the judging sys-
tem will pick the winner correctly
without a tie.
The first place clock times the
winner of each race with accuracy
to .0001 second, or one 10,000th
of a second, and the clocks of
the individual lanes areaccurate
to one-hundredth of a second.
Last Time
Gymnastic enthusiasts will
have their last opportunity for
viewing the Michigan team this
year, when the freshman squad
and some alumni compete
against the varsity, Friday
evening, 7:30 p.m., in the big
gym of the Intramural Build-
As an added feature, the
Gymkhana girls champion
trampoline team will perform
during events.
The last time the varsity and
freshmen met in competition
the meet ended in a tie.
Both timing systems and the judg-
ing system are stopped when the
electrical circuit is completed by
the swimmer touching the plate.
The contact units are made of
a sheet of aluminum which is one
eighth of an inch thick and a
sheet of special rubber attached
over it. Woven into the rubber are
a series of copper stitches. Be-
tween the rubber and the alum-
inum is a non-conducting fluid
with a density just less than that
of water. When the swimmers
touch the rubber, the copper
stitches are pushed against the
aluminum and an electrical cir-
cuit is completed.
These plates are only one quar-
ter of an inch thick. This would
not lessen the course of a race
under the official requirements, as
all pools are built slightly longer
than officially required. Matt
Mann Pool, for example, has been
measured to be 75'%" in length,
and since the plate is only in the
water for the last leg of each race,

arguments tht it
the official course

would shorten
length are in-

Other arguments against the
invntion also have been proven
inv tlid. One is the problem of
swtinmers touching the contact
unit. However, since they are re-
quined to touch the end of the pool
witti out the plates, it need only
be si;ated in the rule book that the
plat(!s are to be considered the end
of the pool, and all swimmers
shot Id touch it as they normally
woul d touch the pool itself. This
woul d impose no restrictions on
the. swimmers.
TI ie only other argument is that
a cc mpetitor might not hit the
plate. hard enough to complete the
circcait. But the design of the con-
tact, unit makes it sensitive to al-
mostany touch, and in the meets
so *r, t has been found to be 100
per tent reliable.
Yale Failure
The device, as it now works, was
an Improvement over one tested
in 1156 at Yale during the NCAA
chap apionships. There was still a
hum an link in that contrivance, as
the ?plates were not yet in use, and
an official with a push button
stoped the clock when the swim-
mer touched. Because of a discrep-
anct T between the judges and the
mac hine, development and accept-
ano3 were set back several years.
Sitager points out that some-
time it is impossible to tell
thrc'ugh the distortion of the
watt r .at exactly the instant the
swiMnnier touches. However, time
and again the machine has proved
itsel - infallible, indisputable, and
accurate in timing the contestants
and selecting the winner.
In 'a meet against MSU, it
judg ed a State competitor as win-
ner when the timer showed only
.02 second difference between him
and a Michigan man.
The machine was patented un-
der the Board in Control of In-
tercillegiate Athletics, and later
sol idto a commercial firm. This
firm will manufacture and sell the
devil a to anyone interested. As of
now, Princeton is the only other
college using one, having bought
the first one produced by the com-
Mi chigan has a new one ordered,
as the one presently in use was

made from whatever materials
happened to be available. The new
plates will be installed flush with
the walls of the pool, and tile
will be taken out to accommodate
Improvements have been made
in the equipment, the most notice-
able of which is the increase of
the size of the plates to six feet
wide, leaving only half a foot on
each side of the lane where a con-
testarnt could miss his target. The
cost of the apparatus with judging
and timing for all lanes is under
The use of this invention makes
meets -quicker and more efficient,
and in championship meets is re-
duces the number of officials.
Coach Stager feels that "thisin
itself makes swimming a better
spectator sport." It also eliminates
inexperienced and unequal off i-
Stager predicts that many of
these electric systems will be in
use soon, and that before too long,
NCAA meets will require the use
of them.
Other parties are now working
on similar devices, including the
Japanese, who will probably use
theirs in the Olympics this year
if they can perfect it enough. Per-
haps now, such unnecessary events
as the one which took place in the
last Olympic games will be avoid-
ed in the future, and the strained
feelings produced from such hap-
penings will be heard of no more.

-Daily-Dave Abiner
BIG MEET--Michigan hosts Indiana's powerful swimming team
today in an attempt to avenge last month's loss to the Hoosiers
at Bloomington. Wolverine Ed Bartsch, defending NCAA 200-yard
backstroker, will meet the Hoosier's Tom Stock, holder of three
world backstroke records.

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Villanova 87, Marquette 64
Bowling Green 94, Canisius 62
Western Michigan 190, Toledo 89
DePaul 70, Louisville 66
Miami (O) 75, Dayton 62
Duquesne 86, St. $onaventure 80
Pitt 98, Carnegia Tech 62
Creighton 88, NYU 86
St. Joseph's 67, Providence 62
Xavier 99, Memphis State 86
Boston 100, Baltimore 8?
Philadelphia 130, Detroit 122
Cincinnati at Los Angeles (inc.)
Montreal 1, Toronto 0


Records by the Men's Glee Club, the Friars, and the University Band,
as well as Ann Arbor's own Boll Weevil Dixieland Jass Band
are always in stock at

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Combed white oxford-cloth. Sizes 141/2 (sleeves 32-33), 15-16 (sleeves 32-
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