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February 22, 1964 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-02-22

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See. Editorial Page

Ci 4c


.:43 a t

Colder with snow
likely tomorrow

Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom


Expect Regents 1
'U' Must See 'Larger Whole'

o Divert Half oLeague Budget

SPEAKERS-The second Conference on the University yesterday
heard D. Hale Brake (left) attack Michigan schools for failing to
teach citizenship. In the keynote speech, Prof. W. Carey McWil-
liams of Oberlin College related the university's function to the
interests of the rest of society.
Brake Claims Schools Fail
To Teach Youth Citizenship
"The preparation of our youth to meet their responsibilities in
the business of self-government is an educational job, and we are not
doing that job well, D. Hale Brake, education director of the Michi-
gan Association of Supervisors charged before the Conference on
the University dinner held last night at the Michigan Union. He
asserted that at present "the training of our youth for the job
"of citizenship is haphazard, disor-
ganized and completely inade-
Cuba Trave "Wegive lip service to the free
enterprise system," he said. "How
B an L pheld many college graduates-to say
nothing of the high school gradu-
ates--can give a logical explana-
tion of why?"
NEW HAVEN -) - A three- Training Youth


A university-and the schola
within it-should view themselve
as part of a larger whole, not a
isolated units, Prof. W. Carey Mc
Williams asserted yesterday.
"The notion of a university i
the notion of man in relation t
the whole of which he is a part,'
the Oberlin College politica
scientist said in the Conference on
Ithe University's keynote speech.
More specifically, a university's
commitment should be to certain
universals; "truth, justice, har-
mony and beauty" should be its
preoccupations rather than the
specifics of action.
Not for Change
"Thus, the university is not a
tool for action," not of force for
achieving particular changes in
society, Prof. McWilliams said. It
should not feel responsible, in
dealing with the ideas which con-
cern it, with- their utility - or
even destructive potential-to the
aims of society, he argued.
This is because action requires
fixed ideas. The man of action
"lacks time to consider questions"
about his course of ,action-but
questioning is precisely what the
university should be doing, Prof.
McWilliams explained. The ques-
tion, "Is it good?" must always be
From this, however, results the
frustration of never being com-
pletely, permanently right. So the
scholar also needs "the courage
to avoid the temptation to fly
from this world of ideas," Prof.
McWilliams continued.
Hostile Demands
Courage is needed because the
intellectual is presenting new de-
mands to the public world, a
world likely to be hostile to them.
Because of this, the intellectual
may feel futility and retreat into
isolationism, P r o f. McWilliams
Along with this goes another
dangerous tendency: "to claim
you're already there" and cease
inqury, he added.
To tolerate these frustrations,
the man of thought "must have a
relevant constituency" - a com-
munity to support his search for
truth and to criticize him when
he becomes smug.
Blasts Views
On the other hand, while the
university should not be a force
to reform society, neither should
it be society's handmaiden, Prof.
McWilliams held. In this connec-
tion he blasted the educational
views of President Clark Kerr of
the University of California.
He said Kerr's view subordin-
ates a university to, and justifies
it by, its contribution to indus-
trialism-without asking what in-
dustry's effects are upon people.
It follows that a university
trains two kinds of people: "man-
agers" to run industry and the
"managed" who learn "to receive
instructions and follow orders."
Also it considers the questioning
intellectual dangerous because he
is "disfunctional in relation to
the great organization."
Arm Self
Prof. McWilliams commented
that education itself becomes a
"parenthesis" where a person arms
himself with implements for fight-
ing in industry's competitive
world. "A university then justi-
fies itself with respect to its
utility in providing these tools,"
he declared.
"There is no notion of discover-
ing that man is an infinitely small
thing in an infinitely large

Plans No
Funds Would Go
0 To New Facility
The University will probably use
half of their student fee alloca-
tions to the Michigan League for
the new North Campus Center.
The Women's League, the stu-
dent activity division of the
League, would continue to receive
50 cents for every female student,
whereas the League itself, which
now gets $7, would get $3.50.
These allocations are not given
regularly to services but are ro-
tated to different or new services
1as the need arises, Regent Irene
Murphy of Birmingham said last
Getting Funds
The problem facing the Regents
has been how to get the first
operating funds for the new cen-
ter. These funds are needed be-
cause as yet nobody knows wheth-
er the center will be self-support-
ing or require subsidation at first.
The League was first given stu-
dent fee allocations when it was'in
financial difficulty, 10-15 years
ago. Since then the League has
pulled out of its troubles and has
enough money to set aside re-
serves for modernization, expan-
sion and repairs.
With the reduced allocation, the
League would probably break even,
Mrs. Murphy, who is also a mem-
ber of the League Board of Gov-
erners, said.
Not Expand
It would probably not be able to
undertake any plans for extensive
modernization or expansion, but it
could come to the University and
ask permission to float a bond, as
the Michigan Union has done.
The Regents were unable to di-
vert funds given to the Union be-
cause of a previous commitment.
When the Union recently floated
a bond issue for modernization
through a bank, the University
had to pledge its support through
continued student fee allocations.
The student fees are collected
from students along with tuition.
Mrs. Murphy described the student
fee fund as a "Rover" which helps
new student services or those with
financial difficulties.
Halving allocations to the League
would have the effect of putting it
on an equitable basis with private
organizations which provide sim-
ilar services, Mrs. Murphy said.
At present the League is tax
exempt, but provides many services
for which it does not receive any
New U.S. Base
Opens in Spain
M A D R I D (P) - The United
States has announced the opening
of a new Polaris submarine base
at Rota on Spain's south coast.
The announcement came almost
at the moment a dispute between
Washington and Spain over the
latter's continued trade with Cuba
appeared to be reaching a climax
which could result in withdrawal
of American military aid.
Use of the joins United States-
Spanish naval and air base at
Rota as headquarters for Medi-
terranean-based missile firing sub-
marines had been under discussion
for months.






Romney OutlinesAgency
To Screen Education Aid



Leaders Stress Friendship

-Associated Press
FRIENDSHIP-President Lyndon B. Johnson (left) and Mexico President Adalpho Lopez Mateos
were all smiles yesterday as they met in Los Angeles to receive honorary degrees from the Univer-
sity of California at Los Angeles. Johnson declared that "there is no panic on our agenda," but
warned Communists against international adventures. Mateos called upon wise men of the world
to apply genius and imagination to abolish international tension.
Ayub Sees China 'Peaceful Intentions'


judge federal court ruled, yesterday
that the State Department's ban
on travel to Cuba was constitu-
The court ruled specifically, in
a majority opinion, that Louis
Zemel of Middlefield, Conn. had
not been unlawfully prevented
from traveling to Cuba in March,
Judge J. Joseph Smith of the
United States circuit court of ap-
peals filed a dissenting decision in
which he said it was up to Con-
gress, not the President, to regu-
late travel abroad by Americans.
Uphold Act
The majority opinion by Judges
T. Emmet Clarie and M. Joseph
Blumenfeld, both of the United
States district court, upheld the
constitutionality of sections of the
Passport Act of 1926 and the Im-
migration and Nationality Act of
1952 on which the State Depart-
ment's travel ban was based.
Zemel, a ski resort operator,
named Secretary of State Dean
Rusk and United States Atty. Gen.
Robert F. Kennedy as defendants
in his suit.
He contended that his constitu-
tional rights were abridged when
the State Department denied his
application for a passport to visit
Cuba in the spring of 1962.
Zemel stated at the time that
he wanted to visit Cuba to satisfy
his personal curiosity about con-
ditions there.
He said today that he would ap-
peal the court's decision to the
United States Supreme Court.
Demands Rights
Zemel contended that he was
entitled to travel to Cuba; that his
passport should be validated for
such travel; that he would not be
violating any laws by taking such
a trip.
The majority decision, wrIitten
by Judge Clarie, said that a per-
son's right to travel was "Part of
the 'liberty' that can't be denied,"
but it-added:
"It is this court's finding that
Congress has granted adequate
authority to the executive depart-
ment to make these regulations."
Senate To Vote
on Ballot Age
LANSING (M--The Senate yes-

* *

"In our time we have had some
outstanding examples of what can
be done in the way of training
youth for citizenship. litler dem-
onstrated it-what a government
can do with its youth and through
its youth to a nation.
"The demonstration goes on in
the Communist countries at the
present time." Though the United
States does not want to train its
youth like Hitler did or the Com-
munists do, "there is every reason
in the world why we should be just
as diligent in training our youth
for the kind of citizenship that we
do wish."
Brake said that the blame for
not training youth in citizenship
lies primarily with the secondary
schools. But universities could do
a great deal to ease the problem,
he maintained.
Universities should make their
students take a course in govern-
ment, he said.
They must train a lot of govern-
ment teachers for the secondary
Further, they must offer exten-
sion courses dealing with "the
practical subject of more effective
citizenship," he asserted.
No Help
Universities offer "courses by
the dozens for science teachers,
math teachers, English teachers,
language teachers and what have
you, but next to nothing . . . for
the teachers of g o v e r n m e n t
courses, who probably need the
help more than any others."
"There is nothing easy in what
I suggest," Brake said. "But it is
definitely worthwhile if we hope
permanently to continue as a self-
governing people."

RAWALPINDI, Pakistan R) --
Showing displeasure at United
States foreign policy, President
Mohammed Ayub Khan of Paki-
stan said yesterday Premier Chou
En-lai of Communist China has
convinced him that Peking has
peaceful intentions.
Ayub told a news conference his
talks with Chou in the past two
days showed that "the Chinese
are prepared to be reasonable with
anyone who is prepared to be rea-
sonable with them."
Ayub said he is sure Communist
China would talk over its differ-
ences with the United States and
is "absolutely certain" Peking
would negotiate its border conflict
with India.
Criticizes Aid
Ayub criticized United States
arms aid to India as being a threat
to Pakistan, which is quarreling,
bitterly with India over the state
of Kashmir.
"In the last couple of years the
United States has been doing
thigs in India we think are
against our security," Ayub said.
"We feel we have cause to com-
plain to our friends (American)."
The Pakistani president said
Chou outlined Communist China's
grievances against the United
States and that they included
Washington's one-China policy of
recognizing President Chiang Kai-
shek's Nationalist Chinese govern-
Ayub said he then presented to
Chou what he thought were

United States grievances against
Communist China but declined to
say what they were.
"The difficulty is a tussle be-
tween one China and two Chinas,"
he said.
Asked if his avowed effort to
improve Pakistan's relations with
Communist China did not conflict
with his country's membership in
the United States-backed SEATO
and CENTO military alliances,
Ayub said:
"Our Friends"
"That's the way our friends, the
British and Americans see it. I
don't see why they should con-
A $3 billion economic military
aid bill is part of the price the
United States has paid to keep
Pakistan in these alliances as part
of a defensive arrangement against
the southward move of Commun-
ism into the Indian subcontinent.

Since the 1962 India-China border
war, America has shipped about
$60 million worth of arms to
"India is already sufficiently
strong to protect itself against
any possible threat through Tibet
and its northern approaches,"
Ayub said, and it is "wishful
thinking" to feel India can be
made strong enough to intimidate
Communist China. What India
plans," he contended, "is to use
its increasing strength against its
small neighbor nations or intim-
idate them."
"For Pakistan," he said, "the
most important thing is self-
Asked if this meant that he
plans, as reported, to sign a non-
aggression pact with Communist
China, Ayub replied that such a
treaty was necessary to achieve
friendship with Peking.

To Dispense
$30 Million
Seek Nine-Man Unit
With Citizen Emphasi
To Set Fund Priorities
The governor and attorney gen-
eral are asking the Legislature to
create a nine-man publicly-dom-
inated commission for funneling
federal funds to the state's uni
versities and junior colleges.
In a bill being transmitted to
the Legislature early next week,
Gov. George Romney and Attor-
ney General Frank Kelley have
outlined the establishment of a
State Higher Education Facilities
Commission, according to. Eugene
Krasicky, educational assistant to
No legislative sponsor has been
announced yet.
Expect Approval
The Legislature is expected to
approve the proposed commission,
which would consist of one repre-
sentative from the public, private
and community college institu-
tions plus six members from the
They would be selected by the
governor, subject to Senate con-
firmation to sit on the commission
directed by State Controller Glenn
Allen. Under the Romney-Kelley
bill provisions, the State Super-
intendent of Public Instruction
would sit ex-officio.
The nine-man screening com-
mission has been necessitated by a
$1.2 billion federal construction
bill passed last December which
requires a special state agency to
dispense the $10.2 million avail-
able to Michigan for each of the
next three years.
Assign Order .
The state agency would assign
priorities to specific project re-
quests of the institutions and
transmit these recommendations-
expected to be final-to the United
States Office of Education for of-
ficial allotment.
The method for determination
of priorities, anticipated by Las-
sing sources to be a controversial
issue, is not specified in the bill.
Krasicky disclosed that the bill
calls for public hearings and pri-
vate educator recommendations to
aid the commission-once it is
appointed-in formulating ground
rules for handling requests, issu-
ing recommendations and review-
ing these recommendations if in-
stitutions object to them.
'U' Requests
University officials have indi-
cated their first request to the
commission will seek federal as-
sistance for one-third of the pro-
posed $3.5 million addition to the
General Library.
But whether the funds will b
come available this year or in the
next fiscal year-starting in July
-remains up to the Congress,
Charles Orlebeke, Romney's chief
educationaide, stressed.
He noted that while Congress'
adopted the $1.2 million construc
tion bill for building academic
and library facilities last year, the
specific financial authorization for
the funds has not been passed.
Predict Passage
Romney's Washington liaisons
predict that this passage should
come in about two weeks, Orlebeke
In the meanwhile, Romney and
Kelley have prepared the commis-
sion structure In accordance With
the general conditions prescribed
in the original federal bill.
These regulations stressed that
the state agency, which Romney
and Kelley want put in Depart-

ment of Administration as a^liai-
son between the state's building

Thant Seeks New Accord
In Cyprus; Revises .Plan
UNITED NATIONS (M)-Secretary-General U Thant was re-
ported last night to be revising and expanding his suggestions for
resolution of the Cyprus crisis. He hopes to get agreement from all
countries concerned over the weekend.
Informed sources said he worked out proposed revisions of his
original memorandum on the subject in talks with Britain, Turkey,
"Greece and Cyprus and aimed to
send those delegations a new
memorandum~overnight. .


Icemen Down Gophers 6-3 in Rough, Tough Game
Michigan's "nasty boy" hockey team kept itself out of the pro-
veibial corner long enough last night to hand "nice" Minnesota a 6-3
-~ .Butler Scores
Butler tallied what proved to be the winning goal with 18:42
gone in the second period. A long shot from MacDonald went wide
of the goal and with Cole's help bounced off to Butler waiting next

His latest conference with a
Cypriot' government delegation
lasted almost five hours. After-
ward, Cyprus Foreign Minister
Spyros Kyprianou said only that
he and Thant and their aides "had
a detailed exchange of views on
the whole issue."
Suggest Revision
But other sources said the con-
ference took so much time because
there were long discussions of the
implications of words suggested for
inclusion in a revision of the
memorandum Thant first gave the
parties Monday.
One diplomat said earlier that

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