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February 21, 1964 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-02-21

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U.S. Turns Down
Soviet Proposals
Foster Maintains President's Plan
Only Real Way To Halt Arms Race
GENEVA (P) -- The United States rejected yesterday a Soviet
contention that the only way to slow down the arms race is by an im-
mediate p'ercentage cut in military spending.
Soviet delegate Semyon K. Tsarapkin urged the 17-nation dis-
armament conference to adopt a Russian proposal to reduce all mili-
tary expenditures by 10-15 per cent.
Chief United States delegate William C. Foster resisted pressure
from neutralists in favor of the Soviet proposal. Foster said President
--Lyndon B. Johnson's proposed nu-
# ,clear freeze is the only real way
j 1 0"InoSsirto stop the armaments race and
j'LII J~iJ ease international tensions.

Legislature To Consider over 1000 Bills


Fight Foes
Of University,
(Continued from Page 1)
liberately excluded in favor of dis-
cussions about improving the or-
ganization. Student leaders are
repeatedly warned about being
duped by politicians into taking
q on a partisan role within student
The University of the Philip-
pines, a national university with
a constitutionally-guaranteed right
to academic freedom, was the cen-
ter of controversy three years ago
when a congressional Anti-Philip-
pines Activities Committee accus-
ed the student council of harbor-
ing subversive political beliefs.
Over 3000 students demonstrated
against the committee in Manila.
Significantly, the student union at
the university was suspended from
the NUSP.
The only, substantial dissent
heard politically was tied with the
new wave of cultural nationalism
which has been embraced by all
political factions.
Lack Tradition
A small group at the University
of the Philippines, called the Stu-
dent Cultural Association, harbors
some nascent anti-Americanism,
apparently born of resentment at
the lack of Filipino tradition in
the island republic.
"You know," one student snort-
ed angrily, "our textbooks tell us
that Magellan discovered us."
"First there was the Spaniards,
then the Americans," another said.
"Where are the Filipinos?"
More Independence
The students who are studying
the origins of Philippine culture
are the same who urge a more
Impendent political course for
their nation. They admire Indo-
nesia's Sukarno if only because he
r has declared his nation's independ-
ence of the traditional Western po-
litical forms.
The majority of the students
seem satisfied with the Western
social habits, dances, and patterns
of behavior left by the American
presence. Within the near future,
however, it is quite possible that
the hesitancy of the "new Filipino"
in choosing his direction will be
replaced by a steady march away
from his Western heritage, and
toward a more Asian outlook on
the world.
World News
By The Associated Press

Little Affect
A United States spokesman said
the reduction of military spending
by itself would do little to reduce
Foster urged Tsarapkin to agree
to Johnson's proposals to freeze
production of intercontinental
missiles and nuclear delivery ve-
"This would be the best way tol
go about reducing military bud-1
gets," Foster said.
Brazil's chief delegate, Josue de3
Castro, gave qualified support to
the Soviet proposal. He told news-
men a treaty for reduced military?
spending "is the only issue which
could open the way to disarma-
ment." He was backed up by'
James Barrington of Burma. '
Agenda Disagreement
Yesterday's deadlock was the
result of a failure of the two co-
chairmen, Foster and Tsarapkin,
to agree on the agenda.
The American and Russian
delegation chiefs met Wednesday.
Tsarapkin was reported to have
demanded that the Soviet propos-
al for a percentage cut be the only
matter put up for discussion on
the agenda. Foster refused.
A United States spokesman said
the United States is prepared to
discuss the Russian proposals, but
not to the exclusion of everything
"I think no nation would be
prepared to limit its military bud-
get requirements in the light of
present world tension," the
spokesman said.
Non Negotiable Budget
He added that as the United
States military budget is the re-
sponsibility of Congress it would
be difficult to make it the sub-
ject of international negotiations
One conference source described
Tsarapkin's move as "a propagan-
da maneuver designed to swing
the neutralist delegations behind
Moscow and against the West."
A Western spokesman said the
Russians' proposal was "very
"They are not even prepared
to tell us what items go to make
up a miitary budget," he said.
The spokesman said recent So-
viet military budget reductions
were accompanied by a dispro-
portionate increase in the Soviet
scientific research budget, adding:
"Who knows how much of this
was for military research?"

Bill Passed
By House
Largest Yet
yesterday unanimously passed its
largest authorization bill in his-
tory-$16.9 billion for defense pro-
curement, research and develop-
The bill includes a provision of
$92 million for research on a
manned bomber and a manned
interceptor plane. This provision
aroused debate in the House be-
cause Secretary of Defense Rob-
ert S. McNamara did not ask for
An attempt to knock this pro-
visionout was defeated handily by
forces led by Rep. Carl Vinson,
(D-Ga.), chairman of the House
Armed Services Committee.
Defeats Foes
Vinson, in fact, fought off all
attempts in the House to either
increase or decrease the total
authorization of $16.9 billion.
Final passage of the bill came
on a roll call vote of 336-0. At
first, Rep. Robert F. Ellsworth,
(R-Kan.), voted against the bill.
He then withdrew his vote, an-
nounced he had a pair with an
absent congressman who would
have voted yes, and voted "pres-
The four-hour debate centered
largely on the $92 million. Vinson
and others cited Air Force Chief
of Staff Gen. Curtis Lemay as the
authority for their belief that the
money is needed.
No Appropriations
The House, in passing the bill,
did not actually appropriate the
funds for the defense programs
but merely set the maximum
amounts that can be spent. A later
appropriations bill will set down
the exact amount of funds that
Congress intends to spend.
The controversial $92 million
might be removed when the House
passes the appropriations bill.
Even if it is not, McNamara will
not be obligated to spend the
money unless he wishes to.
Yesterday's authorization bill
includes $10.6 billion for procure-
ment and $6.3 billion for research
and development.
Of these total funds, the air
force would receiver $8.5 billion,
the Navy and Marine Corps $5.8
billion, the Army $2.1 billion, and
related defense agencies $497,000.



States and Russia have agr ed on
a two-year extension of the cul-
tural exchange program between
the two countries, informed
sources said yesterday.
NEW YORK-The stock market
rallied yesterday to push the pop-
ular averages to record highs.
Closing Dow Jones averages show-
ed 30 industrials up 2.08, 20 rails
up 1.89, 15 utilities up .14 and 65
stocks up 1.14.
Ingro-Mural Bowling



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