THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 16, 1664
EIGHT TUE MICHIGAN DAILY SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 16, 1S64
PACE, STAFF, BOOKS:
'U' Library Projects Needs for Future
4DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 1)
estimates of Library needs in 1968
and 1975 in the following areas:
-Book acquisitions, an estimat-
ed total of $800,000 to be spent in
1968 and $1 million in 1975;
--Staff additions for reader
services, technical services and
administration of an additional
204.5 full time positions by 1968
and 150.5 beyond that by 1975;
-Increases for current expenses
and telephone service of $82,800 in
1968 and $47,700 beyond that in
-Space expansion for reader
seating, book storage and staff
work of 273,000 square feet by
1968 and 184,000 square feet be-
yond that by 1975.
Part of OAA Study
These figures were prepared in
connection with enrollment pro-
jections by the Office of Academic
Affairs which foresees 36,000 stu-
dents here by 1968 and 47,500 by
Wagman says that his study is
probably on the conservative side
and labels it "extremely tenta-
He predicts, for instance, that
book acquisition costs will have
to reach $800,000 well before 1968
and $1 million well before 1975.
More Use With Trimester
Moreover, the estimates do not
take into account a full third se-
mester. They would have to be
raised when and if summer at-
tendance increases as a result of
the trimester plan.
Presently, the summer period
is used by staff members for va-
cations; the library's personnel
budget is apportioned over the
school year for two full semesters
and a much lighter summer ses-
sion. Increased attendance would
require greater staff additions
than book additions.
Besides the increases mentioned,
the Library is considering a num-
ber of modernization projects.
These include expansion of the
mathematics library, structural
changes in the Graduate Reading
Room I, addition of more chan-
nels in the UGLI audio room and
construction of another elevator
in the General Library.
Current increases in student us-
age of library facilities indicate
the magnitude of the trend for the
future. Figures for the UGLI
show a 31.9 per cent increase in
home circulation and a 39.2 in-
crease in total book usage for the
last third of 1963 over the same
period in 1962.
Home circulation in the General
Library increased five per cent
from 1961-62 to 1962-63. It went
up 33 per cent for the architec-
ture library, 54 per cent for the
Bureau of Government Library
and 10 per cent for the medical
Home circulation in the General
Library for last semester was up
20 per cent over the 1962 fall se-
mester. Wagman said that part
of these increases could be attrib-
uted to the trimester, which con-
centrated studying in a shorter
In the area of book acquisitions,
the projection of an $800,000
needed expenditure in 1968 and
$200,000 beyond that in 1975 is
based on the ratio of number of
books usually added per year per
total student enrollment each1
From 1953-54 to 1962-63, the
Library added approximately 3.6
books per year per student en-
Fewer Textbooks Used
"One of the reasons that the
book per student must constantly
increase is the declining use of
textbooks in many courses," Wag-
man said. "More students are be-
ing assigned outside readings in
their courses, and more must do
"There is an increasing tenden-
cy for teaching from outside
sources. Texts often become out-
dated and are associated by many
with 'spoon-fed' education. Pro-
fessors want their pupils to de-
velop wider, frames of reference
than can be found in any single
"Furthermore, students today
are better able to work on their
own. Teachers want to ensure
that they develop the habit of
reading: if the student stops read-
ing when he gets his degree, lib-
eral education has failed," Wag-
Add 107,000 Books
and discharged from study car-
rels. More books will have to be
borrowed on interlibrary loans."
Need More Personnel
Considering present staff size-
360 in the three areas of reader
service, technical service and ad-
ministration-increases will be
needed to bring the total staff to
565 in 1968 and 716 in 1975, or
57 and 98 per cent respectively
more than this year.
By 1968 the Library must have
added 124 fulltime staff members
in the reader service area, plus an
additional 96 by 1975.
For technical services and ad-
ministration-book selection, or-
dering, cataloguing, duplication
and repair-the Library will need
an additional 80 employes by 1968
and 54 beyond that by 1975.
Desire Clerical Help'
In the technical area alone, the
report estimates that "since the
increases in book acquisitions are
expected to consist to a very large
extent of more multiple copies
rather than all new titles, the pro-
jected staff increases are greatest
at the clerical rather than the
professional (cataloguing) level."
The total technical staff will
have to double to keep up with
the doubling of book acquisitions
by 1975, the report states.
For housekeeping costs and tele-
phone expenses the Library pegs
its budgetary estimates to the size
of its staff. With 360 members in
1962-63 and a current budget in
these areas of $117,000, it esti-
mates it will spend an extra $83,-'
000 in 1968 and $48,000 beyond
that in 1975.
estimated graduate population of
2.500 in these areas in 1968, ap-
proximately 664 carrels will be
needed by that year. On the es-
timate of 3,400 graduate students
in these areas in 1975, 913 carrels
will be needed at that time.
These carrel figures are 391 and
640 carrels above the present
number of 273.
Square Feet Figures
Translated into square footage,
16,000 square feet will be needed
by 1968 and a total of 26,000 ay
1975. With 11,000 square feet now
devoted to carrel space, these ad-
ditions would - be increases of 42
and 132 per cent respectively.
The General Library addition
will contain 103,000 square feet
but plans allow for only 250 car-
Wagman reported that because
of present carrel inadequacies, the
273 carrels have had to be assign-
ed to 643 people, requiring, in ad-
dition, that a good many be
Above the present 605 seats in
the General Library other than
carrels, 249-an extra 41 per cent
-will be needed by 1968 and a'
total of 570-an extra 94 per cent
Based on the present 65 per cent
of the total literary college fac-
ulty in social sciences and hu-
manities, it is expected that 664
and 798 faculty members would
be eligible for faculty studies in
1968 and 1975.
At the ratio of one study for
every six faculty members and at
the desired square footage of 88
per study, the Library report es-
timates need for 10,000 square
feet (111 carrels) for faculty stu-
dies in 1968 and 2000 square feet
beyond that (22 carrels) by 1975.
To Be Put in Addition
footage needed in the General Li-
brary by 1968 to 33,000 and to 22,-
000 beyond that by 1975. The Gen-
eral Library currently has 24,000
square feet of seating space; the
1968 addition alone would be 136
For the 23 branch libraries'
within the University Library, ex-
cluding the General Library, an
estimated a d d i t ion a 1 192,000
square feet of seating space will
be needed by 1968 and 83,000
square feet beyond that by 1975.
Presently, the 23 libraries contain
75,000 square feet for seating.
The largest single increase
would be needed for the UGLI,
which Wagman says has already
"passed its functional capacity. It
is often overcrowded to the point
that students can't use it."
Ignoring the need for relieving
present overcrowding in most of
the University Library's book
stacks, it is estimated that at least
37,000 additional square feet will
be needed for book storage by 1968
and an extra 70,000 square feet
beyond that by 1975.
More Work Space
In the area of staff work space,
including the cataloguing, order,
book selection and duplicating de-
partments, it is estimated that an
added 19,000 square feet of work-
ing space will have to be added by
1975, to, the Library's present 19,-
000 square feet.
These three types of space re-
quirement-reader seating, book
storage and staff work space-
make a combined total of 273,000
additional square feet needed by
1968 and 184,000 beyond that by
(Continued from Page 5)
FRI., FEB. 28--
Fraser, Mich.-Elem., Sec.
Make appointments about one week
For additional information and ap-
pointments contact the Bureau of Ap-
pointments, 3200 SAB, 663-1511, Ext.
PLACEMENT INTERVIEWS, Bureau
of Appointments-Seniors & grad stu-
dents, please call Ext. 3544 for ap-
pointments with the following:
MON., FEB. 17-
Texaco, Inc., New York, N.Y. - Men,
Dec., May & Aug. grads. Seeking Gen-
eral Liberal Arts & Econ. Positions :
Sales. No mgmt. trng. prog. All mgmt.
trainees must go through sales trng.
prog. Location: Midwest (p.m. only).
The Lusk Corp., Indianapolis, Ind. -
Men, Dec., May & Aug. grads. Seeking
any graduate degree, including MBA &
LLB. Positions: Sales, Prod., Merchan-
dising, Mgmt. Trng. Various locations.
TUES., FEB. 18-
Travelers Insurance Co., Hartford,
Conn.-Men & women, May & Aug.
grads. Seeking degree in any field of
study. Positions: Actuarial, Elec. Com-
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nel, Stat., Sales (territorial), in any of
lines written by Travelers.
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Men & women, Dec., May & Aug. grads.
Seeking: General Liberal Arts, Econ.,
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tions: Management Trng. (more than
170 dif. kinds of managerial positions),
Retailing, Data Processing. Location:
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D.C.-Men & women. Dec., May & Aug.
grads, Seeking: Econ., Poli. Sci., Stat.,
Publ. Admin., Bus. Ad., Math. Posi-
tions: Econ., Stat., Stat. Analysis, Per-
sonnel Mgmt., General Mgmt., Analysis,
Budget & Financial Mgmt. U.S. citizens.
WED., FEB. 19-
Aetna Casualty & Surety Co., Detroit,
Mich.-Men, Dec., May & Aug grads.
Seeking* degree in any area of study.
Positions: Insurance - Home office,
Claims. Sales. Underwriting, Surety
Bonds & Ac't. U.S. citizens.
Northwestern Univ. - Grad Sch. of
Bus. Ad.; Chicsago, I1.-Men Q women
Dec., May & Aug. grads. ,Seeking Lib-
eral Arts or related bkgds., Engrg.,
Bus, or Indust. Admin. Interviewing
prospective students for Master of
Bus. Ad. program. Also PhD in Bus. Ad.
Both Day & Evening programs.
ENGINEERING PLACEMENT INTER-
VIEWS-Seniors & grad students, please
sign interview schedule at 128-H West
Engrg. for appointments with the fol-
Airborne Instruments Lab., Deer Park
& Melville, L.I., N.Y.-All Degrees: EE.
MS-PhD. Commun. Sol. BS: E Physics.
May & Aug. grads. R. & D., Des.
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Co. Ohio, Western Pa., Va. & Ga.-All
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Cornell Aeronautical Lab., Inc., Buf-
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Hughes Aircraft Co, All Divs. of
Hughes-MS-PhD: Instrumentation &
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EM & ME. May & Aug. grads. R. & D.,
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Instructing, Test Equipment Engrg:
TherLusk Corp., Tucson, Phoenix, Al-
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Denver, Ind.-MS-PhD: CE. MS: Con-
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as, Tenn., Ind., Ky., Ill.. Miss., Ohio,
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Va.-BS-MS: ChE, EE, IE, ME & Met.
MS-PhD: Metallurgy. R. & D., Des.,
Prod. & Sales.
Perfect Circle Corp., Hagerstown, Ind.
-BS: EM & ME. May grads. R. & D.,
Des., Prod. & Sales.
FRIENDS CENTER-INTERNATIONAL CO-OP
1416 Hill St.
Sun., Feb. 16
Opesings for roomers and boarders
for Summer and Fall Semesters
"Even if there are downward
.fiuctuations from semester to se-
mester, all the increases in book
use are cumulative, and the Li-
brary must keep pace," he noted.
e , 19
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