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February 14, 1964 - Image 8

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-02-14

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

PAGE EIGHT

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

FRIDAY, FEDRUARY 1

PAGE EIGHT THE MICHIGAN DAILY FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 1 1961

19G1
.. _

BUILT-IN MYSTERY:
Announce New Contraceptives

By STEVEN HALLER
The latest breakthrough in the
development of the perfect birth
control device consists of a num-
ber of plastic intrauterine contra-
ceptives of various shapes which
all have a built-in mystery.
The mystery is that although it
is generally acknowledged that
they do work-to an incredibly
high degree-nobody has yet dis-
covered just exactly why they
work.
"The mechanics of operation
common to these devices are under
intensive investigation" at the Uni-
versity and elsewhere, Prof. Johan
W. Eliot of the public health school
said recently.
Three Types
Three types of intra-uterine con-
traceptives are currently being
studied. The "loop" resembles a
double S with a filament attached.
The "coil" features a long stem
which serves a twofold purpose as
does the filament: it provides an
aid to insertion or removal, and
gives the user the chance to check
that proper position in the uterus.
The third device, named the
"Birnberg Bow" after its inven-
tor, is shaped like two triangles
merged at one apex. The most
recently developed of the three, it
has proven itself more effective
than the loop and the coil, being
expelled far less often.
Insertion
Any of the devices may be in-
serted into the uterus by a physi-
cian in about five minutes with-
out harming the patient, com-
mented Dr. Ten Have, also of
the public health school. Once in,
the device may remain there with-
out further attention for several
years.
However, Prof. Eliot added that
a woman should not try to in-
sert it herself; it would be impos-
sible for her to get it into the
proper position in the uterus.
Various theories have been ad-
vanced as to how these unusual

plastic loops, coils and bows can
be effective in birth prevention.
The most widely-accepted opinion
is that the motility of the uterus is
somehow altered by the presence
of such devices.
Uterus Contracts
The uterus is a muscular organ
which normally undergoes invol-
untary contractions and relaxa-
talsis.
When the bitrh control mechan-
ism is inserted, the uterus con-
tracts more energetically, as if
to try to expel the foreign object
(which it sometimes manages to
do). Such overactive contracting
might hinder implantation of al-
ready fertilized ova.
It has also been suggested that
the overactive peristaltic activity
occurs higher up, in the Fallopian
tubes which channel the ova
from ovary to uterus. If this is the
case, the ova would arrive too
soon, before the uterus was ready
for their implantation.
The intra-uterine devices have
proved highly successful and are
effective about 99 per cent of the
time, Prof. Eliot. noted. Most
cases of failure are traceable to
the device having dropped out.
He pointed out that no babies
conceived despite the use of these
plastic devices have had birth de-
fects; nor has any woman using
them ever developed cancer as a
result.
Among those studying the de-
vices at the University is Prof. S.
J. Behrman of the Medical School,
interested in the question of how
uterine motility is affected by in-
sertion of such mechanisms.
Also studying the devices at the
Medical School is Dr. J. Robert
Wilson, now beginning "more
sophisticated studies" of their ef-
fects upon the endometrium, the
spongy linnig of the uterus.
"I would like to ascertain wheth-
er individual cells in this area

respond properly to hormonal
stimulation after the coil, loop or
bow is inserted," he said. To this
end, he is planning before-and-
after studies of the uterus with
such devices in place.
Prof. Eliot commented that the
major boon to those women who
choose this form of contraceptive
is that it does not require any
sustained motivation on her part.
In other words, the user does not
need to break off in the middle of
the sexual act to worry about the
contraceptive.
"This is also true of the pill,
but they cost more over a long
period of time (the intra-uterine
devices cost about five cents to
manufacture, plus the doctor's
fee). Then, too, the user would
have to remember to take the
pill," he added.
Side Effects
Prof. Eliot noted further that
the plastic devices cause longer
and heavier menstrual flows for
the first two periods after inser-
tion. "But the pill has side effects
which tend to mimic early preg-
nancy," he said.
None of the three types of intra-
uterine contraceptives are avail-
able from local physicians or from
Health Service as yet, nor will they
be for some time. To date, they,
have been distributed chiefly
through University Medical School
facilities.
Dr. Ten Have explains that dis-
tribution in this area will likely
be through the Washtenaw Coun-
ty Planned Parenthood Clinic, al-
though it is still only "actively
considering adding them to its list
of devices."
He adds that the clinic will
probably become an active dis-
tributor "within the next few
months." It is possible that the
University Medical School eventu-
ally will handle them also.

To Protect
Student Data
At Antioch
By Intercollegiate Press
YELLOW SPRINGS, Ohio - A
new Antioch College policy adopt-
ed recently provides that outside
investigators "are referred to stu-
dents only upon request of the
person being investigated."
The statement says the college
will provide data on students and
former students to "a legitimate
agency o rorganization. We must
at the same time make every ef-
fort to protect individuals against
ill founded, unfair or irrelevant
inference on the part of the in-
vestigating organization," pit con-
tinues
The statement says deans of
st'adent swill give out official col-
lege data, and "often may refer
investigators to other faculty
members." Included in the official
data are extracurricular activities
which students have listed on
census forms filled out the last
quarter of each year. "These are
the only actiivties which are
identified in relation to a particu-
lar student's participation," the
statement adds.
Except for census data, the col-
lege does not keep group mem-
bership records, and officials will
not give other information on
membership in "political, relig-
ious or social action groups," the
statement continues. The dean of
students office records the names
of current offiees of independent
groups, destroying the records at
year's end.
Under tha policy this informa-
tion .s not re :ased to investigat-
ors, but is open to community
members and campus publications.
The state vent, drafted by the
deans of students says persons
named as references by the subject
of an investigation "must use their
own judgment" in what they say.

A rtes

Literary College
Scien tia

Verita~s

:.

t

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,.

SCIENCE-Students in physics--one of the five major sciences taught in the
literary college-perform the Milliken oil drop experiment to determine the
electric charge on an oil drop.

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ODAILY OFF*ICIAL BULLETIN
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(Continued from Page 5)

Delta Phi, Open House; Anderson House;
Open-open; Beta Theta Pi, Band Party;
Chi Phi, Pajama Party; Cooley House,
Open-open; Delta Sigma Phi, Dance
Party; Delta Tau Delta, Party; Delta
Sigma Delta, Band Party; Delta Up-
silon, Band Party; Evans Scholars, In-
formal Party; Gomberg, Monte Carlo
party & open-open; Greene House,
Open-open; Hayden House, Open-open.
Hinsdale, Open-open; Phi Alpha Kap-
pa, Record party; Phi Epsilon Pi, Party;
Phi Gamma Delta, Fireside party; Phi.
Kappa Psi, Party; Scott House, Lounge
Party; Sigma Chi, Party; Sigma Nu,
House Party; Strauss, Open-open; Tau
Delta Phi, Late party; Theta Chi Fra-
ternity, After party; Theta Xi, Band
party; Triangle, Dance.
FEB. 16-
Alpha Delta Pi, Open-open; Alpha
Gamma Delta, Pledge Open House; Phi
Delta Phi, Legal Fraternity, Dance; Phi
Delta Phi-Nu Sigma Nu, Dance; Sigma
Delta Tau, Pledge Open House.
Placement
POSITION OPENINGS:
Sun Oil Co.-Various openings-most
require some exper. Process Design,
Analytical Res., Math-Ops. Res., Tech.
Econ., Commercial Dev., Patent (ChE &
Law), Product Res., Product Dev., In-
dust. Product Sales, Computer Center,
Auditing, Econ., Motor Product Sales
(any BA degree). Motor Product Sales-
Philadelphia. Others-Marcus Hook, Pa.
Swift & Co., Chicago, III.-Many &
various openings including: Advertis-
ing, Phosphate Chem. Res., Automation
Specialist, Economist, Hotel, Restaurant
& Institutional Sales, Mktg. Specialist,
Ops. Res. Div., Quality Control Chem-
ist, etc.
Viking Pump Co., Cedar Falls, Iowa
-Seeking a Mech. & an Indust. Engi-
neer. Primarily interested in individuals
with some exper.
Searle & Co., Chicago, Ill. - Research
Ass't. in Process Dev.-BS or MS in
Chem. & strong interest in synthetic or-
ganic. Work consists primarily of dev.
methods of synthesis & optimum con-
ditions for synthetic routes as well as
supv. of these ops. in new pilot plant,
City of New York Civil Service-1)
Admin. Aide-require BA degree. Per-
forms a variety of moderately difficult

staff admin. duties. 2) Require BA de-
gree for following: Budget Examining
Trainee, Housing, Planning & Redevel-
opment Aide, Mgmt. Analysis Trainee,1
Personnel Examining Trainee; Real Es-
tate Mgmt. Trainee. Apply by March 13,
for these positions.
* * *
For further information, please call
General Div., Bureau of Appointments,
3200 SAB, Ext. 3544.
CHEMISTRY PLACEMENT INTER-
VIEWS-Seniors & grad students, please
call Ext. 727 for appointments with
the following:
MON., FEB. 17-
Texaco, Inc., New York, N.Y.--Seek-
ing MS & PhD. a.m., Interviewer Mr.
Walker-Fundamental & applied re-
search in various areas of oil & gas
exploration & prod. p.m., Interviewer,
Mr. Hencke-Fundamental, exploratory
or applied res, in fields of petroleum
& petrochemicals.
TUES., FEB. 18-
Dow Chemical Co., Midland, Mich.-
Seeking: MS, PhD, Postdoctoral & sum-
mer students only. All fields. Positions:
Res. & Dev. Locations: Entire U.S. Both
men & women.
WED., FEB. 19-
Dow Chemical Co.-See Tuesday. %2
American Oil Co., Whiting, Ind. -
Seeking: PhD all fields. Will inter-
view grad students only or those com-
pleting BS requirements by 6/64 for
summer work. Positions: Res. & Dev.
Men & women.
FRI., FEB. 21-
Ciba Pharmaceutical Co., Summit,

N.J.-Seeking: BS in Analyt. & Org.
Chem., Pharmacy, Bacti., Biochem. MS
in Org. Chem., Pharm., Bacti, & Bio-
chem. For summer work-a maximum
of 5 Jrs., majoring in chem., who will
seek full-time employ. upon grad. in '65.
Positions: Res. & Dev. Men & women.
ENGINEERING PLACEMENT INTER-
VIEWS-Seniors & grad students, please
sign interview schedule at 128-H W.
Engrg. for appointments with the fol-
lowing:
FEB. 14-
Allied Chemical Corp., Locations thru-
out the U.S.-BS-MS: ChE & ME. MS:
Instrumentation. May & Aug. grads. R.
& D., Des., Prod., Sales & Tech. Serv-
ice.
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad-BS: CE,
EE, E Math, EM, IE, ME & Sci. Engrg.
nay grads. Two-yr. formal manage-
ment trng. prog.
Carborundum Co., Niagara Falls, N.Y.
-BS-MS: ChE, EE, IE, ME, Math. Also
Bus. Ad. majors in Sales & Prod. Man-
agement & Majors in Econ. May &
Aug. grads. R. & D., Des., Prod., Sales,
Mgmt. Trng., Stat.
Dow Corning Corp., Midland, Mich.-
All Degrees: ChE. BS-MS: EE, EM &
ME. BS- E Physics & Mat'ls. R. & D.,
Des., Prod., Sales., Maintenance Eng.
B. F. Goodrich Co., Primarily N.E.
Ohio-BS-MS: ChE, ME, all phases of
Chem., Physics & Math. May & Aug.
grads. R. & D., Des. & Prod.
R. K. LeBlond Machine Tool Co., J.
H. Day; Fosdick Machine Tool Co.-BS:
IE & ME. Des., Prod., & Sales-1 yr.
orientation trng.

Sealed Power Corp., Muskegon, Mich.
-BS: ME & Met. May & Aug. grads.
R. & D., Des., & Sales.
U.S. Navy Civilian Personnel, Wash.,
D.C. & selected openings throughout
the country-BS-MS: AE & Astro., CE,
EE, ME, NA & Marine. MS: Construc-
tion, Pub. works Admin. Sanitary, Nu-
clear. BS: IE. May & Aug. grads. R. &
D., Des. & Project Mgmt.

"$318.00 TO LONDON"
U of M GROUP FLIGHT
Boston/London June 2
London/Boston August 5
Also Detroit Departure and Return $372.00
FOR ALL STUDENTS, FACULTY, AND EMPLOYEES
Call Bob Spaley, NO 5-6885; Tom Steffe, NO 3-3845

THE
KINGSTON TRIO
presents
THINK
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In this album the nation's lead-
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It includes the Trio's new hit
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This is but one of the many
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R E C O R D $

ANGELL HALL-Behind these columns is the
seat of the College of Literature, Science and
the Arts.

SPEECH-Television productions-including this musical revue-are often part of
speech department curricula. Journalism students also make use of studies in the
Television Center.

SOCIAL SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES-Auditorium B is a quiet place to study when there is a free period. Lecture halls are us-
ually in steady use for social science and humanities courses during the popular morning class hours.

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