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February 11, 1964 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-02-11

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I

Ehe it 3anaity
Seivty-Tbird Yer
EDIED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGA
_ UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
"Where Opinions Are Free STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG., ANN ARBOR, MICH., PHONE No 2-3241
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in al reprints.
TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 1964 NIGHT EDITOR: EDWARD HERSTEIN
Not New Amendments
But New Court Needed
IT IS UNFORTUNATE that Democrat Unfortunately, however, that is not the
members of our state Senate must dis- position of the court. The ruling held that
play their ignorance while taking a posi- the offering of a prayer in public schools
tion which is essentially correct. was unconstitutional regardless of wheth-
Last Wednesday's session saw the pass- er or not all students had to pray because
age of a Republican-sponsored resolution it had the effect of the state enforcing a
asking the United States Congress to set certain religion or religious practice on
the machinery in motion for an amend- the people.
ment to the United States Constitution The resolution's sponsor, Sen. Milton
allowing prayers to be offered in the pub- Zaagman of Grand Rapids, has the right
lic schools. idea. Someone has to tell to the Supreme
Democrats Basil Brown and Charles S. Court it was wrong on this one. But
Blondy fought this resolution tooth and amending the Constitution is not the way
nail, and as well they should have. The to do it.
matter is not one which need be dealt
with in the Constitution. But in doing so, THE UNITED STATES Constitution
one of these two gentlemen also displayed should not become a Pandora's box of
that he does not understand what the trivial amendments, like many of our
Supreme Court actually did when it ruled state constitutions, or it also will become
school prayers unconstitutional last year. unwieldy and too full of legislation. Too
many fly-specking amendments, having
ACCORDING to BROWN, the court "has nothing to do with the basic structure of
never ruled against anyone's right to our government, have already been tacked
pray anywhere. The position of the court on (i.e., prohibition and its repeal, the ban
is that one cannot be compelled to pray on the poll tax, shifting the inauguration
in a public school where attendance is re- date), and this one would just be another
quired." piece of clutter.
Soon, if these amendments keep rolling
in, some do-gooder will want to call a con-
Attraction stitutional convention to rewrite the na-
tional charter, and then the trouble will
LEGISLATORS introduced a bill recent- start. (Michigan is still feeling the effects
ly requesting a pay hike for them- from the enactment of an ill-advised new
selves. While this bill will probably get constitution, and I doubt the entire na-
support in Lansing, it doesn't seem to be tion could make it through a giant re-
getting much elsewhere, since most peo- enactment of that fiasco.)
ple feel that the Legislature doesn't de-
serve a pay raise. SINCE 1954, the United States Supreme
The present legislators, have done very Court has come out with a whole se-
little to warrant additional pay-which ries of ill-advised decisions. Yet the solu-
is exactly why this bill should be passed. tion is not to nullify them through
amendment, but to clear the muddled
HIGHER SALARIES for legislators thinkers off the court and restore ju-
would attract better, more qualified tices who truly reflect the feelings of the
men and women to these positions, there- people and the true spirit of the Consti-
by improving the state's law-making body. tution.
This bill warrants support, then, not Since the President of the United tSates
because the present legislators rate the appoints the justices and the Senate con-
extra money for their meritorious serv- firms them, one would think that Sen.
ice, but because a pay raise might get Zaagman would be better advised to lobby
some people who will do more for the for better appointments at that end, in-
state than simply put in their time in stead of trying to close the barn door
Lansing. once the horse is out.
T. COPI -MICHAEL HARRAH

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Protest Guantanamo View

EUROPEAN COMMENTARY:
NATO's Plan: Peace
For Divided Cyprus?

I'

To the Editor:
MR. HIPPLER'S editorial en-
"Time for U. S. To Pull Out"
was irresponsible, to say the least.
He states categorically that the
United States has "absolutely no
right under international law to
keep the (Guantanamo) base"
on Cuban soil because the "agree-
ment which gave us the base was
with another Cuban government
(Batista's) not that of Castro."
In fact, one of the main prin-
ciples of international law is that
the agreements and treaties of a
nation are not terminated or
modified by changes in govern-
ment, in rulers or in administra-
tions (Bishop. "International
Law," p. 204). Or, in other words,
international agreements are ne-
gotiated on a nation-to-nation
basis, and therefore Cuba is still
bound today to the Guantanamo
agreement.
THE rationale behind this prin-
ciple is obvious. Without it, there
would be no assurance of contin-
uity in this world of rapidly
changing governments. Agree-
ments and treaties between na-
tions would mean nothing if they
rested solely upon the stability
and permanence of the signing
government.
May we also point out that Mr.
Hippler is misinformed when he
states that the United States con-
tinues to recognize the Batista
regime. In fact, the United States
recognized the Castro government
early in 1959, though diplomatic
relations were broken about a
year and a half later. Needless
to say, the lack of United States
diplomatic relations with Cuba
today does not mean that the
United States no longer recog-
nizes her present government.
S* * ,
AS FOR Mr. Hippler's state-
ments that the Guantanamo base
"has absolutely no military value"
and that "Cuba is obviously no
longer one of our interests," may
we simply say that both state-
ments are indeed debatable, es-
pecially in light of the fact that
the Eisenhower, the Kennedy and
the Johnson administrations have
felt otherwise.
In closing, we will admit that
we do enjoy reading The Daily,
but frequently we are dismayed
at the quality of some of its ar-
ticles and editorials. Mr. Hippler's
editorial typifies our greatest
gripe - lack of research, inac-
curacy of fact and black and
white analysis of complicated
situations.
-Ronald Pretekin, '66L
-Duane Ilvedson, '66L
(EDITOR'S NOTE: I regret that
the wording of my editorial led Mr.
Pretekin and Mr. Iivedson to be-
lieve that I felt that international
agreements are automatically ter-
minated or modified by changes
in government, or that Cuba has
no obligation in this situation.
What I meant to convey is that
it is foolish for the United States
to employ what amounts to gun-
boat diplomacy by insisting on
keeping the base in Cuba over the
protests of Castro's government.
(The agreement with Cuba, con-
sidering the protests of the Castro
government, should be subject to
renegotiation and review. No such
protests were in evidence after the
changes of government in, for ex-
ample, South Viet Nam and South
Korea.
-R. H.)
Open House.. ..
To the Editor:
V THE member of Assembly
( Association's executive Board
who planned this Sunday's Ox-
ford Open House, I would like to
correct some of the "facts" in the
editorial "'U' Inspections Impair
Oxford Women's Rights" by Mari-
lyn Koral and Louise Lind.
First, Assembly did not vote to
"subject Oxford women to an-
other reception of Ann Arbor and
out-of-town guests." Last fall the
women of Oxford were asked if

Character
THE "American character" is at
best a nebulous notion-which
is one of the reasons for setting up
committees on "un-American" ac-
tivities to enshrine and defend it.
-The Nation

they would mind if a series of four
open houses for a select group of
people would be held. At this time
the women were also asked
through the all-Oxford Council if
they would like to have an in-
formal all-Oxford open-open house
after Christmas. At this time the
opinions expressed by Oxford resi-
dents through their elected rep-
resentatives were favorable.
After Christmas, I again attended
and asked if the presidents would
an all-Oxford Council meeting and
presidents would go back to their
respective units and ask the wo-
men what kind of open house they
would like and what date would be
best. A week later I met with the
Council again and was told that
Feb. 9 seemed to be a good day;
that the girls had liked the idea
of having the whole project open;
that they would like to be able to
invite their own guests, send out
invitations to the various housing
units, and have publicity about
the event.
BEFORE
THE administration had wanted
to have the open house in the
spring as the weather would be
nicer and the shrubs, trees and
flowers would be in bloom. How-
ever, I told them that the girls
would prefer to have the open
house at this time because of the
pressure most of us experience
later in the semester. They were
most cooperative and have tried
very hard to make this open house
as little work for the residents as
possible.
Cleaning of public areas in the
suite and apartment buildings will
be done before and after the open
house; the same cleaning will be
done afterwards in the co-ops. As-
senibly has taken care of publi-
city through News Service. En-
velopes for the invitations were
addressed by an Oxford graduate
counselor. There will be no guided
tours this time. Provision has been
made to watch all rooms where
occupants will be gone. The wo-
men will be free to entertain their
own guests.
- The women did then, in fact,
agree to this "imposition and in-
trusion." Neither the administra-
tion, Assembly, nor I have heard
any complaint that "this Sunday's
open house is superfluous." A week
and a half ago, I talked to the
women in every co-op and to the
house councils in the suite and
apartment buildings. At this time
I asked if there were any com-
ments, suggestions or complaints
about the open house. There were
none.
I KNOW nothing about the oth-
er charges of invasion of privacy
described in the editorial, but it
would seem that the women of
Oxford apartments should express
their complaints to the proper
people.
Neither Assembly nor the ad-
ministration is giving this open-
open house, but are merely help-
ing to plan and finance it. The
women of Oxford have voted to
have this open house. Assembly
has not "waived its constituents'
rights to privacy."
-Ann Walter, '65
Housing Chairman,
Assembly Association
Death Knell.. .
To the Editor:
THE DEATH knell of Student
Government Council is gaining
decibels. Ronald Wilton's editorial
in the Feb. 4 Daily and the Uni-
versity Senate Student Relations
Committee members' remarks ap-
pear to mark the darkest hour in
SGC history, short as it has been.
Unfortunately, to the interested
student, this report is late in cor-
ing in that SGC has been dying
for some time. It is too late for

first aid and even surgery may not
supply the cure. SGC has grown
pale, weak-kneed and senile at
the age of nine.
SGC diseases have been diag-
nosed as "petty elitism," "Mickey
Mousery," "council member irre-
sponsibility' and, a list of others
which overwhelm in quantity any
pathology text. Yet no one has in

recent time diagnosed the problem
at the core of SGC's fatal illness.
THE MAIN problem is that SGC
does not matter. Its role on cam-
pus has no importance for stu-
dents. SGC's week-long debates
on any issue go without recogni-
tion, for in the end the University
student knows that SGC is only a
game . . . a chess game where
great contemplative moves are
made and after one side wins, the
board is closed up and the pieces
put back in the box. And why is
SOC no more than a game and
why don't students vote in elec-
tions and why don't responsible
people run for council seats? We
hardly have to answer these.
But I think SGC can be saved,
not at thepresent rate by any
means, but with some great
changes. Responsibility must be
forced into Council by its mem-
bers. It must begin to take up
matters which have the potential
of doing very good or very bad
things for students. It must not
allow Regents' by-laws to disallow
contemplation of radical change
in campus policy. SGC must take
up issues which heretofore have
been in the hands of the admin-
istration.
It must not fear to tackle prob-
lems which could have great re-
verberations throughout the whole
student, faculty and administra-
tive body. It must not fear to
advocate change, nor fear to make
controversial moves. To be viable
in the eyes of its "constitutents"j
it must have power, and of this it
has little now.
*~ * *
THE DEATH knell will continue
to ring for a little while. If it
grows louder, its piercing tones will
quench SGC's voice into silence.
On the other nand, if SGC's voice
booms, it will squelch the death
knell out of existence.
The direction of Council lies
in the hands of its members, but
more so in the hands of a new
responsible leadership who does
not fear change. It is here that
Council will find its cure, if one
exists. It is in this hope that many-
will consider running for SGC this
spring. Only with new programs
will SGC and its potential student
voice be saved.
-Barry Bluestone, '66
(Letters to the Editor should be
typewritten, double-spaced and not
longer than 0 words. The Daily
will not print letters without the
writer's name except under very un-
usual circumstances. The editors re-
serve the right to shorten and edit
any letter according to theis discre-
tion.)

By ERIC KELLER
Daily Correspondent
BILTHOVEN, Holland - The
United States has suddenly
been drawn into the internal af-
fairs of a very peculiar European
country. Cyprus, half the size of
Hawaii, is a politically explosive
island in the Mediterranean. Al-
though usually considered a Euro-
pean country it is difficult to de-
STATE:
Blah
'Bride'
"MAIL ORDER BRIDE," now
showing at the State The-
atre, may now be considered the
definitive example of that unique
Hollywood creation, the blah
movie.
Blahdom is difficult to attempt
but with its Johnny-Mack-Brown-
Kiddies-Matinee p 1 o t, endless
widescreen shots of endless wide-
screen Montana, and a total lack
of ingenuity on any level, "Mail
Order Bride," reeks its weary way
across the sands of time and suc-
ceeds magnificently.
BUDDY EBSEN, complete with
Beverly Hillbelly, is the "wander-
ing ruffguy" who takes his de-
ceased . partner's young wastrel
son in salty hands. Keir Dullea,
leaving Lisa behind, plays at the
wastrel son.
Any talent that Mr. Dullea may
have is very effectively hidden.
Both he and Ebsen are unique in
their capacity to exist the entire
length of the movie without once
interesting anybody.
The bride of the title is a young
lady ordered by Ebsen as the only
possible means of taming the rake,
Complete with six-year-old son
and extremely productive tear-
ducts, the bride (Lois Nettleton)
arrives and ultimately succeeds.
Miss Nettleton, it must be said,
cries very well.
* * *
SO WILL the enraged moviego-
er. Obviously filmed in a hurry
to cash in on the success of his
TV show, Buddy Ebsen is neither
funny, sympathetic or entertain-
ing. Neither is the movie.
-Hugh Holland

cide whether it belongs to Europe,
Asia or even Africa.
History has proven that this
island is highly desirable. In
chronological order, Assyrians,
Persians, Egyptians, Romans, By-
zantines, Lisigans, V e n e t i a n s,
Turks and the British have ruled
the country. The British rule was
first under agreement with Tur-
key; after the fall of the Ottoman
Empire in 1914, England annexed
the strategically important island,
making it a Crown Colony in 1925.
GREEK AND Turkish factions
on Cyprus have never sympa-
thized with each other, :nor did
they approve of the colonial gov-
ernment. Arguing for union with
Greece, the 80 per cent Greek
population of Cyprus was flatly
opposed by the 20 per cent Turk-
ish portion. That faction argued
that it was logical that Cyprus,
with its proximity to Turkey and
it~s Turkish pro-British history,
should belong to Turkey.
Meanwhile, impatience with the
British rule grew. A terrorist
Greek group, EOKA, pusthing for
Enosis (union with Greece),
brought the question cruelly into
the open in 1955. Conflicts were
carriedon nbetween the factions
until an agreement was reached
between Great Britain, Greece
and Turkey.
In August, 1960, an independ-
ent state was founded. The lead-
ers had all agreed to a delicate-
ly balanced constitution. The
president is elected by the Greeks
and the- vice-president by the
Tuurkish minority.
The new Cypriot House of Rep-
resentatives consists of 35 mem-
bers of the Greek. Cypriots and
15 of the Turkish. This 70-36 per
cent ratio (in contrast to the
population ratio of 80-20 per
cent) was probably thought to
affset the relative importance of
a Greek Cypriot president in
comparison to a Turkish Cypriot
Vice-president.
Under other terms of the con-
stitution, both Greek and Turk-
ish majorities are needed for pas-
sage of especially important kinds
of legislation. Also, both vice-
president and president have veto
power over bills concerning de-
fense, foreign affairs and internal
security.
IT IS understandable that these
constitutional conditions have
been unworkable. The Greek Cyp-
riots find that little legislation,
and certainly nothing in their
favor, can get passed under the
House of Representatives ratio
which favors the Turkish Cyp-
riots.
Archbishop Makarios, Greek
Cypriot president since the na-
tion's beginning, expressed this
opinion publicly. He suggested
that quotas for the army and po-
lice forces be brought to a rep-
resentative population ratio of
80-18 per cent for the two ethnic
groups.
But this plan was the red
flannel for Turkish Cypriots and
the Christmas outbreak conse-
queuntly took an inhumane and
cruel form.
SINCE THAT time, Great Brit-
ain (which has retained only a
few military bases on the island
since Cyprus became independ-
ent) has kindly provided police
service; soon the peace force
from NATO will probably move
into the area to try to keep
Greek and Turkish Cypriots
apart.
A plan to keep the factions
permanently apart, however, has
recently been suggested. It
strongly reminds one of the Unit-
ed Nations partition plan de-
signed for Palestine in 1947. That
plan never worked out but, by the
same token, one cannot consider
the ten per cent Arab population
inside Israel as a great problem.
One wonders if the same plan
would not be workable on Cyprus,
with some intelligence and toler-

ance of the factions involved.
These people, too, are of different
religions and speak different lan-
guages.
Perhaps NATO's move at its
best, signals a beginning for an-
other peaceful and prosperous
heterogeneous country.

I

.4

THE LIAISON:
Mlen of Decis
David Marcus, Editorial D
UNIVERSITY FACULTY members very
often have little or no hesitation about
advocating that the world, their field or
the administration ought to be changed.
At the same time, it is usually impossible
or very difficult to convince them that
their own little world of the department
or school ought to be changed.
This situation seems to be the case with
the literary college faculty and the pro-
posed residential college. The lit school
has just appointed its second committee
to work over the proposal and answer all
questions faculty members might have
left. This most likely means that the resi-
dential college will have to wait until late
this year before the literary college fac-
ulty makes any final decision.
That is, of course, if the University
waits for it to make a decision.

ion?
Hireetor

' All
i.i+

REPORTS
meeting
leave little

I HAVE HEARD about faculty
discussions of the project
room for optimism on either

the fate of the residential colleges or the
role of the faculty in planning it.
As for the fate of the residential col-
lege, it appears that the whole issue has
been bungled and quite muddied. One fac-
ulty member claimed that the lit school
faculty's vote to back the proposal in
general principle was a farce; people vot-
ed for or against the principle for many
irrelevant reasons, including details that
should be settled administratively. Also, it
has been rumored that the vote was very
close.
Assuming this claim to be true, this
means that the literary college faculty
has not really backed the residential col-
lege at all or at least that the faculty
could easily reverse itself when the final
report comes to a vote. If the faculty ac-
tually voted it down, the project would be
finished.
AS FOR THE ROLE of the faculty in
planning, the extent to which they
participate depends on how long they take
to finish the project. There have been
rumblings of discontent, especially from
the Regents. Reportedly, they andtthe ad-
ministration as well are anxious to move
forward on the residential college, espe-
cially with the need for expansion and the
availability of funds at the moment.
It is doubtful, however, that the -'Re-
gents or the administration would take
the planning out of the hands of the fac-
ulty unless it looked like there was no
prospect of effective faculty action either
way.
WITH THE LIKELIHOOD of added
money from the state this year, proj-
ects like the residential college can no
longer be considered to be in the never-
never land with many years of planning

KOREAN DANCERS:
Sahm-ChunmrLi Present
Skilled., Lively Fare
THE SAHM-CHUN-LI dancers and musicians from Korea delighted
and astonished a near-capacity audience in Rackham Aud. Sun-
day evening. The company of artists performed traditional folk and
court dances with consummate skill, superb showmanship and un-
bridled zest.
The opening number, "The Farmers' Festival Dance," set the
mood of the evening with a lively sequence of peasant'dances against
a background of complex rhythms played on the changgo, a large
hour-glass drum. The neck and shoulder movements of Oh-Tong
Chung, who twirls seven-yard tapes from his hat like a giant spiral
brought spontaneous applause from the audience.
* * *
THROUGHOUT the evening, intricate drum rhythms provided
the matrix for both the dance movements and the flute and oboe
melodies which floated above them. These intricate triple rhythms
are rare in the high civilizations of eastern Asia.
The fluid movements of the dancers were in sharp contrast with
the angular classical style in China and Japan. Another surprise of
the evening was the improvisations of Kwae-Dong Shin. Playing
the kumoongo, a six-stringed zither, he proceeded through the im-
promptu variations with a freedom and ease of inspiration strongly
reminiscent of the Indian raga style.
THE FINAL number on the program, "The Nine Drums Dance,"
was perhaps the biggest surprise of all. On stage were nine drums
suspended from nine elaborate, brightly painted frames. Yong-Soon
Kim, a graceful, dainty Korean maiden, beat upon all nine with a
virtuosity and energy equal to the best American dance band drum-
mer or Indian tabla player. Not satisfied with that, she leaned over
backwards and did the same thing upside down.
The evening only whetted the appetite. One hopes to see more
Korean dance in the future.
-Judith Becker

.

41

FEIFFER

Editorial Staff
RONALD WILTON, Editor
DAVID MARCUS GERALD STORCH
Editorial Director City Editor
BARBARA LAZARUS .............. Personnel Director
PHILIP SUTIN............ National Concerns Editor
GAIL EVANS.................. Associate City Editor
MARJORIE BRAHMS .... Associate Editorial Director
:xLORIA BOWLES...................Magazine Editor
MALINDA BERRY ................ Contributing Editor
DAVE GOOD........ .......... Sports Editor
JIM BERGER ................. Associate Sports Editor
MIKE BLOCK ............... Associate Sports Editor
BOB ZWINCK ............. Contributing Sports Editor
NIGHT EDITORS: H. Neil Berkson, Steven Haler,
Edward Herstein, Marilyn Koral, Louise Lind, An-
drew Orlin, Michael Sattinger, Kenneth winter.
ASSISTANT NIGHT EDITORS: David Block, Mary Lou
Butcher, John Bryant, Laurence Kirshbaum, Richard
Mefrcr.~~

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