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February 07, 1964 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1964-02-07

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OUT OF 'U' POCKET,
INTO MSU PURSE?
See Editorial Page

5k i!3an

41!Iaiti,

CLOUDY
High-34
Low-22
Turning colder,
cloudy and windy

Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXIV, No. 101 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 1964 SEVEN CENTS

EIGHT PAGES

UNI VERSITY:
Thayer Calls for Image Lift
By DAVID WHITE
Sen. Stanley G. Thayer (R-Ann Arbor) last night urged the
University to maintain its excellence, but to be less aloof in dealing
with the Legislature if it wants an adequate appropriation.
At the same time the Senate majority leader warned a local
meeting of the American Association of University Professors that the
University cannot depend on adequate support in the future because
the state's economic base is unstable. -.
He noted that the Legislature is gaining a greater appreciation
of quality differentials among state universities. Thayer declared

------

PROF. OLEG GRABAR

LSA Votes
Joint Degree
By MARILYN KORAL
The executive board of the lit-
erary college has approved a joint
degree program with the engineer-
ing college.
Their approval represents a
formalization of a program that
has been available for civil and
mechanical engineers for some
time. However, the eligibilty for
the program will now be "broad-
ened," Dean William Haber of the
literary college explained.
Students in virtually every area
of engineering will be able to
enter the joint program, gaining
a degree in their engineering
major as well as with any major
within the literary college.
More Hours
In order to receive the joint de-,
gree students will have to earn
between 155 and 182 credit hours.
The number of credit hours re-
quired will vary with the literary
college major chosen. For example,
because of the amount of math,
physics and chemistry necessary
to fulfill engineering requirements,
a student choosing a major in
these fields would have to take
fewer extra hours in the literary
college than if he majored in a
field alien from egnineering re-
quirements, Prof. Oleg Grabar of
the art history department ex-
plained. Prof. Grabar chairs the
curriculum committee which ap-
proved the proposal before it went
to the executive board.
Underclass
The basic courses in engineer-
ing will have to be taken by un-
derclassmen, so the majority of
other -distribution requirements
will be fulfilled in the student's
upperclass years, Prof. Grabar
noted.
Prof. Grabar said the program
would be useful because of a re-
cent trend toward employer de-
mand for students who have had
both an engineering and liberal
arts educational backgroun.
In order to be admitted to the
proposed combined program, it
will. be recommended that a stu-
dent have a 2.4 overall grade point
average for his first 30 hours
of elections. Also, to be permitted
to work for the two degrees, a stu-
dent would have to satisfy the
rules of both colleges for good
scholastic standing.
jury To Vote
On Beckwith
JACKSON, 0P) - An all-white
jury retired last night without
reaching its verdict on whether
tByron de la Beckwith was the
ambush killer of Medgar Evers,
state field secretary for the Na-
tional Association for the Ad-
vancement of Colored People
(NAACP).
In final arguments the prose-
cution said Beckwith killed Evers

that the criteria for allocating
funds had shifted from the tra-
ditional head count to a credit
hour and other representative
statistics.
MSU Success
He cited MichigansState Uni-
versity's success with the head
count approach, but claimed their
statistics were inflated by a high
failure rate. He also asserted that
the institution got a disportionate
share of state higher education
funds because it is cheap to mass
educate undergraduates.
(MSU has, comparatively, a
greater percentage of freshmen
and sophomores and a lower per-
centage of graduate and profes-
sional students than doesdthe Uni-
versity. However, it takes much
more money to educate a graduate
level student than for an under-
graduate.)
Thayer c a in e out strongly
against Michigan State's gaining
a medical school, declaring that
other areas in the state have bet-
ter medical faciilties to base an-
other school.
Noting that public relations
helped MSU gain its share of the
higher education appropriation,
Thayer urged the University to
drop its "Eastern attitude" to-
wards minimal advertising. He
said that the University is not tak-
ing full advantage of its excellence
in its legislative lobbying.
Mass Education Inferior
Mass education, he declared, is
of inferior quality and should not
be persuade. Therefore, the Uni-
versity will be helped by stressing
its quality.
However, Thayer warned that
the future of higher education
appropriations depends on the
state's economic base. The econ-
omyis unpredictable and unstable
and therefore no planning can be
made until the tax base is stab-
ilized.
Tax reform, defeated at a spe-
cial session last fall, may not be
taken up until 1965, he continued.
'Blue Ribbons'
Thayer noted that Gov. George
Romney's "blue-ribbon" Citizens'
Committee on Higher Education
$25 million increase recommenda-
tion was very effective. He com-
mented that this year's appropria-
tions would only have been $10
million above lastdyear's-instead
of $21 million-had not the report
been made.
But he warned that no sweep-
ing changes will be made until the
Legislature faces a higher educa-
tion crisis. "Only a deluge of rain
will have to leak through the roof
before it will be fixed," he noted.
Practical considerations are also
important, Thayer said. Educa-
tional facilities have already be-
come a means to an end-votes,
he declared.
Rush Changes
Phi Mu Status,
Pledge Plans
Phi Mu sorority has not made
any definite plans concerning
their future status on campus,
Phyllis Hart, '64, house president,
told Panhellenic Presidents' Coun-
cil yesterday.
"Right now we are making ten-
tative plans for open rush but will
have a more definite scheme of
action ready in two weeks," Miss
Hart said.
Phi Mu dropped regular rush
when too few rushees decided to
return to fourth set at their house.
Consequently, in an attempt to
help Phi Mu, Panhel initiated a
"non-rush" plan in which women
were.encouraged to pledge the
sorority with their friends.
Friendship Group
Panhel hoped that this oppor-
tunity for friendship-group pledg-
ing would bring enough new girls
into the house so that Phi Mu
would be able to continue on cam-

pus next year.
"Despite initial interest in the
plan, most of the girls who went
back to Phi Mu for final desserts
decided not to pledge because they
felt they did not have a c~hance
to get to know the girls in the
house, and the other rush-'es."

STANLEY THAYER

Reds Move
In Viet Narn
SAIGON, Viet Nam (P)-Com-
munist guerrillas seized the ini-
tiative in the Vietnamese war yes-
terday. They staged a series of at-
tacks that United States-backed
government forces could counter
only in part.
Red detachments of battalion
size-perhaps 600 men in each-
scored on widely separated tacti-
cal targets in an offensive mount-
ed one week after the coup that
put a new military junta into pow-
er in Saigon.
A major battle was under way
at dusk around a complex of five
Tay Ninh Province villages 40 miles
northwest of Saigon. They were
seized by raiders who evidently
had crossed into Viet Nam by
night from neutral Cambodia.
Details
United States sources reported
details of this and other actions.
Shooting from behind the vil-
lages' earthen walls, the guerril-
las withstood fighter-bomber at-
tacks and an artillery barrage.
They drove off an air-dropped
company of 100 parachute troop-
ers and put two companies of civ-
il guardsmen to flight by killing
two oficers and woundiig eight
men.
The government stepped up the
counterattack before nightfall, or-
dering in two more companies of
airborne troops. Reports from the
fields said some of the guerrillas
were breaking away in small
groups.
Other Action
Other activity centered south
and southwest of Saigon.
Government armored units and
United States helicopters were
alerted for an assault on Red Viet
Cong fighters who, urged on over
loudspeakers by their leaders, cap-
tured the town of Phy My.
Manning 81mm mortars and au-
tomatic weapons, the guerrillas set
the town afire and drove out a
government battalion based there.
Three United States advisers as-
signed to the garrison were report-
ed safe.
Provincial Capital
A Communist attack on Vi
Thanhl, a provincial capital near
Viet Nam's southern tip, was re-
ported to have left 40 ,persons
dead or wounded.
Government ground forces re-
covered without opposition a Me-
kong Delta post, Thoi Lai, where
the Communists scored heavily in
two actions Wednesday.
The Communists had killed six
defenders of Thoi Lai and wound-
ed three, then ambushed a gov-
ernment column rushing to re-
lieve the post.

Tax Credit
Controversy
Still Alive
Collegiate Press Service
WASHINGTON-The controver-
sial tax credit proposal for col-
lege students, sponsored by Sen.
Abraham Ribicoff (D-Conn) was
defeated in the Senate last Tues-
day, but the issue is far from
dead.
In addition to Ribicoff's pledge
to bring the same bill up again
next year, a similar tax allowance
will be included in the amendment
to extend the National Defense
Education Act to be presented dur-
ing the current session of the
House.
According to Rep. Edith Green
(D-Ore), chairman of the House
subcommittee on education and
sponsor of the NDEA extension,
the proposal would offer monetary
value to the individual greater
than Ribicoff's tax credit.
Reduction
Mrs. Green's proposal will al-
low a deduction from the total
income on which tax is based,
thus lowering the income tax
bracket of the individual.
Ribicoff's amendment would,
have subtracted a deduction from
the amount of tax to be paid.
Mrs. Green conceded that her
proposal has little chance for
passage in the House, where it
will come up for debate following
current committee hearings on the
NDEA extension.
Opposition
The tax credits for college stu-
dents and their families have
aroused outspoken opposition from
leading educational figures.
Primary objections to the Ribi-
coff amendment stem from the na-
ture of the proposal itself, that
is, tax relief for middle income
families. Mrs. Green called it a
"middle-class scholarship bill," and
charged that it does nothing to
help those students who most need
help. "Low income families do not
pay enough taxes to benefit from
this type of credit allowance," she
said.
Francis Keppel, United States
commissioner of education, declar-
ed that the question was one of
priority and that "first priority
was to even out the chances for
education." The most pressing
need in the area of federal aid
to education, "the opportunity for
low income families to send their
children to college,' is ignored by
the Ribicoff tax credit, he said.
Raise Tuition
Keppel also pointed out that a
tax credit might have the reverse
effect of raising tuition, "making
higher education even more un-
reachable for low income famil-
ies."
Ribicoff retorted that his bill
was not designed as a substitute
for any other form of aid to high-
er education, but was directed to-
ward the "underprivileged middle
class."
Oswald Widow
Identifies Gun
WASHINGTON (P)-Mrs. Ma-
rina Oswald identified yesterday
the rifle presumably used by Pres-
ident John F. Kennedy's assas-
sin as the mail order weapon
bought by her husband, Lee Har-
vey Oswald, 24.
Chief Justice Earl Warren told
reporters that Oswald's Russian-
born widow disclosed he had used
the fictitious name of "A. Hidell"
in New Orleans-the name used

when the Italian-made carbine was
bought from a Chicago company
last May.

Cuba

Cuts Off Water

Cowley Views HR

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To Guantanamo Base

By RAYMOND HOLTON
: Ann Arbor's new Human Re-
lations Director David Cowley,
'54, who will officially begin his
new job next. week, says he
brings with him from Detroit
the experience needed to fulfill
the position's requirements.
Cowley, who has been Assist-
ant Director of Detroit's Com-
mission on Community Rela-
tions, said Tuesday night fol-
lowing an HRC meeting here in
Ann Arbor that "most northern
cities have similar kinds of hu-
man relations problems.
"However, each community
I have found has periodic em-
phases on certain areas," Cow-
ley continued.
Survey Needs
As director of human rela-
tions Cowley said he expects
to survey "the employment,
education and training needs
of Negroes in the Ann Arbor
comimunity."
He said he will be investigat-
ing and negotiating discrimina-
tion complaints and will also
be the "contact" person for the
HRC's community relations
educational efforts.
Cowley said he expects to
find many similarities between
the problems in Detroit and
Ann Arbor. He said that be-
cause Ann Arbor is close to De-
troit he has had an opportunity

clarity on the matter of the
HRC's procedural setup for in-:
vestigation and negotiation of
discrimination."
Cowley said he will bring
this matter up at next week's
HRC meeting, but he fefused to
elaborate on the specific pro-
cedural areas he wants clari-f
fied.
More Power,
Commenting on the commis-
sion's powers Cowley pointed
out that "it has more power
than we did in Detroit consider-
ing the fact that Ann Arbor
is now enforcing a fair housing:
ordinance ." '
Cowley also said it is notJ
necessary for the commission -X
to have the power to subpoena
people to appear at its hear-
ings. "This is not a real issue
because if the commission runs
into trouble with witnesses or
defendants it can always refer
the matter to the city attor-w
Cowley commented on the
question which has recently'
been raised by civil rightsg
groups in Ann Arbor of wheth-
er or not the HRC should con-
duct its meetings in closed or
open sessions.,
The HRC is required to have,
at least one meeting open. to
the general public and pressf
every month.'

DAVID COWLEY
to observe and even work with
the problems of Ann Arbor.
Larger Staff
"In Detroit," Cowley noted,
"I was working under a differ-
ent setup. We had a larger
staff in Detroit and I had ad-
ministrative duties over 17
people."
He said in the beginning of
his new directorship he will
"make an attempt to produce

FORMAL 'FEEDBACK'f
GSC Elects Officers, Hears Reports

By JOHN WEILER
Graduate Student Council last
night elected new officers and
heard a report from outgoing
President Steven Maddock on a
recent meeting between the GSC
and the graduate school admin-
istration.
Graduate students elected to
serve for the remainder of this
semester and the first semester of
the next school year are: Presi-
dent, Lawrence Phillips; Vice-
President, Mike Rosen; Treasurer,
Saul Jacobson; Recording Secre-
tary, John Kohl; and Correspond-
ing Secretary, Marquisa de Lama-
ter, Grad.
The GSC was told by its out-
going president, and other mem-
bers of the executive board, that
the annual meeting held with the
graduate school administration in
December was concerned with
both the question of the continu-
ing enrollment fee the University
imposed on new admissions to the
graduate school and the recent
question of how many hours
teaching fellows could take.
Actual Attendance
The graduate school explained
to the committee that the new
policy of charging a $50 fee to
new students is to provide the
University with some indication
of how many students will ac-
tually be attending the University
in the next semester.
This is the second year that

University undergraduates have
been required to pay a $50 enroll-
ment fee to ensure that the Uni-
versity has some idea of the size
of each year's incoming class. The
policy was begun partially in re-
sponse to increasing enrollment at
the University and the added bur-
den of students who apply but
never show up.
If the fee were not established
some 19,000 students who now
have degree programs in process,
but are not attending the Univer-
sity, could at any time -demand
admission to the University.
In addition, the fee, which is
refundable upon separation with
the University, can provide an in-
come or itnerest of $250,000 per
year.
The executive board of GSC
also said that the administration
explained why the rule that teach-
ing fellows couldn't take more

than eight hours credit per semes-
ter was revealed nine weeks after
the semester had begun. The ad-
ministration said it had not re-
ceived listings of the students, and
their class hours until that time.
The GSC board also commented
that the administration had en-
couraged GSC at the December
meeting "to provide formal feed-
back to the graduate administra-
tion" and that the administration
would take "such proposals seri-
ously under consideration."
Increase Communication
Two committees were also cre-
ated in last night's meeting: one
to determine "channels of com-
munication" that now exist be-
tween the University and GSC";
and the other to update and re-
print the graduate school hand-
book which is given out at the
beginning of each semester to each
new graduate student.

Navy'Claims
Base To Last
Indefinitely-
Demands Return
Of 36 Captives
WASHINGTON ()-The Castro
government served notice on the
United States yesterday that it is
cutting off the outside water sup-
ply to the Guanatanamo Base un-
til 36 Cuban fishermen held in
Florida are freed.
Prime Minister Fidel Castro's
tactic caused concern in Wash-
ington-but stirred no fears for
the safety of the big American
naval base at the eastern tip of
Cuba or the approximately 10,000
United States personnel there.
The Navy made, plain that
Guantanamo has enough water of
its own, counting what is already
stored and what can be brought
in, to hold out indefinitely.
Johnson Studies Matter
Andrew Hatcher, assistant White
House press secretary, said Presi-
dent Lyndon B. Johnson has the
matter under study. Johnson was
on a brief New York trip.
Wordo f Castro's demand was
delivered to the State Department
via the Swiss Embassy which han-
dles United States diplomatic con-
tacts in the absence of direct re-
lations between Havana and Wash-
ington.
As of late afternoon, the Navy
here had no word from the base
on the planned water cutoff.
Congress Action
In Congress, there were several
calls for forthright action but
there also were recommendations
is determined clearly where Cuba
for caution-at least until after it
is violating the treaty under which
the United States holds Guantana-
mo.
Moscow had no immediate coni-
ment on the water move but Prav-
da, the official Communist party
newspaper, said of the fishermen's
.arrests:
"The anti-Cuban policy which
the rabid reactionaries are trying
to impose on the United States
may lead to disastrous conse-
quences..."
Emergency Meeting
At the State Department, Thom-
as Mann, assistant secretary for
Latin American Afairs, convened
an emergency strategy meeting.
The Castro government con-
tends the fishermen were illegal-
ly seized in international waters
and has demanded their release
along with the ships. It presented
the demand through the Czech
ambassador here orally two days
ago. Yesterday the government fol-
lowed through with the attempted
squeeze.
TheCuban no~te set a noon
deadline. It was delivered in Ha-
vana at 11:15 a.m. EST, only 45
minutes before the ultimatum was
to expire, and was not received by
the State Department in Washing-
ton by telephone from the Swiss
until nearly 1 p.m., United States
officials said.
Tax Cut Move
Killed in Senate
WASHINGTON ()-The Senate
defeated yesterday a proposal by
Sen. Eugene J. McCarthy (D-
Minn) to give a tax cut to 18
million unmarried persons over
35. The victory was accomplished
by adopting a watered-down sub-
stitute on a voice vote.
With this out of the way, Sen-
ate debate swung into a proposal
by Sen. John J. Williams (R-Deb)
to reduce the 27 and one-half per

cent oil and gas depletion allow-
ance to 20 per cent.
Prospects are that the mild sub-
stitute adopted in place of the
McCarthy. proposal will be dropped
in the Senate-House conference
that will work out the final shape
of the $11.6 billion tax cut bill.
Senate managers for the bill
had to whip up the substitute

" 1
House Defeats Dixie Try
To Limit Federal Powers
WASHINGTON ()-Southern efforts to clip the powers of the
Attorney General to intervene in civil rights cases were defeated
yesterday in the House.
Despite a statement by Rep. Edwin E. Willis .D-La) that it was
approving "a real lulu of a sleeper," the bipartisan civil rights group
voted 122-47 against a Willis amendment to remove the section.
The provision to which Willis objected would grant the Attorney
General authority to intervene in suits brought by private parties
tseeking to protect their right to.
equal treatment under the law.

'U' RESEARCH:

Couch Notes Innovations in Ship Bows
By ROBERT JOHNSTON
Dramatic changes in bow designs of ships are coming about as
....:. a mresult of University development of the so-called bulbous bow,
" - "I Prof. Richard B. Couch, chairman of the naval architectr n
marine engineering department, said yesterday.
::::.k........."Several tankers built within the last year with a bulbous bow,
designed.in"the>department's<aval:tank,;have.shown.a.reducion
in power" requirements of up to 20 per cent. This can mean a savings
of$000 per year in fuel costsfoonshp"Pf.Cuhelaed
Increase Speeds
He commented that the bow can be added to existing ships, en-
;:} ' . > ::; :; r: ::: ,;: ., ::", <.; "abling increased speeds of one to two. miles per hour which ><:<:r::,.;;: ::w",::...h;tix wouldileoeetatrpb agosi e ea.Wt a
make ossibe oneextratrip y a crgo sip pe year "Wit tank
ems nd eavyorecarriers this increase can be significant."

A broader provision approved by
House Judiciary Subcommittee,
which would have permitted the
AttorneysGeneral to initiate such
suits, was knocked out by the full
Judiciary Committee after Atty.
Gen. Robert F. Kennedy said he
didn't want such powers.
The section, known as title 3 in
the 10-title bill, revived memories
of the bitter fight over a similar
proposal in the. 1957 civil rights
bill, also known as title 3.
Rep. John V. Lindsay (R-NY)
recalled that after the House ap-
piroved title 3 in a bruising fight
the Senate deleted it. He said if
the Senate again surrenders on
the 'issue House Republicans will
not support the resulting compro-
Imise bill.
The section also contains a pro-
.r ... , r ,.nfinD ... . -v n r In

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