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February 06, 1964 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-02-06

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Seventy-Third Ywr
EDITED AND MANAGED BT STUDENTS Of THE UNIVERSrY OF MxCHmGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY O BOARD iN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUDLKCATIONs
"Where Opinions Are Free STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG., ANN ARBOR, MIcH., PHONE NO 2-3241
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in alD reprints.
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 1964 NIGHT EDITOR: LOUISE LIND

EDUCATION SCHOOL:
Faculty Greets Report with Lethargy

Women's Open Rush:
Forerunner of New System?

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the
second in a three-parthseries on
the education school. Today's ar-
ticle concerns proposals in the re-
cent five-year appraisal report and
other major issues in the educa-
tion school.)
By MARILYN KORAL
E LACK of imagination and
vision of the faculty committee
which wrote the education school's
recent five-year appraisal report
was in part responsible for the
slight enthusiasm which the re-
port generated among faculty.
One of the report's recommen-
dations was that hours taught off-
campus by faculty, beyond the
normal teaching load, should be
eliminated or, at least, included
only if they fit into a regular
teaching schedule. "O v e r oad
teaching" at the off-campus Uni-
versity centers is now done exten-
sively by education school faculty.
The overload teaching problem
was so serious that the committee

SORORITY RUSH isn't over yet for sev-
eral small houses.
These houses, which will have open
rush this semester in an attempt to fill
their quotas, offer the sorority-directed
woman a unique opportunity to see what
a sorority is really like, with the "rush
smile" washed off.
Here is a chance for women who went
through rush but ended up undecided
about pledging to learn more about sev-
eral houses and a chance for the woman
who didn't go through rush because of
academic strains to visit casually several
sororities under normal, unstructured
conditions. Open rush also provides a
chance for a group of girls to pledge the
same house.
WOMEN SOMETIMES think that be-
cause a house is in open rush, it is a
slight on the quality of the sorority. But
iquality is a relative term. If quality
means that the house must be one of the
so-called prestige sororities, open rush is
a sign that the house doesn't rate as high
as some others on the prestige continuum.
But if quality means that the sorority is

a pleasant place to live and has worth-
while members, then open rush doesn't
indicate inferior quality.
That houses are occasionally forced to
open rush is primarily a condemnation
of the present formal rushing procedure,
and secondarily a sign that the sorority
system as a system is slipping from its
once-enjoyed plateau of prestige.
A SORORITY can't sell individuality
during regular rush; it can during
open rush. Rushers and rushees can't be
natural during normal rush because rush,
as a phenomenon, is strictly abnormal;
they can be natural during open rush.
Rushees are reluctant to ask important
questions about the sorority during rush,
but are much more at ease during open
rush.
Open rush was extremely successful last
year with one house actually doubling
the size of its original pledge class be-
fore the semester ended. If successful
again this year, it should become the basis.
of the entire rush system.
-GAIL EVANS
Associate City Editor

included these warnings in their
report:
"It is highly important that the
school become aware of the simple
arithmetic of academic erosion
concealed in the pressures. Such
teaching is now done extensively
by faculty beyond their regular
teaching load.
"The surplus of time over and
beyond the regular teaching load
should be devoted to scholarly,
creative and developmental pur-
suits. The use of this surplus time
for overload teaching constitutes
a serious erosion of the faculty's
capacity to pursue scholarly, cre-
ative and developmental activities.
"It is the contention of the com-
mittee that this erosion in the
case of the education school is al-
ready far advanced. More specif-
ically, the committee believes that
this condition is one of the prin-
cipal reasons for the failure of
the members of the faculty to take
advantage of the growing oppor-
tunities for research, innovation
and development and thus attain
for the school the distinction of
which it is capable."
* * *
YET WHEN theefaculty had an
opportunity to vote on eliminat-
ing their off-campus burdens,
they turned the proposal down.
"At the moment faculty are paid
extra for the overload and elim-
inating it would mean a reduction
in pay," a source indicated.
It seems that the overtime pay
is important enough to them to
tolerate "the simple arithmetic of
academic erosion."

IT IS ESPECIALLY revealing to
consider this rejected proposal in
the light of another plan the ap-
praisal group proposed: the cre-
ation of a "school within a school
-a special plan for developing
leaders" among students in the
education school. The faculty did
approve this plan, and it is now
buried in, of all places, the gradu-
ate committee. First, however, it
was rejected by two foundations,
which could have financed it. One
source termed the plan "naive."
But the idea of an honors pro-
gram obviously could best be used
a m o n g undergraduates - who
study the historical, social and
psychological foundations of edu-
cation. These students do massive
amounts of standard readings and
are placed in large classes with
little opportunity for. classediscus-
sion or individual attention from
professors in their specialty.
An honors program would re-
quire extra time from professors.
Yet, if they were willing to take
pay-cuts and eliminate off-campus
overloads, this program is a profit-
able one into which their extra
time could be directed.
AFTER "talking about it for
five years," an informed source in-
dicated, the school is finally be-
ginning to make preliminary plans
for an honors group. But consid-
ering the attitude of the profes-
sors, it is doubtful that they would
give the time for such a special
plan, even if the funds were there.
Contrary to the preconceptions
of many people, there are intelli-

gent students in the education
school who are certainly capable
of a more rigorous program and
more serious independent work
than the school seems to give its
undergraduates.
"Just like the rest of the Uni-
versity, the education school is
supporting its graduate program
at the expense of undergraduates,"
one source said.
* * *
A GOOD example of desperate-
ly needed money being siphoned
off the undergraduate into the
graduate program is the futile
educational psychology course.
This requirement is of almost no
benefit without practical teaching
experience simultaneous with the
course or prior to it. Yet at the
present time 80 per cent of the
school's students are getting no
practical experience while they are
taking this course; their time in
this study is thus virtually wasted.
The reason why only 20 per cent
can have the needed "benefit" of
simultaneous classroom experience
and study is that funds are not
available to pay extra critic teach-
ers.
In order to get the necessary
funds one whole program on the
graduate level might have to be
closed, which the school is unwill-
ing to do. Because of situations
such as this, the undergraduate
program is being consciously sac-
rificed in favor of the graduate.
* * *
THERE IS one plan which
would not require additional funds
but would require a willingness to

CINEMA GUILD:

Ohio State Lantern
Fosters Bad Sportsmanship

A HOME-COURT ADVANTAGE and
prejudiced fans are to be expected for
any basketball game. But when a college
newspaper promotes bad sportsmanship,
it is carrying a good thing too far.
This was the case at Ohio State Mon-
day night.
AN EDITORIAL appeared Monday in the
Ohio State Lantern which encouraged
the sort of behavior which prevailed dur-
ing Monday night's upset of Michigan at
St. John Arena.
"The chips are down ... Let Michigan
know it's playing the game at Ohio State
. . . It's about time that teams begin to
tremble a little about coming to St. John
Arena . . . Don't get violent, but a little
booing won't help Michigan," the edi-
torial read.

This hardly befits a college newspaper
which supposedly reflects the student
body. Organized and premeditated bad
sportsmanship has never, and hopefully
never will, find its way to the dilapidated,
structure on State St. There are, unde-
niably, individual outbursts but they are
in no way sanctioned by the crowd.
OHIO STATE Athletic Director Dick Lar-
kins called the editorial a "new all-
time low," and wrote a biting letter to
the editor calling the editorial "inexcus-
able."
It certainly is inexcusable and at the
same time serves as somewhat of an ex-
planation for Ohio State's string of 31
consecutive Big Ten victories at home.
-TOM WEINBERG

Human
Conflict
A MAP, a photograph, a history
course: none of these will give
you a complete understanding of
a city. You must forget about the
usual methods of research, and go
out into different communities and
become involved with people be-
fore you can appreciate their emo-
tions and environment.
One segment of my native city,
Detroit, is "Greektown," which oc-
cupies one block on Monroe be-
tween St. Antoine and Beaubien.
It is fated to suffer the same
tragic destruction as the Chicago
Greektown in "Good Night, Soc-
rates." It will not be destroyed by
temperature and time, but by de-
cree. Progress must have its prag-
matic evolution of banks and
parking lots. I am reactionary
enough to prefer the old coffee-
houses, confectionaires, and show
bars.
After you have seen this highly
evocative documentary, why don't
you visit there before it's gone?
Go now. As for the Greeks, they
have survived many invasions and
migrations.
* *. *
"THE KITCHEN", the feature
on this exciting twin bill at Cine-
ma Guild, is a thought-provoking
fable and a shattering presenta-
tion of a "slice of life."
Peter, an emigre German cook,
literally sweats out a miserable
existence in a London restaurant,
dreaming of the day when he can
leave. He is in love with one of
the married waitresses, and ulti-
mately she refuses to get a divorce
or have his child. The nagging,
repetitious trifles of his life, in-
cluding attacks on his "Germanic
nature" become too much for him.
He goes berserk and demolishes
the kitchen with a cleaver.
IT IS POSSIBLE to see the
kitchen as a microcosm of the
post-war world. As you read the
play by Arnold Wesker, on which
the movie is based, you feel that
he is trying to examine the latent
and inescapable violence of the
world as we know it. However, it
seems to me more than an occu-
pationai portrait, and I fail to de-
tectia socialist ideology lurking
behind the capitalistic pots and
pans.
Primarily, it is about the inabil-
ity of humans to agree or cooper-
ate for their own benefit. One of
the cooks says of Peter: "He talks
about peace and dreams and
when I ask him if I could use his
cutting-board to cut me lemons on
this morning, he told me--get your
own."
The fast-paced, numerous in-
sights into the private lives and
illusions of the restaurant staff are
in themselves small gems of ob-
servation.
-Richard Centing

By WALTER LIPPMANN
A STUDY of what Gen. de Gaulle
said on Friday.shows, I believe,
that the crucial difference between
us is about the realities in Asia.
We do not differ about ideals
and ideologies, or about aims, pur-
poses and hopes. We are not trying
to build a new American empire
on the mainland of Asia, and
France is not trying to recover the
empire which she has lost.
We differ about how to deal with
the facts-with the fact that the
Red government in Peking rules
over the 700 million Chinese on
the mainland, with the fact that
the neighboring countries in
Southeast Asia are weak and vul-
nerable, with the fact that Red
China is an expanding and aggres-
sive power.
These differences come to a
sharp focus in the immediate and
practical problem of the civil war
in Vietnam. But even here, we are
agreed in our purposes. France
and the United States are both.
concerned to save Southeast Asia
from a conquest by the Red Chi-
nese. The crux of our differences
is how, not whether, to save
Southeast Asia.
." * "C
THE AMERICAN view is that
Southeast Asia can be saved only
if there is a strong government in
Saigon which is able to win the
civil war. Only after military vic-
tory can any larger negotiated set-
tlement be talked about, in fact
even considered. For any sugges-
tion that the United States is con-
sidering negotiation will destroy
the fighting morale of the South
Vietnamese and precipitate in the
whole region a general collapse of
all resistance to Red China.
On the other hand, Gen. de
Gaulle's view is that there cannot
be a military solution of the Viet-
namese civil war. This is what he
told President Kennedy in 1961.
Our answer to this has been that
we have no alternative but to keep
on trying to win the civil war.
Gen. de Gaulle's reply to this is
that the situation is deteriorating
toward a disaster which will leave
us an intolerable choice between a
humiliating withdrawal and en-

gaging in a large war, at least as
large as the Korean War.
The time to begin negotiations
is while we are still strong; that is
to say, while there is an undefeat-
ed South Vietnamese army and
while so much of the country is
still in non-Communist hands.
C' * *
GEN. DE GAULLE'S argument
is unanswerable unless we are able
to persuade ourselves that the civil
war can be won. The official.
American view is that we have
to say unreservedly that the war
will be won and refuse to think
about what we shall do if it can-
not be won. This is the critical
weakness of our policy in South-
east Asia: not that we are training
and equipping the anti-Commun-
ists to fight the Communists, but
that while we are doing it, this is
the only policy we have. If it is
not a winning policy, then all is
lost. We have staked everything on
one card.
This is a reckless and unstates-
manlike gamble. A competent
statesman, like any competent
military strategist, never locks
himself into a commitment where
there is no other position on which
he can fall back. In Southeast Asia
we have bolted the doors and do
not have that indispensable part
of any sound strategy, a fall-back
position.
THIS IS where Gen. de Gaulle is
in fact rendering us a signal serv-
ice. He is opening the door to the
possibility that Southeast Asia can
be saved from Chinese conquest by
political developments which can
be stimulated and by diplomatic
bargaining which can be under-
taken.
It is said in Washington that
this is improbable, that North

TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Caution in Southeast Asia

experiment. This is permitting stu-
dents to teach prior to taking edu-
cational psychology or to take it
as a seminar while they are teach-
ing. Objections have been raised
on the grounds that most students
don't have enough background n
elementary psychology to begin
teaching until they have had edu-
cational psychology. Thus they
don't have the slightest expecta-
tion of the responses children give
while being taught.
But this is easily refutable on
the grounds that students could
be required to take one course in
elementary psychology prior to
teaching and then take the educa-
tional psychology course while
teaching or afterwards.
None of these new ideas have
been tried.
IT IS THE development of these
undergraduates, and future edu-
cators, that the faculty is literally
selling out through omission -
neglect and the dearth of experi-
ment in the school's curriculum.
Other recommendations were
supported by the faculty but never
materialized because of inaction
of the dean and the sluggish ex-
ecutive committee.
The faculty proposed that "the
dean, assistant deans, director of
the University School and chair-
man of the Research Committee
should meet regularly to care for
the administrative details" of the
school. This would "freethe exec-
utive committee to determine im-
mediate and long-range policy and
to evaluate continuously the ef-
fectiveness of the school."
Presumably, the faculty support-
ed this proposal because the exec-
utive committee i snot now "free
. .to determine immediate and
long range policy and to evaluate
continuously the effectiveness of
the school."
But action was never taken on
this.
CURRENTLY the dean and ex-
ecutive committee are the only
group who can care for adminis-
trative details. They have an op-
portunity to free themselves for
important policy decisions and
long-range planning. But inertia
seems to be the only answer they
gave to a faculty request that they
begin to concern themselves more
with larger issues and formula-
tion of new directions for the
future.
Also passed by the faculty but
not formally implemented was a
recommendation that "admission,
guidance and follow-up procedures
need more vigorous examination."
Neither admissions nor guidance
procedures are trivial activities,
and follow-up is not unimportant.
But no such "vigorous examina-
tion" wasuformally implemented
by the dean or executive commit-
tee.
* * *
THE FACULTY'S lip-service to
these proposals is not enough. It
is of little use to evaluate a school
every five years if recommenda-
tions are politely voted on and dis-
creetly ignored.
The appraisal report and its
manner of implementation suggest
that perhaps the faculty and ad-
ministration of the education
school lack initiative. What they
are not doing is a shadow looming
so large against the school's profile
that any overall reflection must be
bleak.
Lethargic response to a set of
proposals which are neither great
innovations nor particularly im-
aginative must be seen in'the con-
text of progress currently being
made in education schools else-
where.

Vietnam which is now under Chi-
nese domination can never be
pried loose and can never partici-
pate in the neutralization of the
whole region.
How can those who say this
really know it? It is not true that
once a country is dominated by a
big Communist state, it is forever
dominated. We have seen Finland
and Yugoslavia and in a measure
the other European satellites gain
an increasing measure of national
.independence.
Who is to say that these motives
and impulses will not work on the
borders of China as they are now
working on the borders of Russia?
In any event, the French, who
know more about North Vietnam
than all other Western count-ies,
believe that the old fear of Chi-
nese domination is still present
in North Vietnam.
*' * *
IF THE FRENCH are right, it
would be folly not to encourage
them to see whether they can cre-
ate in Hanoi an opening to the
West. We know that in Communist
Europe the two countries which
have been first to achieve a large
degree of national independence
are the two-Finland and Yugo-
slavia-which have physical con-
tact with the West. Hanoi in North
Vietnam is a port and is accessible
to ships from all the world.-
In all this we should not confuse
ourselves with the notion that
Gen. de Gaulle has offered a
"plan" for the neutralization of
Southeast Asia which we must ac-
cept or reject. We must not be in
too much of a hurry. Gen. de
Gaulle has not proposed a plan. He
has proposed a line of policy and
a mode of thinking which we can-
not afford to dismiss lightly.
(c), 1964, The Washington Post Co.

It Takes a Man To Quit
Fraternity Pledge Follies

THE FARCE OF RUSH is over and the
folly of pledging has begun for hun-
dreds of children aspiring to be real fra-
ternity men.
These smiling men have survived the
arbitrary black-balling of the hash ses-
sions. They now have the thrill of going
through sweat sessions or phone duty and
other fun things that will make them not
only men but brothers.
Of course, pledging is a learning ex-
perience. Pledges learn such valuable
things as the Greek alphabet backwards,
forwards and inside-out. They learn all
the chapters of the fraternity. They even
learn the members' names.
BUT MORE IMPORTANT they learn how
to be "cool." They find out what is
Editorial Staff
RONALD WILTON, Editor
DAVID MARCUS GERALD STORCH
Editorial Director City Editor
BARBARA LAZARUS . ............. Personnel Director
PHILIP SUTIN ............National Concerns Editor
GAIL EVANS.................. Associate City Editor
MARJORIE BRAHMS .... Associate Editorial Director
LORIA BOWLES................... Magazine Editor
MALINDA BERRY........... .... Contributing Editor
DAVE GOOD ....................... Sports Editor
JIM BERGER............... Associate Sports Editor
MIKE BLOCK..............Associate Sports Editor
BOB ZWINCK............Contributing Sports Editor
NIGHT EDITORS: H. Neil Berkson, Steven Hailer,
Edward Herstein, Marilyn Koral, Louise Lind, An-
drew Orlin. Michael Sattinger, Kenneth Winter.
ASSISTANT NIGHT EDITORS: David Block, Mary Lou
Butcher, John Bryant, Laurence Kirshbaum, Richard
Mercer.
Business Staff
ANDREW CRAWFORD, Business Manager
PETER ARONSON..............Advertising Manager
LEE JATHROS .............. ..... Accounts Manager
JUDY LEPOFSKY........Associate Business Manager
RUTH SCHEMNITZ ... . .............. Finance Manager
.TTNTIOR MANAEns- Jay Gamnel Judy Goldstein,

"in" with the group. They learn how to
muddle along in the group no matter how
they may oppose it. They learn not to
dissent.
They learn about pledge unity, that
strange myth of the system. They learn
about pledge pranks by which they can
wreak revenge on the members and be-
come men in the process. One becomes
a man, it is said, in the sacred rite of
dumping puteric acid.
They learn how to have fun at that
famous Greek institution the TGIF, when
the twang of the electric guitar mixes dis-
cordantly with the splash of beer and the
shrieks of girls. They learn that it is
cool to be drunk but not to vomit after-
wards. They learn that grades are im-
portant, but education is not.
They learn that fraternity living is lux-
urious but they see that the accommoda-
tions are little better than those at the
quardangles.
THEY FIND that even if they wanted to
do so, they could not reform the sys-
tem. It perpetuates itself. If it tries to
become liberal it is doomed. Several fra-
ternities on campus now are facing dis-
aster because they took a chance on di-
versity in their pledge classes. The pledges
that were different depledged, leaving the
fraternities in real financial danger.
And eventually, they learn that the fra-
ternity system on campus is dying. To be
a fraternity man no longer has the status
it used to have because of the rise in
apartment living. The percentage of rush-
ees has steadily decreased in proportion
to the number of males enrolling in the
University. The number of juniors and
seniors living in a house has decreased

CONTEMPORARY MUSIC:
To Instruct and Delight'
SIR PHILLIP SIDNEY said that the function of poetry is to instruct
and delight. The same may be said of the music presented at the
fourth concert of the Contemporary Music Festival last night.
The audience heard a broad spectrum of styles and ensembles and
I suggest that anyone who has yet to hear one of the concerts of this
series make a point of attending the last one Friday. He will be pleas-
antly surprised by the technical and interpretive excellence of the stu-
dent and faculty performers.
The program began with Dallapiccola's "Divertimento in Quattro
Esercizi." It is a set of four songs for soprano, winds, viola and cello,
of a relaxed, tonal nature. Soprano Barbara Garypie projected well and
had good diction, but may have been a bit harsh in the forte sections.
An early work, the "Divertimento" suffered from its sometimes uncon-
vincing climaxes and was perhaps the least interesting work on the
program. The ensemble, on the whole, was excellent.
"THE UNANSWERED Question" of the early twentieth century
American composer Charles Ives presents a- picture of the music of
our country which few people know.
"The Unanswered Question" presents a dialogue between chromat-
ically-oriented solo trumpet and flute quartet, and the harmonically
traditional ground base of a string quartet which was positioned at the
rear of the hall. The work was performed beautifully, easily the most

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