:43 a t ty
Vol. LXXIX-No. 29-S Extra Ann Arbor, Michigan-Wednesday, June 18, 1969 FREE COPY
. . .
THE THRUST of the anger over last night's senselessly
violent clash between police and members of the com-
munity must be directed in a political manner against
city officials responsible for the conduct of police.
The responsibility for sending hundreds of police to
"keep the peace" on South University lies with the city
administration and Mayor Robert Harris. That the police
seemed to act independently and violently as a third
force does not vindicate city officials from blame.
To what extent city officials actually exerted con-
trol over police is difficult to say. But it was obvious last
night that Sheriff Douglas Harvey was accountable to
almost no one. His .insolence toward President Robben
Fleming showed that Harvey is not likely to be signifi-
cantly influenced by civilian authority.
Students can rightfully condemn the violence of the
police during last night's incident. Innocent people were
clubbed and teargassed; many were chased and harass-
ed on the Diag.
BUT MEMBERS of the community will gain nothing by
another confrontation with the police on South Uni-
versity Ave. tonight. Those who would enter into another
confrontation to get even with the police speak of ma-
sochistic folly. A violent 'confrontation staged in the
n'ane of revenge can only result in further bloodshed.
The real place where the confrontation over issues
must take place is not on South University Ave. but, ra-
ther, downtown at City Hall.
Mayor Harris must answer for his absence from the
city during this crisis and for his ludicrous apology for
the excessive and unnecessary violence perpetrated by
And more Importantly, he must take immediate af-
firmative action on the questions of making South Uni-
versity int6 a mall and instituting tighter community
control of the police. Such action is the only way new,
bloodier confrontations can be avoided.
This key, question in the clash-the proposal to cre-
ate a mall in an area near last night's confrontation-
is one with which city officials have been long familiar.
The University has been trying for nearly 50 years
to obtain city permission to create a tree-lined pedes-
trian mall extending from South University to North
University where East University Ave. now runs.
But the negotiations have been bogged down in petty
squabbles between the city and University.
ON THE OTHER SIDE, the demands of students and
other members of the community-the whole raison
d'etre for la.st night's confrontation-are ill-defined at
best. Hopefully, these demands will be clarified and dis-
cussed at today's noon Diag rally.
But, in any case, a further clash with police on
South University tonight can do little if anything to
promote political goals.
Rather, the confrontation must be with the city ad-
ministration. Putting pressure on the police can only
lead to violence. Putting pressure on Mayor Harris could
lead to a victory for those who want a mall on South Uni-
versity and community control of the police.
With about 30 people still in jail and an equal num-
ber in the hospital, the carnival is clearly over. The time
has come to think seriously about the real political is-
sues involved and the realistic ways of settling them.
defe n ds
Some 300 state, county and city police used riot sticks,
teargas, and Pepper Fog to clear 1500 people from a ten-block
area near South University Ave. last night, arresting about 45
The series of confrontations between 8:30 p.m. and 2 a.m.
left at least 15 police and many others injured. An estimated
15 were reportedly treated and released at St. Joseph's Hospi-
tal. University Hospital reportedly treated nine persons, none
of them police. Another person was treated and released at
Police remained in the area of E. University and S. Uni-
versity at 2:20 a.m. There were no crowds in the area at that
The complete text of Mayor
Robert Harris' statement to
University studentsappears on
By BARD MONTGOMERY
Mayor Robert Harris this
morning praised the "intelli-
gence and restraint" of Ann
Arbor police involved in clear-
ing South University 1 a s t
night and insisted that "al-
most none" of those involved
were University students.
At a 4 a.m. press conference.
Harris read a statement prepared
in consultation with President
Robben Fleming which asked stu-
dents "to stay off the streets and
not join" any further trouble.
"I recognize the hostility many
students feel toward the police. I
am sure rumors are flourishing.
But in this case I ask students to
listen to the facts about the inci-
dent. Fifteen law enforcement of-
ficers were taken to the hospital
with injuries. Seven young people
were taken to the hospital," Harris
Harris said Fleming had ex-
pressed "his respect for the re-
straint of the Ann Arbor police
from the time he was' on the
streets until the matter was under
"We will not allow South Uni-
versity to be taken over by a small
group who declare themselves to
be the people," he said.
The mayor attributed the dis-
turbance to a group of "youngr
people, almost none of them from
the University," who charged po-
lice with "bottles, bricks, cement "
and other weapons and lay down
in the street."
Police Chief Walter Krasny ex-
plained that police were patroling
South University after merchants'
complainedabout the closing of
the street Monday night by a
group of 700 people who proceeded.
to dance, drink and perform mo-
torcycle stunts and finally disper-
The mayor explained that hel
had discussed "general plans" for
handling the anticipated disturb-
ance with police officials before b
returning to Ann Arbor last nightn
from a mayor's conference, in
Pittsburgh. But he said he had 1
-not considered the use of tear gas, g
which was deployed extensively by
police last night.
Krasny said University officialsI
"were informed of our intentions"n
in the afternoon before the dis-i
turbance, but were not consultedf
about intervention on campus. o
At their arraignments, thosev
charged with misdemeanors mayv
plead guilty, not guilty, or stands
mute. If they plead not guilty,r
they may choose to be tried by a
judge or a jury.t
The police action came on the
second night large crowds gather-
ed in the South University area.
Monday night, however, some 700
persons were allowed to dance,
drink wine, and set off fireworks,
perform motorcycle stunts in the
Ann Arbor Police Chief Walter
Krasny said last night that he ex-
pects further disturbances and'
vowed, "We are going to control
the streets of Ann Arbor and not
give it to a bunch of people who
think they own it."
He said that the National Guard
had been alerted but was not call-
Krasny also explained that po-'
lice did not enter the area Mon-
day night because of "limited
Police units called in last night
included Monroe County deputies,
the Oakland County Tactical Mo-
bile Unit and state police, in addi-
tion to the city police force and
Washtenaw County Sheriff's de-
The police action also came as
a response to complaints from
merchants on the three South
The main crowd at East Univer-
sity and South University was dis-
persed at about ' lam, by police
who gave the crowd a 10-minute
warning before moving in to dis-
perse them. When' the crowd did
not break up, police began chas-
ing them down East University to-
wards East Quad.
One of the policemen injured
was struck by what appeared to be
a firebomb at 1:20 a.m. The po-
liceman, who was one of a con-
tingent charging up East Univer-
sity near East Quad was momen-
tarily enveloped by flames when
an object thrown by one of the
fleeing students hit him.
The fire was put out quickly by
others of the contingent and the
injured policeman was taken
away His condition is unknown.
Several other firebombs or molo-
tov cocktails as well as stones and
bottles were later thrown near the'
corner of East University and Hillj
at about 1:00 a.m. but they 'did
not strike any of the police direct-
In addition to clearing t h e
streets, county sheriffs deputies'
entered the Diag area at about
10:30 p.m. and used teargas and
riot sticks to force a crowd of
See POLICE, Page 3
Police drag person off street
U.S. ADSTIFF PENALTY:
Nixon sends Congress
A rally will be held on the
Diag today at noon to consider
possible action after last night's
violence. The rally was called
by an ad hoe group of student
leaders including Student Gov-
ernment Council President
Marty McLaughlin and Execu-
tive Vice President Mare Van
By BARD MONTGOMERY
Twenty-eight of the 45 per-
sons arrested last night have
been arraigned in District
Court by Judges Pieter Thorn-
assen and S. J. Elden. The oth-
ers remained In custody pend-
ing arraignments which were
scheduled for 9 a.m. today.
Twenty-one of those arrested
have been charged with felonies
under riot statutes. Only four of
those charged with felonies -have
been released on bond, which was
set at $1000 each.
Only three of the persons ar-
rested were juveniles, under 16
years of age.
Violation of last year's state
riot statute is punishable by 10
years in jail or a $10,000 fine
The 21 charged with felonies
will face a preliminary examina-
tion scheduled for 2 p.m. June 25
to determine whether there is
"reasonable cause" to believe they
committed the offense of which
they ,are accused.
It was not known this morning
how many of those arrested were
students. Police have not released
any names except for those of Da-
vid Gonzales and Mary Ellen Ro-
binson, who were charged with
"malicious and willful destruction"
of the windshield of an Ann Ar-
bor police car.
Bond was set at $1,000 each.
Nineteen persons were arrested
on charges of "creating a disturb-
ance In a public place," a misde-
meanor. Thirteen were arraigned
last night and bond was set at
$250 for them.
The penalty for misdemeanors
in the ,state of Michigan is a fine
of up to $100 and/or 90 days in
Six others who asked for a post-
ponement on misdemeanor charges
will be arraigned along with the
felony cases this morning at Dis-
trict Court in City Hall.
Asked why bail in these cases
was set much higher than the $50
required for release in last Sep-
tember's welfare sit-in cases, El-
den said "there is a vast difference
in the nature of the persons and
From Wire Service Reports
on sent Congress a proposal yes-
terday to give college officials a
new weapon against campus dis-
orders--court injunctions backed
by the full force of the federal
The proposal presented to the
House Education and Labor Com-
mittee authorizes college admin-
istrators to seek injunctions from
federal courts to force the opening
of campuses closed by rioters. This
would mean that enforcement
would be carried out by U.S. mar-
shals and backed by troops if
The measure also would amend
the present law which entitles aI
student convicted of a disorder McSorely, S.J., a professor off
charge by a civil court to a college theology at Georgetown Univer-
hearing before losing his federal sity is "blinding America toc
aid for two years.n- the source of the real violence."'
tUnder -the Nixon plan, a con- Mcieycame h omt
viction from a civil court is note McSorely claimed the commit-
required, and if a student is found tee is trying to make "a scape-
guilty of rioting after a college goat among student organiza-
hearing he would lose his aid for tions."c
up to five years instead of the Although McSorley said he had
present two years. little to do with activities of stu-
The proposal came despite ear- dent organizations, he said he1
lier statements from the adminis- would not denounce all disruptive
tration that it wanted no new tactics verging on violence.-
legislation from Congress. He claimed there is "good vio-£
Current legislation authorizes lence" that has served to pointl
colleges to seek injunctions to re- up injustices like the Vietnamz
open their campuses from state War or "the draft inequities."
and local courts. The injunctions
are enforced by city or state police.
The proposal, written by Robert
C. Mardian of the Health, Educa-
tion and Welfare Dept. has not
yat been introduced in the House.
The House Education and Labor
Committee had been deadlocked
more than a week trying to write
its own campus-disorder measure.
University President Robbenr
Fleming testifed Monday before
the committee and told members f
he opposes legislation which al-
lows injunctions to be obtained
before campus disorders begin.
Fleming said he believed in-
junctions should be allowed only
when there is a disorder, not n.re-
ly a threat of one.'
FLEMING WARNS LEGISLATORS.
U'may need tuition increase
By SHARON WEINER
University President Robben
Fleming yesterday told a State
House appropriations subcom-
mittee the University might
have to hike tuition by eight
per cent if funds deleted by the
Senate in the higher education
for 1969-70 when the Senate
authoried $65.3 million for the
University last month, $2.0 mil-
lion less than the Governor's
recommendation and $10.6 mil-
lion less than the request filed
by the University last November.
A $1 million restoration might
has expressed bewilderment at
the lack of financial support for
the University proposed by the
"This kind of financial mal-
nutrition is guaranteed to drive
the University down the road
toward mediocrity," Vice Presi-
House grant Michigan State
University authority to expand,
its two-year medical school.
The Senate had cut the
governors recommendation of
$200,000 for planning expansion
of their two-year course into a
four-year degree-granting pro-
. ;_ ..