100%

Scanned image of the page. Keyboard directions: use + to zoom in, - to zoom out, arrow keys to pan inside the viewer.

Page Options

Download this Issue

Share

Something wrong?

Something wrong with this page? Report problem.

Rights / Permissions

This collection, digitized in collaboration with the Michigan Daily and the Board for Student Publications, contains materials that are protected by copyright law. Access to these materials is provided for non-profit educational and research purposes. If you use an item from this collection, it is your responsibility to consider the work's copyright status and obtain any required permission.

August 27, 1968 - Image 11

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1968-08-27

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Tuesday, August 27, 1968

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

Tuesday, August 27, 1968 THE MICHIGAN DAILY

uyc icrGi i

By STEVE WILDSTR
Managing Editor
The University of Michig
born out of a conflue,
dreams in the early 19th
First of all, there was
dream, the American Drea
dream of the Confederatio
gress of a vastly expande
try and an improved North
Congress took a step
realization of this dream
when the Northwest Or
was passed, wisely declari
"schools and the means
cation shall forever be
aged."
Pioneer settlers in the vi
Detroit also had a dream
ating an institution of hig

-yar-old
0M mia," or universal science, to serve .
as president.
gan was Even the local Indian tribes
nce of were caught up in the dream.
century They gave the school three sec-
a great tions of land "because their chil-
am, the dren might want to go to college."
n Con- It seems a shame that until this
d coun- year, these founders of the Uni-
iwest. versity were all but forgotten by
toward their dream-child. While later
in 1787 University lbuilders-Haven, Tap-
dinance pan, Angell-are well-remember-
ng that ed, no fitting monuments to the
of edu- Rev. Monteith, who has a college
encour- named after him at Wayne State
University, Judge Woodward, who
llage of is recalled by Detroit's main,
of cre street, or Fr. Richard, who has a
her ed- park in Detroit, has ever beenl
erected at the University.
For the most part, the Cathole-
pistemiad remained little more
than a dream. It was chartered in
1817 but was constantly on the
verge of bankruptcy. It held very
few classes of any sort and never
offered any courses on the college
level.
In 1821, the Catholepistemiad
folded and the territorial govern- r
ment created a university in De-s
troit as its legal successor. How-
ever, like its predecessor, the uni-
versity never got off the ground really' a p
and never offered any college- stunt was
level courses. any circu
Finally, in 1837, the University town and
as we know it was born in Ann they coul
Arbor with the admission of Mich- In 1871
igan into the Union and the es- rille Ang
tablishment of the Board of Re- president.
gents. served loi
The new school needed a site president
and some enterprising local land University
speculators offered two 40-acre backwoods
tracts to the Regents. One was in the countr
the gentle hills along the Huron In 1890
an River, now the site of North Cam- the' larges
pus, and the other was a square States wi
Mich. of spent farmland just east of 1871, the
the tiny settlement. For reasons a sort of
a Ro- of their own, the Regents chose made the
e Rev, the barren piece that Is now the trative fu
's first Diag. sity enter
Judge The perennial financial prob- growth. ]
nan of. lems still plagued the school and t e n u r e,
imag- no construction was started until achievedE
'ho felt 1840 when four houses for pro- for acade
a pidb fessors were built. One of these
rsuaded forms the core of the President's
al gay- House on South University, mak-
ed per- ing that the oldest building on
their campus and one of the oldest in
. the state.

'

from

con fluence

Main campus as it appeared in 1855,

assive lot. Their favorite Also in 1890, a group of dissi-
s crashing the gates of dent non-fraternity men left the
s that dared to come to staff of the student newspaper,
raising as much hell as The University Chronicle, and in-
d get away with. itiated a new, sports oriented
42-year-old James Bur- paper, The Michigan Daily.
ell became University Although progress was inter-
He started younger and rupted somewhat by the first
nger than any other World War, the period from the
and under Angell, the 1890's until World War II was
grew from a rather marked by great physical growth.
sy institution into one of Most of the buildings on central
ry's major universities. campus date from the most active

President Tappa
ucation in the Territory of
igan.
Father Gabriel Richard,
man Catholic priest; th
John Monteith, Michigan
protestant minister; and
Augustus Woodward, a r
fertile mind and fantastic
ination, were three men w
that Michigan should have
lic school system. They pe
and badgered the territori
ernment until they receive
mission to proceed with
plan.
Any project that the goo
undertook bore the clear
of his highly original min
laid out the first street pl
Detroit - strongly irifluen
L'Enfant's plan for Washin
and is still remembered
maze of streets in downtom
troit.
Clearly, a new school
West required a new term
and Judge Woodward gen
provided it. The school wa
called the Catholepistem
Michigan, to be made up
"didaxiim" of professorship
the "didactor of Catho

, the University became
st school in the United
th 2,692 students. Until
president had served as
super-professor. Angell
job a purely adminis-
nction and the Univer-j
ed into a period of greata
During Angell's 34-year
the University first
a formidable reputation
mic excellence.

period, the 1920's and 1930's.
The 30's were tempestuous years
everywhere and the University re-
flected the international unrest.
The Spanish Civil War created
deep divisions both within the
University community and be-
tween the University and outsid-
ers. The Daily strongly supported
the Loyalists, while many others
in the state, most notably the
Roman Catholic Church, strongly

supported the Fascists. Much
pressure was brought to bear on
the Board in Control of Student
Publications and, eventually, the
policy of signing editorials in The
Daily began.,
After the outbreak of hostilities
in 1939, a deep split between
isolationists and interventionists
added fuel to campus political
fires. As part of a national mag-
azine poll, University students
voted 2,818 to 403 against bearing
arms if the United States invaded
another country.
In 1941, the war was suddenly
transformed from a question of
academic debate into a hideousl
reality. Pledges and polls were
forgotten and University life was
sharply curtailed as the men went
off to war.
The war was only a temporary
damper to the tremendous growth
of the University. At the end of
the war, the federal government
efitered university research in
earnest and the growth of Univer-
sity research facilities mushroom-
ed, until, in 1966, the University
became the country's second larg-
est recipient of federal research
funds, getting over $58 million in
grants.
The growthi of both the student
body, spurred by the GI Bill, and
research, spurred by federal

funds, a major expansion of the
physical plant was needed and
work was begun on North Campus.
In 1951, Harlan H. Hatcher
came to the University from Ohio
State to serve as president.
Hatcher took his new position as
another national politicall storm
was brewing. McCarthyism was
sweeping the country and the
University was not spared its ex-
cesses.
In 1954, the House Un-Ameri-
can Activities Committee, chaired
by Michigan Rep. Kit Clardy in-
vestigated alleged subversive ac-
tivities at the University. Three
faculty members refused to testi-
fy and were summprily suspended
by President Hatcher. Although
I two were later reinstated, the in-
cident left a scar which has never
really healed.
The remainder of the 50's
passed in relative quiet with.
steady growth both of student I
body and plant. It was not until
the middle of the 60's that there
was any real revival of political
activity on campus.
Having gained experience, either
personal or vicarious, through the
civil rights and anti-Vietnam war
movements, students in the fall.df
1966 exploded into a series of pro-
tests against a wide range of ad-
ministration policies. Although the
"student power" movement of 1966
accomplished little in terms of
practical results, its very exist-
ence is bound, to have a lasting
effect.
In early 1966, President Hatcher
announced plans to retire by the
end of 1967. After an extensive
search, Robben Wright Fleming,
chancellor of the University of
Wisconsin, was selected by the
Regents to succeed Hatcher.
Fleming formally took office
January 1, 1968; Since that time,
Fleming has faced several crises-
a black student lock-in at .the
present Literature, Science, and
Arts Building and the abolition of
dormitory regulations.
Up to now, Fleming's adminis-
tration has been marked by prep-
aration - new appointments and
creation of new departments. A
cloud has appeared over Fleming's
generally positive relationship
with students in implementation
of the Hatcher Commission Re-
port and the wording of the by-
laws used to do this.
Generally, however, the Fleming
administration is considered a dis-
tinctly new administration - too
new to pass real judgment.

i
a
K,

r 1
4.4
'IB'
WELCOME FRESHMEN! Come

new world
of
softness
afoot
r1

stamp
id. He
lan for
aced by
igton-
by the
wn De-
in the
inology
erously
s to be
iad of
of 13
ps with
lepiste-

It was 1841 when the University
of Michigan finally got down to
the business of educating stu-
dents. The first class consisted of
seven students taught by a faculty
of two. For a $10 entrance fee,
these first students were entitled
to be awakened every morning
at 5:30 for compulsory chapel.
In the summer of 1825, an event
that was to have a lasting effect
on the development of the Uni-
versity took place. A distinguished
Eastern educator, Dr. Henry Phi-
lip Tappan,, became president.
commitment to the Prussian sys-
tem of education, a system dedi-
cated tohlectures andresearch
rather than the English system
of tutorials and residential col-
leges.
Tappan was convinced that re-
search was a vital part of a uni-
versity, largely a new concept in
Michigan. He also abolished the
residential arrangements that had
been in effect since 1841 and stu-
dents were given their introduc-
tion to Ann Arbor landlords.
The 19th century was largely
a period of quiet, steady growth
for the University. The major
controversy was a long-running
feud between the Legislature and
the University over the teaching
of homeopathy, a long extinct1
form of medical practice. The Le-
gislature insisted that that a chair
of homeopathy be established in
the medical school and the Uni-
versity, ignoring annual threats
of being cut off without a penny
steadfastly refused., The chair
never was established.
Although political protests were
virtually unheard of until World
War I, the students were not

e in and visit Mast's

T AETBOOKS
UP TO '/ OFF
UANN ARBOR'S FRIENDLY BOOKSTORE

Campus shoe store. Our large selection of styles
and sizes will enable you to make Mast's your
headquarters for shoes on campus.
CAMPUS MAST'S SHOP
619 E. Liberty

i

Women fight their way in

President Angell

The, United campus rep.
can save ou 50%on airfares.
How does he do that?
He gets you in the 12-21 club.,
The what?
The12-21 dub.
Uniteds club for guys and gals.Lets you fly
for /2fare anywhere United goes.,
Does United fly anyplace I want to go?
United fles
more places than any other airline.
Who is United's rep? Paul Blackney.
For assistance, information and reservations,
contact United at 453-.700.

STUDENT

BOOK

SLRVICE

THE SMALLEST
STORE IN TOWN
THE B
STOCK OF USED TEXTBOOKS
(also new books, paper, notebooks, supplies)
FOR ALL YOUR COURSES

WITH EVERY ROLL OF
126.127.120or 620 FILM
YOU BRING HERE FOR
PROCESSING & PRINTING
OFFER EXPIRES SATURDAY, SEPT. 7
BONUS PRINTS*
from
Michigan Pharmacy
727 N. UNIVERSITY
(across from Hill Auditorium)

. .r .rte

i

;

Back to Top

© 2021 Regents of the University of Michigan