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THE MICHIGAN DAILY
White House role
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WASHINGTON (P) - Justice
Abe/ Fortas publicly acknowledged
yesterday that while serving on
the Supreme Court he assisted
President Johnson in White House
conferences on Vietnam and civil
disorders in the United States.
But he also told the Senate Ju-
diciary Committee his role was
simply that of summarizing for
the President what others had
"It would be very misleading to
allow the impression to prevail
that this is a matter of frequen-
cy," Fortas said.
WASHINGTON (P) - A com-
mission named by President John-
son recommended yesterday that
the nation's faltering, deficit-rid-
den mail service be turned over to
a federal corporation patterned
after private enterprise.
Presenting to Johnson a 212-
page package of revolutionary
ideas, the Commission on Postal
Organization also broached three
other major recommendations:
-Elimination of all political
patronage jobs from the postal
-Fixing of mail rates by exec-
utives of the proposed corporation,
subject only to veto by Congress.
-Introduction of true collec-
tive bargaining to determine com-
pensation for postal workers, now
largely decided by Congress.
"It occurs very seldom and it
has occurred only in matters that
are very perplexing and that are
critical in importance to the Pres-
ident and he wants some addi-
Fortas told the committee that
"whatever opportunity I have to
serve my country" in this manner
will end next Jan. 20. This was a
reference to the date on which
Johnson's term will end.
'Fortas appeared before the
committee to testify on his nom-
ination to be chief justice of the
United States. He is the first nom-
inee for that office to be quizzed,
by a congressional committee.
Sen. Robert P. Griffin (R-
Mich) leading a fight against For-
tas' confirmation, urged the com-
mittee last week to look into re-
ports that Fortas is playing a big
role in White House policy mak-
Griffin criticized Fortas' White
House role in an impromptu news
conference outside the hearing
Griffin charged, "It breaches
the basic fundamental concept of
separation of power or at least
brings it into question."
Griffin indicated he would pro-
ceed with plans for a Senate fili-
buster against confirmation.
Fortas is an old friend of John-
son and long was legal adviser
to the Johnson family.
The questioning got quickly to
"I don't believe," Fortas said,
"that I have at any time since
I have been a justice of the Su-
preme Court recommended any-
body for any position."
Moreover, he added: "I have
never initiated any suggestion or
any proposal to the President of
the United States." '
Sens McCarthy on the campaign trail
McCarthy on suburbs
GENEVA ()-President John-
son told the opening session of the
17-nation disarmament confer-
ence yesterday that "the fate of
mankind" may depend upon the
way the United States and the
Soviet Union face their respon-
sibility to prevent a nuclear arms
In a message to the conference,
Johnson made clear the United
States' was eager to take up a
Soviet proposal for mutual dis-
cussions on limiting strategic and
defense nuclear weapons systems,
including the antimissile missile.
Soviet Delegate Alexei A. Rosh-
chin agreed on the importance of
discussions b u t disappointed
ern officials by insisting on prior-
ity for an international conven-
tion banning the use of nuclear
weapons. The West feels such a
convention could not be enforced.
Johnson said it is expected that
the United States and the Soviet
Union "will shortly reach a deci-
sion on the time and place for
talks" on. limiting nuclear wea-
"The United States," he said,
"would be prepared to consider
reductions in existing systems.
This would cut back effectively-
and for the first time-on the
vast potentials for destruction
which each side possesses."
Without an agreement, he con-
tinued "the nuclear arms race
could escalate to new levels."
Johnson referred to the recently
concluded treaty initiated by the
United States and the Soviet
Union to halt the spread of nu-
clear weapons as "a triumph of
sanity in international affairs."
Johnson also showed interest in
the recent proposal of Soviet Pre-
mier Alexei N. Kosygin for guar-
anteeing the peaceful use of
Roshchin declared an interna-
tional convention banning the use
of nuclear weapons "would be a
very serious deterrent to those
who would like to use such wea-
pons against other states."
British Disarmament Minister
Fred Mulley voiced Western op-
position to the idea when he said
PITTSBURGH () - Sen. Eu-
gene J. McCarthy challenged the
federal government yesterday to
play a major role in opening the
suburbs to low-income families.
"As long as the suburban areas
are receiving federal subsidies,"
McCarthy said, "they should be
required to demonstrate that they
contain a reasonable proportion
of dwellings for low and moderate
The Democratic presidential
contender charged that federal
policy "has encouraged the growth
of the segregated suburbs which
surround our ghettoes . . . The
federal government has guilded
havens for the rich, isolated by
zoning from the Problems of the
Much of McCarthy's popular
support in his uphill battle for the
presidential nomination has come
from the middle- and upper-in-
come dwellers of suburbia.
In his housing statement, Mc-
Carathy said "Our national hous-
ing policy has caused, as much as
it has relieved, the crisis of the
cities. The shame of our cities is in
large measure the shame of our
housing policy. And that shame
should stand as rebuke to those
who claim that conditions in
America are improving each year.
"If our suburbs are to continue
to benefit from public subsidies,
they must bear a greater share of
His position paper on housing
was issed as the Minnesota Dem-
ocrat took part in the demonstra-
tion of a low-cost housing unit
in the parking lot of a Negro
church in Pittsburgh.
Scarcely 100 Negroes turned out
to see the candidate, although an
estimated 5,000 persons packed
the streets near a downtown hotel
earlier to greet him on his ar-
such a convention could not be
enforced and would be meaning-
less so long as nuclear weapons
Mulley proposed a seven-mem-
berinternational panel of referees
who would study any complaint
that a nuclear nation was viola-
ting such a test ban treaty. A
minimum vote of 5 to 2 would
be necessary before inspectors
could be sent into the territory of
the accused nuclear power.
PI'IT'SBURGH (A')- The Unit-
ed Steelworkers Union set in mo-
tion yesterday the machinery to
take the first rank and file strike
vote in its history.
"Time is running out," said I.
W. Abel, president of the union.
The industry still has not made
any offer on money issues, he said.
The vote was set for July 23,
just eight days before the labor
contract for the nation's 450,000
basic steelworkers runs out. Abel
said he hoped for an overwhelm-
ing vote of approval.
Abel, craggy-faced head of the
nation's third largest union, said
progress had been made on some
issues, but not on others, particu-
larly the crucial wage package.
"I would hope that in the re-
maining weeks we could get down
to the hard, factual bargaining
and work out a contract," Abel
told a news conference after a
day-long series of meetings with
his top negotiating teams.
But he stopped short of predict-
ing either a strike or a settlement.
"A lot of things can happen be-
tween now and August first," he
The strike vote was recommend-
ed by the union's Executive Board
and its steel advisory committee.
It was approved with a unanimous
shout of "Yea!" from the 600
members of the Basic Steel Indus-
try Conference at the end of a 2%
The rank and file have never
had a chance to vote on a strike
before because the power to call
the men out had been held by the
union's Wage Policy Committee.
A big strike vote will not neces-
sarily mean a strike. The Basic
Steel Industry Conference can ap-
prove any settlement offered by
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