Friday, June 7, 1968
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Friday, June 7, 1968 THE MICHIGAN DAILY Page Three
War surges during talks
SAIGON (P) -- Government
troops fought against waning re-
sistance yesterday to wipe out
remnants of the enemy force that
attacked Saigon and its suburbs
a month ago. At the same time,
U.S. Command reports showed
that American battle deaths are
-averaging 471 a week during the
fight-and-talk stage of the Viet-
The U.S. Command said 438
American were killed and 3,870
wounded last week, the highest
total of dead and wounded for
any week of the war.
The heavy American casualties
reflected the upsurge in fighting
since the Paris peace talks opened
Most of the American casualties
were taken in the series of battles
near the demilitarized zone and
in the central highlands where
the tempo of fighting increased
all during May.
' Those battles coincided with the
enemy offensive against Saigon
where governmeigt troops and po-
lice have been carrying the burden
of defending the capital.
For the week that ended May
11 a record 562 Americans were
killed, about half- of them in
heavy fighting along the demil-
itarized zone. Since May 11, the
weekly total of American dead has
been 549, 426 and 438.
Although total U.S. casualties
increased last week, the U.S. Com-
mand reported the number of
enemy killed dropped to 3,237 from
3,867 the week before.
South Vietnamese casualties
were 345 killed and 1,163 wounded
compared with 340 killed and 1,151
wounded the week before.
U.S. senior officers believe the
North Vietnamese and Viet Cong
intensified their attacks to
strengthen the hand of North
Vietnamese negotiators in Paris.
U.S. forces have been conducting
offensives too, such as Operation
MacArthur in the central high-
lands where the U.S. 4th Division
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is trying to envelop a North Viet-
Government troops appeared to
have gained the upper hand in
fighting around the capital. The
boom of artillery rolled across Sai-
gon last night and the U.S. Com-
mand said it was from guns sup-
porting government marines who
remained in contact after dark
with Viet Cong units in suburban
The marines have driven the
enemy force back from Saigon's
border to the northern edge of Gia
Dinh, about three miles from
In Cholon, government rangers
reported they had eliminated the
last pocket of Viet Cong resist-
ance in the Chinese section of the
city. Minutes later they discovered
that a handful of guerrillas had
managed to take the second floor
of a building near a Roman Cath-
olic church, cutting off some
rangers who were on the third
Other rangers and combat po-
lice encircled the building and
then began methodica'lly blasting
every room on the second floor
with 90mm shells fromtanks and
with recoilless rifles. Police set up
firing positions in the church
A dozen enemy rockets ripped
into central Saigon early today
and police said one hit next door.
to the residence of Gen. William
C. Westmoreland, currently in
The U.S. commander is in
Washington, where he will become
chief of staff of' the Army, but
he is scheduled to return to Viet-
nam soon for a few days.
Three or four other rounds hit
in the immediate vicinity. Viet-
namese military headquarters re-
ported one round fell near Tan
Son Nhut air base and set some
buildings afire, while other rounds
crashed into the central market
In the terror shelling of Saigon
that began the current enemy of-
fensive May 5, 72 civilians have
been killed and 325 wounded.
20 day turmoil ends despite
further revolutionary aetion
PARIS (M - Frenchmen poured back to work by the
thousands yesterday after 20 days of revolutionary turmoil,
but small groups of diehard strikers and students waged a
rear guard action to prevent a complete return to normal.
In Paris, militants laid on the tracks of one subway line
to prevent its operation, but the other 15 lines were running
again. Others sat in the street in front of a garage, blocking
seven of the capital's 175 bus lines.
The Paris. prefecture called the recalcitrants anarchists
and Trotskyites. The Communist party and the Communist-
led General Confederation ofl
THESE VIETNAMESE REFUGEES were packed into a small truck as they fled the Cholon section
of Saigon yesterday. A band of Viet Cong, reduced to a handful of men, continued to wreck havoc
In that area as U.S. and Vietnamese troops demolished many of Cholon's homes and buildings in
an effort to drive the Communist forces out of the area. The result of the city fighting has been to
flood Saigon with still more refugees.
EXHAUST U.S. PATIENCE: -
Hanoi plans long talk strategy
Labor called them ,"adventur-
ists" and "pseudo-revolution-
The back-to-work movement
swelled across the nation. But
small strikebound islands re-
mained in practically every in-
In general, the automobile in-
dustry, aviation, metallurgy and
the Paris taxis were still out.
Police, however>dislodged pick-
ets and occupiers from the big Re-
nault assembly plant at Flins,
northwest of Paris, and the com-
panyordered workers to return
Strike votes in some aircraft
factories in the Toulouse, area
Wednesday were overwhelmingly
in favor of a return, but again
pickets stopped the men from
Most personnel were back at
work at Paris' Orly and Le Bour-
get airports, but the fields re-
mained closed to await returns
from a strike vote of electronic
Both Pan American and Trans
World Airways said they hoped
to start operating from Orly by
tomorrow. Meanwhile they are.
using the Bretigny military field
southwest of Paris.'
But for Parisians the big news
was the approaching normalcy of
subways, buses and railroad trains.
Management of the state-owned
railroad systems said both subur-
ban and long-line services from
all Paris stations improved stead-
ily during the day.
By WILLIAM L. RYAN
Associated Press News Analyst
PARIS (A) - North Vietnam
issued new statements yesterday
on its role in the Vietnamese war
and is creating the impression
that it is trying to play a game of
temptation in long, drawn-out
peace talks in Paris.
The statements, one a North
Vietnamese army communique
and the other a broadcast speech
by Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap, the ar-
Ley selected to head FDA.
Bartlett to receive HEW post
WASHINGTON (M )- Dr. Her-
bert L. Ley Jr., an official of the
Department of Health, Education
and Welfare, was named yester-
day to succeed Dr. James L. God-
dard who resigned as head of the
Food and Drug Administration.
Ley, 44, has been director of the
department's Bureau of Medicine,
Food and Drug Admiinstration
since 1966. Before that he was
chairman of the Department of
Microbiology of the Harvard
School of Public Health.
Three presidential appointments
also were announced.
-The president of Johnson's
alma mater, Southwest Texas
State College at San Marcus, Dr.
James H. McCrocklin, will be
nominated as HEW undersecre-
-Edward C. Sylvester Jr. of
Detroit, now director of the Of-
fice of Federal Contract Compli-
ance in the Department of Labor,
will be nominated as assistant
secretary of HEW for community
and the field services - a position
in which he will mesh together
activities related largely to urban
problems. He would succeed Lyle
-Lynn M. Bartlett, now depu-
ty assistant secretary of defense
for education and manpower, will
be nominated as assistant secre-
tary of HEW for education. He
will succeed Dr. Paul Miller, who
chitect of the 1954 victory over the
French, edged close to admitting,
for example, that there are regu-
lar North Vietnamese troops in
South Vietnam. But Hanoi has not
really admitted it.
What appears to be emerging is
a North Vietnamese attempt to
erode the patience of the Ameri-
can public and bring the pressure
of its opinion to bear on Wash-
ington. What Hanoi has been
openly demanding is that the
United States surrender on the
basic issue - a halt of all attacks
on North Vietnam - which has
bogged down the Paris peace talks
through its first seven sessions.
From its statements, Hanoi ap-
pears to believe that a great num-
ber of Americans opposed the war
and are anxious to get out at any
price. Thus, the Hanoi approach
seems to be to play on the impa-
tience of Americans.
For example, in his latest state-
ment, Giap, a power in the Hanoi
Politburo, said "our people are
fighting on all battlefields" from
the southern tip of South Viet-
nam to the demilitarized zone be-
tween South and North.
At first glance this would ap-
pear to be an admission of North-
ern troops in the South. But Giap
said "our people," and in other
statements Hanoi contends that
all the people in Vietnam, North
and South, are one. If he says that
the army in the North is resisting
the Americans, he does not say its
troops are doing so in the South.
The Americans are attacking the
North with bombardment.
If yesterday's army communi-
que says transportation and com-
munication with the South are
being assured, it simply backs up
the Hanoi argument that it is en-
titled to help its own people with
supplies against the Americans.
Ambassador W. Averell Harri-
man, the chief U.S. negotiator,
has been unsuccessful up to now
in his challenges to his opposite
number, Xuan Thuy, to admit
outright that there are Northern
troops in South Vietnam.
What seems to be developing is
a sort of "now you see it, now you
don't" operation in Paris by the
Hanoi delegation. It appears, if
extremely vaguely, to be offering
something, only to snatch it away
again when the Americans reach
The U.S. delegation seems now
to be losing hope for any break
soon in the deadlock in Paris.
HONG KONG (A) - The com
mander in chief of the North
Vietnamese army said yesterday
"our people are fighting on all
battlefields" from the southern
tip of South Vietnam to the de-
militarized zone dividing North
and South Vietnam.
Gen. Vo Nguyeii Giap thus ap-
peared to be acknowledging that
North Vietnamese troops are
fighting in the South, a point that
has proved a stumbling block in
the Paris peace negotiations.
'NORTH TO SOUTH'
Giap said in a speech broadcast
over Radio Hanoi: "In response to
the call of President Ho Chi MInh,
our people, our nation, our army,
from the north to the south, firm-
ly fight them (the Americans).
"Our resistance against the
United States to save our coun-
.try," Giap continued, "has en-
tered .a new phase, a phase /Of
offensive attacks-.and of uprs-
ings on all the battlefieldsIn
South Vietnam to bring victory.
"The Army of Liberation and
our people are fighting on all
battlefields from Ca Mau near the
southern tip of South Vietnam to
Route No. 9 just south of the de-
Radio Hanoi, in a Vietnamese.
language broadcast monitored in
Hong Kong, introduced giap's
speech with the announcement
that he was making it to the
workers of North Vietnam's De-
partment of Transportation and
He said the workers have
"ceaselessly carried ammunition,
guns and food to our army on the
His use of the terms "our army"
and "from the north to the south"
would seem to indicate that Giap
was talking about the North Viet-
But there was a possibility that
Giap could be using the phrases
"our army" and "our people" to
indicate affiliation with the Viet
Cong without actually admitting
that North Vietnamese regulars
are engaged in the South.
In the Paris talks, chief U.S.
negotiator W. Averell Harriman
has insisted that North Vietnam
must admit the presence of its
troops in the South for there to
be "meaningful and frank dis-
cussions." North Vietnam has so
But in recent days, North Viet-
namese broadcasts and statements
have said the Vietnamese are one
people engaged in a war against
a common enemy.
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