NOT BY REALISM
See editorial page
with variable winds
Vol. LXXVIlI, No. 16 5S Ann Arbo, Michigan, Wednesday, May 22, 1968 Ten Cents
Prof. Joseph Sax of the1 Law School is presently in
Boston to observe the Spock conspiracy trial. His analyses
of the courtroom situation will continue to be published in'
The Daily until the completion of the trial.
By JOSEPH SAX
Special to The Daily
BOSTON-Courtroom Number 3 in Boston's Federal Bldg.
was again filled to capacity, yesterday as the Spock trial entered
its second day. The government began its case and the jury had
its first chance to see the chief attorney for the prosecution in
It is at first surprising that such a landmark case should
have been put into the hands of a young lawyer barely 30 and
only a few years out of law school, but any doubts about the
government's judgment were soon dispelled. Asst. U.S. Attorney
John Wall is obviously going to perform very effectively, indeed.
It soon became clear yesterday that Wall's youth is a benefit
to the prosecution, for the defendants' case must ultimately
rest on the claim that the Boston Five-Spock, Coffin, Raskin.
Goodman and Ferber-speak for the concerned young people of
this country. Yet, they are being prosecuted by a young man,
himself of draft age, who is clearly intelligent, highly educated
and well-informed. Score one for the prosecution.
Wall is much more than a cardboard figure, however. He
is plainly a very shrewd fellow. Avoiding the pose of the zealous
or vindictive prosecutor, he is exemplifying fairness and open-
ness. In his initial statement to the jury, Wall read not only
the ominous accusations contained in the indictment, but with
equal emphasis and feeling, he read from the defendants' pam-
phlets and statements. Ironic as it may have seemed to hear
Thoreau on the Mexican War or reports of the plight of Viet-
nanese civilians coming from the government's spokesman, there
Whether by design or inadvertance, Wall scored again. By
+ pre-empting the defendants on their own ground, he not only
withdrew some of the emotive content of their protest by enter-
ing it in the record matter-of-factly, but he also indicated he
Candidars air vieWS
at highschol forum
was not going to characterize them as traitors or smear them as
unpatriotic. In light of the defendants' stature, and respect-
ability, this is undoubtedly the most effective tactical position
for the government to take.
As the day wore on, one could -begin to see the affirmative
direction the prosecution was going to take. Well-intentioned
and sincere though the protesters may be, they have stepped
beyond protest to action, from changing the law to undermining
it. Wall again and again emphasized comments made by the
defendants like "'If Congress will not control the president, we
must do it ourselves.' " In half a day the prosecution sketched
a picture of defiance of law, commitment to disruptive action
and grandiose plans to build a resistance movement.
By mid-afternoon the government had its first witness on
the stand, FBI agent Lawrence Miller, who had attended a press
conference held by several of the defendants in October of last
year. Miller, who looks like he icame out of an FBI television
program, had carefully picked up all the anti-war literature he
could find and had assiduously made notes on the defendants'
Apparently, he did what the prosecution wanted him to do.
He re-affirmed. that the defendants were strongly disposed
against the war, and intended to do something about it. Cross-
examination had just begun when 85-year-old Judge Francis
Ford promptly adjourned the court.
Today, more of the defendants' 13 lawyers will take their
turn at cross-examining special agent Miller, and then the prose-
cution is going to show us movies. Imagine that.
By DAVID MANN
The graduate school faces a
possible loss in enrollment of up
to 600 students next fall as a re-
sult of changes in draft status,
ByroA L. Groesbeck, assistant dean
of the graduate school, said yes-
While the number of applica-
tions and acceptances is about the
same as last year, it is still too
early to accurately project the
number of students who will ac-
tually enroll, Groesbeck said.
Estimating the number of stu-
dents who will be taken by the
draft, Groesbeck expects a drop in
enrollment of between 500 and
may, iucrease $250
By ANN MUNSTER
The eight candidates contending
for three seats on Ann Arbor's
Board of Education aired their
views last night at "Candidates'
Night," sponsored by Youth for
Education And Schools (YES).
YES is an independent group of
high school students working to
achieve two goals: the creation of
public support for the publicI
1 school system and the passage
of the millage proposal which will
be on the June 10 school ballot.
Joan C. Adams, one of two can-
didates supported by the New Poli-
tics Party, said that as a mother
with no expertise in school ad-
ministration, she was motivated
1 to run for school board because
"there is a segment of this com-
munity that is not being repre-
sented, resulting in the school sys-
tem's neglect of low income chil-
Mrs. Adams asserted that bias
built into the operating procedure
of the school system is a serious
problem. She insists that Negro
and low income children be more
adequately counseled and tested.
Mrs. Adams said she is con-
vinced that "any child properly
motivated and shown the im-
portance of education can learn."
Bill Ayers, the other candidate
sponsored by the New Politics
Party, was inspired to run because
"schools are failing right here
in Ann Arbor."I
He said there is "strong class
bias reflected in the background
of the students, and it is the stu-
dents on the general curriculum,
not the college-bound students,
who drop out of school."
Incumbent Harold J. Lockett, a
child psychiatrist, said, "We are
experiencing a major cultural rev-
olution. It is within the jurisdic-
tion of the educational system
l to begin the alteration of that
PORT AU PRINCE, Haiti UP -
The government of President
Francois Duvalier claimed last
night it had smashed a rebel in-
vasion force in a fierce 20-minute
battle near the Cap Haitian air-
port on the north coast.
Government sources said 10 of
35 invaders were killed yesterday
and the survivors fled into nearby
hills ahead o fpursuing govern-
' T h e government announced
plans to fly two captured B25
bombers to Port au Prince today.
The planes were said to have
landed the invasion party at Cap
Haitian Monday following a
bombing attack on the capital in'
which one person was reported'
system that must avert the de-
-struction which may result from
Candidate Duane Renkencon-
tended that "students are grossly
effected by teachers and staff and
not by the facilities." The way to
get the best return for the tax-
payers funds is to take these
needs into account, he added.
Candidate Cecil W. Warner said
"what society doesn't handle the
school system will be expected to.
We will have to bring about posi-
tive communication between the
board and the public."
600 students. The graduate
school's total enrollment this year
was 8,614. Groesbeck termed the
The decrease may prevent sev-
eral departments from supplying
an adequate number of teaching
fellows, Groesbeck said.
Hardest hit will probably be
the chemistry, mathematics and
physics departments, most of
whose students are draft eligible
men, ;ie added. "They are going
to have to come up with the
teaching fellows from somewhere,
because the undergraduate classes
and students are going to be here
in the fall regardless of the grad-
uate draft situation," Groesbeck
"The variance of the individual
boards makes the whole situation
extremely confused," said Groes-
beck. Some boards are granting
deferments for students in special
areas of study, such as inner city
work, some students get a post-
ponement in their reclassification
to finish work on degrees, while
others don't, he explained. "In
this situation, we are finding it
most difficult to offer advice to
our students," Groesbeck said.
"The confusing factor is, just
how many breaks will they give?"
The problem, however, goes be-
yond the immediate fate of the
graduate students applying for
admission next fall.
Groesbeck explained that when'
a student has been admitted, or it
has been determined that he is
admissible to the graduate school,
and subsequently is drafted, if
upon completion of his military
duty he reapplies for admission,
he is almost automatically re-
This implies the distinct possi-
bility of having a much greater,
than normal volume of applica-
tions to the graduate school
starting in 1971.
Defendant Benjamin S pock
HRC to screen
By MARCIA ABRAMSON
The Ann Arbor Human Rela-
tions Commission will hold open
hearings Saturday to screen and
recommend projects to City Coun-
cil for funding under a special
$100,000 "accelerated human re-
This marks the first time the
local HRC had been connected
with the actual distribution of
City Council voted Monday to
hear HRC recommendations re-
versing an earlier decision which
denied the Commission's request
for authority to screen projects.
More than 20 projects have been
suggested by various groups and
The original decision was ap-
parently reversed after continued
debate in council on project prior-
ities and costs proved futile.
Council had planned to make
the decisions alone.
First Ward Councilman Dou-
glas Crary said that the "break-
down of debate" in council showed
"how difficult it could be for us
being involved in selecting pro-
grams." He questioned whether
council was the appropriate body
to make these decisions.
"This is a significant effort to
try and provide some ways to do
more about human relations in
Ann Arbor," said Russell Fuller,
Among the suggested projects
are two day camp programs, a
civic center in the north central
area, a tutorial project and an
offer from the University to set
up a recreation program using
Universities facilties and directed
by some of the coaches.
City Council will meet again
Monday and would like to approve
specific projects, explained Ad-
ministrative Assistant Donald J.
Borut, who is also acting Human
Relations Department Director.
Council approved a first project
Sponsors of the various projects,
which range in cost from $15,000
to $20,000, will speak before the
HRC from 1-5 p.m. Saturday.
The HRC also discussed the pos-
sibility of providing financial aid
for Washtenaw Community Col-
lege students who lack the funds
to commute to campus.
Harry Finkelstein, the HRC's
new emergency housing coordina-
tor, discussed cooperative hous-
ing as the solution for problems
in relocating families whose hous-
ing has been condemned. s
The HRC 'will hold a special
public meeting June 6 to discuss
problems created by the increased
number of youths on the streets
during the summer andalleged
police brutality against them.
Fuller also indicated the Com-
mission will soon begin inter-
viewing candidates for a replace-
ment for former HRC director
Robert L. Brown, who resigned in
hits de Gaulle
PARIS P) - Opponents of Coummu
President Charles de Gaulle tional A
launched a determined attack a motion
on his regime yesterday as reach av
ever-spreading strikes kept Ther
France in a state of near not dire
paralysis. term rur
The French people "have had sage oft
enough of this regime of per- Premier
sonal power," Waldeck Rochet, his Cabi
secretary-general of the French Gaulle's
COLUMBIA STUDENTS occupy the university's Hamilton Hall
in a new challenge to the administration. The demonstration was n
called to protest an administration order commanding student
leaders of the March upheavals to appear before the dean. About t
150 students and 20 parents moved into the building. Columbia
officials threatened to call the police if the protest persisted.
NEW YORK 0-About 150 to 200 Columbia University
tudents occupied Hamilton Hall on the school's Morningside t
leights campus last night, challenging the authority of thev
university administration for the second tVme within a 1
Lines of the confrontation hardened when Acting Dean
lenry Coleman entered the building shortly before 7:30 p.m.
and ordered the demonstrators to leave. He said if they did 't
not, the university had "no alternative" except to summon
The students inside countered that they would not movef
under threat of police action.
A spokesman at police headquarters said that police
>fficers were ordered at 8:20 p.m. to assemble at a point near
---- the university and to stand.
by for further instructions. ,
The confrontation grew out of
the student rebellion that began
29 days ago and resulted in the1
eoccupation of Hamilton Hall and
r em e four other university buildings by
rceimAfter a week, on April 30,
victed and 23 were facing court 1,000 city police intervened, ar-
action, resting 700 sit-ins. -One hundred
The Gaullist coalition has a persons were injured.
iarrow majority in the Nation- Since then, the university has
al Assembly, and its leaders ex- suspended formal classes.
pressed confidence that it SUMMON LEADERS
would survive the vote. Com- 'The newest demonstration'was
munists and the Federation of in protest over the summoning
the Democratic and Socialist of four student leaders to a
Left charged in the censure dean's office for an Inquiry into
motion that the government their role in an earlier demon-
had refused to deal effectively stration in March.
with demands of students, The students, along with about
teachers, farmers and workers. 20 parents of students, moved
Strikes were affecting almost into Hamilton about 4:50 p.m.
every facet of French life in the They milled about in a hallway
gravest threat yet posed to the near the first floor office of the
Fifth Republic. The situation dean, Alexander Platt.
was strongly reminiscent of the The ultimatum from Coleman
turmoil that brought de Gaulle, came about an hour after Platt
the Free French leader of ended a meeting with the parents).
World War II, back to power in and three lawyers, who then left
1958. the building.
City after city slowed toward Students remained inside, how-
a halt. In Bordeaux, Brest, ever, and several hundred other
Clermt FeranBdLex, BLn, students gathered outside Hamil-
Marseille, Poitiers, Rennes and
Toulouse, the situation was the POLICE ACTION
same or similar to Paris. A student spokesman, who
The capital was heaped high identified himself as Steve Hol-
with uncollected garbage. Dust, lowell, a member of Students for
leaflets and handbills littered a Democratic Society, announced
the unswept streets. Only a rel- that the students would not leave ;
ative handful of taxis were still the building under the threat of
available for transport and they police action.
.J Hol... . -, , Ihlowell also cited a student
By MARTIN HIRSCHMAN
Vice 'President for Academic Af-
airs Allan Smith yesterday pre-
icted "likely" undergraduate tui-
ion increases of about $40 to, $60
or in-state students, and $200 to
250 for out-of-state students.
Smith said these predictions
epresented his personal assess-
ment of the situation, and were
Lot intended as an official state-
ment by the administration or the
Final determination of the ex-
.ct amount of the tuition hike
will come at a special meeting of
he Regents about five days after
he state higher education bill is
passed on to the governor.
The bill was returned to the
House of Representatives by the
Senate yesterday after the upper
chamber refused to concur with
the House version which listed the
University for $2.3 million more
han the Senate had approved.
The Senate version of the bill
would provide $61.3 million for
he University, considerably less
than the original request of $78.8
Smith said faculty salaries were
the top priority item for the com-
ng fiscal year because of the
University's drop fron an A rank-
ng to a B ranking in the Amer-
can Association of University
Even with the emphasis on sal-
aries, however, Smith said the
University would not be able to
egain its A ranking.
Smith also said the University's
present quota's for out-of-state
students would keep enrollment
n line with a section of the' ap-
propriations bill approved by both
the House and Senate which
would prohibit the University
from increasing either the num-
ber orM the per cent of out-of-
The University is challenging
the constitutionality of Public
Act 24C of 1967, which has the
effect of barring the University
from increasing the percentage
of out-of-state students,
Smith said he did not expect
the limitations set down in the
appropriationbill to have much
immediate effect on the Univer-
After faculty salaries, Smith
listed, in order of priority, pay-
ing of Social Security increases,
items (like the expansion of the
dental 'school) which are specif.-
nist party, told the Na-
ssembly in a debate on
n of censure expected to
presid'ent's position is
ctly threatened, for his
ins until 1972, but pas-
the motion would oust
Georges Pompidou and
net, the executors of de
As if in preparation for the
debate the Cabinet decided
there would be no punishment
for 44 students charged with
violence in the street riots that
led into the nation's strike
crisis. Summoned by de Gaulle,
the ministers approved an am-
nesty bill that will be submitted
to Parliament today. Of the ac-
cused youths, 21 had been con-
Allan F. Smith
ically recognized in the bill, as-
sistance for the University's, com-
puter system, and the filling of
lower teaching and non-academic
The pay increase for professors
',' vpn rll ha nit 5 . tn 6.
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