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January 13, 1961 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-01-13

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Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom


Possibility of local fog,
clearing in afternoon.





Russia Hits
Soviet Union urged the UN Se-
curity Council yesterday to con-
demn what it called "the continu-
ing aggression of Belgium" against
The Congo.
Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister
Valerian A. Zorin listed that first
among three demands he made to
the 11-nation council, meeting at
his request.
Belgian delegate Walter Lori-
dan said the charges of aggres-
sion were unjust and baseless. He
said the Soviet Union was using
them as "a very useful smoke-
screen to cover up its own acti-
Makes Demands
Zorm's other demands were
1) That the United Nations
strip Belgium ,of its international
trusteeship over Ruanda-Urundi,1
base for a recent move in The
Congo's internal power struggle.
2) That the Council ask Bel-
gium to withdraw all Belgian mil-
itary and civilian personnel re-
maining in The Congo, which be-
came independent of Belgium last'
June 30.
The Council, in session two
hours and a quarter, adjourned
to 11 a.m. EST today.
Zorin confirmed to a reporter
that he was working on a resolu-
tion that would embody his de-
mands "in a general way." He
said he was consulting other dele-
gates on it.'He added that when
he would submit it would depend
on developments.
Asked Meeting
Zorin asked last Saturday for
the council meeting because Bel-
gium let troops of Col. Joseph D.
Mobutu, Congolese Army Chief,
cross Ruanda-Urundi Dec. 31 and
Jan. 1 to strike against rebels
holding the Congo's Kivu Prov-
ince for deposed Premier Patrice
Lumumba, a prisoner of Mobutu.
The Soviet government demand-
ed an end to the Belgian trustee-
ship in a statement issued in Mos-
cow Wednesday night and cir-
culated to UN members yester-
Zorin told the Council Belgium
was using the trust territory "as
a base for military action against
the Congo," in violation of its
1946 trusteeship agreement with
the UN General Assembly.
'Deprive Belgium'
He said the Council must rec-
ommenddthat theuAssembly "ur-
gently examine the question" of
depriving Belgium of all rights
and powers in the territory and
giving Ruanda-Urundi independ-
In a published note to the UN,
Belgian Ambassador Loridan
promised that his government
would not allow any new passage
through Ruanda - Urundi. The
note, howover, said that had ter-
ritorial authorities sought to dis-
arm the suddenly arrived Mobutu
unit, that would have been more
dangerous than to send it back
to the border, as they did.
Meanwhile, in Leopoldville, Col.
Mobutu rushed troops by plane
and river barge yesterday to de-
fend his home province against
a new attack threatened by pro-
Lumumba rebels.
With more than a third of the
Congo under rebel domination, the
loss of Mobutu's own equator prov-
ince in the Northwest probably
would deal the death blow to the
young colonel's shaky regime of
college commissioners in Leopold-





of Georgia Riom

Medical Aid
Secretary of Wef are Arthur S.
Flemming yesterday rang down
the curtain on the White House
Conference on Aging with a plea
for the federal government to help
retired people pay their medical
And, despite the bitter contro-
versy which punctuated the con-
ference sessions, he told the 2,-
700 delegates the four-day meet-
ing represented "America at its
Flemming's plea for Congres-
sional action on aid to the aged
put him in the middle of two op-
posing views which had generated
most of the conference friction.
He said he would like Congress
to set up a broad program for
pooling federal and state tax
money to buy health insurance
for older people from private
Congress rejected a similar pro-
posal last year when it was of-
fered by the Eisenhowed admin-
istration. It enacted instead a lim-
ited public assistance program for
the needy.
The conference delegates rec-
ommended to Congress and Pres-
ident-elect John F. Kennedy a
healthinsurance program for the
aged tied to the Social Seurity
Bartlett Asks
Aid Increase
GRAND RAPIDS (') - A $35
million increase in state aid to
local school districts will be asked
for the next fiscal year. Lynn
M. Bartlett, State Superintendent
of Public Instruction said last
Bartlett outlined his legislative
program before the State Asso-
ciation of School Administrators.
Bartlett said his department will
ask for $309.6 million in state
school aid during the fiscal year
beginning July 1. This compares
with $274.4 million for the cur-
rent period.
Bartlett's figures include cost of
transportation, special education,
county school districts, distressed
school districts and adult educa-
tion. He termed this a "mainte-
nance" fee - necessary ust to
maintain the present programs. It
is estimated there will be a school
aid bill for $36 million at the
end of the present fiscal year, he
One of his legislative requests
will be for deficit appropriations
from the general fund to cover
the anticipated shortage.

--AP Wirephoto
U.S. PLANE-This T-6 propeller-driven airplane is one of
the "lightly armed" observation vehicles sent to aid the
Laotian government. The four planes the United States has,
sent were used to attack the Communist rebels yesterday and
U.S. Aprovs se
OfPlanes by Laos
WASHINGTON (M)-The United States yesterday approved the
Lao government's use of American planes to strike at Communist
"It would be self-evident," said State Department Press Officer
Lincoln White, "to use any methods at their disposal to protect them-
selves against an onslaught aimed at the overthrow of the legal gov-
ernment and setting up a Communist government."
United States diplomats meanwhile negotiated secretly with
non-Communist countries for a solution that would insure for Laos
peace, unity, and freedom.
White indicated discussions with the Russians were at a standoff.
Planes Bombed Rebels
Vientiane reports said the Lao government's four American T-6
planes rocketed and bombed Red rebels Wednesday and Thursday.
This was the first reported use,

For Action
If Noified
Court Cancellation
Of Negro Suspension
Sought by Attorneys
MACON, Ga. (P) - Federal and
state authorities launched inves-
tigations yesterday into riotxig
which erupted on the University
of Georgia campus after admission
of two Negro students.
The students were suspended
and whisked back to their homes
in Atlanta by state patrolmen
acting on orders .issued by Gov,
Ernest Vandiver.
Atty. Gen. William P. Rogers
disclosed in Washington the Jus-
tice Department was "initiatin
a preliminary investigation of re-
ported mob action Tuesday at the
University of Georgia to ascertain
whether or not federal law viola-
tions occurred."
A spokesman for the FBI in
Atlanta said Rogers' instruction
"had not been received as yet "bu
rest assured we will take action
if the attorney general asks foi
Name Subcommittee
At the same time the Georgia
House of Representative named
a special five-man subcommittee
to go to Athens, Ga., today and
check conflicting reports and ru-
mors of recent happenings at the
House Speaker George L. Smit
II said he was confident the sub
committee would "neither white
wash theevent nor engage in I
witch hunt."
The two probes were announced
shortly after a federal Judge deal
a killing blow to Georgia schoo:
segregation laws but took no aca
tion to return the two Negro stu-
dents to the 175-year-old state
Invalidates Act
Judge W. A. Bootle in a far-
reaching decision invalidated the
state appropriations act's ba
against the use of tax money foi
the support of an integrated pub.
lic school or college.
He continued in effect an in-
junction granted Tuesday agains
Vandiver and other state officiaL
which had kept them from closing
the university by cutting off funds
Vandiver had planned a tempora
shutdown for legislative repeal
the fund cut-off law.
Attorneys for the Negro stu
dents made a sudden move it
yesterday's proceedings for an
other injunction to cancel suspen
sion of Charlayne A. Hunter, 18
and Hamilton E. Holmes, 19, an
speed them back to classes at th
university in Athens.
Prepare Motion
Overruling therm for the tim
being, Bottle told the attorneys
file a written motion and he woul
consider it as soon as possible
Donald L. Hollowell, counsel io:
the two students and the Nations
Association for the Advancemen
of Colored People, prepared ti
draw up the motion.
"I would go back if given th
chance, with whatever it entails,
Miss Hunter said in Atlanta. "
was not ever really frightened las
She said she was crying whei
escorted from her dormitory b
a state trooper because I wa
very much distrubed, disappointe
and hurt that I had been sus
At Athens, police charged eigh
Ku Klux Klansmen with dis
orderly conduct in the night' dis
orders. Two of them were specia
deputy sheriffs from Atlanta

IQC Approves
Voice Drive
Inter-Quadrangle Council las
night approved a motion to rec
ommend that the Board of Gov

of aircraft for attack since the
fighting began. The Soviets have
been using planes to airlift aid
to the rebels, the United States
European diplomats at Vientiane
were reported concerned that the
new development might expand
the fighting dangerously, sucking
in outside powers.
When the delivery of the Unit-
ed States crafts to Laos was an-
nounced Tuesday, the State De-
partment described them as light-
ly armed with observation equip-
ment. The T-6's are propeller
trainers of World War II vintage.
No Confirmation
White said yesterday the Unit-
ed States government knew the
planes had 30-caliber machine
guns and rocket racks, but he
had no confirmation that they
carried bombs. Neither would he
confirm reports that the United
States was sending more planes
for the Laotians to pilot.
Asked whether the 1954 Geneva
agreement barred introduction of
new weapons into Laos, the
spokesman replied: "Any conven-
tion on the face of the earth has
to recognize the right of the gov-
ernment of self-defense which is
the overriding principle."
White kept mum on other talks
on grounds that "at this particular
juncion it would not be in the
interest of the security of Laos,
its royal government or its people
or indeed of the whole area of
Southeast Asia to reveal prema-
turely to those who would take
the area over by korce any details.
of the discussions now taking
place in many different quar-
No Radiation
The Radiation Control Service
of the University decided that the
heavy overexposure of a film badge

Deans Differ
On Foreign
Student Units
Dean of Women Deborah Bacon
said recently that the complex
problem of international housing
might not be alleviated by an "In-
ternational Facility" alone, but
Dean of Men Walter Rea thinks
it "could be a very good thing."
The comments came in light of
an International Center survey of
the housing needs and desires of
University foreign. students. The
Center'proposed an "International
Facility" housing American and
foreign students which would pro-
vide multiple living units with a
Joint living room, some kitchen
facilities, and several single bed-
Dean Bacon said that such a
unit might result in "high-class
segregation." She says the plan is
"wonderful in, theory," but poses
some practical problems, especi-
ally for women on this campus.
Uncertain Number
The Dean expressed an une r-
tainty as to the number of gradu-
ate women who would be inter-
ested in living in an "International
Facility" or an organized housing
unit of any kind. She added that
"very recent women graduates are
less interested in residence hall
or group living than in apart-
"It is not simple because you're
working with' a mixed group." She
cited eating and dietary problems,
and added that almost all foreign
women at the University are grad-
uate students and like other grad-
uate women often reluctant to live
with undergraduates because of
The Dean also indicated that
the cost of such a facility might
be prohibitive to some residents,
considering a varied international
mp nl

Says U.S. Neglects Young Peopie
y Prof. Morris Janowitz of the sociology department last night sug-
gested that the United States is "sadly neglecting its young people"
and that the country must do a great deal of work in the solution of
'a 'youh's problems during the next decade.
Speaking to a Citizens for Michigan study group on state serv-
ices, Prof. Janowitz cited particularly the employment problems that
today's youths face. He noted that the great increase in the birth rate
and the technological revolution in industry is creating a surplus of
4remployable youths in the group wo do not go on to college.
And, for many reasons, this creates a period of "hollow years"
between the ages of 15 and 21 for those who are not going to college
and are not trained to take the jobs in the professional and skill areas
where they exist.
Youth Affected
Youth, along with the aged and the Negroes, is the group af-
fected most by such obstructions to employment as trade union rules

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