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January 07, 1961 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1961-01-07

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See Page is

Seventy Years of'Editorial Freedom

D at

Increasing mildness today;
Snow flurries and colder tonight.

L. LXXI, No. 77






Gaulle Calls Vote

ast French Chance
Algerian Solution Necessary Now,
President Warns on Eve of Election
PARIS WP) -President Charles de Gaulle warned Frenchmen
erday that their vote in tomorrow's referendum will be their last
nee to solve the Algerian problem, explaining there is a risk world
its will sweep it out of their hands.
"To reply with the negative for any reason whatever is to deny
t the problem should ever be solved by France," he said. "To
an is to choose sterility for France."
The President made his third and last television appeal for
sive backing for Algerian self-determination while villagers in
eria were already casting the first votes. For security reasons, the
rendum runs three days in that North African territory. A dozen
"bombs set off in Paris and Algiers
underscored the tense atmosphere.

B9aks Rebel
Algeran War
CASABLANCA, Morocco ( -
A summit conference of five anti-
Western African leaders last night
Issued a resolution supporting the
Algerian rebellion.
They warned that continuation
of the war would force then to
reconsider relations with France.
The resolution, released after
a six-hour session, was understood
to be a compromise between the
United Arab Republic and Guinea
on one side and Morocco, Mali and
Ghana on the other.
United Arab Republic President
,amal Abdel Nasser and the
Guinea representative pressed for
complee diplomatic break with
Moderate Victory Indicated
The resolution wording that re-
lations would be "reconsidered"
Inicated aa victory for the more
erate views of the other three
The resolution also denounced
"the assistance given by NATO
to France" in the Algerian war
and approved "the enlistment of
African and' other volunteers in
the (Algerian rebel) army of
The conference issued a separate
declaration blasting the referen-
dum on French President Chalres
de Gaulle's Algerian policies. Vot-
ing on the French leader's self-
determination program began in
Algeria yesterday.
"The conference denounces and
condemns all ,consultation and
referendum unilaterally organized
by France in Algeria the results
of which could in no way commit
the Algerian people," the declara-
tion said.
Invited Recognition
The resolution also invited all
governments to recognize the rebel'
regiem of Ferhat Abbas, declared
the determination of the confer-
ence participants to "support by
all means the Algerian people and
the provisional government of the
Algerian Republic in their struggle
for independence," and called for
immediate withdrawal of all Af-
rican troops serving under French
command in Algeria.
That an outright break was not
advocated indicated the import-
ance Ghana, Mali and Morocco
attach to the economic and tech-
nical assistance they receive from
Wlins Meets
With Kennedy
On ivi 1 Rights
NEW YORK ()-Roy Wilkins,
executive secretary of the Nation-
al Association for the Advance-
ment of Colored People, conferred
with President-elect John F. Ken-
nedy yesterday and said afterward
he is satisfied the incoming chief
executive will support all the
Democratic platform pledges on
civil rights.
Wilkins said this includes a
pledge to change the Senate rules
to make it easier to shut off fili-
busters against civil rights legis-
"I am satisfied that he under-
stands the importance and the
place of civil rights, and that his
administration will support all the
pledges of the platform" Wilkins
As for the party platform's
strong civil rights plank, Wilkins
said he regards the president-
elect as one of the architects of

Asks Favorable Vote
The President, speaking with
emphasis and some emotion, asked
a massive "yes" vote-"a majority
in proportion to what is involved"
-so his plan could be carried
About 30 million Frenchmen, in-
cluding nearly four million Al-
gerian Moslems, must decide
whether they favor the setting
up of an autonomous Algerian
state and later political self-de-
termination by the Algerians
There is no talk of an end to
the six-year Nationalist rebellion
in the question put to them, but
de Gaulle clearly implied yester-
day that-if backed by the nation
-he has a quick peace talks in
Choose Destiny
"What is involved in the refer-,
endum," he said, "is not only
recognition of the right of popula-
tions to choose their destiny .
but to aim at obtaining in the
shortest time possible a peaceful
confrontation of all tendencies in
order to organize self-determina-
tion f reely."
In Algiers, there was disap-
pointment that he said nothing
new about protection of the
French settlers and other members
of the European minority under
the new Algerian state he envis-
ages. They saw his speech as
mainly intended for home con-
First reports from the back
country indicated that, in some
districts at least, the Moslems were
voting heavily despite rebel orders
to boycott the polls.
Officials said there were no in-
cidents at the polling stations and
only a few minor demonstrations.

GOP Plans
To Question
Everett M. Dirksen (R-111) yester-
day promised lengthy and detailed
questioning by Republican sena-
tors of Robert F. Kennedy, de-
signated by his brother, President-
elect John F. Kennedy, to be the
next attorney general.
"We have a duty to establish
a complete record," Dirksen, the.
Senate Republican leader, told
newsmen at the capitol.
He said Republican senators
would cooperate in the effort to
act upon all of Kennedy's Cabinet
and other selections prior to in-
auguration on Jan. 20.
But Dirksen said the younger
Kennedy, 35-year old campaign
manager for his brother, would
face extensive questioning by the
judiciary committee. Dirksen is a
member of that group.,
Dirksen said the questioning of
the youthful prospective attorney
general was necessary in case he
makes mistakes later.
At the same time Dirksen said
he "has a completely open mind"
on the younger Kennedy and could
not now say how he would vote.
Dirksen also said there will be
numerous questions for Chester
Bowles, picked by Kennedy to be
Under-secretary of State, and G.
Mennen Williams, selected to be
Assistant Secretary of State for
African affairs.
Dirksen said the attitude of
Bowles, former House member and
governor of Connecticut, on re-
lations with Communist China
would be "rather freely venti-
Several Republican senators, in-
cluding Styles Bridges and Norris
Cotton of New Hampshire, con-
tend that Bowles has indicated he
might be willing to admit Red
China to the United Nations.
TEry To Stop
Belgiane Riots
LIEGE, Belgium (M) - The
governor of Liege province early
today banned all public gatherings
of more than five persons in an
effort to stop strike rioting.
It was issued after the provin-
cial governor, state police com-
mander, military commander and
Liege's mayor met to decide mea-
sures to be taken following the
riots that raged here yesterday.




School Ak

Give Order.

To Integrate
In Georgia
MACON, Ga. ('M) - A federal
judge yesterday ordered the all-
white University of Georgia to
admit two Negro students im-
United States District Judge W.
R. Bootle held that the school,
oldest state-chartered university
in the nation, had discriminated
against the two students because
of their race. He permanently en-
joined the institution from barring
other eligible Negro students.
One of the students, Charlayne
Hunter, is enrolled in Wayne
State University in Detroit. Miss
Hunter said she would travel to
Athens, Georgia, .the site of the
school, "as soon as I can-prob-
ably tomorrow.",
Problems Raised
Bootle's decision presented the
Georgia legislature, convening
Monday, with new, grave problems
involving integration.
State law prohibits use of state
funds to operate an integrated
college. Bootle took note of this
but said constitutionality of that
statute was not an issue in the
case of the two students seeking
admission to Georgia.
The legislature also is faced with
the problem of maintaining a
public school system in the face
of a federal court order requiring
desegregation of Atlanta public
schools next fall. Present law also
cuts off funds for public schools
that are ordered integrated.
Atlanta Residents
Miss Hunter and the other stu-
dent, Hamilton Holmes, are both
residents of Atlanta. Holmes hopes
to become a doctor and .wouid
take pre-med courses at the
Atty. Gen. Eugene Cook said
an appeal would be filed in the
Bootle ruling. But in order to
prevent immediate entrance of the
Negroes to Georgia the state also
would have to obtain an order
staying the Judge's ruling pending
a decision by the United States
Circuit Court of Appeals.
Withhold Comment
0. C. Aderhold, president of the
University of Georgia and Robert
0. Arnold, chairman of the board
of regents of the university sys-
tem withheld comment on Bootle's
decision pending receipt of the
formal order.
Knocking down a university con-
tention that the Negroes had not
exhausted administrative appeals
before suing, Bottle said they had
prosecuted one appeal through
administrative channels which re-
quired 122 days for final action.
University students hung an
effigy from an arch and burned
a cross in front of a hall last
night in protest of the federal
court order.





COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION-President-elect John F. Kennedy met with members of a special
committee which proposed $2.5 billion extra funds. for education. Seated from left to right:
Frederick Hovde, president of Purdue University; Kennedy; Connecticutt's Gov. Abraham Ribi-
coff, appointed Secretary of Health, Education and welfare. Standing, from the left: Alvin Eurich,
Ford Foundation; Benjamin Willis, superintendent of Chicago schools; Francis Keppel, director
of Harvard University's School of Education; Russell Thackery, Land Grant College Association;
and John Gardner, Carnegie Foundation.
Southerners Battle for Filibuster

WASHINGTON (,') - Southern
senators battling against a stron-
ger anti-filibuster rule said yes-
terday that giving "unbridled
power to a temporary majority"
would undermine basic constitu-
tional principles.


war of words over Senate
under way intermittentlyI

Eigh To onduct Section.
On Gerontology Training
"Aging might be said to stand now, in public awareness, where
kindergartens did in 1900 or adolescent social and psychological
understanding did in the 1920's," Wilma Donahue, director of the
division of gerontology, said, in a report prepared for next week's
White House Conference on Aging.
Mrs. Donahue, along with seven faculty members from other
departments, will head a section on the role and training of profes-
sional personnel in the newly developed profession of gerontology
and present the first comprehensive survey of progress made in
training people to serve the nation's older persons.
Important Advances
While action programs undertaken since the first White House
Conference in 1950 have resulted in many important advances in
housing, health, and education,T

since the new Congress convened
Tuesday, went on under an agree-
U.S. Leaves
Cuban Office
HAVANA UP) - Switzerland
took over protection of United
States interests in Cuba last night
and the remaining American em-
bassy staff people made ready to
leave for home.
A short conference between
Swiss Ambassador Walter Bossi
See Earlier Story, Page 3
and United States Charge d'Af-
faires Daniel M. Braddock, pre-
ceded the formal transfer of dip-
lomatic powers.
Bossi went to the United States
embassy to arrange details after
being advised Washington had
approved Red Czechoslovakia to
represent Cuban interests in the
United States.

ment that no votes would be taken
before next week.
At issue is whether to change
the rule that requires the votes
of two-thirds of the senators
voting to put a time limit on
Senate debate.
Twenty-three democratic and
republican senators have offered a
resolution to permit filibusters to
be shut off after 15 days by a
majority, or 51, of the 100 sena-
Senate Republican leader Ever-
ett M, Dirksen of Illinois told
newsmen he sees no chance thatl
this proposal will be adopted.
A compromise proposal, rated a
better chance of winning ap-
proval, provides that filibusters
could be halted by a three-fifths
margin of the senators voting.
In other Congressional action
yesterday Rep. Howard W. Smith
(D-Va) veteran chairman of the
House rules committee, said he is
willing to discuss with Speaker
Sam Rayburn "any honorable
compromise" in the battle over the
committee's makeup.
But, Smith stressed in an inter-
view, he could not consider any
proposal to "pack the committee
with left-wingers" or purge from
membership Rep. William M. Col-
mer (D-Miss).
The rules committee fight cen-
ters around Rayburn's announced
intention to break the hold a
coalition of Republicans and

Southern Democrats has on legis-
lation. Rayburn reportedly is
determined to throw Colmer off
the committee if necessary.
Smith said he is willing to
agree not to try to kill any of
the major legislative proposals
espoused by President-elect John
F. Kennedy and would consider
waiving the committee's jurisdic-
tion over bills that have passed
both Senate and House and are
awaiting compromise.
The move to oust Colmer from
the committee, should Rayburn
bring that issue to a head, would
be based on the Mississippian's
refusal to support the Kennedy-
Johnson ticket. Colmer has been
on the rules committee more than
20 years.
AMA SupporiS
Kennedy Plan
On Aged Care
NEW YORK W-)-The American
Medical Association yesterday
promised full cooperation to the
Kennedy administration in imple-
menting the health care for the
aged law, enacted at the last ses-
sion of Congress.
Dr. E. Vincent Askey of Los
Angeles, AMA president, made the
announcement after conferring
here with Abraham Ribicoff, sec-
retary-designate of the Depart-
ment of Health, Education and
The AMA said it had pledged its
continued cooperation with the
federal department on a number
of health programs and expressed
belief it would enjoy a warm rela-
tionship with Ribicoff.
(Prof. Wilbur J. Cohen of the
school of social work saw no sig-
nificance in the AMA's statement.
"The statement is repetitious as
Congress knew the law had AMA'
support when they passed it',' he
("The statement does not solve
the vast' differences in attitude
over the social security rissue,"
Prof. Cohen said. He saw future
conflict between the AMA and
Ribicoff because the organization
favors the present law and the
secretary-designate is committed
to the Kennedy plan of aid
through the social security sys-
'Predicts Talks
With Chinese

Would Give.
Added Fuid
To Colleges
Experts Also Sugge
Grants to Big Cities
By The Associated Press
A program of federal aid
schools, amounting to nearly '$
billion annually, was proposed
President-elect John F. Kenne
yseterday by his special task for
on education.
The recommendation said ti
outlay would "lift the schools to
new level of excellence."
It was drawn up by a gro
headed by Frederick Hovde, pre
dent of Purdue University ax
suggests federal aid to public, pr
mary, elementary, and seconda
school, and public and private i
stitutions of higher education.
To Receive Grants
Colleges and universities wou
receive at least $500 million
loans and grants the first ye
and the college housing loan pr
gram would increase by $1.4 billi
over a four-year period.
(Private colleges and universiti
would receive loans and grants
they expand their academic ax
physical facilities to take care
more. students, Prof. Dean IF. Kbe
pel, dean of the Harvard Unive
sity education school and a menx
ber of the six-man group said la
The money, for both colleg
and other schools, would be all
cated to the states, with lo
school authorities permitted
sp'end it on teacher salaries, sche
construction or other purposes
improve education. (rof. Kepl3
said the group suggested a pla
ning committee be formed in ea
state to recommend distributiC
of the funds.)
Federal Aid Needed
The report said, "state and loc
governments alone cannot pr
vide the funds needed. Feder
support is required."
(Vice - President and Dean
Faculties Marvin L. Niehuss sa
it has not been fully demonstrati
that ,federal support is requiri
in Michigan.
("While such support might he
the country in general in th
some states might get needi
funds, more money would probab
go out of Michigan than wou
come in," he said.
(Niehuss said the present cond
tion of state support to Michig
universities, largely a result of t
confused situation in finance a
taxes, does not mean Michigs
cannot provide the necessa
Request Revision -
The President-elect's adviso:
committee also requested that t
Budget Bureau revise its positi
on payments allowed colleges a
universities on research contraci
(Niehuss called -this proposal
"desirable move." Such, paymen
are too small to cover the tot
costs of the contracts or gran
he said, and most institutions ha
been urging his change.)
Another suggestion of the grot
was that the Internal Reveni
Service rescind a month-old'rulh
which the task force says discou
ages philanthropic gifts call
"living trusts" to colleges a
Advance Three Plans
Three plans' to aid schools bel
the college level, all to'be based c
average daily attendance, were:
1) Provide schools in all stat

with a blanket $30 per year p
pupil. This would cost an est
mated $1.2 billion.
2) Provide an additional $
per year per child in states whe
incomes are below seven per ce:
of the national average. It wf
estimated that about one-four
of the states, mostly in the Sout
would qualify, and that the pr
gram would cost about $140 mi
3l A llfnW, Ya V%+l'1p EAl. nr ~

there is still an urgent need for
training of competent personnel
in such areas as medicine, social
work, recreation, and religion.
Mrs. Donahue will emphasize
the fact that present professional
concern seems at present to be
greatest among middle aged per-
sons. "We need' to recruit our
young people," Mrs. Donahue said,
"but we're going to have to have
the same kind of bait that others
can offer." She stressed the dif-
ficulty of interesting young medi-
cal students in working with older
people, largely due to the fact
that scholarship funds are gen-
erally allocated to students of
children and young adults.
Group To Argue
Against those who oppose the
designation of a separate specialty
called gerontology, Mrs. Donahue
and her group will argue that "the
treatment of disease and psy-
chological problems is entirely
different among the aged." Bodies
function more slowly, Mrs. Dona-
hue says; "people look different,
and are therefore treated dif-
ferently, requiring a whole new
process of adjustment.'
As there is to date no specialized


A power play goal late in the
third period by Red Berenson, his
second of the night, gave Michi-
gan a hard earned 2-1 victory over
stubborn Michigan Tech last
The two teams will meet again
tonight at 8 p.m. in the Coliseum
to battle for third place in the
WCHA standings.
Goalie Jim Coyle of Michigan
made Berenson's goals hold up
with some outstanding goalkeep-
ing. Coyle kicked out 34 shots in
all, but several of them were
spectacular and earned applause
from the large crowd.
Coach Al Renfrew, however,
plans to continue alternating his
goalies by starting Dave Butts in
tonight's return bout.
Hotly Contested
The game itself was bitterly
contested with both sides dealing
out hard body checks. Tempers

;. -

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